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Crossing Comb Ridge: Pottery Production and Procurement Among Southeast Utah Great House Communities

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Donna M. Glowacki
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (dglowack@nd.edu)
Jeffrey R. Ferguson
Affiliation:
Archaeometry Laboratory, University of Missouri Research Reactor, 1513 Research Park Drive Columbia, MO 65211
Winston Hurst
Affiliation:
259 N 100 W, Blanding, UT 84511
Catherine M. Cameron
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Understanding how the Chaco regional system operated requires examining the social networks maintained by great house communities during both the peak and decline ofChaco's influence. We used neutron activation analysis (NAA) of pottery, kiln wasters, and clays from three great house communities in southeast Utah (Bluff, Cottonwood Wash, and Comb Wash) to examine pottery production and the interaction networks of their residents. West of Comb Ridge, most gray ware jars or the materials they were made from were imported from east of Comb Ridge in both Chaco and post-Chaco times, while importation of painted white wares changed in the post-Chaco era as local production increased. This counters the expectation that painted pots are more likely to be exchanged than cooking jars. Kiln sherds and prepared clays are shown to be better identifiers of production area than raw clays, and paste color is confirmed as a useful clay source indicator in the Comb Ridge vicinity. Great house communities in the Comb Ridge area continued to exchange pots and/or ceramic raw materials in the post-Chaco era, but there is evidence for shifting social networks and intensified local production of white ware.

Résumé

Résumé

Para entender como operaba el sistema regional de Chaco, se requiere de la examinatión de las redes sociales mantenidas por los complejos comunitarios de las casas grandes durante el auge asi como el decline de la influencia de Chaco. Utilizamos andlisis de activacidn de neutrones (NAA) sobre cerámica, tiestos de desecho creados durante elproceso de coccion y arcillas tomadas de tres casas grandes en el sureste de Utah (Bluff, Cottonwood Wash y Comb Wash) para examinar la production de alfareria y las redes de interaction de sus residentes. Al oeste de Comb Ridge, la mayoria de las vasijas tipo gris (o los materiales de los cuales estaban hechas) fueron importadas desde el este de Comb Ridge durante y despues de la epoca de Chaco. Mientras tanto, la importatión de cerámica pintado blanca cambio en la epoca post-Chaco cuando la production local aumento. Estos resultados van en contra de la expectativa de que la cerámica pintada era probablemente más intercambiada que las vasijas para cocinar. En comparacion con arcillas crudas, los tiestos de homo y las arcillas preparadas se ven como mejores identificadores del lugar de productión y se confirma que el color de la pasta es un indicador útil para ubicar la fuente de arcilla en los alrededores de Comb Ridge. Los complejos comunitarios de las casas grandes en el area de Comb Ridge seguίan intercambiando vasijas y/o material crudo para cerámica en la epoca post-Chaco, pero hay evidencia de cambios en las redes sociales asi como de la produccion local intensificada de cerámica blanca.

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Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for American Archaeology 2015

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