Akerreta, S, Cavero, RY, Lopez, V, Calvo, MI 2007. Analyzing factors that influence the folk use and phytonomy of 18 medicinal plants in Navarra. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 3, 16–35.
Amagase, H, Petesch, BL, Matsuura, H, Kasuga, S, Itakura, Y 2001. Intake of garlic and its bioactive components. Journal of Nutrition 131, 955S–962S.
Anadon, A, Martinez-Larranaga, MR 1999. Residues of antimicrobial drugs and feed additives in animal products: regulatory aspects. Livestock Production Science 59, 183–198.
Bailey, M, Miller, BG, Telemo, E, Stokes, CR, Bourne, FJ 1993. Specific immunological unresponsiveness following active primary responses to proteins in the weaning diet of piglets. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 101, 266–271.
Bailey, M, Miller, BG, Telemo, E, Stokes, CR, Bourne, FJ 1994. Altered immune response to proteins fed after neonatal exposure of piglets to the antigen. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 103, 183–187.
Bailey, M, Haverson, K, Stokes, CR 1996. Immunological functions of the intestinal lamina propria. In Advances in swine in biomedical research (ed. M Tumbleson and L Schook), pp. 267–275. Plenum Press, New York, USA.
Bailey, M, Plunkett, F, Clarke, A, Sturgess, D, Haverson, K, Stokes, C 1998. Activation of T cells from the intestinal lamina propria of the pig. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 48, 177–182.
Bailey, M, Plunkett, FJ, Rothkötter, HJ, Vega-Lopez, MA, Haverson, K, Stokes, CR 2001. Regulation of mucosal immune responses in effector sites. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 60, 427–435.
Bailey, M, Haverson, K, Inman, C, Harris, C, Jones, P, Corfield, G, Miller, B, Stokes, C 2005. The influence of environment on development of the mucosal immune system. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 108, 189–198.
Barman, NN, Bianchi, AT, Zwart, RJ, Pabst, R, Rothkötter, HJ 1997. Jejunal and ileal Peyer’s patches in pigs differ in their postnatal development. Anatomy and Embryology (Berlin) 195, 41–50.
Baumann, H, Gauldie, J 1994. The acute phase response. Immunology Today 15, 74–80.
Baydar, H, Sagdic, O, Ozkan, G, Karadogan, T 2004. Antibacterial activity and composition of essential oils from Origanum, Thymbra and Satureja species with commercial importance in Turkey. Food Control 15, 169–172.
Bienenstock, J, Befus, D, McDermott, M, Mirski, S, Rosenthal, K 1983. Regulation of lymphoblast traffic and localization in mucosal tissues, with emphasis on IgA. Federation Proceedings 42, 3213–3217.
Bimczok, D, Sowa, EN, Faber-Zuschratter, H, Pabst, R, Rothkötter, HJ 2005. Site-specific expression of CD11b and SIRPalpha (CD172a) on dendritic cells: implications for their migration patterns in the gut immune system. European Journal of Immunology 35, 1418–1427.
Bimczok, D, Post, A, Tschernig, T, Rothkötter, HJ 2006. Phenotype and distribution of dendritic cells in the porcine small intestinal and tracheal mucosa and their spatial relationship to epithelial cells. Cell and Tissue Research 325, 461–468.
Blum, KS, Pabst, R 2007. Lymphocyte numbers and subsets in the human blood. Do they mirror the situation in all organs? Immunology Letters 108, 45–51.
Bohn, JA, BeMiller, JN 1995. (1→3)-β-D-Glucans as biological response modifiers: a review of structure–functional activity relationships. Carbohydrate Polymers 28, 3–14.
Bosi, P, Casini, L, Finamore, A, Cremokolini, C, Merialdi, G, Trevisi, P, Nobili, F, Mengheri, E 2004. Spray-dried plasma improves growth performance and reduces inflammatory status of weaned pigs challenged with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli K88. Journal of Animal Science 82, 1764–1772.
Boudry, C, Buldgen, A, Portetelle, D, Collard, A, Thewis, A, Dehoux, JP 2007. Effects of oral supplementation with bovine colostrum on the immune system of weaned piglets. Research in Veterinary Science 83, 91–101.
Bouhet, S, Hourcade, E, Loiseau, N, Fikry, A, Martinez, S, Roselli, M, Galtier, P, Mengheri, E, Oswald, IP 2004. The mycotoxin fumonisin B1 alters the proliferation and the barrier function of porcine intestinal epithelial cells. Toxicological Sciences 77, 165–171.
Brown, GD, Gordon, S 2003. Fungal β-glucans and mammalian immunity. Immunity 19, 311–315.
Burkey, TE, Dritz, SS, Nietfeld, JC, Johnson, BJ, Minton, JE 2004. Effect of dietary mannanoligosaccharide and sodium chlorate on the growth performance, acute-phase response, and bacterial shedding of weaned pigs challenged with Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium. Journal of Animal Science 82, 397–404.
Burt, S 2004. Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods – a review. International Journal of Food Microbiology 94, 223–253.
Churchill, M, Chadburn, A, Bilinski, RT, Bertagnolli, MM 2000. Inhibition of intestinal tumors by curcumin is associated with changes in the intestinal immune cell profile. Journal of Surgical Research 89, 169–175.
Coffey, RD, Cromwell, GL 1995. The impact of environment and antimicrobial agents on the growth response of early-weaned pigs to spray-dried porcine plasma. Journal of Animal Science 73, 2532–2539.
Coffey, RD, Cromwell, GL 2001. Use of spray-dried animal plasma in diets for weanling pigs. Pig News and Information 22, 39N–48N.
Cosentino, S, Tuberoso, CI, Pisano, B, Satta, M, Mascia, V, Arzedi, E, Palmas, F 1999. In-vitro antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Sardinian Thymus essential oils. Letters in Applied Microbiology 29, 130–135.
Cossart, P, Sansonetti, PJ 2004. Bacterial invasion: the paradigms of enteroinvasive pathogens. Science 304, 242–248.
Craig, WJ 1999. Health-promoting properties of common herbs. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 70, 491S–499S.
Cromwell, GL 2002. Why and how antibiotics are used in swine production. Animal Biotechnology 13, 7–27.
Cunningham-Rundles, S, Lin, DH 1998. Nutrition and the immune system of the gut. Nutrition 14, 573–579.
Davis, ME, Maxwell, CV, Brown, DC, de Rodas, BZ, Johnson, ZB, Kegley, EB, Hellwig, DH, Dvorak, RA 2002. Effect of dietary mannan oligosaccharides and(or) pharmacological additions of copper sulfate on growth performance and immunocompetence of weanling and growing/finishing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 80, 2887–2894.
Davis, ME, Maxwell, CV, Erf, GF, Brown, DC, Wistuba, TJ 2004a. Dietary supplementation with phosphorylated mannans improves growth response and modulates immune function of weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 82, 1882–1891.
Davis, ME, Brown, DC, Maxwell, CV, Johnson, ZB, Kegley, EB, Dvorak, RA 2004b. Effect of phosphorylated mannans and pharmacological additions of zinc oxide on growth and immunocompetence of weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 82, 581–587.
Decuypere, J, Dierick, N, Boddez, S 1998. The potentials for immunostimulatory substances (β-α1,3/1,6 glucans) in pig nutrition. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 7, 259–265.
Dewey, CE, Cox, BD, Straw, BE, Bush, EJ, Hurd, HS 1997. Associations between off-label feed additives and farm size, veterinary consultant use, and animal age. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 31, 133–146.
Dritz, SS, Shi, J, Kielian, TL, Goodband, RD, Nelssen, JL, Tokach, MD, Chengappa, MM, Smith, JE, Blecha, F 1995. Influence of dietary β-glucan on growth performance, nonspecific immunity, and resistance to Streptococcus suis infection in weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 73, 3341–3350.
Eicher, SD, McKee, CA, Carroll, JA, Pajor, EA 2006. Supplemental vitamin C and yeast cell wall β-glucan as growth enhancers in newborn pigs and as immunomodulators after an endotoxin challenge after weaning. Journal of Animal Science 84, 2352–2360.
El-Abasy, M, Motobu, M, Shimura, K, Na, KJ, Kang, CB, Koge, K, Onodera, T, Hirota, Y 2002. Immunostimulating and growth-promoting effects of sugar cane extract (SCE) in chickens. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 64, 1061–1063.
Fleeton, MN, Contractor, N, Leon, F, Wetzel, JD, Dermody, TS, Kelsall, BL 2004. Peyer’s patch dendritic cells process viral antigen from apoptotic epithelial cells in the intestine of reovirus-infected mice. Journal of Experimental Medicine 200, 235–245.
Florkowski, WJ, Elnagheeb, AH, Huang, CL 1998. Risk perception and new food production technologies. Applied Economics Letters 5, 69–73.
Francis, G, Kerem, Z, Makkar, HP, Becker, K 2002. The biological action of saponins in animal systems: a review. British Journal of Nutrition 88, 587–605.
Frank, JW, Carroll, JA, Allee, GL, Zannelli, ME 2003. The effects of thermal environment and spray-dried plasma on the acute-phase response of pigs challenged with lipopolysaccharide. Journal of Animal Science 81, 1166–1176.
Gaskins, HR, Collier, CT, Anderson, DB 2002. Antibiotics as growth promotants: mode of action. Animal Biotechnology 13, 29–42.
Gebert, A, Rothkötter, HJ, Pabst, R 1994. Cytokeratin 18 is an M-cell marker in porcine Peyer’s patches. Cell and Tissue Research 276, 213–221.
Gebert, A, Rothkötter, HJ, Pabst, R 1996. M cells in Peyer’s patches of the intestine. International Review of Cytology 167, 91–159.
Greiner, LL, Stahly, TS, Stabel, TJ 2001a. The effect of dietary soy genistein on pig growth and viral replication during a viral challenge. Journal of Animal Science 79, 1272–1279.
Greiner, LL, Stahly, TS, Stabel, TJ 2001b. The effect of dietary soy daidzein on pig growth and viral replication during a viral challenge. Journal of Animal Science 79, 3113–3119.
Hahn, TW, Lohakare, JD, Lee, SL, Moon, WK, Chae, BJ 2006. Effects of supplementation of β-glucans on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and immunity in weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 84, 1422–1428.
Hannant, D 2002. Mucosal immunology: overview and potential in the veterinary species. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 87, 265–267.
Hansen, JA, Nelssen, JL, Goodband, RD, Weeden, TL 1993. Evaluation of animal protein supplements in diets of early-weaned pigs. Journal of Animal Science 71, 1853–1862.
Haverson, K, Bailey, M, Stokes, CR 1999. T-cell populations in the pig intestinal lamina propria: memory cells with unusual phenotypic characteristics. Immunology 96, 66–73.
Haverson, K, Singha, S, Stokes, CR, Bailey, M 2000. Professional and non-professional antigen-presenting cells in the porcine small intestine. Immunology 101, 492–500.
Hiss, S, Sauerwein, H 2003. Influence of dietary β-glucan on growth performance, lymphocyte proliferation, specific immune response and haptoglobin plasma concentrations in pigs. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (Berlin) 87, 2–11.
Huang, FP, Platt, N, Wykes, M, Major, JR, Powell, TJ, Jenkins, CD, MacPherson, GG 2000. A discrete subpopulation of dendritic cells transports apoptotic intestinal epithelial cells to T cell areas of mesenteric lymph nodes. Journal of Experimental Medicine 191, 435–444.
Huguet, A, Le Normand, L, Fauquant, J, Kaeffer, B, Le Huerou-Luron, I 2007. Influence of bovine colostrum on restoration of intestinal mucosa in weaned piglets. Livestock Science 108, 20–22.
Ilsley, SE, Miller, HM, Kamel, C 2005. Effects of dietary quillaja saponin and curcumin on the performance and immune status of weaned piglets. Journal of Animal Science 83, 82–88.
Jiang, R, Chang, X, Stoll, B, Fan, MZ, Arthington, J, Weaver, E, Campbell, J, Burrin, DG 2000. Dietary plasma protein reduces small intestinal growth and lamina propria cell density in early weaned pigs. Journal of Nutrition 130, 21–26.
Kansagra, K, Stoll, B, Rognerud, C, Niinikoski, H, Ou, CN, Harvey, R, Burrin, D 2003. Total parenteral nutrition adversely affects gut barrier function in neonatal piglets. American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 285, G1162–G1170.
Kelly, D, Coutts, AG 2000. Early nutrition and the development of immune function in the neonate. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 59, 177–185.
Kensil, CR, Mo, AX, Truneh, A 2004. Current vaccine adjuvants: an overview of a diverse class. Frontiers in Bioscience 9, 2972–2988.
Kim, JD, Marshall, MR, Wei, C 1995. Antibacterial activity of some essential oil components against five foodborne pathogens. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 43, 2839–2845.
Kim, JD, Hyun, Y, Sohn, KS, Woo, HJ, Kim, TJ, Han, IK 2000. Effects of immunostimulators on growth performance and immune response in pigs weaned at 21 days of age. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 9, 333–346.
Kogan, G, Kocher, A 2007. Role of yeast cell wall polysaccharides in pig nutrition and health protection. Livestock Science 109, 161–165.
Koh, WS, Yoon, SY, Kwon, BM, Jeong, TC, Nam, KS, Han, MY 1998. Cinnamaldehyde inhibits lymphocyte proliferation and modulates T-cell differentiation. International Journal of Immunopharmacology 20, 643–660.
Kommera, SK, Mateo, RD, Neher, FJ, Kim, SW 2006. Phytobiotics and organic acids as potential alternatives to the use of antibiotics in nursery pig diets. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 19, 1784–1789.
Lallès, JP, Boudry, G, Favier, C, Le Floc’h, N, Luron, I, Montagne, L, Oswald, IP, Pié, S, Piel, C, Sève, B 2004. Gut function and dysfunction in young pigs: physiology. Animal Research 53, 301–316.
Lallès, JP, Bosi, P, Smidt, H, Stokes, CR 2007. Nutritional management of gut health in pigs around weaning. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 66, 260–268.
Lee, YC 1988. Mannose-binding proteins of animal origin. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 228, 105–121.
Levay, PF, Viljoen, M 1995. Lactoferrin: a general review. Haematologica 80, 252–267.
Li, J, Xing, J, Li, D, Wang, X, Zhao, L, Lv, S, Huang, D 2005. Effects of β-glucan extracted from Saccharomyces cerevisiae on humoral and cellular immunity in weaned piglets. Archives of Animal Nutrition 59, 303–312.
Li, J, Li, DF, Xing, JJ, Cheng, ZB, Lai, CH 2006. Effects of β-glucan extracted from Saccharomyces cerevisiae on growth performance, and immunological and somatotropic responses of pigs challenged with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. Journal of Animal Science 84, 2374–2381.
Lien, TF, Horng, YM, Wu, CP 2007. Feasibility of replacing antibiotic feed promoters with the Chinese traditional herbal medicine Bazhen in weaned piglets. Livestock Science 107, 97–102.
Lizardo, R, Nofrarias, M, Guinvarch, J, Justin, AL, Auclair, E, Brufau, J 2008. Influence de l’incorporation de levures Saccharomyces cerevisiae ou de leurs parois dans l’aliment sur la digestion et les performances zootechniques des porcelets en post-sevrage. In 40èmes Journées de la Recherche Porcine, Paris, France, pp. 183–190.
Lo, DY, Chen, TH, Chien, MS, Koge, K, Hosono, A, Kaminogawa, S, Lee, WC 2005. Effects of sugar cane extract on the modulation of immunity in pigs. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 67, 591–597.
Maass, N, Bauer, J, Paulicks, BR, Bohmer, BM, Roth-Maier, DA 2005. Efficiency of Echinacea purpurea on performance and immune status in pigs. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (Berlin) 89, 244–252.
Macdonald, TT, Monteleone, G 2005. Immunity, inflammation, and allergy in the gut. Science 307, 1920–1925.
Macpherson, AJ, Uhr, T 2004. Induction of protective IgA by intestinal dendritic cells carrying commensal bacteria. Science 303, 1662–1665.
Manzanilla, EG, Nofrarias, M, Anguita, M, Castillo, M, Perez, JF, Martin-Orue, SM, Kamel, C, Gasa, J 2006. Effects of butyrate, avilamycin, and a plant extract combination on the intestinal equilibrium of early-weaned pigs. Journal of Animal Science 84, 2743–2751.
Mao, XF, Piao, XS, Lai, CH, Li, DF, Xing, JJ, Shi, BL 2005. Effects of β-glucan obtained from the Chinese herb Astragalus membranaceus and lipopolysaccharide challenge on performance, immunological, adrenal, and somatotropic responses of weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 83, 2775–2782.
Masihi, KN 2000. Immunomodulatory agents for prophylaxis and therapy of infections. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 14, 181–191.
Milgate, J, Roberts, DCK 1995. The nutritional & biological significance of saponins. Nutrition Research 15, 1223–1249.
Muhl, A, Liebert, F 2007. No impact of a phytogenic feed additive on digestion and unspecific immune reaction in piglets. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (Berlin) 91, 426–431.
Neutra, MR, Mantis, NJ, Kraehenbuhl, JP 2001. Collaboration of epithelial cells with organized mucosal lymphoid tissues. Nature Immunology 2, 1004–1009.
Niedergang, F, Kweon, MN 2005. New trends in antigen uptake in the gut mucosa. Trends in Microbiology 13, 485–490.
Niess, JH, Reinecker, HC 2005. Lamina propria dendritic cells in the physiology and pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology 21, 687–691.
Niewold, TA 2007. The nonantibiotic anti-inflammatory effect of antimicrobial growth promoters, the real mode of action? A hypothesis. Poultry Science 86, 605–609.
Niewold, TA, van Dijk, AJ, Geenen, PL, Roodink, H, Margry, R, van der Meulen, J 2007. Dietary specific antibodies in spray-dried immune plasma prevent enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli F4 (ETEC) post weaning diarrhoea in piglets. Veterinary Microbiology 124, 362–369.
Nofrarias, M, Manzanilla, EG, Pujols, J, Gibert, X, Majo, N, Segales, J, Gasa, J 2006. Effects of spray-dried porcine plasma and plant extracts on intestinal morphology and on leukocyte cell subsets of weaned pigs. Journal of Animal Science 84, 2735–2742.
Nofrarias, M, Manzanilla, EG, Pujols, J, Gibert, X, Majo, N, Segales, J, Gasa, J 2007. Spray-dried porcine plasma affects intestinal morphology and immune cell subsets of weaned pigs. Livestock Science 108, 299–302.
Nollet, H, Deprez, P, Van Driessche, E, Muylle, E 1999. Protection of just weaned pigs against infection with F18+Escherichia coli by non-immune plasma powder. Veterinary Microbiology 65, 37–45.
Oswald, IP 2006. Role of intestinal epithelial cells in the innate immune defence of the pig intestine. Veterinary Research 37, 359–368.
Pakkanen, R, Aalto, J 1997. Growth factors and antimicrobial factors of bovine colostrum. International Dairy Journal 7, 285–297.
Pié, S, Lallès, JP, Blazy, F, Laffitte, J, Seve, B, Oswald, IP 2004. Weaning is associated with an upregulation of expression of inflammatory cytokines in the intestine of piglets. Journal of Nutrition 134, 641–647.
Pié, S, Awati, A, Vida, S, Falluel, I, Williams, BA, Oswald, IP 2007. Effects of added fermentable carbohydrates in the diet on intestinal proinflammatory cytokine-specific mRNA content in weaning piglets. Journal of Animal Science 85, 673–683.
Pierce, JL, Cromwell, GL, Lindemann, MD, Russell, LE, Weaver, EM 2005. Effects of spray-dried animal plasma and immunoglobulins on performance of early weaned pigs. Journal of Animal Science 83, 2876–2885.
Pluske, JR, Hampson, DJ, Williams, IH 1997. Factors influencing the structure and function of the small intestine in the weaned pig: a review. Livestock Production Science 51, 215–236.
Polo, J, Quigley, JD, Russell, LE, Campbell, JM, Pujols, J, Lukert, PD 2005. Efficacy of spray-drying to reduce infectivity of pseudorabies and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) viruses and seroconversion in pigs fed diets containing spray-dried animal plasma. Journal of Animal Science 83, 1933–1938.
Pugh, DM 2002. The EU precautionary bans of animal feed additive antibiotics. Toxicology Letters 128, 35–44.
Regulation (EC) No. 1774/2002, European Parliament and Council 2002. Regulation (EC) No. 1774/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 October 2002 laying down health rules concerning animal by-products not intended for human consumption. Official Journal of the European Union L273, 1–95.
Regulation (EC) No. 1831/2003, European Parliament and Council 2003. Regulation (EC) No. 1831/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on additives for use in animal nutrition. Official Journal of the European Union L268, 29–43.
Rodriguez-Fragoso, L, Reyes-Esparza, J, Burchiel, SW, Herrera-Ruiz, D, Torres, E 2008. Risks and benefits of commonly used herbal medicines in Mexico. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 227, 125–135.
Rothkötter, HJ, Pabst, R 1989. Lymphocyte subsets in jejunal and ileal Peyer’s patches of normal and gnotobiotic minipigs. Immunology 67, 103–108.
Rothkötter, HJ, Ulbrich, H, Pabst, R 1991. The postnatal development of gut lamina propria lymphocytes: number, proliferation, and T and B cell subsets in conventional and germ-free pigs. Pediatric Research 29, 237–242.
Rothkötter, HJ, Mollhoff, S, Pabst, R 1999a. The influence of age and breeding conditions on the number and proliferation of intraepithelial lymphocytes in pigs. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 50, 31–38.
Rothkötter, HJ, Hriesik, C, Barman, NN, Pabst, R 1999b. B and also T lymphocytes migrate via gut lymph to all lymphoid organs and the gut wall, but only IgA+ cells accumulate in the lamina propria of the intestinal mucosa. European Journal of Immunology 29, 327–333.
Rothkötter, HJ, Sowa, EN, Pabst, R 2005. The pig as a model developmental immunotoxicology. In Developmental immunotoxicology (ed. S Holladay), pp. 103–115. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
Sahin, AA, Ro, JY, el-Naggar, AK, Wilson, PL, Teague, K, Blick, M, Ayala, AG 1991. Tumor proliferative fraction in solid malignant neoplasms. A comparative study of Ki-67 immunostaining and flow cytometric determinations. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 96, 512–519.
Sansonetti, PJ 2004. War and peace at mucosal surfaces. Nature Reviews Immunology 4, 953–964.
Sauerwein, H, Schmitz, S, Hiss, S 2007. Effects of a dietary application of a yeast cell wall extract on innate and acquired immunity, on oxidative status and growth performance in weanling piglets and on the ileal epithelium in fattened pigs. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition (Berlin) 91, 369–380.
Shah, U, Walker, WA 2002. Pathophysiology of intestinal food allergy. Advances in Pediatrics 49, 299–316.
Shan, T, Wang, Y, Liu, J, Xu, Z 2007. Effect of dietary lactoferrin on the immune functions and serum iron level of weanling piglets. Journal of Animal Science 85, 2140–2146.
Singh, B, Bhat, TK, Singh, B 2003. Potential therapeutic applications of some antinutritional plant secondary metabolites. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51, 5579–5597.
Sohn, KS, Kim, MK, Kim, JD, Han, IK 2000. The role of immunostimulants in monogastric animal and fish – review. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 13, 1178–1187.
Stein, HH 2002. Experience of feeding pigs without antibiotics: a European perspective. Animal Biotechnology 13, 85–95.
Stein, HH, Kil, DY 2006. Reduced use of antibiotic growth promoters in diets fed to weanling pigs: dietary tools, part 2. Animal Biotechnology 17, 217–231.
Stockwin, LH, McGonagle, D, Martin, IG, Blair, GE 2000. Dendritic cells: immunological sentinels with a central role in health and disease. Immunology and Cell Biology 78, 91–102.
Stokes, CR, Bailey, M, Haverson, K, Harris, C, Jones, P, Inman, C, Pié, S, Oswald, IP, Williams, BA, Akkermans, ADL, Sowa, E, Rothkötter, HJ, Miller, BG 2004. Postnatal development of intestinal immune system in piglets: implications for the process of weaning. Animal Research 53, 325–334.
Torrallardona, D, Conde, R, Esteve-Garcia, E, Brufau, J 2002. Use of spray dried animal plasma as an alternative to antimicrobial medication in weanling pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 99, 119–129.
Torrallardona, D, Conde, R, Badiola, I, Polo, J 2007. Evaluation of spray dried animal plasma and calcium formate as alternatives to colistin in piglets experimentally infected with Escherichia coli K99. Livestock Science 108, 303–306.
Touchette, KJ, Carroll, JA, Allee, GL, Matteri, RL, Dyer, CJ, Beausang, LA, Zannelli, ME 2002. Effect of spray-dried plasma and lipopolysaccharide exposure on weaned pigs: I. Effects on the immune axis of weaned pigs. Journal of Animal Science 80, 494–501.
Trevisi, P, Merialdi, G, Mazzoni, M, Casini, L, Tittarelli, C, De Filippi, S, Minieri, L, Lalatta-Costerbosa, G, Bosi, P 2007. Effect of dietary addition of thymol on growth, salivary and gastric function, immune response and excretion of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, in weaning pigs challenged with this microbe strain. Italian Journal of Animal Science 6 suppl. 1, 374–376.
Turner, JL, Dritz, SS, Higgins, JJ, Minton, JE 2002a. Effects of Ascophyllum nodosum extract on growth performance and immune function of young pigs challenged with Salmonella typhimurium. Journal of Animal Science 80, 1947–1953.
Turner, JL, Dritz, SS, Higgins, JJ, Herkelman, KL, Minton, JE 2002b. Effects of a Quillaja saponaria extract on growth performance and immune function of weanling pigs challenged with Salmonella typhimurium. Journal of Animal Science 80, 1939–1946.
Tzianabos, AO 2000. Polysaccharide immunomodulators as therapeutic agents: structural aspects and biologic function. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 13, 523–533.
van Dijk, AJ, Everts, H, Nabuurs, MJA, Margry, RJCF, Beynen, AC 2001. Growth performance of weanling pigs fed spray-dried animal plasma: a review. Livestock Production Science 68, 263–274.
van Dijk, AJ, Enthoven, PMM, Van den Hoven, SGC, Van Laarhoven, MMMH, Niewold, TA, Nabuurs, MJA, Beynen, AC 2002. The effect of dietary spray-dried porcine plasma on clinical response in weaned piglets challenged with a pathogenic Escherichia coli. Veterinary Microbiology 84, 207–218.
Walter, BM, Bilkei, G 2004. Immunostimulatory effect of dietary oregano etheric oils on lymphocytes from growth-retarded, low-weight growing-finishing pigs and productivity. Tijdschrift Voor Diergeneeskunde 129, 178–181.
Wang, YZ, Shan, TZ, Xu, ZR, Feng, J, Wang, ZQ 2007. Effects of the lactoferrin (LF) on the growth performance, intestinal microflora and morphology of weanling pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 135, 263–272.
Wenk, C 2003. Herbs and botanicals as feed additives in monogastric animals. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 16, 282–289.
White, LA, Newman, MC, Cromwell, GL, Lindemann, MD 2002. Brewers dried yeast as a source of mannan oligosaccharides for weanling pigs. Journal of Animal Science 80, 2619–2628.
Williams, DL 1997. Overview of (1→3)-β-D-glucan immunobiology. Mediators of Inflammation 6, 247–250.
Windisch, WM, Schedle, K, Plitzner, C, Kroismayr, A 2008. Use of phytogenic products as feed additives for swine and poultry. Journal of Animal Science 86, E140–E148.
Woollard, AC, Tatham, KC, Barker, S 2007. The influence of essential oils on the process of wound healing: a review of the current evidence. Journal of Wound Care 16, 255–257.
Yi, GF, Carroll, JA, Allee, GL, Gaines, AM, Kendall, DC, Usry, JL, Toride, Y, Izuru, S 2005. Effect of glutamine and spray-dried plasma on growth performance, small intestinal morphology, and immune responses of Escherichia coli K88+-challenged weaned pigs. Journal of Animal Science 83, 634–643.
Yoshizawa, Y, Enomoto, A, Todoh, H, Ametani, A, Kaminogawa, S 1993. Activation of murine macrophages by polysaccharide fractions from marine algae (Porphyra yezoensis). Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 57, 1862–1866.
Yuan, SL, Piao, XS, Li, DF, Kim, SW, Lee, HS, Guo, PF 2006. Effects of dietary Astragalus polysaccharide on growth performance and immune function in weaned pigs. Animal Science 62, 501–507.