Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: August 2011

6 - Clays modified with thermally stable ionic liquids with applications in polyolefin and polylactic acid nanocomposites

from Part I - Thermal stability

Summary

Introduction

A variety of discontinuous (short) functional fillers may be combined with thermoplastic or thermoset matrices to produce composites. The fillers may differ in shape (fibers, platelets, flakes, spheres, or irregulars), aspect ratio, and size. When the fully dispersed (exfoliated or deagglomerated) fillers are of nanoscale dimensions, the materials are known as nanocomposites. They differ from conventional microcomposites in that they contain a significant number of interfaces available for interactions between the intermixed phases. As a result of their unique properties, nanocomposites have great potential for applications involving polymer property modification utilizing low filler concentrations for minimum weight increase; examples include mechanical, electrical, optical, and barrier properties improvement and enhanced flame retardancy.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
References
Alexandre, M.Dubois, P.Polymer-layered silicate nanocomposites, properties and uses of a new class of materialsMaterials Science and Engineering R: Reports 28 2000 1
Andersen, P. G.Compounding polymer nanocompositesNPE Educational Conference: Nanotechnology Applications for PolymersChicagoNPE 2009
Awad, W. H.Gilman, W.Nyden, M.Harris, R. H.Sutto, T. E.Callahan, J.Trulove, P. C.DeLong, H. C.Fox, D. M.Thermal degradation studies of alkyl-imidazolium salts and their application in nanocompositesThermochimica Acta 409 2004 3
Billingham, J.Breen, C.Yarwood, J.Adsorption of polyamine, polyacrylic acid and polyethylene glycol on montmorillonite: An in situ study using ATR-FTIRVibrational Spectroscopy 14 1997 19
Bradaric, C. J.Downard, A.Kennedy, C.Robertson, A. J.Zhou, Y.Industrial preparation of phosphonium ionic liquidsGreen Chemistry 5 2003 143
Bonnet, L. G.Kariuki, B. M.Ionic liquids: Synthesis and characterization of triphenylphosphonium tosylatesEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 2 2006 437
Burnside, S. D.Giannelis, E. P.Synthesis and properties of new poly(dimethylsiloxane) nanocompositesChemistry of Materials 7 1995 1597
Byrne, C.McNally, T.Armstrong, C. G. 2005
Calderon, J. U.Lennox, B.Kamal, M. R.Polystyrene/phosphonium organoclay nanocomposites by melt compoundingInternational Polymer Processing 1 2008 119
Chang, J. H.An, Y. U.Sur, G. S.Poly(lactic acid) nanocomposites with various organoclays. 1. Thermomechanical properties, morphology, and gas permeabilityJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics 41 2003 94
Chigwada, G.Wang, D.Wilkie, C. A.Polystyrene nanocomposites based on quinolinium and pyridinium surfactantsPolymer Degradation and Stability 91 2006 848
Chouzouri, G. 2003
Choy, J. H.Kwak, S. Y.Park, J. S.Jeong, Y. J.Portier, J.Intercalative nanohybrids of nucleoside monophosphates and DNA in layered metal hydroxideJournal of American Chemical Society 121 1999 1399
Costantino, U.Ambrogi, V.Nocchetti, M.Perioli, L.Hydrotalcite-like compounds: Versatile layered hosts of molecular anions with biological activityMicroporous Mesoporous Materials 107 2008 149
Ding, Y.Guo, C.Dong, J.-Y.Wang, Z.Novel organic modification of montmorillonite in hydrocarbon solvent using ionic liquids – Type surfactant for the preparation of polyolefin–clay nanocompositesJournal of Applied Polymer Science 102 2006 4314
Ding, Y.Xiong, R.Wang, S.Zhang, X.Aggregative structure of the 1-octadecyl-3-methylimidazolium cation in the interlayer of montmorillonite and its effect of polypropylene melt intercalationJournal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics 45 2007 1252
Ding, Y.Zhang, X.Xiong, R.Wu, S.Zha, M.Tang, H.Effects of montmorillonite interlayer micro-circumstance on the PP melting intercalationEuropean Polymer Journal 44 2008 24
Gao, F.Clay/polymer composites: The storyMaterials Today 20 2004 50
Giannelis, E. P.Polymer-layered silicate nanocomposites: Synthesis, properties and applicationsApplied Organometallic Chemistry 12 1998 675
Gilman, J. W.Awad, W. H.Davis, R. D.Shields, J.Haris, R. H.David, C.Morgan, A. B.Sutto, T. E.Callahan, J.Trulove, P. C.DeLong, H. C.Polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites from thermally stable trialkylimidazolium-treated montmorilloniteChemistry Materials 14 2002 3776
Ha, J. U.Xanthos, M.Functionalization of nanoclays with ionic liquids for polypropylene compositesPolymer Composites 30 2008 534
Ha, J. U.Xanthos, M.Novel modifiers for layered double hydroxides and their effects on the properties of polylactic acid compositesApplied Clay Science 47 2010 303
Huddleston, J. G.Visser, A. E.Reichert, M. W.Willauer, H. D.Broker, G. A.Rogers, R. D.Characterization and comparison of hydrophilic and hydrophobic room temperature ionic liquids incorporating the imidazolium cationGreen Chemistry 3 2001 156
Howlett, P. C.Zhang, S.Macfarlane, D. R.Forsyth, M.An investigation of a phosphinate-based ionic liquid for corrosion protection of magnesium alloy AZ31Australian Journal of Chemistry 60 2007 43
Kim, N. H.Malhotra, S. V.Xanthos, M.Modification of cationic nanoclays with ionic liquidsMicroporous Mesoporous Materials 96 2006 29
Kamena, K.Nanoclays and their emerging marketsFunctional Fillers for PlasticsXanthos, M.WeinheimWiley-VCH 2010 177
Kyowa Chemical Industryhttp://www.kyowa-chem.co.jp/indexe.html 2008
Linares, C. F.Brikgi, M.Interaction between antimicrobial drugs and antacid based on cancrinite-type zeoliteMicroporous Mesoporous Materials 96 2006 141
Modesti, M.Lorenzetti, A.Bon, D.Besco, S.Polymer Degradation and Stability 91 2006 672
Mohanty, A.The future of nanomaterialsProceedings of Pira International ConferenceMiami, FLPira International 2005
Morawiec, J.Pawlak, A.Slouf, M.Galeski, A.Piorkowska, E.Krasnikowa, K.European Polymer Journal 41 2005 1115
Okada, A.Fukushima, Y.Kawasumi, M.Inagaki, S.Usuki, A.Sugiyama, S.Kurauchi, T.Kamigaito, O.Composite Material and Process for Manufacturing Same 1988
Ogata, N.Kawakage, S.Ogihara, T.Poly(vinyl alcohol) clay and poly(ethylene oxide) clay blend prepared using water as solventJournal of Applied Polymer Science 66 1997 573
Park, K.Xanthos, M.A study on the degradation of polylactic acid in the presence of phosphonium ionic liquidsPolymer Degradation and Stability 92 2009 1350
Patel, S. H.Processing aidsFunctional Fillers for PlasticsXanthos, M.WeinheimWiley–VCH 2010
Paul, M. A.Alexandre, M.Degee, P.Henrist, C.Rulmont, A.Dubois, P.New nanocomposites materials based on plasticized poly(l-lactide) and organo-modified montmorillonites: Thermal and morphological studyPolymer 44 2003 443
Pavan, P. C.Crepaldi, E. L.Valim, J. B.Sorption of anionic surfactants on layered double hydroxidesJournal of Colloid and Interface Science 229 2000 346
Rahman, M.Brazel, C. S.Effectiveness of phosphonium, ammonium and imidazolium based ionic liquids as plasticizers for poly(vinyl chloride): Thermal and ultraviolet stabilityPolymeric Preprints (American Chemical Society Division of Polymer Chemistry 45 2004 301
Scott, M. P.Benton, M. G.Rahman, M.Brazel, C. S.Ionic Liquids as Green Solvents: Progress and ProspectsWashington, DCAmerican Chemical Society 2003
Sinha Ray, S.Okamoto, M.Polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites: A review from preparation to processingProgress in Polymer Science 28 2003 1539
Stoeffler, K.Lafleur, P. G.Denault, J.Effect of intercalating agents on clay dispersion and thermal properties in polyethylene/montmorillonite nanocompositesPolymer Engineering and Science 48 2008 1449
Stoeffler, K.Lafleur, P. G.Denault, J. 2006 263
Vaia, R. A.Giannelis, E. P.Lattice model of polymer melt intercalation in organically modified layered silicatesMacromolecules 30 1997 7990
Weyershausen, B.Lehmann, K.Industrial application of ionic liquids as performance additivesGreen Chemistry 7 2005 15
Xanthos, M.Polymers and polymer compositesFunctional Fillers for PlasticsXanthos, M.WeinheimWiley–VCH 2010
Yano, K.Usuki, A.Okada, A.Kurauchi, T.Kamigaito, O.Synthesis and properties of polyimide–clay hybridJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry 31 1993 2493
Zhao, H.Malhotra, S. V.Applications of ionic liquids in organic synthesisAldrichimica Acta 35 2007 75
Zhou, Q.Xanthos, M.Nanosize and microsize clay effects on the kinetics of the thermal degradation of polylactidesPolymer Degradation and Stability 94 2009 327
Zhu, L.Xanthos, M.Effects of process conditions and mixing protocols on structure of extruded polypropylene nanocompositesJournal of Applied Polymer Science 93 2004 1891