Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Complexity matching and lexical matching in monolingual and bilingual conversations

  • Sara Schneider (a1), Adolfo G. Ramirez-Aristizabal (a1), Carol Gavilan (a1) and Christopher T. Kello (a1)

Abstract

When people interact, aspects of their speech and language patterns often converge in interactions involving one or more languages. Most studies of speech convergence in conversations have examined monolingual interactions, whereas most studies of bilingual speech convergence have examined spoken responses to prompts. However, it is not uncommon in multilingual communities to converse in two languages, where each speaker primarily produces only one of the two languages. The present study examined complexity matching and lexical matching as two measures of speech convergence in conversations spoken in English, Spanish, or both languages. Complexity matching measured convergence in the hierarchical timing of speech, and lexical matching measured convergence in the frequency distributions of lemmas produced. Both types of matching were found equally in all three language conditions. Taken together, the results indicate that convergence is robust to monolingual and bilingual interactions because it stems from basic mechanisms of coordination and communication.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Complexity matching and lexical matching in monolingual and bilingual conversations
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Complexity matching and lexical matching in monolingual and bilingual conversations
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Complexity matching and lexical matching in monolingual and bilingual conversations
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Sara Schneider, E-mail: sschneider2@ucmerced.edu.

References

Hide All
Abney, DH, Kello, CT and Warlaumont, AS (2015) Production and Convergence of Multiscale Clustering in Speech. Ecological Psychology 27, 222235.
Abney, DH, Paxton, A, Dale, R and Kello, CT (2014) Complexity matching in dyadic conversation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 143, 23042315.
Abney, DH, Warlaumont, AS, Oller, DK, Wallot, S and Kello, CT (2017) Multiple Coordination Patterns in Infant and Adult Vocalizations. Infancy: The Official Journal of the International Society on Infant Studies 22, 514539. https://doi.org/10.1111/infa.12165
Anderson, A, Garrod, SC and Sanford, AJ (1983) The accessibility of pronominal antecedents as a function of episode shifts in narrative text. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A 35, 427440. https://doi.org/10.1080/14640748308402480
Bahtina-Jantsikene, D and Backus, A (2016) Limited common ground, unlimited communicative success. Philologia Estonica Tallinnensis, (1), 1736.
Bahtina, D, ten Thije, JD and Wijnen, F (2013) Combining cognitive and interactive approaches to lingua receptiva. International Journal of Multilingualism 10, 159180. https://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2013.789521
Balukas, C and Koops, C (2015) Spanish-English bilingual voice onset time in spontaneous code-switching. International Journal of Bilingualism 19, 423443. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006913516035
Bialystok, E, Craik, FIM and Luk, G (2012) Bilingualism: consequences for mind and brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16, 240250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2012.03.001
Blumenfeld, HK and Marian, V (2007) Constraints on parallel activation in bilingual spoken language processing: Examining proficiency and lexical status using eye-tracking. Language and Cognitive Processes 22, 633660. https://doi.org/10.1080/01690960601000746
Bock, JK (1986) Syntactic persistence in language production. Cognitive Psychology 18, 355387. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0285(86)90004-6
Bortfeld, H and Brennan, SE (1997) Use and acquisition of idiomatic expressions in referring by native and non-native speakers. Discourse Processes 23, 119147. https://doi.org/10.1080/01638537709544986
Branigan, HP, Pickering, MJ, Liversedge, SP, Stewart, AJ and Urbach, TP (1995) Syntactic priming: Investigating the mental representation of language. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 24, 489506.
Brennan, SE and Clark, HH (1996) Conceptual pacts and lexical choice in conversation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition 22, 14821493.
Brennan, SE, Kuhlen, AK and Charoy, J (2018) Discourse and dialogue. In Wixted, JT and Thompson-Schill, SL (eds), Stevens’ Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Language and Thought (Vol. 3). Wiley.
Brennan, SE and Hanna, JE (2009) Partner-Specific Adaptation in Dialog. Topics in Cognitive Science 1, 274291. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-8765.2009.01019.x
Buchsbaum, BR, Gregory, H and Colin, H (2001) Role of left posterior superior temporal gyrus in phonological processing for speech perception and production. Cognitive Science 25, 663678. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15516709cog2505_2
Clark, HH and Brennan, SE (1991) Grounding in communication. In Resnick, L, LB, , John, M, Teasley, S and , D (eds), Perspectives on Socially Shared Cognition. American Psychological Association.
Costa, A, Pickering, M and Sorace, A (2008) Alignment in second language dialogue. Language and Cognitive Processes 23, 528556.
De Looze, C, Oertel, C, Rauzy, S and Campbell, N (2011) Measuring dynamics of mimicry by means of prosodic cues in conversational speech. In International Conference on Phonetic Sciences (pp. 12941297).
De Looze, C, Scherer, S, Vaughan, B and Campbell, N (2014) Investigating automatic measurements of prosodic accommodation and its dynamics in social interaction. Speech Communication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2013.10.002
Falk, S and Kello, CT (2017) Hierarchical organization in the temporal structure of infant-direct speech and song. Cognition 163, 8086. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2017.02.017
Fleischer, Z, Pickering, MJ and McLean, JF (2012) Shared information structure: Evidence from cross-linguistic priming. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 15, 568579.
Fricke, M and Kootstra, GJ (2016) Primed codeswitching in spontaneous bilingual dialogue. Journal of Memory and Language 91, 181201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2016.04.003
Garrod, S and Anderson, A (1987) Saying what you mean in dialogue: A study in conceptual and semantic co-ordination. Cognition 27, 181218.
Garrod, S and Pickering, MJ (2004) Why is conversation so easy? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8, 811. https://doi.org///dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2003.10.016
Garrod, S and Pickering, MJ (2009) Joint action, interactive alignment, and dialog. Topics in Cognitive Science 1, 292304. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-8765.2009.01020.x
Gries, STH and Koostra, GJ (2017) Structural priming within and across languages: A corpus-based perspective. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 20, 235250. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728916001085
Grosjean, F (2010) Bilingual: life and reality. Harvard University Press.
Guo, T and Peng, D (2006) Event-related potential evidence for parallel activation of two languages in bilingual speech production. NeuroReport 17, 17571760.
Hardy, SM, Messenger, K and Maylor, EA (2017) Aging and syntactic representations: Evidence of preserved syntactic priming and lexical boost. Psychology and Aging 32, 588596. https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000180
Hartsuiker, RJ, Pickering, MJ and Veltkamp, E (2004) Is syntax separate or shared between languages? Cross-linguistic syntactic priming in Spanish-English bilinguals. Psychological Science 15, 409414.
Healey, PG, Purver, M and Howes, C (2014) Divergence in dialogue. Public Library of Science: One 9. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0098598
Kantola, L and van Gompel, RPG (2011) Between- and within-language priming is the same: Evidence for shared bilingual syntactic representations. Memory & Cognition 39, 276290.
Kello, CT, Dalla Bella, S, Médé, B and Balasubramaniam, R (2017) Hierarchical temporal structure in music, speech and animal vocalizations: jazz is like a conversation, humpbacks sing like hermit thrushes. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 14. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2017.0231
Kim, M, Horton, WS and Bradlow, AR (2011) Phonetic convergence in spontaneous conversations as a function of interlocutor language distance. Laboratory Phonology 2, 125156.
Kroll, JF, Bobb, SC and Hoshino, N (2014) Two Languages in Mind: Bilingualism as a Tool to Investigate Language, Cognition, and the Brain. Current Directions in Psychological Science 23, 159163. https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721414528511
Kroll, JF, Dussias, PE, Bogulski, CA and Kroff, JRV (2012) Juggling two languages in one mind: What bilinguals tell us about language processing and its consequences for cognition. Psychology of Learning and Motivation 56, 229262. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394393-4.00007-8
Levitan, R, Benus, S, Gravano, A and Hirschberg, J (2015) Entrainment and Turn-Taking in Human-Human Dialogue. In AAAI Spring Symposium on Turn-Taking and Coordination in Human-Machine Interaction.
Lowen, SB and Teich, MC (1996) The periodogram and Allan variance reveal fractal exponents greater than unity in auditory-nerve spike trains. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 99, 35853591.
Luque, J, Luque, B and Lacasa, L (2015) Scaling and universality in the human voice. Journal of The Royal Society Interface 12. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2014.1344
Manson, JH, Bryant, GA, Gervais, MM and Kline, MA (2013) Convergence of speech rate in conversation predicts cooperation. Evolution and Human Behavior 34, 419426. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2013.08.001
Marian, V and Spivey, M (2003) Competing activation in bilingual language processing: Within- and between-language competition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 6, 97115. https://doi.org/DOI: 10.1017/S1366728903001068
Marmelat, V and Delignières, D (2012) Strong anticipation: Complexity matching in interpersonal coordination. Experimental Brain Research 222, 137148.
Nenkova, A, Gravano, A and Hirschberg, J (2008) High frequency word entrainment in spoken dialogue. In Proceedings of the 46th annual meeting of the association for computational linguistics on human language technologies: Short papers (pp. 169172). Association for Computational Linguistics.
Ni Eochaidh, C (2010) The role of conceptual and word form representations in lexical alignment: Evidence from bilingual dialogue. The University of Edinburgh.
Niederhoffer, KG and Pennebaker, JW (2002) Linguistic style matching in social interaction. Journal of Language and Social Psychology 21, 337360. https://doi.org/10.1177/026192702237953
Nielsen, K (2011) Specificity and abstractness of VOT imitation. Journal of Phonetics 39, 132142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2010.12.007
Pardo, J (2013) Measuring phonetic convergence in speech production. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
Pardo, JS (2006) On phonetic convergence during conversational interaction. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 119, 23822393.
Pardo, JS, Gibbons, R, Suppes, A and Krauss, RM (2012) Phonetic convergence in college roommates. Journal of Phonetics 40, 190197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2011.10.001
Pardo, J, Urmanache, A, Gash, H, Wiener, J, Mason, N, Wilman, S, Francis, K and Decker, A (2018) The Montclair map task: Balance, efficacy, and efficiency in conversational interaction. Language and Speech, 121. https://doi.org/10.1177/0023830918775435
Park, SM and Sarkar, M (2007) Parents’ attitudes toward heritage language maintenance for their children and their efforts to help their children maintain the heritage language: A case study of Korean-Canadian immigrants. Language, Culture and Curriculum 20, 223235. https://doi.org/10.2167/lcc337.0
Perani, D, Abutalebi, J, Paulesu, E, Brambati, S, Scifo, P, Cappa, SF and Fazio, F (2003) The role of age of acquisition and language usage in early, high-proficient bilinguals: An fMRI study during verbal fluency. Human Brain Mapping 19, 170182. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.10110
Peterson, AM, Tenenbaum, JN, Havlin, S, Stanley, HE and Perc, M (2012) Languages cool as they expand: Allometric scaling and the decreasing need for new words. Scientific Reports 2, 943.
Pickering, MJ and Garrod, S (2004) Toward a mechanistic psychology of dialogue. Behavioral & Brain Sciences 27, 169226.
Potter, MC and Lombardi, L (1998) Syntactic priming in immediate recall of sentences. Journal of Memory and Language 38, 265282.
Romaine, S (2012) The bilingual and multilingual community. (Bhatia, T. K. & Ritchie, W. C., Eds.). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118332382.ch18
Sancier, ML and Fowler, CA (1997) Gestural drift in a bilingual speaker of Brazilian Portuguese and English. Journal of Phonetics 25, 421436. https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.1997.0051
Schober, MF and Clark, HH (1989) Understanding by addressees and overhearers. Cognitive Psychology 21, 211232. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0285(89)90008-X
ten Thije, J D, Gooskens, C, Daems, F, Cornips, L and Smits, M (2017) Lingua receptiva: Position paper on the European commission's skills agenda. European Journal of Applied Linguistics 5, 141146.
ten Thije, JD (2013) Lingua receptiva (LaRa). International Journal of Multilingualism 10, 137139. https://doi.org/10.1080/14790718.2013.789519
Tian, X and Poeppel, D (2012) Mental imagery of speech: linking motor and perceptual systems through internal simulation and estimation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
Tobin, SJ, Nam, H and Fowler, CA (2017) Phonetic drift in Spanish-English bilinguals: Experiment and a self-organizing model. Journal of Phonetics 65, 4559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2017.05.006
Toribio, AJ (2004) Convergence as an optimization strategy in bilingual speech: Evidence from code-switching. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 7, 165173. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728904001476
Trofimovich, P (2016) Interactive alignment: A teaching-friendly view of second language pronunciation learning. Language Teaching 49, 411422. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444813000360
van Baaren, RB, Holland, RW, Steenaert, B and van Knippenberg, A (2003) Mimicry for money: Behavioral consequences of imitation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 39, 393398. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1031(03)00014-3
West, BJ, Geneston, EL and Grigolini, P (2008) Maximizing information exchange between complex networks. Physics Reports 468, 199.
Xia, Z, Levitan, R and Hirschberg, J (2014) Prosodic entrainment in Mandarin and English: A cross-linguistic comparison. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Speech Prosody (pp. 6569).
Zipf, GK (1935) The psycho-biology of language. Oxford, England: Houghton, Mifflin.

Keywords

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Schneider et al. supplementary material
Schneider et al. supplementary material

 PDF (409 KB)
409 KB

Complexity matching and lexical matching in monolingual and bilingual conversations

  • Sara Schneider (a1), Adolfo G. Ramirez-Aristizabal (a1), Carol Gavilan (a1) and Christopher T. Kello (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.