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On the Integration of Language and Content Instruction

  • George Spanos

Extract

The 1980s were dynamic years for applied linguistic researchers and practitioners involved in the integration of language and content instruction. In addition to the publication of five stimulating texts devoted to the subject (Mohan 1986, Cantoni-Harvey 1987, Crandall 1987, Enright and McCloskey 1988, and Brinton, Snow, and Wesche 1989), there was increasing attention at all school levels to curriculum development, materials development, teacher training, evaluation, and assessment, Second and foreign language educators as well educators in the fields of mathematics, science, and social science have become cognizant of the relationship between language development and the acquisition of content-specific knowledge and skills.

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American Association for the Advancement of Science. 1989. Science for all Americans: A project 2061 report on literacy goals in science, mathematics, and technology. Washington, DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science Publication.
Chamot, A. U. and O'Malley, J. M.. 1987. The cognitive academic language learning approach: A bridge to the mainstream. TESOL quarterly. 21.2.227249.
Christian, D. et al. , In press. Combining language and content for second language students. In Padilla, A. M., Fairchild, H. H., and Valadez, C. M. (eds.) Innovations in language education. 2 vols. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications [Vol. 1: Bilingual education and English as a second language.]
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Curtain, H. A. and Pesola, C. A.. 1988. Languages and children: Making the match. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Early, M., Thew, C., and Wakefield, P.. 1986. ESL instruction via the regular curriculum: A framework and resource book. 2 Vols. Victoria, BC: Ministry of Education. [Vol. 1: Theoretical framework and sample lessons; Vol. 2: Resources for integrating language and content instruction, K-12.]
Enright, S. D. and McCloskey, M. L.. 1988. Integrating English. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Freeman, D., Freeman, Y., and Gonzales, G.. 1987. Success for LEP students: The Sunnyside sheltered English program. TESOL quarterly. 21.2.361367.
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On the Integration of Language and Content Instruction

  • George Spanos

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