Akers, RM, Keys, JE 1985. Effect of suckling intensity on human growth hormone binding, biochemical composition, and histological characteristics of ovine mammary glands. Domestic Animal Endocrinology 2, 159–172.
Barker, DJP 1995. Fetal origins of coronary heart disease. British Medical Journal 311, 171–174.
Barker, DJP, Gluckman, PD, Godfrey, KM, Harding, JE, Owens, JA, Robinson, JS 1993. Fetal nutrition and cardiovascular disease in adult life. Lancet 341, 938–941.
Bartel, DP 2009. MicroRNAs: target recognition and regulatory functions. Cell 136, 215–233.
Berry, DP, Lonergan, P, Butler, ST, Cromie, AR, Fair, T, Mossa, F, Evans, AC 2008. Negative influence of high maternal milk production before and after conception on offspring survival and milk production in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 91, 329–337.
Bird, A 2002. DNA methylation patterns and epigenetic memory. Genes and Development 16, 6–21.
Bird, AP, Wolffe, AP 1999. Methylation-induced repression-belts, braces, and chromatin. Cell 5, 451–454.
Bormann, J, Wiggans, GR, Druet, T, Gengler, N 2003. Within-herd effects of age at test day and lactation stage on test-day yields. Journal of Dairy Science 86, 3765–3774.
Capuco, AV, Akers, RM, Smith, JJ 1997. Mammary growth in Holstein cows during the dry period: quantification of nucleic acids and histology. Journal of Dairy Science 80, 477–487.
Capuco, AV, Wood, DL, Baldwin, R, Mcleod, K, Paape, MJ 2001. Mammary cell number, proliferation, and apoptosis during a bovine lactation: relation to milk production and effect of bST. Journal of Dairy Science 84, 2177–2187.
Choi, YJ, Jang, K, Yim, DS, Baik, MG, Myung, KH, Kim, YS, Lee, HJ, Kim, JS, Han, IK 1998. Effects of compensatory growth on the expression of milk protein gene and biochemical changes of the mammary gland in Holstein cows. The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 9, 380–387.
Clarkson, RW, Wayland, MT, Lee, J, Freeman, T, Watson, CJ 2004. Gene expression profiling of mammary gland development reveals putative roles for death receptors and immune mediators in post-lactational regression. Breast Cancer Research 6, R92–R108.
Connor, EE, Siferd, S, Elsasser, TH, Evock-Clover, CM, Van Tassell, CP, Sonstegard, TS, Fernandes, VM, Capuco, AV 2008. Effect of increased milking frequency on gene expression in the bovine mammary gland. BioMed Central Genomics 9, 362.
Cooper, CV, Stelwagen, K, Singh, K, Farr, VC, Prosser, CG, Davis, SR 2004. Expression of the tight junction protein zonula occludens-1 during mammary engorgement. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 64, 43–47.
Cropley, JE, Suter, CM, Beckman, KB, Martin, DIK 2006. Germ-line epigenetic modification of the murine Avy allele by nutritional supplementation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103, 17308–17312.
Dalley, DE, Davis, SR 2006. Effect of an extended milking interval on recovery of milk yield and somatic cell count in dairy cows. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 66, 241–244.
Dean, W, Santos, F, Reik, W 2003. Epigenetic reprogramming in early mammalian development and following somatic nuclear transfer. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology 14, 93–100.
Duhl, DM, Vrieling, H, Miller, KA, Wolff, GL, Barsh, GS 1994. Neomorphic agouti mutations in obese yellow mice. Nature Genetics 8, 59–65.
Feng, Z, Marti, A, Jehn, B, Altermatt, HJ, Chicaiza, G, Jaggi, R 1995. Glucocorticoid and progesterone inhibit involution and programmed cell death in the mouse mammary gland. The Journal of Cell Biology 131, 1095–1103.
Finucane, KA, McFadden, TB, Bond, JP, Kennelly, JJ, Zhao, FQ 2008. Onset of lactation in the bovine mammary gland: gene expression profiling indicates a strong inhibition of gene expression in cell proliferation. Functional and Integrative Genomics 8, 251–264.
Ford, JA Jr, Park, CS 2001. Nutritionally directed compensatory growth enhances heifer development and lactation potential. Journal of Dairy Science 84, 1669–1678.
Gilmore, AP, Metcalfe, AD, Romer, LH, Streuli, CH 2000. Integrin-mediated survival signals regulate the apoptotic function of Bax through its conformation and subcellular localization. The Journal of Cell Biology 149, 431–446.
Hamann, J, Reichmuth, J 1990. Compensatory milk production within the bovine udder: effects of short-term non-milking of single quarters. Journal of Dairy Research 57, 17–22.
Holst, BD, Hurley, WL, Nelson, DR 1987. Involution of the bovine mammary gland: histological and ultrastructural changes. Journal of Dairy Science 70, 935–944.
Jaenisch, R, Bird, A 2003. Epigenetic regulation of gene expression: how the genome integrates intrinsic and environmental signals. Nature Genetics 33, 245–254.
Jaggi, R, Marti, A, Guo, K, Feng, Z, Friis, RR 1996. Regulation of a physiological apoptosis: mouse mammary involution. Journal of Dairy Science 79, 1074–1084.
Jirtle, RL, Skinner, MK 2007. Environmental epigenomics and disease susceptibility. Nature Reviews Genetics 8, 253–262.
Johnson, ML, Levy, J, Supowit, SC, Yu-Lee, LY, Rosen, JM 1983. Tissue and cell-specific casein gene expression. II. Relationship to site-specific DNA methylation. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 258, 10805–10811.
Jones, PA, Takai, D 2001. The role of DNA methylation in mammalian epigenetics. Science 293, 1068–1070.
Kangaspeska, S, Stride, B, Métivier, R, Polycarpou-Schwarz, M, Ibberson, D, Carmouche, RP, Benes, V, Gannon, F, Reid, G 2008. Transient cyclical methylation of promoter DNA. Nature 452, 112–115.
Klose, RJ, Bird, AP 2006. Genomic DNA methylation: the mark and its mediators. Trends in Biochemical Sciences 31, 89–97.
Laible, G, Brophy, B, Knighton, D, Wells, DN 2007. Compositional analysis of dairy products derived from clones and cloned transgenic cattle. Theriogenology 67, 166–177.
Li, M, Liu, X, Robinson, G, Bar-Peled, U, Wagner, KU, Young, WS, Hennighausen, L, Furth, PA 1997. Mammary-derived signals activate programmed cell death during the first stage of mammary gland involution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 94, 3425–3430.
Lumey, LH 1992. Decreased birthweights in infants after maternal in utero exposure to the Dutch famine of 1944–1945. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 6, 240–253.
Lumey, LH, Stein, AD, Ravelli, ACJ 1995. Timing of prenatal starvation in women and birth weight in their first and second born offspring: the Dutch Famine Birth Cohort study. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 61, 23–30.
Master, SR, Hartman, JL, D'Cruz, CM, Moody, SE, Keiper, EA, Ha, SI, Cox, JD, Belka, GK, Chodosh, LA 2002. Functional microarray analysis of mammary organogenesis reveals a developmental role in adaptive thermogenesis. Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 16, 1185–1203.
McMahon, CD, Farr, VC, Singh, K, Wheeler, TT, Davis, SR 2004. Decreased expression of beta1-integrin and focal adhesion kinase in epithelial cells may initiate involution of mammary glands. Journal of Cellular Physiology 200, 318–325.
Métivier, R, Gallais, R, Tiffoche, C, Le Péron, C, Jurkowska, RZ, Carmouche, RP, Ibberson, D, Barath, P, Demay, F, Reid, G, Benes, V, Jeltsch, A, Gannon, F, Salbert, G 2008. Cyclical DNA methylation of a transcriptionally active promoter. Nature 452, 45–50.
Molenaar, AJ, Davis, SR, Wilkins, RJ 1992. Expression of alpha-lactalbumin, alpha-s1 casein, and lactoferrin genes is heterogeneous in sheep and cattle mammary tissue. The Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 40, 611–618.
Molenaar, AJ, Kuys, YM, Davis, SR, Wilkins, RJ, Mead, PE, Tweedie, JW 1996. Elevation of lactoferrin gene expression in developing, ductal, resting, and regressing parenchymal epithelium of the ruminant mammary gland. Journal of Dairy Science 79, 1198–1208.
Molenaar, A, Seyfert, HM, Murney, R, Biet, J, Erdman, R, Oden, K, Henderson, H, Rijnkels, M, Stelwagen, K, Singh, K 2010. Compaction of the alpha-S1-casein and opening of a defensin promoter occurs during S. uberis infection of the bovine mammary gland and after cessation of milking, the casein promoter begins to close up after 24 hours. Conference at the 7th Annual International Symposium: Milk Genomics and Human Health, UC Davis, CA, USA. Retrieved February 20, 2011 from http://milkgenomics.org/symposia/2010-symposium/2010-posters/Molenaar%20IMGC%20poster%202010.pdf/view
Moore, T, Reik, W 1996. Genetic conflict in early development: parental imprinting in normal and abnormal growth. Reviews of Reproduction 1, 73–77.
Morgan, DK, Whitelaw, E 2008. The case for transgenerational epigenetic inheritance in humans. Mammalian Genome 19, 394–397.
Morgan, HD, Sutherland, HE, Martin, DIK, Whitelaw, E 1999. Epigenetic inheritance at the agouti locus in the mouse. Nature Genetics 23, 314–318.
Noble, MS, Hurley, WL 1999. Effects of secretion removal on bovine mammary gland function following an extended milk stasis. Journal of Dairy Science 82, 1723–1730.
Park, CS 2005. Role of compensatory mammary growth in epigenetic control of gene expression. The Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 19, 1586–1591.
Park, CS, Baik, MG, Keller, WL, Berg, IE, Erickson, GM 1989. Role of compensatory growth in lactation: a stair-step nutrient regimen modulates differentiation and lactation of bovine mammary gland. Growth, Development, and Aging 53, 159–166.
Platenburg, GJ, Vollebregt, EJ, Karatzas, CN, Kootwijk, EP, de Boer, HA, Strijker, R 1996. Mammary gland-specific hypomethylation of Hpa II sites flanking the bovine alpha S1-casein gene. Transgenic Research 5, 421–431.
Pryce, JE, Harris, BL 2006. Genetics of body condition score in New Zealand dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 4424–4432.
Ramsahoye, BH, Biniszkiewicz, D, Lyko, F, Clark, V, Bird, AP, Jaenisch, R 2000. Non-CpG methylation is prevalent in embryonic stem cells and may be mediated by DNA methyltransferase 3a. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 97, 5237–5242.
Reik, W, Walter, J 2001. Genomic imprinting: parental influence on the genome. Nature Reviews Genetics 2, 21–32.
Riggs, AD, Martienssen, RA, Russo, VEA 1996. Introduction. In Epigenetic mechanisms of gene regulation (ed. VEA Russo, RA Martienssen and AD Riggs), volume 32, pp. 1–4. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY, USA.
Rijnkels, M, Kabotyanski, E, Montazer-Torbati, MB, Beauvais, CH, Vassetzky, Y, Rosen, JM, Devinoy, E 2010. The epigenetic landscape of mammary development and functional differentiation. Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia 15, 85–100.
Roche, JR, Lee, JM, Berry, DP 2006. Pre-conception energy balance and secondary sex ratio-partial support for the Trivers–Willard hypothesis in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 2119–2125.
Ruvinsky, A 1999. Basics of gametic imprinting. Journal of Animal Science 77, 228–237.
Sejrsen, K, Huber, JT, Tucker, HA, Akers, RM 1982. Influence of nutrition of mammary development in pre- and postpubertal heifers. Journal of Dairy Science 65, 793–800.
Singh, K, Swanson, K, Couldrey, C, Seyfert, H-M, Stelwagen, K 2009a. DNA methylation events associated with the suppression of milk protein gene expression during involution of the bovine mammary gland. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 69, 57–59.
Singh, K, Vetharaniam, I, Prewitz, M, Dobson, J, Stelwagen, K 2009b. Understanding the interaction of prolactin and leukaemia inhibitory growth factor signalling during the switch from lactation to involution. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 69, 65–67.
Singh, K, Erdman, RA, Swanson, KM, Molenaar, AJ, Maqbool, NJ, Wheeler, TT, Arias, JA, Quinn-Walsh, EC, Stelwagen, K 2010a. Epigenetic regulation of milk production in dairy cows. Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia 15, 101–112.
Singh, K, Molenaar, AJ, Swanson, KM, Stelwagen, K 2010b. DNA methylation is associated with a suppression of αS1-casein gene expression during involution and infection of the bovine mammary gland. Conference at the IDF World Dairy Summit, 8–11 November 2010, Auckland, New Zealand.
Singh, K, Dobson, J, Phyn, CVC, Davis, SR, Farr, VC, Molenaar, AJ, Stelwagen, K 2005. Milk accumulation decreases expression of genes involved in cell–extracellular matrix communication and is associated with induction of apoptosis in the bovine mammary gland. Livestock Production Science 98, 67–78.
Singh, K, Dobson, J, Oden, K, Molenaar, A, Murney, R, Swanson, K, Stelwagen, K 2011. Regulation of STAT and IGF signalling during reversible and irreversible involution of the bovine mammary gland. Journal of Dairy Science 94 (E-suppl. 1), 751.
Singh, K, Davis, SR, Dobson, JM, Molenaar, AJ, Wheeler, TT, Prosser, CG, Farr, VC, Oden, K, Swanson, KM, Phyn, CV, Hyndman, DL, Wilson, T, Henderson, HV, Stelwagen, K 2008. cDNA microarray analysis reveals antioxidant and immune genes are up-regulated during involution of the bovine mammary gland. Journal of Dairy Science 91, 2236–2246.
Stein, T, Morris, JS, Davies, CR, Weber-Hall, SJ, Duffy, MA, Heath, VJ, Bell, AK, Ferrier, RK, Sandilands, GP, Gusterson, BA 2004. Involution of the mouse mammary gland is associated with an immune cascade and an acute-phase response, involving LBP, CD14 and STAT3. Breast Cancer Research 6, R75–R91.
Stelwagen, K 2001. Effect of milking frequency on mammary functioning and shape of the lactation curve. Journal of Dairy Science 84, E204–E211.
Stelwagen, K, Farr, VC, Nicholas, GD, Davis, SR, Prosser, CG 2008. Effect of milking interval on milk yield and quality and the rate of recovery during subsequent frequent milking. Livestock Science 114, 176–180.
Strahl, BD, Allis, CD 2000. The language of covalent histone modifications. Nature 403, 41–45.
Suchyta, SP, Sipkovsky, S, Halgren, RG, Kruska, R, Elftman, M, Weber-Nielsen, M, Vandehaar, MJ, Xiao, L, Tempelman, RJ, Coussens, PM 2003. Bovine mammary gene expression profiling using a cDNA microarray enhanced for mammary-specific transcripts. Physiological Genomics 16, 8–18.
Swanson, KM, Stelwagen, K, Erdman, RA, Singh, K 2011. Acute DNA methylation changes are associated with involution and re-initiation of lactation in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 94 (E-suppl. 1), 433.
Swanson, KM, Stelwagen, K, Dobson, J, Henderson, HV, Davis, SR, Farr, VC, Singh, K 2009. Transcriptome profiling of Streptococcus uberis-induced mastitis reveals fundamental differences between immune gene expression in the mammary gland and in a primary cell culture model. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 117–129.
Thompson, MD, Nakhasi, HL 1985. Methylation and expression of rat kappa-casein gene in normal and neoplastic rat mammary gland. Cancer Research 45, 1291–1295.
Vanselow, J, Yang, W, Herrmann, J, Zerbe, H, Schuberth, HJ, Petzl, W, Tomek, W, Seyfert, HM 2006. DNA-remethylation around a STAT5-binding enhancer in the far distal alphaS1-casein promoter is associated with abrupt shut-down of alphaS1-casein synthesis during acute mastitis. Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 37, 463–477.
Van Tassell, CP, Wiggans, GR, VanRaden, PM, Norman, HD 1997. Changes in USDA-DHIA genetic evaluations. Animal Improvement Programs Laboratory Research Report CH9 (8-97). US Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research Service, Washington, DC, USA.
Vasicek, TJ, Zeng, L, Guan, XJ, Zhang, T, Costantini, F, Tilghman, SM 1997. Two dominant mutations in the mouse fused gene are the result of transposon insertions. Genetics 147, 777–786.
Waterland, RA, Jirtle, RL 2003. Transposable elements: targets for early nutritional effects on epigenetic gene regulation. Molecular and Cellular Biology 23, 5293–5300.
Waterland, RA, Travisano, M, Tahiliani, KG 2007. Diet-induced hypermethylation at agouti viable yellow is not inherited transgenerationally through the female. The Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 21, 3380–3385.
Wheelock, JV, Rook, JAF, Dodd, FH 1965. The effect of incomplete milking or of an extended milking interval on the yield and composition of cow's milk. Journal of Dairy Research 32, 237–248.
Wilde, CJ, Addey, CV, Li, P, Fernig, DG 1997. Programmed cell death in bovine mammary tissue during lactation and involution. Experimental Physiology 82, 943–953.
Wolff, GL, Kodell, RL, Moore, SR, Cooney, CA 1998. Maternal epigenetics and methyl supplements affect agouti gene expression in Avy/a mice. The Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 12, 949–957.
Zeng, L, Fagotto, F, Zhang, T, Hsu, W, Vasicek, TJ, Perry, WL, Lee, JJ, Tilghman, SM, Gumbiner, BM, Costantini, F 1997. The mouse fused locus encodes Axin, an inhibitor of the Wnt signalling pathway that regulates embryonic axis formation. Cell 90, 181–192.