Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Development of methane emission factors for enteric fermentation in cattle from Benin using IPCC Tier 2 methodology

  • J. B. Kouazounde (a1), J. D. Gbenou (a1), S. Babatounde (a2), N. Srivastava (a3), S. H. Eggleston (a3), C. Antwi (a4), J. Baah (a5) and T. A. McAllister (a5)...

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop emission factors (EF) for methane (CH4) emissions from enteric fermentation in cattle native to Benin. Information on livestock characteristics and diet practices specific to the Benin cattle population were gathered from a variety of sources and used to estimate EF according to Tier 2 methodology of the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Most cattle from Benin are Bos taurus represented by Borgou, Somba and Lagune breeds. They are mainly multi-purpose, being used for production of meat, milk, hides and draft power and grazed in open pastures and crop lands comprising tropical forages and crops. Estimated enteric CH4 EFs varied among cattle breeds and subcategory owing to differences in proportions of gross energy intake expended to meet maintenance, production and activity. EFs ranged from 15.0 to 43.6, 16.9 to 46.3 and 24.7 to 64.9 kg CH4/head per year for subcategories of Lagune, Somba and Borgou cattle, respectively. Average EFs for cattle breeds were 24.8, 29.5 and 40.2 kg CH4/head per year for Lagune, Somba and Borgou cattle, respectively. The national EF for cattle from Benin was 39.5 kg CH4/head per year. This estimated EF was 27.4% higher than the default EF suggested by IPCC for African cattle with the exception of dairy cattle. The outcome of the study underscores the importance of obtaining country-specific EF to estimate global enteric CH4 emissions.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Achard, F, Hiernaux, P and Banoin, M 2001. Les jachères fourragères naturelles et améliorées en Afrique de l’Ouest. In La jachère en Afrique tropicale vol 2, De la jachère naturelle à la jachère améliorée (ed. Ch Floret and R Pontanier), pp. 201239. John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, France.
Adanléhoussi, A, Bassowa, H, Défly, A, Djabakou, K, Adoméfa, K and Kouagou, NT 2003. Les performances de la race taurine Somba en milieu paysan. Tropicultura 21, 135141.
Akadiri, FA 1979. Contribution à l’étude de la place de l’Elevage dans l’économie de la République Populaire du Bénin. Thèse de docteur en médecine vétérinaire, Inter-State College of Veterinary Sciences and Medicine of Dakar, Dakar, Sénégal. Retrieved October 19, 2013, from www.sist.sn/gsdl/collect/eismv/inHASH0107dex/assoc/.dir/TD79-1.pdf
Babatounde, S, Sidi, H, Houinato, MRB and Mensah, GA 2009. Comportement alimentaire des taurins de race Borgou sur des jachères de la zone nord-soudanienne du Benin. Rencontres autour des Recherches sur les Ruminants 16, 2932.
Chabi Macco, Y 1992. Etude de quelques paramètres de productivité de la race bovine Borgou. Thèse d’Ingénieur agronome. National University of Benin, Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
Dehoux, JP and Verhulst, A 1994. Une race trypanotolerante méconnue: la Borgou. Animal Genetic Resources Information Bulletin. 13, 39–45. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/012/t1820t/t1820t03.pdf
Dehoux, JP and Hounsou-Ve, G 1993. Productivité de la race bovine Borgou selon les systèmes d'élevage traditionnels au nord-est du Bénin. Revue Mondiale de Zootechnique 74/75, 36–48. Retrieved October 12, 2013, from www.fao.org/DOCREP/U9550T/u9550T0g.htm
Djenontin, AJ, Amidou, M and Baco, NM 2004. Diagnostic gestion du troupeau: gestion des ressources pastoralles départements de l’Alibori et du Borgou au nord Bénin. Bulletin de la Recherche Agronomique du Bénin 43, 3045.
Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (FSA) 2006. Production et transformation du lait frais en fromage Peulh au Bénin, Guide de Bonnes pratiques. Retrieved September 15, 2013, from www.repol.info/IMG/pdf/Fiche_wagashi_VF.pdf
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) 2000. Global impact domain: methane emissions. Retrieved September 18, 2013, from http://www.fao.org/wairdocs/lead/x6116e/x6116e00.htm
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DAD-IS). 2009. Retrieved on 11 September 2013, from http://dad.fao.org/
Gbangboche, AB, Alkoiret, TI, Toukourou, Y, Kagbo, A and Mensah, GA 2011. Growth curves of different body traits of Lagune cattle. Research Journal of Animal Sciences 5, 1724.
Gerber, PJ, Steinfeld, H, Henderson, B, Mottet, A, Opio, C, Dijkman, J, Falcucci, A and Tempio, G 2013. Tackling climate change through livestock – A global assessment of emissions and mitigation opportunities. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome.
Goutondji, LESA 2007. Preventing water pollution by dairy by-products: risk assessment and comparison of legislation in Benin and South Africa.Dissertation of Magister Scientiae (Veterinary Science). University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.
Hoste, CH, Chalon, E, d’Ieteren, G and Trail, JCM 1992. Trypanotolerant livestock in West and Central Africa. Vol. 3: A decade’s results (Monograph No. 2. ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2006. Chapter 10: Emissions from Livestock and Manure Management. In 2006 IPCC guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories (ed. Eggleston, HS, Buendia, L, Miwa, K, Ngara, T and Tanabe, K), pp. 10.110.87. Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Hayama, Kanagawa, Japan.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2007. Chapter 2: Causes of Change. In Climate change 2007: synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (ed. Core Writing Team, Pachauri, RK and Reisinger, A), pp. 3541. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.
Kora, S 2005. Contribution à l’amélioration de la technologie de production du fromage peulh au Bénin. Thèse d’Ingénieur agronome, National University of Benin, Abomey-Calavi, Bénin.
Kvenvolden, KA and Rogers, BW 2005. Gaia’s breath-global methane exhalations. Marine and Petroleum Geology 22, 579590.
Lassey, KR 2007. Livestock methane emission: from the individual grazing animal through national inventories to the global methane cycle. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 142, 120132.
Ministère de l’Agriculture et de l’Elevage (MAEP) 2003. Etat des ressources zoogenetiques, rapport national. Cotonou, Benin. Retrieved September 18, 2013, from ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/010/a1250e/annexes/CountryReports/
Ministry of Environment, Urban Settlement and Town Planning (MEHU) 2011. Deuxième communication nationale de la République du Benin sur les changements climatiques. MEHU, Cotonou, Benin.
National Research Council (NRC) 1996. Nutrient requirements of beef cattle. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Olivier, J and Janssens-Maenhout, G 2012. Part III: Greenhouse-gas emissions. In CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (pp. III.1III.57) (ed. Van der Hoeven M). International Energy Agency, Paris, France. Retrieved November 5, 2013, from http://www.pbl.nl/en/publications/2012/co2-emissions-from-fuel-combustion-2012-edition
Sejian, V, Shekhawat, I, Ujor, V, Ezeji, T, Lakritz, J and Lal, R 2012. Chapter 16: Global climate change: enteric methane reduction strategies in livestock. In Environmental stress and amelioration in livestock production (ed. V Sejian, SMK Naqvi, T Ezeji, J Lakritz and R Lal), pp. 469--499. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29205-7_16. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany.
Senou, M, Toléba, SS, Adandédjan, C, Poivey, J-P, Ahissou, A, Touré, FZ and Monsia, C 2008. Increased milk yield in Borgou cows in alternative feeding systems. Revue d’Élevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux 61, 109114.
Storm, IMLD, Hellwing, ALF, Nielsen, NI and Madsen, J 2012. Methods for measuring and estimating methane emission from ruminants. Animal 2, 160183.
Symoens, C, Hounsou-Ve, G 1991. Mesures barymétriques chez le bétail Borgou dans le nord-est du Bénin. Revue d'Élevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux 44, 487490.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 2002. Capacity building for improving the quality of GHG inventory in West and Francophone Central Africa. Retrieved September 12, 2013, from www.thegef.org/gef/sites/thegef.org/files/repository/Regional_-_Capacity_Building_for_Improving_Greenhouse_Gas_Inventories.pdf
Yan, T, Porter, MG and Mayne, CS 2009. Prediction of methane emission from beef cattle using data measured in indirect open-circuit respiration calorimeters. Animal 3, 14551462.
Youssao, AKI, Dahouda, M, Attakpa, EY, Koutinhouin, GB, Ahounou, GS, Toleba, SS and Balogoun, BS 2013. Diversité des systèmes d’élevages de bovins de race bovine Borgou dans la zone soudanienne du Bénin. International Journal of Biological Chemical Science 7, 125146.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Kouazounde Supplementary Material
Tables S1-S7

 Word (184 KB)
184 KB

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed