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Searching out Roman Inscribed and Sculptured Stones on the Antonine Wall in 1723

  • Lawrence Keppie (a1)


Correspondence addressed to the antiquary Sir John Clerk, 2nd baronet of Penicuik, Midlothian, allows us to document the initial recording in 1723 of Roman inscriptions and relief sculpture observed at several forts along the line of the Antonine Wall between the Forth and Clyde, and the arrangements put in place to transport them to his home at Penicuik House. Particularly valuable is a series of drawings, which are sometimes our only visual record of the stones.



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Anon. 1860: ‘Notices of the Roman altars and mural inscriptions presented by the Right Hon. Sir George Clerk of Penicuik, Bart.’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 3 (1857–60), 3743
Anton, P. 1893: Kilsyth. A Parish History, Glasgow
Birley, A.R. 2005: The Roman Government of Britain, Oxford
Birley, E. 1962: ‘Sir John Clerk's visit to the north of England in 1724’, Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland 11, 221–46
Brown, I.G. 1977: ‘Critick in Antiquity: Sir John Clerk of Penicuik’, Antiquity 51, 201–10
Brown, I.G. 1980: The Hobby-Horsical Antiquary. A Scottish Character 1640–1830, Edinburgh
Brown, I.G. 2004: ‘Alexander Gordon’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 22, 851–5
Brown, I.G. 2012: ‘Archaeological publication in the first half of the eighteenth century’, in Brown, S.W. and McDougall, W. (eds), The Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland, Vol. 2, Enlightenment and Expansion, 1707–1800, Edinburgh, 510–27
Clerk, Sir John 1750: Dissertatio de monumentis quibusdam Romanis in boreali Magnae Britanniae parte detectis anno MDCCXXXI, Edinburgh
Coulston, J.C., and Phillips, E.J. 1988: Corpus Signorum Imperii Romani, Great Britain. Vol. 1, Fasc. 6, Hadrian's Wall West of the North Tyne, and Carlisle, Oxford
Dennison, E.P., Ewart, G., Gallagher, D., and Stewart, L. 2006: Historic Kilsyth. Archaeology and Development, Scottish Burgh Survey, Edinburgh
Gibson, E. (ed.) 1695: Britannia, by William Camden, London
Glasgow Archaeological Society 1899: The Antonine Wall Report, Glasgow
Godbold, E.S. 2004: ‘James Glen’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 22, 466–7
Gordon, A. 1726: Itinerarium Septentrionale, London
Gordon, A. 1732: Additions and Corrections, by Way of Supplement to the Itinerarium Septentrionale, London
Horsley, J. 1732: Britannia Romana, London
Hübner, E. 1873: Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, Vol. VII, Inscriptiones Britanniae Latinae, Berlin
Hübner, E. 1877: ‘ Additamenta ad corporis vol. VII ’, Ephemeris Epigraphica 3, 113–55
Irvine, C. 1682: Historiae Scoticae Nomenclatura Latino-vernacula, Edinburgh
Keppie, L.J.F. 2004: ‘A Roman bath-house on the Antonine Wall at Duntocher’, Britannia 35, 179224
Keppie, L.J.F. 2012a: The Antiquarian Rediscovery of the Antonine Wall, Edinburgh
Keppie, L.J.F. 2012b: ‘A lost inscription from Castlecary on the Antonine Wall’, Acta Classica 55, 6982
Keppie, L.J.F. 2013: ‘John Horsley and the Britannia Romana (1732): the road to publication,Archaeologia Aeliana, 5th series, 42, 134
Keppie, L.J.F., and Arnold, B.J. 1984: Corpus Signorum Imperii Romani, Great Britain. Vol. 1, Fasc. 4, Scotland, Oxford
Knox, J. 1785: A View of the British Empire, more especially Scotland, London
Lukis, W.C. 1880: The Family Memoirs of the Rev. William Stukeley, M.D. Vol. 1, Surtees Society 73, Durham/London/Edinburgh
Lukis, W.C. 1883: The Family Memoirs of the Rev. William Stukeley, M.D. Vol. 2, Surtees Society 76, Durham/London/Edinburgh
Macdonald, G. 1934: The Roman Wall in Scotland (2nd edn), Oxford
Mitchison, R. 2004: ‘Sir John Clerk’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 12, 48–9
Murray, D. 1883: The York Buildings Company. A Chapter in Scottish History, Glasgow
Piggott, S., and Robertson, M. 1977: 3 Centuries of Scottish Archaeology. George Buchanan to Lord Abercromby, Edinburgh
Prevost, W.A.J. 1960: ‘Sir John Clerk's journey to Carlisle and Penrith, August 1731’, Transactions of the Dumfriesshire and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society 38, 128–39
Robertson, A.S., Scott, M., and Keppie, L.J.F. 1975: Bar Hill. A Roman Fort and its Finds, BAR 16, Oxford
Robinson, W.S. 1996: James Glen. From Scottish Provost to Royal Governor of South Carolina, Westport, Conn./London
Stuart, R. 1852: Caledonia Romana (2nd edn), Edinburgh
Stukeley, W. 1720: An Account of a Roman Temple and other Antiquities, near Graham's Dike in Scotland, London
Wilson, D., and Laing, D. 1874: ‘An account of Alexander Gordon, A.M., author of the Itinerarium Septentrionale, 1726’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 10 (1873–74), 363–82



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