Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Excavations on Two Farms of the Romano-British Period at Bryn Eryr and Bush Farm, Gwynedd

  • David Longley (a1), Neil Johnstone (a1), Jeremy Evans (a1), F.M. Chambers, B. Dickinson, J. Ede, K. Hartley, J. Henderson, D. Hopewell, D.A. Jenkins, J.G.A. Lageard, F. Lynch, A. King, M. Millett, G. Smith, J. Williams and I.C. Wilshaw...

Extract

Excavations at two sites in Gwynedd have produced new evidence for highland zone rural settlement during the Romano-British period. At Bryn Eryr this activity was the culmination of a long sequence of development during the Iron Age. At Bush Farm, similarly, a Romano-British phase succeeded earlier, probably late prehistoric occupation of the site. At both locations significant structural changes took place during the Romano-British period as small stone-walled houses replaced larger, clay-walled buildings. Changes in the local farming economy have been identified and the proximity of the vicus at Segontium provided access to Roman pottery vessels. The quality and range of pottery from Bryn Eryr and Bush Farm are considerable in comparison with other ‘Highland Zone’ settlements and the material is discussed in detail.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Alcock, L. 1960: ‘Castell Odo: an embanked settlement on Mynydd Ystum near Aberdaron, Caernarvonshire’, Archaeol. Cambr. 109, 78135
Barber, K.E. 1976: ‘History of vegetation’, in Chapman, S.B. (ed.), Methods in Plant Ecology, Oxford
Behre, K.-E. (ed.) 1986: Anthropogenic Indicators In Pollen Diagrams, Rotterdam
Bell, A., and Evans, J. forthcoming: ‘The Romano-British pottery from Catterick’, in Wilson, P.R., Excavations at Catterick 1956–88, HBMCE monograph, London
Benson, D., Evans, J.G., and Williams, G.H. 1990: ‘Excavations at Stackpole Warren, Dyfed’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 56, 179245
Branigan, K. 1979: Gatcombe Roman Villa: Excavations and a Study of a Romano-British Estate 1967–76, BAR Brit. ser. 44, Oxford
Bronk Ramsey, C. 1994: ‘Analysis of chronological information and radiocarbon calibration: the program OxCal’, Archaeological Computing Newsletter 41, 1116
Caseldine, A.E. 1990: Environmental Archaeology in Wales, Lampeter
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G., and Warburg, E.F. 1952: Flora of the British Isles, Cambridge
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G., and Moore, D.M. 1987: Flora Of The British Isles (3rd edn), Cambridge
Darling, M.J. 1977: A Group of Late Roman Pottery from Lincoln, Lincoln Archaeological Trust monograph series 16.1
Dimbleby, G.W. 1985: The Palynology of Archaeological Sites, London
Dore, J. 1983: ‘The Penrith Farm coarse pottery’ and ‘The Silloth Farm coarse pottery’, in Higham, N.J. and Jones, G.D.B., ‘The excavation of two Romano-British farm sites in north Cumbria’, Britannia 14, 4572
Evans, J. unpub.: Aspects of Later Roman Pottery Assemblages in Northern England, University of Bradford PhD thesis
Evans, J. forthcoming (a): ‘The Graeanog pottery’, in Kelly, R.S., Mason, M.A. and Fasham, P.J., The Graeanog Ridge: The Evolution of a Farming Landscape and its Settlements in North-West Wales, Cambrian Archaeol. Assoc. monograph
Evans, J.E. forthcoming (b): ‘The Gas House Lane pottery’, in Cracknell, S., Roman Alcester Volume 3: The Defended Area, CBA Research Report
Faegri, K., and Iversen, J. 1989: Textbook Of Pollen Analysis (4th edn, ed. Faegri, K., Kaland, P.E. and Krzywinski, K.), Chichester
Fenton, R. 1917: ‘Tours in Wales 1804–1813’, Archaeol. Cambr. suppl. vol. for 1917
Gidney, L.J. 1986: ‘The pottery’, in Fairless, K. and Coggins, D., ‘Excavations at the early settlement site of Forcegarth Pature South, 1974-–5’, Durham Archaeological Journal 2, 34
Gillam, J.P. 1976: ‘Coarse fumed ware in North Britain and beyond’, Glasgow Archaeological Journal 4, 5780
Going, C. 1992: ‘Economic “long waves” in the Roman period? A reconnaissance of the Romano-British ceramic evidence’, Oxford Jnl of Archaeology 11(1), 93117
Going, C., and Marsh, G., forthcoming: ‘The Roman pottery’, in Kelly, R.S., Mason, M.A. and Fasham, P.J., The Graeanog Ridge: The Evolution of a Farming Landscape and its Settlements in North-West Wales, Cambrian Archaeol. Assoc. monograph
Hartley, K. forthcoming: ‘The CEU mortaria type series’, in Wilson, P.R., Excavations at Cattenck 1956–88, HBMCE monograph series
Hartley, K., and Webster, P.V. 1973: ‘Romano-British pottery kilns near Wilderspool’, Archaeological Journal 130, 77103
Havinga, A.J. 1974: ‘Problems in the interpretation of pollen diagrams of mineral soils’, Geologie En Mijnbouw 53
Hillman, G. 1984: ‘Interpretation of archaeological plant remains: the application of ethnographic models from Turkey’, in Zeist, W. van and Casparie, W.A., Plants and Ancient Man, Rotterdam
Isings, C. 1957: Roman Glass from Dated Finds, Groningen
Kelly, R.S. 1982: ‘The excavation of a medieval farmstead at Cefn Graeanog, Clynnog, Gwynedd’, Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 29 (4), 859908
Kelly, R.S. 1988: ‘Two late prehistoric circular enclosures near Harlech, Gwynedd’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 54, 101–52
Kelly, R.S. 1990: ‘Recent research on the hut group settlements of North-West Wales’, in Burnham, B.C. and Davies, J.L. (eds), Conquest, Co-existence and Change: Recent Work in Roman Wales, Trivium 25, Lampeter, 102–11
Kelly, R.S., Mason, M.A., and Fasham, P.J. forthcoming: The Graeanog Ridge: The Evolution of a Farming Landscape and its Settlements in North-West Wales, Cambrian Archaeol. Assoc. monograph
King, A., and Millett, M. 1993: ‘The samian ware’, in Casey, P.J., Davies, J.L. and Evans, J., Excavations at Segontium 1975–79, CBA Research Report 90, 234–49
Longley, D.M.T. forthcoming: ‘Bryn Eryr: an enclosed settlement of the Iron Age on Anglesey’, Proc. Prehistoric Soc.
Lynch, F.M. 1991: Prehistoric Anglesey, Anglesey Antiquarian Society, Llangefni
Lynch, F.M. 1993: Excavations in the Brenig Valley, Cambrian Archaeol. monograph 5
Moore, P.D., Webb, J., and Collinson, M.E., 1991: Pollen Analysis (2nd edn), Oxford
Morris, E. 1985: Prehistoric salt distributions: two case studies from Western Britain’, Bull. Board Celtic Studs 32, 336–79
Musson, C.R. 1991: The Breiddin Hillfort, CBA Research Report 76
Nye, S. 1993: ‘Botanical report’ in Casey, P.J., Davies, J.L. and Evans, J., Excavations at Segontium 1975–79, CBA Research Report 90, 8296
Pearson, G.W., and Stuiver, M. 1986: ‘High-precision calibration of the radiocarbon timescale 500–2500 BC’, Radiocarbon 28, 839–62
Peacock, D.P.S. 1968: ‘A petrological study of certain Iron Age pottery from Western England’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 34, 414–27
Quinell, H., and Blockley, M.R. 1994: Excavations at Rhuddlan, Clwyd, 1969–1973, CBA Research Report 95
Sanders, J. 1973: Roman Shell-gritted Ware in Southern Britain, unpublished London Institute of Archaeology undergraduate dissertation
Savory, H.N. 1980: Guide Catalogue to the Bronze Age Collections in the National Museum of Wales, Cardiff
Smith, C.A. 1986: ‘Excavations at the Ty Mawr hut circles, Anglesey’, Archaeol. Cambr. 135, 1280
Stuiver, M., and Kra, R.S. (eds) 1986: ‘Calibration issue, proceedings of the 12th International 14C conference’, Radiocarbon 28 (2B), 8051030
Stuiver, M., and Pearson, G.W. 1986: ‘High-precision calibration of the radiocarbon timescale AD 1950-500 BC’, Radiocarbon 28, 805–38
Stuiver, M., and Reimer, P.J. 1986: ‘A computer programme for radiocarbon age calibration’, Radiocarbon 28, 1022–30
Wainwright, G.J., and Longworth, I.H. 1971: Durrington Walls Excavations 1966–68, Research Report Society of Antiquaries, London
Webster, P.V. 1993: ‘The coarse pottery’, in Casey, P.J., Davies, J.L. and Evans, J., Excavations at Segontium 1975–79, CBA Research Report 90, 250316
Williams, D.F. 1977: ‘The Romano-British black-burnished industry’, in Peacock, D.P.S. (ed.), Pottery and Early Commerce, London, 163220

Excavations on Two Farms of the Romano-British Period at Bryn Eryr and Bush Farm, Gwynedd

  • David Longley (a1), Neil Johnstone (a1), Jeremy Evans (a1), F.M. Chambers, B. Dickinson, J. Ede, K. Hartley, J. Henderson, D. Hopewell, D.A. Jenkins, J.G.A. Lageard, F. Lynch, A. King, M. Millett, G. Smith, J. Williams and I.C. Wilshaw...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed