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Population-Resource Balances in Period I of Oaxaca, Mexico

  • Stephen A. Kowalewski (a1)

Abstract

The implications of speculative "population pressure" models are checked against the archaeological record in the Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico, by means of a detailed comparison of maize potentials and ancient populations, as both change over time. There is virtually no fit. Santley's evolutionary model, inasmuch as it is operationalizable, should therefore be drastically rethought.

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Aceves de la Mora, J. L. 1976 Qimatologia del Estado de Oaxaca. Indeco, Oaxaca.
Aceves de la Mora, J. L. n.d. The Valley of Oaxaca settlement pattern project, vol. II: the central and southern regions.
Byers, Douglas A. 1967 Climate and hydrology. In The prehistory of the Tehuacan Valley, vol. I: environment and subsistence, edited by Byers, Douglas S., pp. 4865. University of Texas Press, Austin.
Carta de Climas 1970 San Pedro Pochutla 14P-(II) Oaxaca 14Q-VIII. Direccion de Planeaci6n, Comision, de Estudios delTerritorio Nacional y Planeacion; y Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Geografia.
Curran, Margaret E. 1978 An examination of the relationship between population density and agricultural productivity in the prehispanic Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico. Paper presented to the 43rd annual meeting of the Societyfor American Archaeology, Tucson.
Dunn, Mary Eubanks 1975 Ceramic evidence for the prehistoric distribution of maize in Mexico. American Antiquity 40:305314.
Kappel, Wayne 1977 Alternative adaptive strategies in three Mexican towns. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson.
Kirkby, Anne 1973 The use of land and water resources in the past and present Valley of Oaxaca, Mexico. University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology Memoir 5.
Schoenwetter, James 1974 Pollen records of Guila Naquitz Cave. American Antiquity 39:292303.
Smith, C. E. Jr., 1978 The vegetational history of the Oaxaca Valley. University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology Memoir 10, part 1.

Population-Resource Balances in Period I of Oaxaca, Mexico

  • Stephen A. Kowalewski (a1)

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