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  • Cited by 1
  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: October 2013

2 - X-parameters – fundamental concepts

Verspecht, J., “Describing functions can better model hard nonlinearities in the frequency domain than the Volterra theory,” Ph.D. thesis annex, Vrije Univ. Brussel, Belgium, Nov. 1995; available at .
Additional reading
Kundert, K., The Designer's Guide to SPICE and Spectre®. Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995.
Root, D. E., Horn, J., Nielsen, T., et al., “X-parameters: the emerging paradigm for interoperable characterization, modeling, and design of nonlinear microwave and RF components and systems,” in IEEE Wamicon2011 Tutorial, Clearwater, FL, Apr. 2011.
Root, D. E., Verspecht, J., Sharrit, D., Wood, J., and Cognata, A., “Broad-band, poly-harmonic distortion (PHD) behavioral models from fast automated simulations and large-signal vectorial network measurements,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 53, no. 11, pp. 3656–3664, Nov. 2005.
Verspecht, J. and Root, D. E., “Poly-harmonic distortion modeling,” IEEE Microwave, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 44–57, June 2006.