Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: June 2019



Recapitulates the phonetic theories of Abercrombie and Laver, introduces the Laryngeal Articulator Model of the vocal tract, and refers to the iPA Phonetics app as a tool for accessing auditory samples of voice qualities and visual images of articulations. The model supersedes the simple glottal-phonation paradigm of the larynx, replacing it with the ‘two-part vocal tract,’ containing a complex articulator in the lower vocal tract paralleling the tongue in the oral vocal tract.