1Basu, A, Rhone, M & Lyons, TJ (2010) Berries: emerging impact on cardiovascular health. Nutr Rev 68, 168–177.
2Verlangieri, AJ, Kapeghian, JC, El-Dean, S, et al. (1985) Fruit and vegetable consumption and cardiovascular mortality. Med Hyp 16, 7–15.
3Zilversmit, DB (1979) Atherogenesis: a postprandial phenomenon. Circulation 60, 473–485.
4Sies, H, Stahl, W & Sevanian, A (2005) Nutritional, dietary and postprandial oxidative stress. J Nutr 135, 969–972.
5Zheng, W & Wang, SY (2003) Oxygen radical absorbing capacity of phenolics in blueberries, cranberries, chokeberries, and lingonberries. J Agric Food Chem 51, 502–209.
6US Department of Agriculture & Agricultural Research Service (2007) USDA Database for the Flavonoid Content of Selected Foods, Release 2.1. Beltsville, MD: US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid = 6231 (accessed accessed January 2012).
7Battino, M, Beekwilder, J, Denoyes-Rothan, B, et al. (2009) Bioactive compounds in berries relevant to human health. Nutr Rev 67, S145–S150.
8Tabart, J, Kevers, C, Pincemail, J, et al. (2009) Comparative antioxidant capacities of phenolic compounds measured by various tests. Food Chem 113, 1226–1233.
9Fernandez-Panchon, MS, Villano, D, Troncoso, A, et al. (2008) Antioxidant activity of phenolic compounds: from in vitro results to in vivo evidence. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 48, 649–671.
10Mazza, G, Kay, CD, Cottrell, T, et al. (2002) Absorption of anthocyanins from blueberries and serum antioxidant status in human subjects. J Agric Food Chem 50, 7731–7737.
11Kay, CD & Holub, BJ (2002) The effect of wild blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) consumption on postprandial serum antioxidant status in human subjects. Br J Nutr 88, 389–397.
12Prior, RL, Go, LW, Wu, XL, et al. (2007) Plasma antioxidant capacity changes following a meal as a measure of the ability of a food to alter in vivo antioxidant status. J Am Coll Nutr 26, 170–181.
13US Department of Agriculture & Agricultural Research Service (2010) USDA Database for the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) of Selected Foods, Release 2. Beltsville, MD: US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. http://www.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs.htm?docid = 15866 (accessed accessed January 2012).
14Manach, C, Williamson, G, Morand, C, et al. (2005) Bioavailability and bioefficacy of polyphenols in humans. I. Review of 97 bioavailability studies. Am J Clin Nutr 81, Suppl. 1, 230S–242S.
15Lotito, SB & Frei, B (2004) The increase in human plasma antioxidant capacity after apple consumption is due to the metabolic effect of fructose on urate, not apple-derived antioxidant flavonoids. Free Radic Biol Med 37, 251–258.
16Tulipani, S, Romandini, S, Busco, F, et al. (2009) Ascorbate, not urate, modulates the plasma antioxidant capacity after strawberry intake. Food Chem 117, 181–188.
18Davalos, A, Gomez-Cordoves, C & Bartolome, B (2004) Extending applicability of the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC-fluorescein) assay. J Agric Food Chem 52, 48–54.
19Snyder, SM, Reber, JD, Freeman, BL, et al. (2011) Controlling for sugar and ascorbic acid, a mixture of flavonoids matching navel oranges significantly increases human postprandial serum antioxidant capacity. Nutr Res 31, 519–526.
20Regnström, J, Strom, K, Moldeus, P, et al. (1993) Analysis of lipoprotein diene formation in human serum exposed to copper. Free Radic Res Commun 19, 267–278.
21Parker, TL, Wang, XH, Pazmiño, J, et al. (2007) Antioxidant capacity and phenolic content of grapes, sun-dried raisins, and golden raisins and their effect on ex vivo serum antioxidant capacity. J Agric Food Chem 55, 8472–8477.
22Krikorian, R, Shidler, MD, Nash, TA, et al. (2010) Blueberry supplementation improves memory in older adults. J Agric Food Chem 58, 3996–4000.
23Pedersen, CB, Kyle, J, Jenkinson, AMcE, et al. (2000) Effects of blueberry and cranberry juice consumption on the plasma antioxidant capacity of healthy female volunteers. Eur J Clin Nutr 54, 405–408.
24Kalt, W, McDonald, JE & Donner, H (2000) Anthocyanins, phenolics and antioxidant capacity of processed lowbush blueberry products. J Food Sci 65, 390–393.
25Serafini, M, Testa, MF, Villaño, D, et al. (2009) Antioxidant activity of blueberry fruit is impaired by association with milk. Free Radic Biol Med 46, 769–774.
26Giongo, L, Bozza, E, Caciagli, P, et al. (2011) Short-term blueberry intake enhances biological antioxidant potential and modulates inflammation markers in overweight and obese children. J Berry Res 1, 147–158.
27Godycki-Cwirko, M, Krol, M, Krol, B, et al. (2010) Uric acid, but not apple polyphenols is responsible for the rise of plasma antioxidant activity after apple juice consumption in healthy subjects. J Am Coll Nutr 29, 397–406.
28Heuckenkamp, PU & Zollner, N (1971) Fructose-induced hyperuricaemia. Lancet i, 808–809.
29Halliwell, B, Zhao, K & Whiteman, M (2000) The gastrointestinal tract: a major site of antioxidant action? Free Radic Res 33, 819–830.
30Manzano, S & Williamson, G (2010) Polyphenols and phenolic acids from strawberry and apple decrease glucose uptake and transport by human intestinal Caco-2 cells. Mol Nutr Food Res 54, 1773–1780.