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Let φ : ℝn × [0, ∞) → [0, ∞) satisfy that φ(x, · ), for any given x ∈ ℝn, is an Orlicz function and φ( · , t) is a Muckenhoupt A∞ weight uniformly in t ∈ (0, ∞). The (weak) Musielak–Orlicz Hardy space Hφ(ℝn) (WHφ(ℝn)) generalizes both the weighted (weak) Hardy space and the (weak) Orlicz Hardy space and hence has wide generality. In this paper, two boundedness criteria for both linear operators and positive sublinear operators from Hφ(ℝn) to Hφ(ℝn) or from Hφ(ℝn) to WHφ(ℝn) are obtained. As applications, we establish the boundedness of Bochner–Riesz means from Hφ(ℝn) to Hφ(ℝn), or from Hφ(ℝn) to WHφ(ℝn) in the critical case. These results are new even when φ(x, t): = Φ(t) for all (x, t) ∈ ℝn × [0, ∞), where Φ is an Orlicz function.
We establish the general form of a geometric comparison principle for n-fold convolutions of certain singular measures in ℝd which holds for arbitrary n and d. This translates into a pointwise inequality between the convolutions of projection measure on the paraboloid and a perturbation thereof, and we use it to establish a new sharp Fourier extension inequality on a general convex perturbation of a parabola. Further applications of the comparison principle to sharp Fourier restriction theory are discussed in the companion paper [3].
In this note it is shown that the class of all multipliers from the d-parameter Hardy space
$H_{{\rm prod}}^1 ({\open T}^d)$
to L2 (𝕋d) is properly contained in the class of all multipliers from L logd/2L (𝕋d) to L2(𝕋d).
Our aim in this paper is to deal with integrability of maximal functions for Herz–Morrey spaces on the unit ball with variable exponent
$p_{1}(\cdot )$
approaching
$1$
and for double phase functionals
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6F7}_{d}(x,t)=t^{p_{1}(x)}+a(x)t^{p_{2}}$
, where
$a(x)^{1/p_{2}}$
is nonnegative, bounded and Hölder continuous of order
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D703}\in (0,1]$
and
$1/p_{2}=1-\unicode[STIX]{x1D703}/N>0$
. We also establish Sobolev type inequality for Riesz potentials on the unit ball.
Let
$T_{1}$
,
$T_{2}$
be two Calderón–Zygmund operators and
$T_{1,b}$
be the commutator of
$T_{1}$
with symbol
$b\in \text{BMO}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$
. In this paper, by establishing new bilinear sparse dominations and a new weighted estimate for bilinear sparse operators, we prove that the composite operator
$T_{1}T_{2}$
satisfies the following estimate: for
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D706}>0$
and weight
$w\in A_{1}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$
,
We study the connection between the Muckenhoupt Ap weights and bounded mean oscillation (BMO) for general bases for ℝd. New classes of bases are introduced that allow for several deep results on the Muckenhoupt weights–BMO connection to hold in a very general form. The John–Nirenberg type inequality and its consequences are valid for the new class of Calderón–Zygmund bases which includes cubes in ℝd, but also the basis of rectangles in ℝd. Of particular interest to us is the Garnett–Jones theorem on the BMO distance, which is valid for cubes. We prove that the theorem is equivalent to the newly introduced A2-decomposition property of bases. Several sufficient conditions for the theorem to hold are analysed as well. However, the question whether the theorem fully holds for rectangles remains open.
In this paper, we prove some reverse discrete inequalities with weights of Muckenhoupt and Gehring types and use them to prove some higher summability theorems on a higher weighted space
$l_{w}^{p}({\open N})$
form summability on the weighted space
$l_{w}^{q}({\open N})$
when p>q. The proofs are obtained by employing new discrete weighted Hardy's type inequalities and their converses for non-increasing sequences, which, for completeness, we prove in our special setting. To the best of the authors' knowledge, these higher summability results have not been considered before. Some numerical results will be given for illustration.
For a complex function
$F$
on
$\mathbb{C}$
, we study the associated composition operator
$T_{F}(f):=F\circ f=F(f)$
on Wiener amalgam
$W^{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^{d})\;(1\leqslant p<\infty ,1\leqslant q<2)$
. We have shown
$T_{F}$
maps
$W^{p,1}(\mathbb{R}^{d})$
to
$W^{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^{d})$
if and only if
$F$
is real analytic on
$\mathbb{R}^{2}$
and
$F(0)=0$
. Similar result is proved in the case of modulation spaces
$M^{p,q}(\mathbb{R}^{d})$
. In particular, this gives an affirmative answer to the open question proposed in Bhimani and Ratnakumar (J. Funct. Anal. 270(2) (2016), 621–648).
Let
$0<\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}<n,1\leq p<q<\infty$
with
$1/p-1/q=\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}/n$
,
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D714}\in A_{p,q}$
,
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D708}\in A_{\infty }$
and let
$f$
be a locally integrable function. In this paper, it is proved that
$f$
is in bounded mean oscillation
$\mathit{BMO}$
space if and only if
where
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D714}^{p}(B)=\int _{B}\unicode[STIX]{x1D714}(x)^{p}\,dx$
and
$f_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D708},B}=(1/\unicode[STIX]{x1D708}(B))\int _{B}f(y)\unicode[STIX]{x1D708}(y)\,dy$
. We also show that
$f$
belongs to Lipschitz space
$Lip_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}}$
if and only if
is bounded on the Hardy spaces of the upper half-plane
${\rm {\cal H}}_a^p ({\open C}_ + )$
,
$p\in [1,\infty ]$
. The corresponding operator norms and their applications are also given.
We exhibit the first explicit examples of Salem sets in ℚp of every dimension 0 < α < 1 by showing that certain sets of well-approximable p-adic numbers are Salem sets. We construct measures supported on these sets that satisfy essentially optimal Fourier decay and upper regularity conditions, and we observe that these conditions imply that the measures satisfy strong Fourier restriction inequalities. We also partially generalize our results to higher dimensions. Our results extend theorems of Kaufman, Papadimitropoulos, and Hambrook from the real to the p-adic setting.
We establish criteria for Orlicz–Besov extension/imbedding domains via (global)
$n$
-regular domains that generalize the known criteria for Besov extension/imbedding domains.
In this paper, we obtain the variational characterization of Hardy space Hp for
$p\in (((n)/({n+1})),1]$
, and get estimates for the oscillation operator and the λ-jump operator associated with approximate identities acting on Hp for
$p\in (((n)/({n+1})),1]$
. Moreover, we give counterexamples to show that the oscillation and λ-jump associated with some approximate identity cannot be used to characterize Hp for
$p\in (((n)/({n+1})),1]$
.
We prove that if p > 1,
$w\in A_p^ +$
, b ∈ CMO and
$C_b^ + $
is the commutator with symbol b of a Calderón–Zygmund convolution singular integral with kernel supported on (−∞, 0), then
$C_b^ + $
is compact from Lp(w) into itself.
In this note we give a characterization of
$\ell ^{p}\times \cdots \times \ell ^{p}\rightarrow \ell ^{q}$
boundedness of maximal operators associated with multilinear convolution averages over spheres in
$\mathbb{Z}^{n}$
.
The Marcinkiewicz multipliers are
$L^{p}$
bounded for
$1<p<\infty$
on the Heisenberg group
$\mathbb{H}^{n}\simeq \mathbb{C}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}$
(Müller, Ricci, and Stein). This is surprising in the sense that these multipliers are invariant under a two parameter group of dilations on
$\mathbb{C}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}$
, while there is no two parameter group of automorphic dilations on
$\mathbb{H}^{n}$
. The purpose of this paper is to establish a theory of the flag Lipschitz space on the Heisenberg group
$\mathbb{H}^{n}\simeq \mathbb{C}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}$
that is, in a sense, intermediate between that of the classical Lipschitz space on the Heisenberg group
$\mathbb{H}^{n}$
and the product Lipschitz space on
$\mathbb{C}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}$
. We characterize this flag Lipschitz space via the Littlewood–Paley theory and prove that flag singular integral operators, which include the Marcinkiewicz multipliers, are bounded on these flag Lipschitz spaces.
Let
$(M^{n},g)$
be a Riemannian manifold without boundary. We study the amount of initial regularity required so that the solution to a free Schrödinger equation converges pointwise to its initial data. Assume the initial data is in
$H^{\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}}(M)$
. For hyperbolic space, the standard sphere, and the two-dimensional torus, we prove that
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}>\frac{1}{2}$
is enough. For general compact manifolds, due to the lack of a local smoothing effect, it is hard to improve on the bound
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}>1$
from interpolation. We managed to go below 1 for dimension
${\leqslant}$
3. The more interesting thing is that, for a one-dimensional compact manifold,
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}>\frac{1}{3}$
is sufficient.
Let
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FD}\geqslant 0$
, let
$e_{1}=(1,0,\ldots ,0)$
be a unit vector on
$\mathbb{R}^{n}$
, and let
$d\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}(x)=|x|^{\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FD}}dx$
be a power weighted measure on
$\mathbb{R}^{n}$
. For
$0\leqslant \unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}<n$
, let
$M_{\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}}^{\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC}}$
be the centered Hardy-Littlewood maximal function and fractional maximal functions associated with measure
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}$
. This paper shows that for
$q=n/(n-\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FC})$
,
$f\in L^{1}(\mathbb{R}^{n},d\unicode[STIX]{x1D707})$
,
which is new and stronger than the previous result even if
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D6FD}=0$
. Meanwhile, the corresponding results for the un-centered maximal functions as well as the fractional integral operators with respect to measure
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}$
are also obtained.
We use a variant of a technique used by M. T. Lacey to give sparse
$L^{p}(\log (L))^{4}$
bounds for a class of model singular and maximal Radon transforms.
We investigate a dichotomy property for Hardy–Littlewood maximal operators, noncentred
$M$
and centred
$M^{c}$
, that was noticed by Bennett et al. [‘Weak-
$L^{\infty }$
and BMO’, Ann. of Math. (2)113 (1981), 601–611]. We illustrate the full spectrum of possible cases related to the occurrence or not of this property for
$M$
and
$M^{c}$
in the context of nondoubling metric measure spaces
$(X,\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C},\unicode[STIX]{x1D707})$
. In addition, if
$X=\mathbb{R}^{d}$
,
$d\geq 1$
, and
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D70C}$
is the metric induced by an arbitrary norm on
$\mathbb{R}^{d}$
, then we give the exact characterisation (in terms of
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}$
) of situations in which
$M^{c}$
possesses the dichotomy property provided that
$\unicode[STIX]{x1D707}$
satisfies some very mild assumptions.