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Young Salers suckled bull production: effect of diet on performance, carcass and muscle characteristics and meat quality

  • E. Serrano (a1), P. Pradel (a1), R. Jailler (a1), H. Dubroeucq (a1), D. Bauchart (a1), J.-F. Hocquette (a1), A. Listrat (a1), J. Agabriel (a1) and D. Micol (a1)...

Abstract

The aim of this work was to improve the knowledge on young suckled Salers bull production and to study the effect of forage type and concentrate level on performance, carcass and muscle characteristics as well as on meat quality. Twenty-four Salers male calves of 150 days of age were assigned to six groups: C0 (fed exclusively with hay and dam’s milk and slaughtered at approximately 6 months of age), and HH (hay – high concentrate), HL (hay – low concentrate), GH (cut grass – high concentrate), GL (cut grass – low concentrate) and CP (control pasture: pasture – high concentrate) groups differing in feeds received until slaughter and slaughtered unweaned at approximately 10 months of age. Carcass weights averaged 210 kg at 10 months of age at slaughter. Average daily weight gain (ADWG) in HH and GH groups tended to be higher (P = 0.09) than in HL and GL groups (1354 v. 1248 g/day). ADWG in CP group (1542 g/day) was higher (P < 0.05) than in the other groups. Carcass weight in CP group (230 kg) tended to be higher (P < 0.1) than in HL (198 kg) and GL (200 kg) groups. Carcass muscle weight was higher (P < 0.05) in GH (155 kg) and CP groups (165 kg) than in HL (141 kg) and GL (142 kg) groups. Carcass and offal fatty tissue weights and carcass fatness did not differ between groups. Neither forage type nor concentrate level had significant effect on the area of muscle fibres or on muscle metabolic enzyme activities (namely, lactate dehydrogenase – LDH, phosphofructokinase – PFK, isocitrate dehydrogenase – ICDH, citrate synthase – CS and cytochrome-c oxidase – COX). semitendinosus muscle of CP group presented higher CS enzyme activities (8.10 μmol/min per g) than HH (5.30 μmol/min per g) and GL (4.52 μmol/min per g) groups. Neither total nor insoluble collagen content significantly differed between groups. Lipid content in rectus abdominis muscle was relatively low (average 67.5 mg/g dry matter) and was not affected by diet (P > 0.05). The ratio between n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid content was lower (P = 0.01) in the low-concentrate-fed than in the high-concentrate-fed group (3.95 v. 5.37, respectively). Sensory analysis noted that longissimus thoracis muscle from CP animals was more tender and juicy than that from HH and GH animals (P < 0.05).

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Keywords

Young Salers suckled bull production: effect of diet on performance, carcass and muscle characteristics and meat quality

  • E. Serrano (a1), P. Pradel (a1), R. Jailler (a1), H. Dubroeucq (a1), D. Bauchart (a1), J.-F. Hocquette (a1), A. Listrat (a1), J. Agabriel (a1) and D. Micol (a1)...

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