Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Long-term declines in common breeding seabirds in Japan

  • MASAYUKI SENZAKI (a1), AKIRA TERUI (a2), NAOKI TOMITA (a3), FUMIO SATO (a3), YOSHIHIRO FUKUDA (a4), YOSHIHIRO KATAOKA (a5) and YUTAKA WATANUKI (a6)...

Summary

Global seabird populations are in decline, with nearly half of all seabird species currently in an extinction crisis. Understanding long-term seabird population trends is an essential first step to inform conservation actions. In this study, we assembled historical breeding records of seabirds throughout the Japanese archipelago and quantified the long-term population trends of 10 major breeding seabird species using a hierarchical Bayesian state-space model. The model revealed that six species had increasing or no detectable trends (Short-tailed Albatross Phoebastria albatrus, Leach’s Storm Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa, Pelagic Cormorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus, Japanese Cormorant Phalacrocorax capillatus, Spectacled Guillemot Cepphus carbo, and Rhinoceros Auklet Cerorhinca monocerata). However, decreasing trends were found not only in nationally threatened species (Common Murre Uria aalge, and Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata) but also common species that are often described as abundant (Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris and Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus). These declining species have declined to 3–35% of baseline levels over the past 30 years. This study provides the first evidence of long-term declines in common and widespread seabirds in Japan.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Author for correspondence; email: masayukisenzaki@gmail.com

References

Hide All
Amano, T., Okamura, H., Carrizo, S. F. and Sutherland, W. J. (2012) Hierarchical models for smoothed population indices: The importance of considering variations in trends of count data among sites. Ecol. Indic. 13: 243252.
Amano, T., Székely, T., Koyama, K., Amano, H. and Sutherland, W. J. (2010) A framework for monitoring the status of populations: An example from wader populations in the East Asian-Australasian flyway. Biol. Conserv. 143: 22382247.
Anker-Nilssen, T. (2010) Key-site monitoring in Røst in 2009. In SEAPOP Short Report 12-2010.
Anker-Nilssen, T. and Røstad, O. W. (1993) Census and monitoring of Puffins Fratercula arctica on Røst, N Norway, 1979-1988. Orins Scand . 24: 19.
Brooke, M. de L., Bonnaud, E., Dilley, B. J., Flint, E. N., Holmes, N. D., Jones, H. P., Provost, P., Rocamra, G., Ryan, P. G., Surman, C. and Buxton, R. T. (2017) Seabird population changes following mammal eradications on islands. Anim. Conser. 21: 312.
Buckland, S. T., Burt, M. L., Rexstad, E. A., Mellor, M., Williams, A. E. and Woodward, R. (2012) Aerial surveys of seabirds: The advent of digital methods. J. Appl. Ecol. 49: 960967.
Chavez, F. P., Ryan, J., Lluch-Cota, S. E. and Niquen, M. C. (2003) From anchovies to sardines and back: Multidecal change in the Pacific Ocean. Science 299: 217221.
Clark, J. S. and Bjørnstad, O. N. (2004) Population time series: Process variability, observation errors, missing values, lags, and hidden states. Ecology 85: 31403150.
Croxall, J. P., Butchart, S. H. M., Lascelles, B., Statersfield, A. J., Sullivan, B., Aymes, A. and Taylor, P. (2012) Seabird conservation status, threats and priority actions: a global assessment. Bird Conserv. Internatn. 22: 134.
Elliott, G. P., Wilson, P. R., Taylor, R. H. and Beggs, J. R. (2010) Declines in common, widespread native birds in a mature temperate forest. Biol. Conserv. 143: 21192126.
Emura, N., Furuya, W., Ando, H. and Deguchi, T. (2015) Monitoring of avifauna to estimate the effect of ecological restoration in Mukojima, Bonin Islands. J. Yamashina Inst. Ornithol. 46: 89100.
Finkelstein, M. E., Wolf, S., Goldman, M., Doak, D. F., Sievert, P. R., Balogh, G. and Hasegawa, H. (2010) The anatomy of a (potential) disaster: Volcanoes, behavior, and population viability of the short-tailed albatross (Phoebastria albatrus). Biol. Conserv. 143: 321331.
Finney, S. K., Wanless, S., Harris, M. P., and Monaghan, P. (2001) The impact of gulls on puffin reproductive performance: An experimental test of two management strategies. Biol. Conserv. 98: 159165.
Frederiksen, M., Wanless, S., Harris, M. P., Rothery, P., and Wilson, L. J. (2004) The role of industrial fisheries and oceanographic change in the decline of North Sea black-legged kittiwakes. J. Appl. Ecol. 41: 11291139.
Fretwell, P. T., LaRue, M. A., Morin, P., Kooyman, G. L., Wienecke, B., Ratcliffe, N., Fox, A. J., Fleming, A. H., Porter, C. and Trathan, P. N. (2012) An emperor penguin population estimate: The first global, synoptic survey of a species from space. PLoS One 7: e33751. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0033751
Gelman, A. and Hill, J. (2007) Data analysis using regression and multilevelhierarchical models, Vol. 1, New York: Cambridge University Press, NY, USA.
Genovart, M., Bécares, J., Igual, J. M., Martínez-Abraín, A., Escandell, R., Sánchez, A., Rodríguez, B., Arcos, M. A., and Oro, D. (2018) Differential adult survival at close seabird colonies: The importance of spatial foraging segregation and bycatch risk during the breeding season. Glob. Change. Biol. 24: 12791290.
Hanioka, M., Yamaura, Y., Yamanaka, S., Senzaki, M., Kawamura, K., Terui, A. and Nakamura, F. (2018) How much abandoned farmland is required to harbor comparable species richness and abundance of bird communities in wetland? Hierarchical community model suggests the importance of habitat structure and landscape context. Biodivers. Conserv. 27: 18311848.
Hasebe, M., Aotsuka, M., Terasawa, T., Fukuda, Y., Niimura, Y., Watanabe, Y., Watanuki, Y. and Ogi, H. (2012) Status and Conservation of the Common Murre Uria aalge Breeding on Teuri Island, Hokkaido. Ornithol. Sci. 11: 2938.
Hasebe, M., Fukuda, Y., Senzaki, M. and Watanuki, Y. (2015) Seasonal variation and inter-annual trends in the number of Spectacled Guillemots at Teuri Island, Hokkaido, Japan. Japanese J. Ornithol. 64: 251255.
Hasegawa, H. (1984) Status and conservation of seabirds in Japan, with special attention to the Short-tailed Albatross. Status Conserv. world’s seabirds. Int. Counc. Bird Preserv. Tech. Pub. 2: 487500.
Hasegawa, H. and Degange, A. R. (1982) The short-tailed albatross Diomedea albatrus its status distribution and natural history. Am. Bird. 36: 806814.
Higuchi, H., Minton, J. and Katsura, C. (1995) Distribution and ecology of birds of Japan. Pacific Sci . 49: 6986.
Inger, R., Gregory, R., Duffy, J. P., Stott, I., Voříšek, P. and Gaston, K. J. (2015) Common European birds are declining rapidly while less abundant species’ numbers are rising. Ecol. Lett. 18: 2836.
Jones, H. P. et al. (2016) Invasive mammal eradication on islands results in substantial conservation gains. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 113: 40334038.
Kakinuma, K., Terui, A., Sasaki, T., Koyama, A., Jamsran, U., Okuro, T. and Takeuchi, K. (2017) Detection of vegetation trends in highly variable environments after grazing exclusion in Mongolia. J. Veg. Sci. 28: 965974.
Kataoka, Y. and Mizuno, M. (1999) The changes in the number of breeding pairs of Tufted Puffins, Lunda cirrhata, around Kiritappu, Hokkaido. Strix 17: 114.
Kawakami, K., Eda, M., Horikoshi, K., Suzuki, H., Chiba, H. and Hiraoka, T. (2012) Bryan’s Shearwaters Have Survived on the Bonin Islands, Northwestern Pacific. Condor 114: 507512.
Kawakami, K., Eda, M., Izumi, H., Horikoshi, K. and Suzuki, H. (2018) Phylogenetic position of endangered Puffinus lherminieri bannermani. Ornithol. Sci. 17: 1118.
Kazama, K., Ito, M., Niizuma, Y., Sakurai, Y., Takada, H., Sydeman, W. J., Croxall, J. P. and Watanuki, Y. (2010) Seabirds as indicators of the state of the marine environment and its conservation. Japanese J. Ornithol. 59: 3854.
Kéry, M. and Schaub, M. (2012) Bayesian population analysis using WinBUGS / OpenBUGS - a hierarchical perspective. San Diego: Academic Press.
Lewison, R., Oro, D., Godley, B. J., Underhill, L., Bearhop, S., Wilson, R. P., Ainley, D., Arcos, J. M., Boersma, P. D., Borboroglu, P. G., Boulinier, T., Frederiksen, M., Genovart, M., Gonzalez-Solis, J., Green, J. A., Gremillet, D., Hamer, K. C., Hilton, G. M., Hyrenbach, K. D., Martinez-Abrain, A., Montevecchi, W. A., Phillips, R. A., Ryan, P. G., Sagar, P., Sydeman, W. J., Wanless, S., Watanuki, Y., Weimerskirch, H. and Yorio, P. (2012) Research priorities for seabirds: Improving conservation and management in the 21st century. Endanger. Species Res. 17: 93121.
Melvin, E. F., Parrish, J. K., Dietrich, K. S. and Hamel, O. S. (2003) Solutions to seabird bycatch in Alaska’s Demersal Longline Fisheries. Washington: University of Washington Sea Grant Program. Project A/FP-7.
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (2019) Statistics of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Tokyo.
Ministry of the Environment of Japan (2015) Summary report: Publication of the seabirds survey summary report. Fujiyoshida.
Mizusawa, T. (2011) Salmon drift net shery of Japan. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 77: 915918.
Oppel, S., Hervias, S., Oliveira, N., Pipa, T., Silve, C., Geraldes, P., Goh, M., Immler, E. and McKown, M. (2014) Estimating population size of a nocturnal burrow-nesting seabird using acoustic monitoring and habitat mapping. Nature Conserv . 7: 113.
Osa, Y. and Watanuki, Y. (2002) Status of seabirds breeding in Hokkaido. J. Yamashina Inst. Ornithol. 33: 107141.
Paleczny, M., Hammill, E., Karpouzi, V. and Pauly, D. (2015) Population trend of the world’s monitored seabirds, 1950-2010. PLoS One 10: e0129342. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129342
Sanz-Aguilar, A., Igual, J. M., Tavecchia, G., Genovart, M., and Oro, D. (2016) When immigration mask threats: The rescue effect of a Scopoli’s shearwater colony in the Western Mediterranean as a case study. Biol. Conserv. 198: 3336.
Sanz-Aguilar, A., Massa, B., Lo Valvo, F., Oro, D., Minguez, E., and Tavecchia, G. (2009) Contrasting age-specific recruitment and survival at different spatial scales: A case study with the European storm petrel. Ecography 32: 637646.
Sato, F. (2009) Increase in pairs of the short-tailed albatross Diomedea albatrus at an artificial breeding ground. J. Yamashina Inst. Ornithol. 40: 139143.
Sato, F., Momose, K., Tsurumi, M., Hiraoka, T., Mitamura, A. and Baba, T. (1998) The first breeding success in the Short-tailed Albatross colony restoration project on Tori-shima, using decoys and vocal lure. J. Yamashina Inst. Ornithol. 30: 121.
Senzaki, M., Hasebe, M., Kataoka, Y., Fukuda, Y., Nishizawa, B. and Watanuki, Y. (2015) Status of the Spectacled Guillemot (Cepphus carbo) in Japan. Waterbirds 38: 184190.
Senzaki, M., Suzuki, Y., and Watanuki, Y. (2014) Foraging tactics and success of inter- and intra-specific kleptoparasites on Rhinoceros Auklets Cerorhinca monocerata. Ornithol. Sci. 13: 18.
Spatz, D. R., Newton, K. M., Heinz, R., Tershy, B., Holmes, N. D., Butchart, S. H. M. and Croll, D. A. (2014) The biogeography of globally threatened seabirds and island conservation opportunities. Conserv. Biol. 28: 12821290.
Sutherland, D. R. and Dann, P. (2012) Improving the accuracy of population size estimates for burrow-nesting seabirds. Ibis 154: 488498.
Takahashi, A., Kuroki, M., Niizuma, Y., Kato, A., Saitoh, S., and Watanuki, Y. (2001) Importance of the Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) to breeding rhinoceros auklets (Cerorhinca monocerata) on Teuri Island, Sea of Japan. Mar. Biol. 139: 361371.
Terui, A., Ishiyama, N., Urabe, H., Ono, S., Finlay, J. C. and Nakamura, F. (2018) Metapopulation stability in branching river networks. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 115: E59635969.
Tomita, N., Mizutani, Y., Fujii, H., Sugiura, R., Yanai, T., Asano, M. and Niizuma, Y. (2010) Mortality of adult Black-tailed Gulls Larus crassirostris on Kabu Island, Aomori Prefecture. Japanese J. Ornithol. 59: 8083.
Tomita, N., Sato, F. and Iwami, K. (2016) Impact of cats on breeding Black-tailed Gulls on Tobishima Island, Yamagata, Japan. J. Yamashina Inst. Ornithol. 37: 123129.
Wada, T. and Jacobson, L. D. (1998) Regimes and stock-recruitment relationships in Japanese sardine (Sardinops melanostictus), 1951-1995. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55: 24552463.
Watanuki, Y. (1988) Regional difference in the diet of slaty-backed gulls breeding around Hokkaido. J. Yamashina Inst. Ornithol. 20: 7181.
Watanuki, Y., Kondo, N. and Nakagawa, H. (1988) Status of Seabirds breeding in Hokkaido. Japanese J. Ornithol. 37: 1732.
Wooller, R. D., Bradley, J. S. and Croxall, J. P. (1992) Long-term population studies of seabirds. Trends Ecol. Evol. 7: 111114.
Yoda, K., Tomita, N., Mizutani, Y., Narita, A., and Niizuma, Y. (2012) Spatio-temporal responses of black-tailed gulls to natural and anthropogenic food resources. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 466: 249259.
Zador, S. G., Punt, A. E. and Parrish, J. K. (2008) Population impacts of endangered short-tailed albatross bycatch in the Alaskan trawl fishery. Biol. Conserv. 141: 872882.
Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Senzaki et al. supplementary material
Figure S1 and Table S1

 Word (366 KB)
366 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed