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In this note, we compute the centers of the categories of tilting modules for G = SL2 in prime characteristic, of tilting modules for the corresponding quantum group at a complex root of unity, and of projective GgT-modules when g = 1, 2.
We study the question of dualizability in higher Morita categories of locally presentable tensor categories and braided tensor categories. Our main results are that the 3-category of rigid tensor categories with enough compact projectives is 2-dualizable, that the 4-category of rigid braided tensor categories with enough compact projectives is 3-dualizable, and that (in characteristic zero) the 4-category of braided multi-fusion categories is 4-dualizable. Via the cobordism hypothesis, this produces respectively two-, three- and four-dimensional framed local topological field theories. In particular, we produce a framed three-dimensional local topological field theory attached to the category of representations of a quantum group at any value of $q$.
Steinberg’s tensor product theorem shows that for semisimple algebraic groups, the study of irreducible representations of higher Frobenius kernels reduces to the study of irreducible representations of the first Frobenius kernel. In the preceding paper in this series, deforming the distribution algebra of a higher Frobenius kernel yielded a family of deformations called higher reduced enveloping algebras. In this paper, we prove that the Steinberg decomposition can be similarly deformed, allowing us to reduce representation theoretic questions about these algebras to questions about reduced enveloping algebras. We use this to derive structural results about modules over these algebras. Separately, we also show that many of the results in the preceding paper hold without an assumption of reductivity.
We give a construction that takes a simple linear algebraic group G over a field and produces a commutative, unital, and simple non-associative algebra A over that field. Two attractions of this construction are that (1) when G has type
$E_8$, the algebra A is obtained by adjoining a unit to the 3875-dimensional representation; and (2) it is effective, in that the product operation on A can be implemented on a computer. A description of the algebra in the
$E_8$ case has been requested for some time, and interest has been increased by the recent proof that
$E_8$ is the full automorphism group of that algebra. The algebras obtained by our construction have an unusual Peirce spectrum.
We prove the longstanding physics conjecture that there exists a unique two-parameter ${\mathcal {W}}_{\infty }$-algebra which is freely generated of type ${\mathcal {W}}(2,3,\ldots )$, and generated by the weights $2$ and $3$ fields. Subject to some mild constraints, all vertex algebras of type ${\mathcal {W}}(2,3,\ldots , N)$ for some $N$ can be obtained as quotients of this universal algebra. As an application, we show that for $n\geq 3$, the structure constants for the principal ${\mathcal {W}}$-algebras ${\mathcal {W}}^k({\mathfrak s}{\mathfrak l}_n, f_{\text {prin}})$ are rational functions of $k$ and $n$, and we classify all coincidences among the simple quotients ${\mathcal {W}}_k({\mathfrak s}{\mathfrak l}_n, f_{\text {prin}})$ for $n\geq 2$. We also obtain many new coincidences between ${\mathcal {W}}_k({\mathfrak s}{\mathfrak l}_n, f_{\text {prin}})$ and other vertex algebras of type ${\mathcal {W}}(2,3,\ldots , N)$ which arise as cosets of affine vertex algebras or nonprincipal ${\mathcal {W}}$-algebras.
We present new examples of finite-dimensional Nichols algebras over fields of characteristic 2 from braided vector spaces that are not of diagonal type, admit realizations as Yetter–Drinfeld modules over finite abelian groups, and are analogous to Nichols algebras of finite Gelfand–Kirillov dimension in characteristic 0. New finite-dimensional pointed Hopf algebras over fields of characteristic 2 are obtained by bosonization with group algebras of suitable finite abelian groups.
Let
$M\stackrel {\rho _0}{\curvearrowleft }S$
be a
$C^\infty $
locally free action of a connected simply connected solvable Lie group S on a closed manifold M. Roughly speaking,
$\rho _0$
is parameter rigid if any
$C^\infty $
locally free action of S on M having the same orbits as
$\rho _0$
is
$C^\infty $
conjugate to
$\rho _0$
. In this paper we prove two types of result on parameter rigidity.
First let G be a connected semisimple Lie group with finite center of real rank at least
$2$
without compact factors nor simple factors locally isomorphic to
$\mathop {\mathrm {SO}}\nolimits _0(n,1)(n\,{\geq}\, 2)$
or
$\mathop {\mathrm {SU}}\nolimits (n,1)(n\geq 2)$
, and let
$\Gamma $
be an irreducible cocompact lattice in G. Let
$G=KAN$
be an Iwasawa decomposition. We prove that the action
$\Gamma \backslash G\curvearrowleft AN$
by right multiplication is parameter rigid. One of the three main ingredients of the proof is the rigidity theorems of Pansu, and Kleiner and Leeb on the quasi-isometries of Riemannian symmetric spaces of non-compact type.
Secondly we show that if
$M\stackrel {\rho _0}{\curvearrowleft }S$
is parameter rigid, then the zeroth and first cohomology of the orbit foliation of
$\rho _0$
with certain coefficients must vanish. This is a partial converse to the results in the author’s [Vanishing of cohomology and parameter rigidity of actions of solvable Lie groups. Geom. Topol. 21(1) (2017), 157–191], where we saw sufficient conditions for parameter rigidity in terms of vanishing of the first cohomology with various coefficients.
We settle several fundamental questions about the theory of universal deformation quantization of Lie bialgebras by giving their complete classification up to homotopy equivalence. Moreover, we settle these questions in a greater generality: we give a complete classification of the associated universal formality maps. An important new technical ingredient introduced in this paper is a polydifferential endofunctor ${\mathcal {D}}$ in the category of augmented props with the property that for any representation of a prop ${\mathcal {P}}$ in a vector space $V$ the associated prop ${\mathcal {D}}{\mathcal {P}}$ admits an induced representation on the graded commutative algebra $\odot ^\bullet V$ given in terms of polydifferential operators. Applying this functor to the minimal resolution $\widehat {\mathcal {L}\textit{ieb}}_\infty$ of the genus completed prop $\widehat {\mathcal {L}\textit{ieb}}$ of Lie bialgebras we show that universal formality maps for quantizations of Lie bialgebras are in one-to-one correspondence with morphisms of dg props
satisfying certain boundary conditions, where $\mathcal {A}\textit{ssb}_\infty$ is a minimal resolution of the prop of associative bialgebras. We prove that the set of such formality morphisms is non-empty. The latter result is used in turn to give a short proof of the formality theorem for universal quantizations of arbitrary Lie bialgebras which says that for any Drinfeld associator $\mathfrak{A}$ there is an associated ${\mathcal {L}} ie_\infty$ quasi-isomorphism between the ${\mathcal {L}} ie_\infty$ algebras $\mathsf {Def}({\mathcal {A}} ss{\mathcal {B}}_\infty \rightarrow {\mathcal {E}} nd_{\odot ^\bullet V})$ and $\mathsf {Def}({\mathcal {L}} ie{\mathcal {B}}\rightarrow {\mathcal {E}} nd_V)$ controlling, respectively, deformations of the standard bialgebra structure in $\odot V$ and deformations of any given Lie bialgebra structure in $V$. We study the deformation complex of an arbitrary universal formality morphism $\mathsf {Def}(\mathcal {A}\textit{ssb}_\infty \stackrel {F}{\rightarrow } {\mathcal {D}}\widehat {\mathcal {L}\textit{ieb}}_\infty )$ and prove that it is quasi-isomorphic to the full (i.e. not necessary connected) version of the graph complex introduced Maxim Kontsevich in the context of the theory of deformation quantizations of Poisson manifolds. This result gives a complete classification of the set $\{F_\mathfrak{A}\}$ of gauge equivalence classes of universal Lie connected formality maps: it is a torsor over the Grothendieck–Teichmüller group $GRT=GRT_1\rtimes {\mathbb {K}}^*$ and can hence can be identified with the set $\{\mathfrak{A}\}$ of Drinfeld associators.
The Virasoro algebra $\mathcal {L}$ is an infinite-dimensional Lie algebra with basis {Lm, C| m ∈ ℤ} and relations [Lm, Ln] = (n − m)Lm+n + δm+n,0((m3 − m)/12)C, [Lm, C] = 0 for m, n ∈ ℤ. Let $\mathfrak a$ be the subalgebra of $\mathcal {L}$ spanned by Li for i ≥ −1. For any triple (μ, λ, α) of complex numbers with μ ≠ 0, λ ≠ 0 and any non-trivial $\mathfrak a$-module V satisfying the condition: for any v ∈ V there exists a non-negative integer m such that Liv = 0 for all i ≥ m, non-weight $\mathcal {L}$-modules on the linear tensor product of V and ℂ[∂], denoted by $\mathcal {M}(V,\mu ,\Omega (\lambda ,\alpha ))\ (\Omega (\lambda ,\alpha )=\mathbb {C}[\partial ]$ as vector spaces), are constructed in this paper. We prove that $\mathcal {M}(V,\mu ,\Omega (\lambda ,\alpha ))$ is simple if and only if μ ≠ 1, λ ≠ 0, α ≠ 0. We also give necessary and sufficient conditions for two such simple $\mathcal {L}$-modules being isomorphic. Finally, these simple $\mathcal {L}$-modules $\mathcal {M}(V,\mu ,\Omega (\lambda ,\alpha ))$ are proved to be new for V not being the highest weight $\mathfrak a$-module whose highest weight is non-zero.
Generalised quantum determinantal rings are the analogue in quantum matrices of Schubert varieties. Maximal orders are the noncommutative version of integrally closed rings. In this paper, we show that generalised quantum determinantal rings are maximal orders. The cornerstone of the proof is a description of generalised quantum determinantal rings, up to a localisation, as skew polynomial extensions.
Let K be a field of characteristic zero. In this paper, we study the polynomial identities of representations of Lie algebras, also called weak identities, or identities of pairs. These identities are determined by pairs of the form (A, L) where A is an associative enveloping algebra for the Lie algebra L. Then a weak identity of (A, L) (or an identity for the representation of L associated to A) is an associative polynomial which vanishes when evaluated on elements of L⊆ A. One of the most influential results in the area of PI algebras was the theory developed by Kemer. A crucial role in it was played by the construction of the Grassmann envelope of an associative algebra and the close relation of the identities of the algebra and its Grassmann envelope. Here we consider varieties of pairs. We prove that under some restrictions one can develop a theory similar to that of Kemer's in the study of identities of representations of Lie algebras. As a consequence, we establish that in the case when K is algebraically closed, if a variety of pairs does not contain pairs corresponding to representations of sl2(K), and if the variety is generated by a pair where the associative algebra is PI then it is soluble. As another consequence of the methods used to obtain the above result, and applying ideas from papers by Giambruno and Zaicev, we were able to construct a pair (A, L) such that its PI exponent (if it exists) cannot be an integer. We recall that the PI exponent exists and is an integer whenever A is an associative (a theorem by Giambruno and Zaicev), or a finite-dimensional Lie algebra (Zaicev). Gordienko also proved that the PI exponent exists and is an integer for finite-dimensional representations of Lie algebras.
We define (iterated) coisotropic correspondences between derived Poisson stacks, and construct symmetric monoidal higher categories of derived Poisson stacks, where the
$i$
-morphisms are given by
$i$
-fold coisotropic correspondences. Assuming an expected equivalence of different models of higher Morita categories, we prove that all derived Poisson stacks are fully dualizable and so determine framed extended TQFTs by the Cobordism Hypothesis. Along the way, we also prove that the higher Morita category of
$E_{n}$
-algebras with respect to coproducts is equivalent to the higher category of iterated cospans.
For a locally compact Hausdorff space X and a C*-algebra A with only finitely many closed ideals, we discuss a characterization of closed ideals of C0(X,A) in terms of closed ideals of A and a class of closed subspaces of X. We further use this result to prove that a closed ideal of C0(X)⊗minA is a finite sum of product ideals. We also establish that for a unital C*-algebra A, C0(X,A) has the centre-quotient property if and only if A has the centre-quotient property. As an application, we characterize the closed Lie ideals of C0(X,A) and identify all the closed Lie ideals of HC0(X)⊗minB(H), H being a separable Hilbert space.
We give explicit formulae for differential graded Lie algebra (DGLA) models of 3-cells. In particular, for a cube and an n-faceted banana-shaped 3-cell with two vertices, n edges each joining those two vertices, and n bi-gon 2-cells, we construct a model symmetric under the geometric symmetries of the cell fixing two antipodal vertices. The cube model is to be used in forthcoming work for discrete analogues of differential geometry on cubulated manifolds.
Let A be a symmetrisable generalised Cartan matrix, and let
$\mathfrak {g}(A)$
be the corresponding Kac–Moody algebra. In this paper, we address the following fundamental question on the structure of
$\mathfrak {g}(A)$
: given two homogeneous elements
$x,y\in \mathfrak {g}(A)$
, when is their bracket
$[x,y]$
a nonzero element? As an application of our results, we give a description of the solvable and nilpotent graded subalgebras of
$\mathfrak {g}(A)$
.
We introduce and investigate new invariants of pairs of modules
$M$
and
$N$
over quantum affine algebras
$U_{q}^{\prime }(\mathfrak{g})$
by analyzing their associated
$R$
-matrices. Using these new invariants, we provide a criterion for a monoidal category of finite-dimensional integrable
$U_{q}^{\prime }(\mathfrak{g})$
-modules to become a monoidal categorification of a cluster algebra.
In 1996, a q-deformation of the universal enveloping algebra of the Schrödinger Lie algebra was introduced in Dobrev et al. [J. Phys. A 29 (1996) 5909–5918.]. This algebra is called the quantum Schrödinger algebra. In this paper, we study the Bernstein-Gelfand-Gelfand (BGG) category
$\mathcal{O}$
for the quantum Schrödinger algebra
$U_q(\mathfrak{s})$
, where q is a nonzero complex number which is not a root of unity. If the central charge
$\dot z\neq 0$
, using the module
$B_{\dot z}$
over the quantum Weyl algebra
$H_q$
, we show that there is an equivalence between the full subcategory
$\mathcal{O}[\dot Z]$
consisting of modules with the central charge
$\dot z$
and the BGG category
$\mathcal{O}^{(\mathfrak{sl}_2)}$
for the quantum group
$U_q(\mathfrak{sl}_2)$
. In the case that
$\dot z = 0$
, we study the subcategory
$\mathcal{A}$
consisting of finite dimensional
$U_q(\mathfrak{s})$
-modules of type 1 with zero action of Z. We directly construct an equivalence functor from
$\mathcal{A}$
to the category of finite dimensional representations of an infinite quiver with some quadratic relations. As a corollary, we show that the category of finite dimensional
$U_q(\mathfrak{s})$
-modules is wild.
For
${\mathcal{C}}$
a factorisable and pivotal finite tensor category over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero we show:
(1)
${\mathcal{C}}$
always contains a simple projective object;
(2) if
${\mathcal{C}}$
is in addition ribbon, the internal characters of projective modules span a submodule for the projective
$\text{SL}(2,\mathbb{Z})$
-action;
(3) the action of the Grothendieck ring of
${\mathcal{C}}$
on the span of internal characters of projective objects can be diagonalised;
(4) the linearised Grothendieck ring of
${\mathcal{C}}$
is semisimple if and only if
${\mathcal{C}}$
is semisimple.
Results (1)–(3) remain true in positive characteristic under an extra assumption. Result (1) implies that the tensor ideal of projective objects in
${\mathcal{C}}$
carries a unique-up-to-scalars modified trace function. We express the modified trace of open Hopf links coloured by projectives in terms of
$S$
-matrix elements. Furthermore, we give a Verlinde-like formula for the decomposition of tensor products of projective objects which uses only the modular
$S$
-transformation restricted to internal characters of projective objects. We compute the modified trace in the example of symplectic fermion categories, and we illustrate how the Verlinde-like formula for projective objects can be applied there.
We formulate a $q$-Schur algebra associated with an arbitrary $W$-invariant finite set $X_{\text{f}}$ of integral weights for a complex simple Lie algebra with Weyl group $W$. We establish a $q$-Schur duality between the $q$-Schur algebra and Hecke algebra associated with $W$. We then realize geometrically the $q$-Schur algebra and duality and construct a canonical basis for the $q$-Schur algebra with positivity. With suitable choices of $X_{\text{f}}$ in classical types, we recover the $q$-Schur algebras in the literature. Our $q$-Schur algebras are closely related to the category ${\mathcal{O}}$, where the type $G_{2}$ is studied in detail.
Let $W_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D70B}}$ be the lattice Lie algebra of Witt type associated with an additive inclusion $\unicode[STIX]{x1D70B}:\mathbb{Z}^{N}{\hookrightarrow}\mathbb{C}^{2}$ with $N>1$. In this article, the classification of simple $\mathbb{Z}^{N}$-graded $W_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D70B}}$-modules, whose multiplicities are uniformly bounded, is given.