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Breast-feeding and growth in children until the age of 3 years: the Generation R Study

  • Büşra Durmuş (a1) (a2) (a3), Lenie van Rossem (a1) (a4), Liesbeth Duijts (a2) (a3), Lidia R. Arends (a5) (a6), Hein Raat (a4), Henriëtte A. Moll (a2), Albert Hofman (a3), Eric A. P. Steegers (a7) and Vincent W. V. Jaddoe (a1) (a2) (a3)...

Abstract

Breast-feeding has been suggested to be associated with lower risks of obesity in older children and adults. We assessed whether the duration and exclusiveness of breast-feeding are associated with early postnatal growth rates and the risks of overweight and obesity in preschool children. The present study was embedded in a population-based prospective cohort study from early fetal life onwards, among 5047 children and their mothers in The Netherlands. Compared with children who were breast-fed, those who were never breast-fed had a lower weight at birth (difference 134 (95 % CI − 190, − 77) g). No associations between breast-feeding duration and exclusivity with growth rates before the age of 3 months were observed. Shorter breast-feeding duration was associated with an increased gain in age- and sex-adjusted standard deviation scores for length, weight and BMI (P for trend < 0·05) between 3 and 6 months of age. Similar tendencies were observed for the associations of breast-feeding exclusivity with change in length, weight and BMI. Breast-feeding duration and exclusivity were not consistently associated with the risks of overweight and obesity at the ages of 1, 2 and 3 years. In conclusion, shorter breast-feeding duration and exclusivity during the first 6 months tended to be associated with increased growth rates for length, weight and BMI between the age of 3 and 6 months but not with the risks of overweight and obesity until the age of 3 years.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Dr V. W. V. Jaddoe, email v.jaddoe@erasmusmc.nl

References

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Breast-feeding and growth in children until the age of 3 years: the Generation R Study

  • Büşra Durmuş (a1) (a2) (a3), Lenie van Rossem (a1) (a4), Liesbeth Duijts (a2) (a3), Lidia R. Arends (a5) (a6), Hein Raat (a4), Henriëtte A. Moll (a2), Albert Hofman (a3), Eric A. P. Steegers (a7) and Vincent W. V. Jaddoe (a1) (a2) (a3)...

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