Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Political Capacity and the Decline of Fertility in India

  • Alwyn R. Rouyer (a1)

Abstract

With data from 15 Indian states, in this study I demonstrate that political capacity, defined as the ability of government to penetrate society and extract resources, has a more significant—though indirect—effect on fertility behavior than does level of economic development. A path-analysis model with six variables—crude birth rate (the dependent variable), family-planning-program effort, mean female age at marriage, physical-quality-of-life index (PQLI), income per capita, and political capacity—showed a strong indirect effect by the political-capacity measure on fertility decline through both the PQLI and family-planning effort. Within the model, income per capita had little effect on birth rate or any of the intervening variables. The conclusion drawn is that under conditions of economic backwardness as exist in India, it is politics, not economics, that is the primary determinant of fertility patterns.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Alwin, Duane, and Hauser, Robert. 1975. The Decomposition of Effects in Path Analysis. American Sociological Review 40:3747.
Bongaarts, John. 1978. A Framework for Analyzing the Proximate Determinants of Fertility. Population and Development Review 4:105–32.
Bongaarts, John. 1982. The Fertility-inhibiting Effects of the Intermediate Fertility Variables. Studies in Family Planning 13:179–89.
Bulatao, Rodolfo, and Lee, Ronald, eds. 1983. Determinants of Fertility Decline in Developing Countries. 2 vols. New York: Academic Press.
Cain, Mead. 1984. Women's Status and Fertility in Developing Nations. World Bank Staff Working Paper no. 682.
Caldwell, John. 1976. Toward a Restatement of Demographic Transition Theory. Population and Development Review 2:321–66.
Cassen, Robert. 1978. India: Population, Economy, Society. New York: Holmes and Meier.
Cutright, Phillips. 1983. The Ingredients of Recent Fertility Decline in Developing Nations. International Family Planning Perspectives 9:101–9.
Cutt, James. 1969. Taxation and Economic Development in India. New York: Praeger.
Duncan, Otis Dudley. 1966. Path Analysis: Sociological Examples. American Journal of Sociology 72:116.
Dye, Thomas, and Pollack, Neuman. 1973. Path Analytic Models in Policy Research. Policy Studies Journals 2:123–30.
Dyson, Tim, and Moore, Mick. 1983. On Kinship Structure, Female Autonomy, and Demographic Behavior in India. Population and Development Review 9:3560.
Easterlin, Richard. 1975. An Economic Framework for Fertility Analysis. Studies in Family Planning 6:5463.
Easterlin, Richard. 1978. The Economics and Sociology of Fertility: A Synthesis. In Historical Studies of Changing Fertility, ed. Tilly, Charles. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Freedman, Ronald. 1979. Theories of Fertility Decline: A Reappraisal. Social Forces 55:117.
Herring, Ronald. 1983. Land to the Tiller: The Political Economy of Agrarian Reform in South Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press.
India. Department of Family Welfare. 1983. Family Welfare Programme in India Yearbook, 1981–82. New Delhi: Department of Family Welfare.
Jain, Anrudh. 1985. The Impact of Development and Population Policies on Fertility in India. Studies in Family Planning 16:181–98.
Jain, Rajendra. 1978. State Finances in India. Bhopal, India: Progress.
Jejeebhoy, Shireen. 1984. The Shift from Natural to Controlled Fertility: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Ten Indian States. Studies in Family Planning 15:191–98.
Kugler, Jacek, Organski, A. F. K., Johnson, J. Timothy, and Cohen, Youssef. 1983. Political Determinants of Population Dynamics. Comparative Political Studies 16:336.
Land, Kenneth. 1969. Principles of Path Analysis. In Sociological Methodology, ed. Borgatta, Edgar. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Lapham, Robert, and Mauldin, W. Parker. 1984. Family Planning Program Effort and Birth Rate Decline in Developing Countries. International Family Planning Perspectives 10:109–18.
Lapham, Robert, and Mauldin, W. Parker. 1985. Contraceptive Prevalence: The Influence of Organized Family Planning Programs. Studies in Family Planning 16:117–37.
La Palombara, Joseph. 1971. Penetration: A Crisis of Government Capacity. In Crises and Sequences in Political Development, by Binder, Leonard, Coleman, James, Palombara, Joseph La, Pye, Lucian, Verba, Sidney, and Weiner, Myron. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Ledbetter, Rosanna. 1984. Thirty Years of Family Planning in India. Asian Survey 24:736–58.
Mamdani, Mahmood. 1972. The Myth of Population Control: Family, Caste, and Class in an Indian Village. New York: Monthly Review Press.
Mauldin, W. Parker, and Berelson, Bernard. 1978. Conditions of Fertility Decline in Developing Countries, 1965–75. Studies in Family Planning 9:89147.
Miller, Barbara. 1981. The Endangered Sex. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.
Morris, Morris David. 1979. Measuring the Condition of the World's Poor. New York: Pergamon.
Murdoch, William. 1980. The Poverty of Nations: The Political Economy of Hunger and Population. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Operations Research Group. 1970. Family Planning Practices in India: The First All India Survey Report. Baroda, India: Operations Research Group.
Organski, A. F. K., and Kugler, Jacek. 1980. The War Ledger. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Organski, A. F. K., Kugler, Jacek, Johnson, J. Timothy, and Cohen, Youssef. 1984. Births, Deaths, and Taxes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Paipanandiker, V. A., Bishnoi, R. N., and Sharma, O. P.. 1978. Family Planning under the Emergency. New Delhi: Radiant.
Preston, Samuel, and Bhat, P. N. Mari. 1984. New Evidence on Fertility and Mortality Trends in India. Population and Development Review 10:481503.
Ratcliffe, John. 1977. Poverty, Politics and Fertility: The Anomaly of Kerala. In Hastings Center Report 7:3442.
Ratcliffe, John. 1978. Social Justice and the Demographic Transition: Lessons from India's Kerala State. International Journal of Health Services 8:123–44.
Safilios-Rothschild, Constantina. 1982. Female Power, Autonomy, and Demographic Change in the Third World. In Women's Roles and Population Trends in the Third World, ed. Anker, Richard, Buvinic, Mayra, and Youssef, Nadia H.. London: Croom Helm.
Sharma, J. N. 1974. The Union and the States: A Study in Fiscal Federalism. New Delhi: Sterling.
Srinivasan, K., Jejeebhoy, Shireen, Easterlin, Richard, and Crimmins, Eileen. 1984. Factors Affecting Fertility Control in India: A Cross-Sectional Study. Population and Development Review 10:273–96.
Tabbarah, Raid. 1971. Toward a Theory of Demographic Development. Economic Development and Cultural Change 19:257–77.
Teitelbaum, Michael. 1975. Relevance of Demographic Transition Theory for Developing Countries. Science 188:420–25.
Visaria, Parvin, and Jain, Anrudh. 1976. India: Country Profiles. New York: Population Council.
Zachariah, K. C. 1984. The Anomaly of Fertility Decline in India's Kerala State. World Bank Staff Working Paper no. 700.
Zachariah, K. C., and Patel, Sulekha. 1984. Determinants of Fertility Decline in India: An Analysis. World Bank Staff Working Paper no. 699.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Political Capacity and the Decline of Fertility in India

  • Alwyn R. Rouyer (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.