2005. Handbook of Australian meat. AUS-MEAT Ltd, Brisbane, Australia.
2008. Accessory Publication: MSA sensory testing protocols. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
Anderson, F, Pethick, DW and Gardner, GE
2015. The correlation of intramuscular fat content between muscles of the lamb carcass and the use of computed tomography to predict intramuscular fat percentage in lambs. Animal
Boccard, RL, Naudé, RT, Cronje, DE, Smit, MC, Venter, HJ and Rossouw, EJ
1979. The influence of age, sex and breed of cattle on their muscle characteristics. Meat Science
Bonny, SPF, Gardner, GE, Pethick, DW, Legrand, I, Polkinghorne, RJ and Hocquette, J-F
2015. Biochemical measurements of beef are a good predictor of untrained consumer sensory scores across muscles. Animal
Bonny, SPF, Pethick, DW, Legrand, I, Wierzbicki, J, Allen, P, Farmer, LJ, Polkinghorne, RJ, Hocquette, J-F and Gardner, GE
2015. Ossification score is a better indicator of maturity related changes in eating quality than animal age. Animal, First view, 1–11.
Brackebrush, SA MF, Carr, TR and McLaren, DG
1991. Relationship between longissimus composition and the composition of other major muscles of the beef carcass. Journal of Animal Science
Choat, WT, Paterson, JA, Rainey, BM, King, MC, Smith, GC, Belk, KE and Lipsey, RJ
2006. The effects of cattle sex on carcass characteristics and longissimus muscle palatability. Journal of Animal Science
Chriki, S, Gardner, GE, Jurie, C, Picard, B, Micol, D, Brun, JP, Journaux, L and Hocquette, J-F
2012. Cluster analysis application identifies muscle characteristics of importance for beef tenderness. BMC Biochemistry
Chriki, S, Renand, G, Picard, B, Micol, D, Journaux, L and Hocquette, J-F
2013. Meta-analysis of the relationships between beef tenderness and muscle characteristics. Livestock Science
Christensen, M, Ertbjerg, P, Failla, S, Sañudo, C, Richardson, RI, Nute, GR, Olleta, JL, Panea, B, Albertí, P, Juárez, M, Hocquette, J-F and Williams, JL
2011. Relationship between collagen characteristics, lipid content and raw and cooked texture of meat from young bulls of fifteen European breeds. Meat Science
Dikeman, ME, Reddy, GB, Arthaud, VH, Tuma, HJ, Koch, RM, Mandigo, RW and Axe, JB
1986. Longissimus muscle quality, palatability and connective tissue histological characteristics of bulls and steers fed different energy levels and slaughtered at four ages. Journal of Animal Science
2003. Evaluation of intact males and steers for growth performance and meat quality. California State University, Fresno, CA, USA.
1971. Effect of castration on meat quality and quantity. Journal of Animal Science
Garcia-de-Siles, JL, Ziegler, JH, Wilson, LL and J.D., S
1977. Growth, carcass and muscle characters of Hereford and Holstein steers. Journal of Animal Science
Hocquette, J-F and Chatellier, V
2011. Prospects for the European beef sector over the next 30 years. Animal Frontiers
Koohmaraie, M, Kent, MP, Shackelford, SD, Veiseth, E and Wheeler, TL
2002. Meat tenderness and muscle growth: is there any relationship?
1985. Meat science. Pergamon, Oxford, UK.
Lee, CY, Henricks, DM, Skelley, GC and Grimes, LW
1990. Growth and hormonal response of intact and castrate male cattle to trenbolone acetate and estradiol. Journal of Animal Science
Lizaso, G, Beriain, MJ, Horcada, A, Chasco, J and Purroy, A
2011. Effect of intended purpose (dairy/beef production) on beef quality. Canadian Journal of Animal Science
Lyford, C, Thompson, J, Polkinghorne, R, Miller, M, Nishimura, T, Neath, K, Allen, P and Belasco, E
2010. Is willingness to pay (WTP) for beef quality grades affected by consumer demographics and meat consumption preferences?
Australasian Agribusiness Review
Mandell, IB, Gullett, EA, Wilton, JW, Kemp, RA and Allen, OB
1997. Effects of gender and breed on carcass traits, chemical composition, and palatability attributes in Hereford and Simmental bulls and steers. Livestock Production Science
1970. Some aspects of meat quality in dairy beef. McGill University, Ann Arbor, Canada.
Mills, EW, Comerford, JW, Hollender, R, Harpster, HW, House, B and Henning, WR
1992. Meat composition and palatability of Holstein and beef steers as influenced by forage type and protein source. Journal of Animal Science
MLA 2006. Module 6: Meat Standards Australia Grading. version 5.0, pp. 1–111. Meat & Livestock Australia, Sydney.
Morgan, JB, Savell, JW, Hale, DS, Miller, RK, Griffin, DB, Cross, HR and Shackelford, SD
1991. National beef tenderness survey. Journal of Animal Science
Morgan, JB, Wheeler, TL, Koohmaraie, M, Savell, JW and Crouse, JD
1993. Meat tenderness and the calpain proteolytic system in longissimus muscle of young bulls and steers. Journal of Animal Science
Polkinghorne, R, Thompson, JM, Watson, R, Gee, A and Porter, M
2008a. Evolution of the Meat Standards Australia (MSA) beef grading system. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
Polkinghorne, R, Watson, R, Thompson, JM and Pethick, DW
2008b. Current usage and future development of the Meat Standards Australia (MSA) grading system. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
Seideman, SC, Cross, HR and Crouse, JD
1989. Carcass characteristics, sensory properties and mineral content of meat from bulls and steers. Journal of Food Quality
2004. The effects of marbling on flavour and juiciness scores of cooked beef, after adjusting to a constant tenderness. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
USDA 1997. United States standards for grades of carcass beef. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Venkata Reddy, B, Sivakumar, AS, Jeong, DW, Woo, Y-B, Park, S-J, Lee, S-Y, Byun, J-Y, Kim, C-H, Cho, S-H and Hwang, I
2015. Beef quality traits of heifer in comparison with steer, bull and cow at various feeding environments. Animal Science Journal
Verbeke, W, Van Wezemael, L, de Barcellos, MD, Kügler, JO, Hocquette, J-F, Ueland, Ø and Grunert, KG
2010. European beef consumers’ interest in a beef eating-quality guarantee: insights from a qualitative study in four EU countries. Appetite
Watson, R, Gee, A, Polkinghorne, R and Porter, M
2008a. Consumer assessment of eating quality – development of protocols for Meat Standards Australia (MSA) testing. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
Watson, R, Polkinghorne, R and Thompson, JM
2008b. Development of the Meat Standards Australia (MSA) prediction model for beef palatability. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
2010. Quality beef from semi-intensively fattened heifers and bulls. Animal Science Papers and Reports