Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: September 2014

Chapter 10 - Less common stroke syndromes

from Section 3 - Diagnostics and syndromes

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

References

1. Warlow C, van Gijn J, Dennis M, et al. Stroke, 3rd edn. Oxford: Blackwell; 2008.
2. Ringelstein ER, Stögbauer F. Border zone infarcts. In: Bogousslavsky J, Caplan L, eds. Stroke Syndromes, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2001: 564–83.
3. Choi KD, Shin HY, Kim JS, et al. Rotational vertebral artery syndrome: oculographic analysis of nystagmus. Neurology 2005; 65:1287–90.
4. Kuether TA, Nesbit GM, Clark GM, Barnell SL. Rotational vertebral artery occlusion: a mechanism of vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Neurosurgery 1997; 41:427–32.
5. Caplan LR, Wityk RJ, Glass TA, et al. New England Medical Center Posterior Circulation registry. Ann Neurol 2004; 56:389–98.
6. Gerstner E, Liberato B, Wright CB. Bi-hemispheric anterior cerebral artery with drop attack and limb shaking TIAs. Neurology 2005; 65:174.
7. Hennerici M, Klemm C, Rautenberg W. The subclavian steal phenomenon: a common vascular disorder with rare neurological deficits. Neurology 1988; 38:669–73.
8. Caplan LR. Posterior Circulation Disease. Clinical Findings, Diagnosis, and Management. Boston: Blackwell; 1996.
9. Dashe JF. Hyperviscosity and stroke. In: Bogousslavsky J, Caplan L, eds. Uncommon Causes of Stroke Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2001: 100–10.
10. Donnan GA, O’Malley HM, Quang L, Hurley S, Bladin PF. In: Donnan GA, Norrving B, Bamford J, Bogousslavsky J, eds. Subcortical Stroke, 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2002: 175–84.
11. Caplan LR. “Top of the basilar” syndrome. Neurology 1980; 30:72–9.
12. Fisher CM. The posterior cerebral artery syndrome. Can J Neurol Sci 1986; 13:232–9.
13. Dunne JW, Leedman PJ, Edis RH. Inobvious stroke: a cause of delirium and dementia. Austr N Z J Med 1986: 16:771–8.
14. Bogousslavsky J, Maeder P, Regli F, Meuli R. Pure midbrain infarction: clinical syndromes, MRI, and etiological patterns. Neurology 1994; 44:2032–40.
15. Thömke F, Tettenborn B, Hopf HC. Third nerve palsy as the sole manifestation of midbrain ischemia. Neuro-ophthalmology 1995; 15:327–35.
16. Thömke F. Brainstem diseases causing isolated ocular nerve palsies. Neuro-ophthalmology 2002; 28:53–67.
17. Lang W, Cheyne D, Kristeva R, et al. Three-dimensional localization of SMA activity preceding voluntary movement – A study of electric and magnetic fields in a patient with infarction of the right supplementary motor area. Ex Brain Res 1991; 87:688–95.
18. Gheka J, Bogousslavsky J. Abnormal movements. In: Bogousslavsky J, Caplan L, eds. Stroke Syndromes, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2001: 162–82.
19. Prabhakaran S. Neurologic complications of endocarditis. Continuum 2008; 14:53–74.
20. Jones HR, Siekert RG. Neurological manifestations of infective endocarditis. Review of clinical and therapeutic challenges. Brain 1989; 112:1295–315.
21. Anderson DJ, Goldstein LB, Wilkinson WE, et al. Stroke location, characterization, severity, and outcome in mitral vs. aortic valve endocarditis. Neurology 2003; 61:1341–6.
22. Hart RG, Foster JW, Luther MF, Kanter MC. Stroke in infective endocarditis. Stroke 1990; 21:695–700.
23. Hart RG, Kagan-Hallett K, Joerns SE. Mechanisms of intracranial hemorrhage in infective endocarditis. Stroke 1987; 18:1048–56.
24. Biller J, Challa VR, Toole JF, Howard VJ. Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis. A neurological perspective of clinicopathological correlations of 99 patients. Arch Neurol 1982; 39:95–8.
25. Rogers LR, Cho ES, Kempin S, Posner JB. Cerebral infarction from non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis. Clinical and pathological study including the effects of anticoagulation. Am J Med 1987; 83:746–56.
26. Lopez JA, Ros RS, Fishbein MC, Siegel RJ. Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis: a review. Am Heart J 1987; 113:773–84.
27. Singhal AB, Topcuoglu MA, Buonanno FS. Acute ischemic stroke patterns in infective and nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis: a diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging study. Stroke 2002; 33:1267–73.
28. Nagel MA, Cohrs RJ, Mahalingam R, et al. The varizella zoster virus vasculopathies – clinical, CSF, imaging, and virologic features. Neurology 2008; 70:853–60.
29. Schmutzhard E. Entzündliche Erkrankungen des Nervensystems. Stuttgart: Thieme; 2000.
30. Joutel A, Corpechot C, Ducros A, et al. Notch3 mutations in CADASIL, a hereditary adult-onset condition causing stroke and dementia. Nature 1996; 383:707–10.
31. van den Boom, Lesnik Oberstein S, Ferrari M, Haan M. Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy: MR imaging findings at different ages – 3rd–6th decades. Radiology 2003; 229:683–90.
32. Rolfs A, Böttcher T, Zschiesche M, et al. Prevalence of Fabry disease in patients with cryptogenic stroke: a prospective study. Lancet 2005; 366:1794–6.
33. Takanashi J, Barkovich A, Dillon W, et al. T1 hyperintensity in the pulvinar: a key imaging feature for diagnosis of Fabry disease. Am J Neuroradiol 2003; 24:916–21.
34. Mizrachi I, Gomez-Hassan D, Blaivas M, Trobe J. Pitfalls in the diagnosis of mitochondrial encephalopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes. J Neuro-ophthalmol 2006; 26:38–43.
35. Iizuka T, Sakai F, Kan S, Suzuki N. Slowly progressive spread of the stroke-like lesions in MELAS. Neurology 2003; 61:1238–44.
36. Möller H, Kurlemann G, Pützler M, et al. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in patients with MELAS. J Neurol Sci 2005; 229–230:131–9.
37. Bogousslavsky J, Despland PA, Regli F. Spontaneous carotid dissection with acute stroke. Arch Neurol 1987; 44:137–40.
38. Bogousslavsky J, Pierre P. Ischemic stroke in patients under age 45. Neurol Clin 1992; 10:113.
39. Schievink WI. Spontaneous dissection of the carotid and vertebral arteries. N Engl J Med 2001; 344:898.
40. Zweifler RM, Silverboard GS. Arterial dissections. In: Mohr JP, Choi DW, Grotta JC, et al., eds. Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management, 4th edn. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 2004: 549–73.
41. Friedman AH, Drake CG. Subarachnoid hemorrhage from intracranial dissecting aneurysm. J Neurosurg 1984; 60:325.
42. Saver JL, Easton JD. Dissections and trauma of cervicocerebral arteries. In: Barnett HJM, Mohr JP, Stein BM, et al., eds. Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Management, 3rd edn. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1998: 769.
43. Baumgartner RW, Arnold M, Baumgartner I, et al. Carotid dissection with and without events: local symptoms and cerebral artery findings. Neurology 2001; 57:827.
44. Takeuchi K, Shimizu K. Hypoplasia of the bilateral internal carotid arteries. No To Shinkei 1957; 9:37.
45. Adams HP. Moya-moya. In: Bogousslavsky J, Caplan J, eds. Uncommon Causes of Stroke. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2001: 241.