In the eight studies reported in this chapter, we focused on issues similar to those considered in the studies with preschoolers. More specifically, the aims of the studies with schoolchildren, adolescents, and young adults were to continue the examination of image acquisition as reflected in independent identification of images of Arabs, the information acquired about the Arabs, and the sources for this information. Further, we were interested in examining the changes occurring with age in these images as reflected in the content of stereotypes relating to them, the attitudes, and intentions toward them. In some of the studies we examined the influence of specific social environments or status, and finally we compared stereotypes and attitudes toward Jews and Arabs and toward other specific Arab or non-Arab national categories.
The assessment methodologies were also similar – namely, mostly assessment measures such as interviews based on photographs, rating scales, and questionnaires. However, all were adapted to the age of the responders by including more items and covering a wider spectrum of topics. In all cases the targets were addressed or rated separately, and positivity-negativity was not confounded.
The presented findings were obtained from participants covering an overall age span of 7–24. This age span included schoolchildren aged 7–11; adolescents, representing different stages, aged 11–17; and young adults aged 22–24. In most of the studies the age groups represent a year-by-year division. It is important to mention that the oldest adolescent group (16–17) represents participants who begin procedures for army recruitment.