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Style and Resistance in the Seventeenth Century Salinas Province

  • Katherine A. Spielmann (a1), Jeannette L. Mobley-Tanaka (a2) and James M. Potter (a3)

Abstract

This paper draws upon James Scott's insights concerning the “public” and “hidden” transcripts of subjugated peoples to investigate Pueblo responses to Spanish colonization in the seventeenth century. We focus on the marked changes that occurred in the decoration of two ceramic wares produced in the Salinas Pueblo region of central New Mexico, and suggest that these changes express one aspect of native resistance to Spanish missionary efforts to eradicate Pueblo religious practices. We document that differences in the impact of missionization between the northern and southern Salinas pueblos led to marked and divergent changes in the ways women decorated glaze and white ware vessels. Women who made glaze ware bowls lived in villages under the direct control of Spanish missionaries, and appear to have deliberately simplified and masked the iconography on their vessels. Women who made white ware jars, however, lived in villages without resident Spanish missionaries. Following Spanish colonization, these women began decorating their vessels with detailed, diverse ritual iconography, apparently in an effort to reinforce, and probably to teach, religious knowledge.

Résumé

En este trabajo se utilizan los conceptos de “transcripciones publicas” y “escondidas de naciones subyugadas, planteado por James Scott, para investigar las respuestas que tuvieron las sociedades Pueblo hacia la colonización española en el siglo diecisiete. Nos enfocamos en los marcados cambios que ocurrieron en la decoración de la cerámica producida en la región del Pueblo de Salinas ubicado en la parte central de Nuevo México, y sugerimos que estos cambios expresan un aspecto de la resistencia de los indígenas contra los esfuerzos de los misioneros españoles por erradicar las prácticas religiosas de los grupos Pueblo. Observamos que las diferencias en el impacto de la misionalización entre los pueblos del norte y el sur de Salinas dieron lugar a cambios marcados y divergentes en los modos en que las mujeres decoraron las vasijas de cerámica vidriada y blanca. Las mujeres que hicieron los tazones vidriados vivían en aldeas bajo el control directo de los misioneros españoles, y parecen haber simplificado y enmascarado deliberadamente la iconografía en sus vasijas. Por otra parte, las mujeres que hicieron las jarras de cerámica blanca, vivían en aldeas en las que no residían los misioneros españoles. En elperiodo histórico, estas mujeres empezaron a decorar sus vasijas con motivos detallados y de diversa connotación ritual, aparentemente en un esfuerzo por reforzar, y probablemente transmitir, el conocimiento religioso.

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Style and Resistance in the Seventeenth Century Salinas Province

  • Katherine A. Spielmann (a1), Jeannette L. Mobley-Tanaka (a2) and James M. Potter (a3)

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