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Association between dietary insulin index and load and psychological disorders

  • Javad Anjom-Shoae (a1) (a2), Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli (a3), Hamid Afshar (a4), Ahmad Esmaillzadeh (a2) (a5) (a6) and Peyman Adibi (a7)...


The present study was carried out to determine whether the dietary insulin index (DII) and dietary insulin load (DIL) are related to psychological disorders in a cross-sectional study among adults. A total of 3172 Iranian adults (age range of 18–55 years) were included. Data on dietary intakes were collected using a validated dish-based 106-item semi-quantitative FFQ. DII and DIL were calculated using food insulin index values published earlier. To assess depression and anxiety, an Iranian validated version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used. Furthermore, psychological distress was examined using the General Health Questionnaire. Among women, a significant positive association was seen; such that women in the highest quartile of DIL had higher odds of depression than those in the lowest quartile (OR 1·84; 95 % CI 1·14, 2·96). In terms of DII, in the fully adjusted model, women in the top quartile of DII were more likely to be depressed compared with those in the bottom quartile (OR 1·65; 95 % CI 1·05, 2·58). In conclusion, we found a significant positive association between DIL and DII and odds of depression among women, but not in men. However, such findings were not seen for anxiety and psychological distress.


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*Corresponding author: Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, fax +98-21-88984861, email


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Association between dietary insulin index and load and psychological disorders

  • Javad Anjom-Shoae (a1) (a2), Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli (a3), Hamid Afshar (a4), Ahmad Esmaillzadeh (a2) (a5) (a6) and Peyman Adibi (a7)...


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