Skip to main content Accessibility help
Southern Asia, Australia, and the Search for Human Origins
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 7
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

This is the first book to focus on the role of Southern Asia and Australia in our understanding of modern human origins and the expansion of Homo sapiens between East Africa and Australia before 30,000 years ago. With contributions from leading experts that take into account the latest archaeological evidence from India and Southeast Asia, this volume critically reviews current models of the timing and character of the spread of modern humans out of Africa. It also demonstrates that the evidence from Australasia should receive much wider and more serious consideration in its own right if we want to understand how our species achieved its global distribution. Critically examining the 'Out of Africa' model, this book emphasises the context and variability of the global evidence in the search for human origins.

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.



Abbie, A. A. 1951. The Australian Aborigine. Oceania 22, 91–100.
Abbie, A. A. 1969. The original Australians. Wellington: Reed.
Abi-Rached, L. et al. 2011. The shaping of modern human immune systems by multiregional admixture with archaic humans. Science 334, 89–94.
Abu-Amero, K. et al. 2007. Eurasian and African mitochondrial DNA influences in the Saudi Arabian population. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7, 32.
Abu-Amero, K. et al. 2008. Mitochondrial DNA structure in the Arabian Peninsula. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8, 45.
Abu-Amero, K. et al. 2009. Saudi Arabian Y-chromosome diversity and its relationship with nearby regions. BMC Genetics 10, 59.
Aczel, A. D. 2007. The Jesuit and the skull: Teilhard de Chardin, evolution, and the search for Peking Man. New York: Riverhead Books.
Adcock, G. et al. 2001. Mitochondrial DNA sequences in ancient Australians: implications for modern human origins. PNAS 98, 2, 537–542.
Aiello, L. C. 2010. Five years of Homo floresiensis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 142, 2, 167–79.
Akerman, K. 1976. Fishing with stone traps on the Dampierland Peninsula, Western Australia. Mankind 10, 3, 182.
Allchin, B., A. Goudie & K. Hedge 1978. The prehistory and palaeogeography of the Great Indian Desert. London: Academic Press.
Allen, H. 1972. Where the crow flies backwards: man and land in the Darling Basin. Unpublished PhD thesis, Australian National University, Canberra.
Allen, H. 1998. Reinterpreting the 1969–1972 Willandra Lakes archaeological surveys. Archaeology in Oceania 33, 207–220.
Allen, J. 1989. Excavations at Bone Cave, South Central Tasmania, January–February 1989. Australian Archaeology 28, 105–106.
Allen, J. 1994. Radiocarbon determinations, luminescence dating and Australian archaeology. Antiquity 68, 339–43.
Allen, J. (ed.) 1996a. Report of the Southern Forests Archaeological Project: site description, stratigraphies and chronologies. Volume 1. Melbourne: School of Archaeology, La Trobe University.
Allen, J. 1996b. Warreen Cave. In: J. Allen (ed.), Report of the Southern Forests Archaeological Project, Vol. 1: site descriptions, stratigraphies, and chronologies, Melbourne: School of Archaeology, La Trobe University, 135–168.
Allen, J. 2000. From beach to beach: the development of maritime economies in prehistoric Melanesia. In: S. O’Connor & P. Veth (eds.), East of Wallace’s Line: studies of past and present maritime culture of the Indo-Pacific region. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema, 139–176.
Allen, J. 2010. The curious history of the Talgai skull. Bulletin of the History of Archaeology 20, 4–12.
Allen, J. & S. Holdaway 1994. The contamination of Pleistocene radiocarbon determinations in Australia. Antiquity 69, 101–112.
Allen, J. & C. Gosden 1996. Spheres of interaction and integration: modelling the culture history of the Bismarck Archipelago. In: J. Davidson et al. (eds.), Oceanic culture history: essays in honour of Roger Green. Dunedin North: New Zealand Journal of Archaeology Special Publications, 183–97.
Allen, J. & J. F. O’Connell 2003. The long and the short of it: archaeological approaches to determining when humans first colonised Australia and New Guinea. Australian Archaeology 57, 5–19.
Allen, J. & J. F. O’Connell 2008. Getting from Sunda to Sahul. In: G. Clarke et al. (eds.), Islands of inquiry: colonization, seafaring and the archaeology of maritime landscapes. Canberra: ANU E Press, 31–46.
Allen, J., C. Gosden & J. P. White 1989. Human Pleistocene adaptations in the tropical island Pacific: recent evidence from New Ireland, a Greater Australian outlier. Antiquity 63, 548–561.
Allen, J. et al. 1988. Pleistocene dates for the human occupation of New Ireland, northern Melanesia. Nature 331, 707–709.
Ambrose, S. H. 2002. Small things remembered: origins of early microlithic industries in sub-Saharan Africa. Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological Association 12, 9–30.
Ambrose, S. 2010. Coevolution of composite-tool technology, constructive memory, and language. Implications for the evolution of modern human behavior. Current Anthropology 51, Supplement 1, 135–147.
Ambrose, S. H. & K. G. Lorenz 1990. Social and ecological models for the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa. In: P. Mellars (ed.), The emergence of modern humans. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 3–33.
Anderson, D. D. 1990. Lang Rongrien rockshelter: a Pleistocene, Early Holocene archaeological site from Krabi, Southwestern Thailand. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology.
Anderson, D. 2005. The use of caves in Peninsular Thailand in the Late Pleistocene and Early and Middle Holocene. Asian Perspectives 44, 1, 137–153.
Anderson, A. & S. O’Connor 2008. Indo-Pacific migration and colonization: introduction. Asian Perspectives 47, 1, 2–11.
Anderson, P. et al. 1993. Traces et fonction: les gestes retrouvés. Liège: Service de Préhistoire, Université de Liège.
Andrefsky, W. 2008. Lithic technology: measures of production, use, and curation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Andrews, J. E. et al. 1998. Do stable isotope data from calcrete record monsoonal climate variation in the Thar Desert of India?Quaternary Research 50, 240–251.
Andrews, P. W., S. W. Gangestad & D. Matthews 2002. Adaptationism – How to carry out an exaptationist program. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25, 489–553.
Anell, B. 1960. Hunting and trapping methods in Australia and Oceania. Studia Ethnographica Upsaliensia XVIII. Lund: Håkan Ohlssons Boktryckeri.
Anon. 1873. The caves of Mount Sobis. Sarawak Gazette 3, 68, 59–60.
Ansyori, M. M. 2010. Fauna from the oldest occupation layer in Song Terus Cave, Eastern Java, Indonesia: biochronological significance of Terus Layer. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle.
Anton, D. 1984. Aspects of geomorphological evolution: paleosols and dunes in Saudi Arabia. In: A. R. Jado & J. G. Zötl (eds.), Quaternary period in Saudi Arabia. II. Sedimentological, hydrogeological, hydrochemical, geomorphological, and climatological investigations of Western Saudi Arabia. Vienna: Springer, 275–296.
Antón, S. C. 2003. Natural history of Homo erectus. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 46, 126–170.
Aplin, K. P. 2006. Ten million years of rodent evolution in Australasia: phylogenetic evidence and a speculative historical biogeography. In: J. R Merrick et al. (eds.), Evolution and biogeography of Australasian vertebrates. Sydney: Auscipub Pty Ltd., 707–744.
Appenzeller, T. 2012. Eastern odyssey. Nature 485, 24–26.
Armitage, S. J. et al. 2011. The southern route ‘out of Africa’: evidence for an early expansion of modern humans into Arabia. Science 331, 453–456.
Athreya, S. 2007. Was Homo heidelbergensis in South Asia? A test using the Narmada fossil from central India. In: M. D. Petraglia & B. Allchin (eds.), The evolution and history of human populations in South Asia: inter-disciplinary studies in archaeology, biological anthropology, linguistics and genetics. Dordrecht: Springer, 137–170.
Athreya, S. 2010. South Asia as a geographic crossroad: patterns and predictions of hominin morphology in Pleistocene India. In: C. J. Norton & D. R. Braun (eds.), Asian paleoanthropology. Dordrecht: Springer, 129–141.
Atkinson, Q., R. D. Gray & A. J. Drummond 2008. mtDNA variation predicts population size in humans and reveals a major Southern Asian chapter in human prehistory. Molecular Biology and Evolution 25, 2, 468–474.
Bader, O. N. & N. O. Bader 2000. Upper Palaeolithic site Sunghir. In: T. I. Alexeeva & N. O. Bader (eds.), Homo Sungirensis. Upper Palaeolithic man. Ecological and evolutionary aspects of the investigation. Moscow: Scientific World, 21–29.
Bacon, A.-M. et al. 2006. New palaeontological assemblage, sedimentological and chronological data from the Pleistocene Ma U’Oi cave (northern Vietnam). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 230, 280–298.
Bacon, A.-M. et al. 2008. The Late Pleistocene Duoi U’Oi cave in northern Vietnam: palaeontology, sedimentology, taphonomy and palaeoenvironments. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 1627–1654.
Bahn, P. G. 1977. Seasonal migration in S. W. France during the late glacial period. Journal of Archaeological Science 4, 245–257.
Bahn, P. G. 1982. Inter-site and inter-regional links during the Upper Palaeolithic: the Pyrenean evidence. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 1, 3, 247–268.
Bailey, R. C. et al. 1989. Hunting and gathering in tropical rain forest: is it possible?American Anthropologist 91, 1, 59–82.
Balme, J. 1980. An analysis of charred bone from Devil’s Lair, Western Australia. Archaeology & Physical Anthropology in Oceania 15, 81–85.
Balme, J. 1995. 30,000 years of fishery in western New South Wales. Archaeology in Oceania 30, 1–21.
Balme, J. 2000. Excavations revealing 40,000 years of occupation at Mimbi Caves, south central Kimberley, Western Australia. Australian Archaeology 51, 1–5.
Balme, J. 2013. Of boats and string: the maritime colonisation of Australia. Quaternary International 285, 68–75.
Balme, J. & K. Morse 2006. Shell beads and social behaviour in Pleistocene Australia. Antiquity 80, 799–811.
Balme, J., D. Merrilees & J. Porter 1978. Late quaternary mammal remains, spanning about 30,000 years, from excavations in Devil’s Lair, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 61, 33–65.
Balme, J. et al. 2009. Symbolic behaviour and the peopling of the southern arc route to Australia. Quaternary International 202, 59–68.
Balter, M. 2010. Of two minds about Toba’s impact. Science 327, 5970, 1187–1188.
Ba Maw 1995. The first discovery of the early man’s fossilized maxillary bone fragment in Myanmar. East Asian Tertiary Quaternary Newsletter 16, 72–79.
Barham, L. S. 2002. Systematic pigment use in the Middle Pleistocene of South-Central Africa. Current Anthropology 43, 1, 181–190.
Barham, L. 2007. Modern is as modern does? Technological trends and thresholds in the south-central Africa record. In: P. Mellars et al. (eds.), Rethinking the human revolution. Cambridge: University Press, 165–176.
Barham, L. & P. Mitchell 2008. The first Africans. Cambridge World Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Barik, S. S. et al. 2008. Detailed mtDNA genotypes permit a reassessment of the settlement and population structure of the Andaman Islands. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 136, 1, 19–27.
Barker, G. 2005. The archaeology of foraging and farming at Niah Cave, Sarawak. Asian Perspectives 44, 1, 90–106.
Barker, G. (ed.) 2013. Rainforest foraging and farming in Southeast Asia: the archaeology of the Niah Caves, Sarawak. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.
Barker, G. et al. 2002. Prehistoric foragers and farmers in Southeast Asia: renewed investigations at Niah Cave, Sarawak. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 68, 147–64.
Barker, G. et al. 2007. The ‘human revolution’ in lowland tropical Southeast Asia: the antiquity and behavior of anatomically modern humans at Niah Cave (Sarawak, Borneo). Journal of Human Evolution 52, 243–261.
Barker, G. et al. 2011. Foraging-farming transitions at the Niah Caves, Sarawak, Borneo. Antiquity 85, 328, 492–509.
Barkow, J. H., L. Cosmides & J. Tooby 1996. The adapted mind: evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture. New York: Oxford University Press.
Barnabas, S., Y. Shouche & C. G Suresh 2006. High-Resolution mtDNA Studies of the Indian population: implications for Palaeolithic settlement of the Indian Subcontinent. Annals of Human Genetics 70, 1, 42–58.
Barnard, P. J. et al. 2007. Differentiation in cognitive and emotional meanings: an evolutionary analysis. Cognition & Emotion 21, 6, 1155–1183.
Barnard Davis, J. 1874. On the osteology and peculiarities of the Tasmanians, a race of man recently become extinct. Haarlem: De Erven Loosjes.
Barton, H. 2005. The case for rainforest foragers: the starch record at Niah Cave, Sarawak. Asian Perspectives 44, 1, 56–72.
Barton, C. M., G. A. Clark & A. E. Cohen 1994. Art as information: explaining Upper Palaeolithic art in western Europe. World Archaeology 26, 2, 185–207.
Barton, H. A. et al. 2009. Composite hunting technologies from the Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene, Niah Cave, Borneo. Journal of Archaeological Science 36, 1708–1714.
Bartstra, G.-J. 1983. Some remarks upon fossil man from Java, his age, and his tools. Bydragen to de Taal-Land-and Volkenkunde 139, 421–434.
Bartstra, G.-J. 1984. Dating the Pacitanian: some thoughts. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 69, 253–258.
Bartstra, G.-J. 1985. Sangiran, the stone implements of Ngebung, and the Palaeolithic of Java. Modern Quaternary Research in SE Asia 9, 99–113.
Bar-Yosef, O. 2002. The Upper Paleolithic revolution. Annual Review of Anthropology 31, 363–393.
Bar-Yosef, O. 2007. The dispersal of modern humans in Eurasia: a cultural interpretation. In: P. Mellars et al. (eds.), Rethinking the human revolution. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 207–218.
Bar-Yosef, O. & J. Callander 1999. The woman from Tabun: Garrod’s doubts in historical perspective. Journal of Human Evolution 37, 879–885.
Bar-Yosef, O. & S. L. Kuhn 1999. The big deal about blades. Laminar technologies and human evolution. American Anthropologist 101, 2, 322–338.
Bar-Yosef, O. et al. 1996. The dating of the Upper Palaeolithic layers in Kebara cave, Mount Carmel. Journal of Archaeological Science 23, 297–306.
Basilia, P. A. 2011. Morphological and technological analysis of the cut shell beads from Ille Cave, El Nido, Palawan. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of the Philippines, Archaeological Studies Program.
Bautista, A. & J. de Vos 2001. Archaeological exploration and excavation at Solana, Cagayan. Unpublished manuscript. National Museum Manila.
Beaton, J. M. 1983. Does intensification account for changes in the Australia Holocene archaeological record?Archaeology in Oceania 18, 94–97.
Beaton, J. M. & G. L. Walsh 1977. Che-ka-ra. Mankind 11, 46–48.
Bednarik, R. G. 1992. Palaeoart and archaeological myths. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 2, 1, 27–57.
Bednarik, R. G. 1998. Microscopic analysis of ‘engraved plaques’ and other objects from Devil’s Lair. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 81, 165–175.
Bellwood, P. S. 1979. Man’s conquest of the Pacific: the prehistory of Southeast Asia and Oceania. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bellwood, P. S. 1997. Prehistory of the Indo-Malaysian Archipelago. 2nd ed.. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.
Bellwood, P. S. 2005. First farmers. The origins of agricultural societies. Oxford: Blackwell.
Bellwood, P. S. 2010. Comment on Donahue and Denham, farming and language in Island Southeast Asia: reframing Austronesian History. Current Anthropology 51, 2, 240–241.
Bellwood, P. et al. 1998. 35,000 years of prehistory in the northern Moluccas. In: G.-J. Bartstra (ed.), Bird’s Head approaches: Irian Jaya studies, a programme for interdisciplinary research. Rotterdam: A. A. Balkema, 15, 233–275.
Bennett, E. L., A. J. Nyaoi & J. Sompud 1997. Hornbills buceros spp. and culture in northern Borneo: can they continue to co-exist?Biological Conservation 82, 1, 41–46.
Bergh, G. D. van den 1999.The Late Neogene elephantoid-bearing faunas of Indonesia and their palaeozoogeographic implications; a study of the terrestrial faunal succession of Sulawesi, Flores and Java, including evidence for early hominid dispersal east of Wallace’s Line. Scripta Geologica 117, 1–419.
Bergh, G. D. van den, J. de Vos & P. Y. Sondaar 2001. The late Quaternary palaeogeography of mammal evolution in the Indonesian Archipelago. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 171, 385–408.
Bergh, G. D. van den et al. 2009. The Liang Bua faunal remains: a 95-kyr sequence from Flores, East Indonesia. Journal of Human Evolution 57, 5, 527–537.
Bergman, C. A. & C. B. Stringer 1989. Fifty years after: Egbert, an early Upper Palaeolithic juvenile from KsarAkil, Lebanon. Paléorient 15, 99–112.
Berry, J. A. & A. W. D. Robertson 1909. Preliminary communication on fifty-three Tasmanian crania, forty-two of which are now recorded for the first time. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 22, 47–58.
Berry, J. A. & A. W. D. Robertson 1910. The place in nature of the Tasmanian Aboriginal as deduced from a study of his calvarium. Pt. I. His relations to the anthropoid apes, Pithecanthropus, Homo primigenius, Homo fossilis, and Homo sapiens. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 31, 41–69.
Berry, J. A. & A. W. D. Robertson 1914. The place in nature of the Tasmanian Aboriginal as deduced from a study of his calvarium. Pt. II. His relation to the Australian Aboriginal. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 34, 144–189.
Berry, J. A., W. D. Robertson & K. S. Cross 1910. A biometrical study of the relative degree of purity of race of the Tasmanian, Australian and Papuan. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 31, 17–40.
Bethge, P. et al. 2009. Activity patterns and sharing of time and space of platypuses, Ornithorhynchus anatinus, in a subalpine Tasmanian lake. Journal of Mammalogy 90, 6, 1350–1356.
Bettinger, R. L. 1991. Hunter-gatherers: archaeological and evolutionary theory. New York: Plenum Press.
Bettinger, R. L. & J. Eerkens 1999. Point typologies, cultural transmission, and the spread of bow-and-arrow technology in the Prehistoric Great Basin. American Antiquity 64, 231–242.
Beyer, H. O. 1947. Outline review of Philippine archaeology by islands and province. Philippine Journal of Science 77, 3–4.
Beyin, A. 2006. The Bab al Mandab vs the Nile-Levant: an appraisal of the two dispersal routes for early modern humans out of Africa. African Archaeological Review 23, 5–30.
Beyries, S. (ed.) 1988. Industries lithiques: tracéologie et technologie. BAR International Series 411. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
Bhopal, R. 2007. The beautiful skull and Blumenbach’s errors. British Medical Journal 335, 1308–1309.
Binford, L. R. 1962. Archaeology as anthropology. American Antiquity 28, 217–225.
Binford, L. 1980. Willow smoke and dogs’ tails: hunter-gatherer settlement and archaeological site formation. American Antiquity 45, 4–20.
Binford, L. R. 2001. Constructing frames of reference: an analytical method for archaeological theory building using hunter-gatherer and environmental data sets. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Binford, L. R. & J. F. O’Connell 1984. An Alyawara day: the stone quarry. Journal of Anthropological Research 40, 406–32.
Bird, M. I. et al. 2002. Radiocarbon analysis of the early archaeological site of Nauwalabila I, Arnhem Land, Australia: implications for sample suitability and stratigraphic integrity. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 1061–1075.
Bird, M. I., G. Hope & D. Taylor 2004. Populating PEP II: the dispersal of humans and agriculture through Austral-Asia and Oceania. Quaternary International 118–119, 145–163.
Bird, M., D. Taylor & C. Hunt 2005. Palaeoenvironments of insular Southeast Asia during the last glacial period: a savanna corridor in Sundaland?Quaternary Science Reviews 24, 2228–2242.
Bird, M. et al. 2007. A long record of environmental change from bat guano deposits in Makangit Cave, Palawan, Philippines. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 98, 59–69.
Birdsell, J. B. 1949. The racial origin of the extinct Tasmanians. Records of the Queen Victoria Museum, Launceston 2, 105–122.
Birdsell, J. B. 1967. Preliminary data on the trihybrid origin of the Australian Aborigines. Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania 2, 100–155.
Birdsell, J. B. 1977. The recalibration of a paradigm for the first peopling of greater Australia. In: J. Allen, J. Golson & R. Jones (eds.), Sunda and Sahul: prehistoric studies in Southeast Asia, Melanesia and Australia. London: Academic Press, 113–167.
Black, D. 1925. Asia and the dispersal of primates. Bulletin of the Geological Society of China 4, 133–183.
Blake, B. J. 1988. Redefining Pama-Nyungan: towards a prehistory of Australian languages. Aboriginal Linguistics 1,1–90.
Blasco, R. 2008. Human consumption of tortoises at Level IV of Bolomor Cave (Valencia, Spain). Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 2839–2848.
Blasco, R. & J. Férnandez Peris 2009. Middle Pleistocene bird consumption at Level XI of Bolomor Cave (Valencia, Spain). Journal of Archaeological Sciences 36, 2213–2223.
Bliege Bird, R. & D. W. Bird 2008. Why women hunt: risk and contemporary foraging in a Western Desert Aboriginal community. Current Anthropology 49, 4, 655–693.
Boëda, E. 1995. Levallois: a volumetric construction, methods, a technique. In: H. Dibble & O. Bar-Yosef (eds.), The definition and interpretation of Levallois technology. Madison, Wisc.: Prehistory Press, 41–69.
Boëda, E. et al. 1999. A Levallois point embedded in the vertebra of a wild ass (Equus africanus): hafting, projectiles and Mousterian hunting weapons. Antiquity 73, 280, 394–402.
Boivin, N. et al. 2013. Human dispersal across diverse environments of Asia during the Upper Pleistocene. Quaternary International 300, 32–47.
Bondoc, N. H. 1979. A re-investigation of the Espinosa archaeological sites: Cagayan and Kalinga-Apayao. Manila: National Museum of the Philippines.
Boswell, P. G. H. 1935. Human remains from Kanam and Kanjera, Kenya Colony. Nature 135, 371.
Bourke, R. M. & B. Allen 2009. Village food production systems. In: R. M. Bourke & T. Harwood (eds.), Food and agriculture in New Guinea. Canberra: ANU E Press, 193–259.
Bouzouggar, A. et al. 2007. 82,000-year-old shell beads from North Africa and implications for the origins of modern human behavior. PNAS 104, 9964–9969.
Bowdler, S. 1977. The coastal colonisation of Australia. In: J. Allen et al. (eds.), Sunda and Sahul: prehistoric studies in Southeast Asia, Melanesia and Australia. London: Academic Press, 205–246.
Bowdler, S. 1984. Hunter Hill, Hunter Island. Canberra: ANU.
Bowdler, S. 1990. Peopling Australasia: the ‘coastal colonisation’ hypothesis reconsidered. In: P. Mellars (ed.), The emergence of modern humans: an archaeological perspective. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 327–343.
Bowdler, S. 1992. Homo sapiens in Southeast Asia and the Antipodes: archaeological versus biological interpretations. In: T. Akazawa et al. (eds.), The evolution and dispersal of modern humans in Asia. Tokyo: Hokusen-Sha, 560–589.
Bowdler, S. 1993. Views of the past in Australian prehistory. In: M. Spriggs et al. (eds.), A community of culture: the people and prehistory of the Pacific. Canberra: ANU, 123–138.
Bowler, J. M. 1998. Willandra Lakes revisited: environmental framework for human occupation. Archaeology in Oceania 33, 3, 120–155.
Bowler, J. M. & A. G. Thorne 1976. Human remains from Lake Mungo: discovery and excavation of Lake Mungo III. In: R. L. Kirk & A. G. Thorne (eds.), The origins of the Australians. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, 127–138.
Bowler, J. M. & D. M. Price 1998. Luminescence dates and stratigraphic analyses at Lake Mungo: review and new perspectives. Archaeology in Oceania 33, 156–168.
Bowler, J. M. & J. W. Magee 2000. Redating Australia’s oldest human remains: a sceptic’s view. Journal of Human Evolution 38, 719–726.
Bowler, J. M. et al. 1970. Pleistocene human remains from Australia: a living site and cremation from Lake Mungo, New South Wales. World Archaeology 2, 39–60.
Bowler, J. M. et al. 2003. New ages for human occupation and climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia. Nature 421, 837–840.
Bowman, D. M. J. S & S. G. Haberle 2010. Paradise burnt: how colonizing humans transform landscapes with fire. PNAS 107, 50, 21234–21235.
Boyd, R. & P. Richerson 1985. Culture and the evolutionary process. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Brady, D. 2005. Australian Aboriginal body scarification and drainage basins. Armidale: University of New England.
Brain, C. K. 1981. The hunters or the hunted: an introduction to African cave taphonomy. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Brandt, S. A. & N. Carder 1987. Pastoral rock art in the Horn of Africa: making sense of udder chaos. World Archaeology 19, 194–213.
Brantingham, P. J., S. L. Kuhn & K. W. Kerry 2004. The Early Upper Palaeolithic beyond Western Europe. London: University of California Press.
Bräuer, G., M. Collard & C. Stringer 2004.On the reliability of recent tests of the Out of Africa hypothesis for modern human origins. The Anatomical Record Part A 279A, 701–707.
Breuil, H. & L. Kozlowski 1931. Étude de stratigraphie paléolithique dans le nord de la France, la Bélgique et 1’Angleterre – la vallée de la Somme. L’Anthropologie 41, 449–488.
Bricker, H. M. 2007. Hallam Leonard Movius Jr. 1907–1987: a biographical memoir. Washington, D. C.: National Academy of Sciences.
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51, 337–360.
Brooks, A. S. et al. 2006. Projectile technologies of the African MSA: implications for modern human origins. In: E. Hovers and S. L. Kuhn (eds.), Evolution and stability in the Middle Palaeolithic and Middle Stone Age. New York: Springer, 233–256.
Brosius, J. P. 1991. Foraging in tropical rain forests: the case of the Penan of Sarawak, East Malaysia (Borneo). Human Ecology 19, 2, 123–150.
Brothwell, D. R. 1960. Upper Pleistocene human skull from Niah caves, Sarawak. Sarawak Museums Journal (new series) 15–16, 323–349.
Brown, P. 1981. Artificial cranial deformation: a component in the variation in Pleistocene Australian Aboriginal crania. Archaeology in Oceania 16, 156–167.
Brown, P. 1987a. Pleistocene homogeneity and Holocene size reduction: the Australian human skeletal evidence. Archaeology in Oceania 22, 41–71.
Brown, S. 1987b. Toward a prehistory of the Hamersley Plateau, Northwest Australia. Canberra: ANU.
Brown, P. 1989. Coobool Creek: a morphological and metrical analysis of the crania, mandibles and dentitions of a prehistoric Australian human population. Terra Australis 13. Canberra: Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University.
Brown, P. 1992. Recent human evolution in East Asia and Australasia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 337, 235–242.
Brown, S. 1993. Mannalargenna Cave: a Pleistocene site in Bass Strait. In: M. Smith et al. (eds.), Sahul in review. Canberra: ANU, 258–271.
Brown, P. 1994. A flawed vision: sex and robusticity on King Island. Australian Archaeology, 38, 1–7.
Brown, P. 1997. Australian palaeoanthropology. In: F. Spencer (ed.), History of physical anthropology: an encyclopaedia. New York: Garland Publishing, 138–145.
Brown, P. 1999. The first modern East Asians? Another look at Upper Cave 101, Liujiang and Minatogawa 1. In: K. Omoto (ed.), Interdisciplinary perspectives on the origins of the Japanese. Kyoto: International Research Center for Japanese Studies, 105–130.
Brown, P. 2000. Australian Pleistocene variation and the sex of Lake Mungo 3. Journal of Human Evolution 38, 743–749.
Brown, P. 2010. Nacurrie 1: mark of ancient Java, or a caring mother’s hands, in terminal Pleistocene Australia?Journal of Human Evolution 59, 168–187.
Brown, P. et al. 2004. A new small bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia. Nature 431, 1055–1061.
Brown, K. S. et al. 2009. Fire as an engineering tool of early modern humans. Science 325, 859–862.
Brumm, A. & M. W. Moore 2005. Symbolic revolutions and the Australian archaeological record. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 15, 157–175.
Brumm, A. et al. 2006. Early stone technology on Flores and its implications for Homo floresiensis. Nature 441, 624–28.
Brumm, A. et al. 2010. Evidence for hominins on Flores, Indonesia, by more than one million years ago. Nature 464, 748–752.
Büchner, L. W. G. 1912a. An investigation of fifty-two Tasmanian crania by Klaatsch’s craniotrigonometrical methods. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 25, 122–134.
Büchner, L. W. G. 1912b. A study of the prognathism of the Australian Aboriginal. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 25, 135–150.
Büchner, L. W. G. 1914. A study of the curvature of the Tasmanian Aboriginal crania. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 34, 128–143.
Bulbeck, D. 1982. A re-evaluation of possible evolutionary processes in Southeast Asia since the late Pleistocene. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 3, 1–21.
Bulbeck, D. 2007. Where river meets sea. A parsimonious model for Homo sapiens colonization of the Indian Ocean Rim and Sahul. Current Anthropology 48, 2, 315–321.
Büller, J. 1988. Handling, hafting and ochre stains. In: S. Beyries (ed.), Industries lithiques: traceologie et technologie. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 5–46.
Burke, A. 2004. The ecology of Neanderthals: preface. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 14, 155–161.
Busk, G. 1879–1880. Note on the collection of bones from caves in Borneo, referred to in Mr. Everett’s report on the ‘Exploration of the Bornean Caves in 1878–9’. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 30, 319–321.
Cabrera, V. et al. 2009. The Arabian peninsula: gate for human migrations out of Africa or cul-de-sac? A mitochondrial DNA phylogeographic perspective. In: M. D. Petraglia & J. I. Rose (eds.), The evolution of human populations in Arabia. Dordrecht: Springer, 79–87.
Cadenas, A. M. et al. 2008. Y-chromosome diversity characterizes the Gulf of Oman. European Journal of Human Genetics 16, 374–386.
Cahen, D., L. H. Keeley & F. van Noten 1979. Stone tools, toolkits and human behavior in prehistory. Current Anthropology 20, 4, 661–682.
Cain, J. 2009. Introduction. In J. Cain and S. Messenger (eds.), Charles Darwin: the expression of the emotions in man and animals. London: Penguin Books, xi–xxxiv.
Calaby, J. 1983. Red-necked wallaby. In R. Strahan (ed.), The Australian Museum complete book of Australian mammals. Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 239–241.
Cameron, D., R. Patnaik & A. Sahni 2004. The phylogenetic significance of the Middle Pleistocene Narmada cranium from Central India. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 14, 419–447.
Campbell, J. B. 2000. The Chillagoe and Laura Laser-AMS dating project. In: G. K. Ward & C. Tuniz (eds.), Advances in dating Australian rock-markings: papers from the First Australian Rock-Picture Dating Workshop. Melbourne: Australian Rock Art Research Association, 80–83.
Campbell, J. B. & M. Mardaga-Campbell 1993. From Micro- to Nano-stratigraphy. Linking vertical and horizontal dating of archaeological deposits with the direct dating of rock art at ‘The Walkunders’, Chillagoe (north Queensland, Australia). In: J. Steinbring et al. (eds.), Time and space: dating and spatial considerations in rock art research. Melbourne: Australian Rock Art Research Association, 57–63.
Campbell, J. et al. 1996. Dating of rock surface accretions with Aboriginal paintings and engravings in North Queensland. In: S. Ulm et al. (eds.), Australian archaeology ’95: proceedings of the 1995 Australian Archaeological Association Annual Conference. St Lucia: Anthropology Museum, University of Queensland, 231–239.
Campo, E. van 1986. Monsoon fluctuations in two 20,000-Yr B.P. oxygen-isotope/pollen records off Southwest India. Quaternary Research 26, 376–388.
Cane, S. 2001. The Great Flood: eustatic change and cultural change in Australia during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. In: A. Anderson et al. (eds.), Histories of old ages: essays in honour of Rhys Jones. Canberra: Pandanus Books, ANU, 141–165.
Cann, R. L. 2001. Genetic clues to dispersal in human populations: retracing the past from the present. Science 291, 1742–1748.
Cann, R. L., M. Stoneking & A. C. Wilson 1987. Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution. Nature 325, 31–36.
Carlos, J. 2010. AMS radiocarbon dating of Canarium hirsutum nuts from Ille. Test Pit 17, 8.
Castel, J.-C. et al. 2002. Solutrean animal resource exploitation at Combe Saunière (Dordogne, France). In: M. Maltby (ed.), Integrating zooarchaeology. Oxford: Oxbow, 138–152.
Caton-Thompson, G. & F. W. Gardner 1934. The Desert Faiyum. London: Royal Anthropological Institute.
Černý, V. et al. 2008. Regional differences in the distribution of sub-Saharan, West Eurasian and south Asian mtDNA lineages in Yemen. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 136, 128–137.
Černý, V. et al. 2011. Internal diversification of Mitochondrial Haplogroup R0a reveals post-Last Glacial Maximum demographic expansions in south Arabia. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28, 71–78.
Chalmers, A. F. 1976. What is this thing called science? An assessment of the nature and status of science and its methods. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press.
Chaloupka, G. 1993. Journey in time: the world’s longest continuing art tradition. Sydney: Reed.
Chandrasekar, A. et al. 2009. Updating phylogeny of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup M in India: dispersal of Modern Human in South Asian Corridor. PLoS ONE 4, 10, e7447.
Chappell, J. 1974. Geology of coral terraces, Huon Peninsula, New Guinea: a study of Quaternary tectonic movements and sea-level changes. Geological Society of America Bulletin 85, 553–570.
Chappell, J. 1993. Late Pleistocene coasts and human migrations in the Austral region. In: M. Spriggs et al. (eds.), A community of culture: the people and prehistory of the Pacific. Canberra: ANU, 43–48.
Chappell, J. 2002. Sea level changes forced ice breakouts in the last glacial cycle: new results from coral terraces. Quaternary Science Reviews 21, 1229–1240.
Chappell, J., J. Head & J. Magee 1996. Beyond the radiocarbon limit in Australian archaeology and Quaternary research. Antiquity 70, 543–552.
Chappell, J. et al. 1996. Reconciliation of late Quaternary sea levels derived from coral terraces at Huon Peninsula with deep sea oxygen isotope records. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 141, 227–236.
Chardin, T. de. 1941. Early man in China. Institut de Géo-Biologie, Pékin, 1–100.
Charoenwongsa, P. 1988. The current status of prehistoric research in Thailand. In: P. Charoenwongsa & B. Bronson (eds.), Prehistoric studies: the Stone and Metal Ages in Thailand. Bangkok: Thai Antiquity Working Group, 17–42.
Chase, P. G. & H. L. Dibble 1987. Middle Paleolithic symbolism: A review of current evidence and interpretations. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6, 263–296.
Chauhan, P. 2009. The Lower Paleolithic of the Indian subcontinent. Evolutionary Anthropology 18, 2, 62–78.
Chazine, J.-M. 2005. Rock art, burials, and habitations: caves in East Kalimantan. Asian Perspectives 44, 1, 219–230.
Ciochon, R. 2009. The mystery ape of Pleistocene Asia. Nature 459, 910–911.
Ciochon, R. et al. 1996. Dated co-occurrence of Homo erectus and Gigantopithecus from Tham Khuyen Cave, Vietnam. PNAS 93, 7, 3016–3020.
Clark, J. D. 1958. The natural fracture of pebbles from the Batoka Gorge, Northern Rhodesia. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 24, 64–77.
Clark, J. G. D. 1968. Australian stone age. In: K. Jazdzewski (ed.), Liber Iosepho Kostrzewski octogenario a veneratoribus dicatus. Warsaw: Ossolineum, Polish Academy of Sciences, 17–28.
Clark, J. G. D. 1969. World prehistory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clark, J. D. 1988. The Middle Stone Age of East Africa and the beginnings of regional identity. Journal of World Prehistory 2, 235–305.
Clark, G. A. & C. M. Willermet (eds.) 1997. Conceptual issues in modern human origins research. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Clark, J. D. et al. 1984. A Middle Stone Age occupation site at Porc Epic Cave, Dire Dawa (East-Central Ethiopia). African Archaeological Review 2, 37–71.
Clark, J. D. et al. 2003. Stratigraphic, chronological and behavioural contexts of Pleistocene Homo sapiens from Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Nature 423, 747–751.
Clarke, S. J. et al. 2007. The geochronological potential of isoleucine epimerisation in cassowary and megapode eggshells from archaeological sites. Journal of Archaeological Science 34, 1051–1063.
Clark, P. U. et al. 2009. The last glacial maximum. Science 325, 710–714.
Clarkson, C. 2010. Regional diversity within the core technology of the Howiesons Poort Techno-Complex. In: S. Lycett & P. Chauhan (eds.), New perspectives on old stones: analytical approaches to Palaeolithic technologies. New York: Springer, 43–60.
Clarkson, C. & S. O’Connor 2006. An introduction to stone artifact analysis. In: J. Balme and A. Paterson (eds.), Archaeology in practice: a student guide to archaeological analyses. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 159–206.
Clarkson, C., S. Jones & C. Harris 2012. Continuity and change in the lithic industries of the Jurreru Valley, India, before and after the Toba eruption. Quaternary International 258, 165–179.
Clarkson, C. et al. 2009. The oldest and longest enduring microlithic sequence in India: 35 000 years of modern human occupation and change at the Jwalapuram Locality 9 rockshelter. Antiquity 83, 320, 326–348.
Clarkson, C. et al. submitted. On the stoney trail of modern humans: new phylogenetic evidence for the colonization of Eurasia and Oceania.
Clason, A. T. 1976. A preliminary note about the animal remains from Leang I Cave, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia 2, 53–67.
CLIMANZ 1983. Proceedings of the First Climanz Conference: a symposium of results and discussion concerned with Late Quaternary climatic history of Australia, New Zealand and surrounding seas. Canberra: ANU.
Clottes, J. 2008. Cave art. London: Phaidon Press.
Colani, M. 1927. L’âge de la pierre dans la province de Hoa Binh, Tonkin. Hanoi: Imprimé dExtrême-Orient.
Colbert, E. H. 1943. Pleistocene vertebrates collected in Burma by the American Southeast Asiatic expedition for early man. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 32, 395–428.
Cole, F. 2012. Communities of the dead. Practice as an indicator of group identity in the Neolithic and Metal Age Burial Caves at Niah North Borneo. Unpublished PhD, University of Cambridge, Cambridge.
Cole, N. & A. Watchman 2005. AMS dating of rock art in the Laura region, Cape York Peninsula, Australia – protocols and results of recent research. Antiquity 79, 661–678.
Cole, N., A. Watchman & M. J. Morwood 1995. Chronology of Laura rock art. In: M. J. Morwood & D. R. Hobbs (eds.), Quinkan prehistory: the archaeology of Aboriginal art in S. E. Cape York Peninsula, Australia. St. Lucia: University of Queensland, 147–159.
Colhoun, E. A. 2000. Vegetation and climate change during the Last Interglacial–Glacial cycle in western Tasmania, Australia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 155, 195–209.
Collard, M. & N. Franchino 2002. Pairwise difference analysis in modern human origins research. Journal of Human Evolution 43, 323–352.
Collard, M. et al. 2010. Spatiotemporal dynamics of the Clovis-Folsom transition. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 10, 2513–2519.
Collings, H. D. 1938. Pleistocene site in the Malay Peninsula. Nature 142, 575–576.
Coolidge, F. L. & T. Wynn 2009. The rise of Homo sapiens. The evolution of modern thinking. Oxford: Blackwell.
Conard, N. J. 2008. A critical view of the evidence for a southern African origin of behavioural modernity. South African Archaeological Society, Goodwin Series 10, 175–179.
Conard, N. J. & J. Richter (eds.) 2011. Neanderthal lifeways, subsistence and technology: one hundred and fifty years of Neanderthal study. Dordrecht: Springer.
Conkey, M. W. 1978. Style and information in cultural evolution: toward a predictive model for the Paleolithic. In: C. L. Redman et al. (eds.), Social archaeology. New York: Academic Press, 61–85.
Conkey, M. 1980. The identification of prehistoric hunter-gatherer aggregation sites: the case of Altamira. Current Anthropology 21, 609–630.
Conkey, M. W. 1982. Boundedness in art and society. In: I. Hodder (ed.), Symbolic and structural archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 115–128.
Cook, J. 1784. A voyage to the Pacific Ocean. Undertaken, by the command of His Majesty, for making discoveries in the northern hemisphere. Vol. 1. London: G. Nicol and T. Cadell.
Coon, C. 1962. The Origin of Races. New York: Knopf.
Coppens, Y. et al. 2008. Discovery of an archaic Homo sapiens skullcap in Northeast Mongolia. Comptes Rendus Palévolution 7, 51–60.
Corbey, R. & W. Roebroeks 1999. Periodization and double standards in the study of the Palaeolithic. Analecta praehistorica Leidensia 31, 77–86.
Cosgrove, R. 1993. Hunters on the edge of the Tasmanian ice. In: G. Burenhult et al. (eds.), The first humans. Human origins and history to 10,000 BC. St Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 166–167.
Cosgrove, R. 1995a. The illusion of riches: scale, resolution and explanation in Tasmanian Pleistocene human behaviour. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
Cosgrove, R. 1995b. Late Pleistocene behavioural variation and time trends: the case from Tasmania. Archaeology in Oceania 30, 83–104.
Cosgrove, R. 1997. Tasmanian Aborigines through the last Ice Age. In: E. K. Webb (ed.), Windows on meteorology. Australian perspective. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing, 46–58.
Cosgrove, R. 1999. Forty-two degrees south. The archaeology of late Pleistocene Tasmania. Journal of World Prehistory 13, 4, 357–402.
Cosgrove, R. 2000. Lithic raw material distribution in Tasmania. In: A. Anderson & T. Murray (eds.), Australian archaeologist: collected papers in honour of Jim Allen. Canberra: Coombs Academic Publishing, ANU, 187–200.
Cosgrove, R. 2004. Ice-age hunters of Tasmania. Nature Australia 28, 3, 59–63.
Cosgrove, R. 2006. The archaeology of global expansion 300,000–8,000 years ago: the archaeology of late Pleistocene Australia and the Pacific. In: S. L. Elias (ed.), Encyclopaedia of Quaternary sciences. Oxford/Amsterdam: Elsevier, 118–129.
Cosgrove, R. & R. Jones 1989. Judds Cavern: a subterranean Aboriginal painting site, southern Tasmania. Rock Art Research 6, 96–104.
Cosgrove, R. & J. Allen 2001. Prey choice and hunting strategies in the Late Pleistocene: evidence from southwest Tasmania. In: A. Anderson et al. (eds.), Histories of old ages: essays in honour of Rhys Jones. Canberra: Pandanus Books, ANU, 397–429.
Cosgrove, R. & A. Pike-Tay 2004. The Middle Palaeolithic and late Pleistocene Tasmania hunting behaviour: a reconsideration of the attributes of modern human behaviour. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 14, 321–332.
Cosgrove, R., J. Allen & B. Marshall 1990. Palaeoecology and Pleistocene human occupation in south central Tasmania. Antiquity 64, 242, 59–78.
Cosgrove, R. et al. 2010. Overdone overkill – the archaeological perspective on Tasmanian megafaunal extinctions. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 2486–2503.
Costa, A. G. 2012. Were there stone-tipped armatures in the South Asia Middle Paleolithic?Quaternary International 269, 22–30.
Cranbrook, Earl of 2000. Northern Borneo environments of the past 40,000 years: archaeological evidence. Sarawak Museum Journal 76, 61–110.
Cranbrook, Earl of 2010. Late Quaternary turnover in mammals in Borneo: the zooarchaeological record. Biodiversity Conservation 19, 373–391.
Cranbrook, Earl of & P. J. Piper 2007a. Sarawak through the ice ages to the present time: environmental change and human impacts on the past and present distribution of mammals. In: R. B. Stuebing et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Regional Conference: biodiversity conservation in tropical planted forests in South East Asia. Kuching: Forest Department, Sarawak Forest Corporation & Grand Perfect Sdn. Bhd., 75–92.
Cranbrook, Earl of & P. J. Piper 2007b. The Javan rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus in Borneo. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 55, 1, 229–232.
Crassard, R. 2007. Apport de la technologie lithique à la definition de la préhistoire du Hadramawt, dans le context du Yémen et de l’Arabie du Sud. Unpublished PhD thesis, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris.
Crassard, R. 2008. La préhistoire du Yémen: diffusions et diversités locales, à travers l’étude d’industries lithiques du Hadramawt. Oxford: Archaeopress.
Crassard, R. 2009. The Middle Paleolithic of Arabia: the view from the Hadramawt Region, Yemen. In: M. D. Petraglia & J. I. Rose (eds.), The evolution of human populations in Arabia: paleoenvironments, prehistory and genetics. Dordrecht: Springer, 151–168.
Crassard, R. & C. Thiébaut 2011. Levallois points production from eastern Yemen and some comparisons with assemblages from East-Africa, Europe and the Levant. In: J. M. Le Tensorer et al. (eds.), The Lower and Middle Palaeolithic in the Middle East and neighbouring regions. Liège: Université de Liège, 131–142.
Cremaschi, M., S. Di Lernia & E. A. A. Garcea 1998. Some insights on the Aterian in the Libyan Sahara: chronology, environment, and archaeology. African Archaeological Review 15, 261–286.
Crowe, I. 2000. The quest for food – its role in human evolution and migration. Stroud and Charleston, S.C.: Tempus Publishing.
Cruciani, F. et al. 2011. A revised root for the human Y chromosomal phylogenetic tree: the origin of patrilineal diversity in Africa. American Journal of Human Genetics 88, 814–818.
Cucchi, T., K. Dobney & M. Fujita 2009. New insights into pig taxonomy, domestication and human dispersal in Island South East Asia through molar shape analysis: the Sus remains from Niah, and Lobang Kudih caves in Sarawak. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19, 4, 508–530.
Curnoe, D. 2011. A 150-year conundrum: cranial robusticity and its bearing on the origin of Aboriginal Australians. International Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 18 pages, doi:10.4061/2011/632484.
Curnoe, D. & A. Thorne 2006. The question of cranial robusticity. Before Farming 2, 1–13.
Curnoe, D. et al. 2012. Human remains from the Pleistocene-Holocene transition of Southwest China suggest a complex evolutionary history for East Asians. PLoS One 7, e31918.
Daniau, A. L., S. P. Harrison & P. J. Bartlein 2009. Fire regimes during the Last Glacial. Quaternary Science Reviews 29, 21–22, 2918–2930.
Darwin, C. 1839. Journal and remarks. 1832–1836. In: R. Fitz-Roy, Narrative of the surveying voyages of His Majesty’s Ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836… Volume III. London: Henry Colburn.
Darwin, C. 1859. On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. London: John Murray.
Darwin, C. 1871. The descent of man. Reprinted 1998. Amherst: Prometheus Books.
Darwin, C. 2004. The descent of man, and selection in relation to sex. London: Penguin Classics.
Darwin, J. A. 2007. After Tamerlane: the rise and fall of global empires, 1400–2000. London: Penguin.
David, B. 1991. Fern Cave, rock art and social formations: rock art regionalisation and demographic models in southeastern Cape York Peninsula. Archaeology in Oceania 26, 41–57.
David, B. 1993. Nurrabullgin Cave preliminary results from a pre-37,000 year old rockshelter, north Queensland. Archaeology in Oceania 28, 50–54.
David, B. 2002. Landscapes, rock-art and the dreaming. An archaeology of preunderstanding. London: Leicester University Press.
David, B. 2006. Archaeology and the dreaming: toward an archaeology of ontology. In: I. Lilley (ed.), Archaeology of Oceania: Australia and the Pacific Islands. Carlton: Blackwell Publishing, 48–68.
David, B. et al. 1997. New optical and radiocarbon dates from Ngarrabuligan Cave, a Pleistocene archaeological site in Australia: implications for the comparability of time clocks and for the human colonization of Australia. Antiquity 71, 183–87.
David, B. et al. 2011. Nawarla Gabarnmang, a 45,180±910 Cal Bp site in Jawoyn Country, Southwest Arnhem Land Plateau. Australian Archaeology 73, 73–77.
David, B. et al. 2013. How old are Australia’s pictographs? A review of rock art dating. Journal of Archaeological Science 40, 1, 3–10.
Davidson, D. S. 1930. Australian spear-thrower traits and their derivation. Journal of the Polynesian Society 43, 41–72.
Davidson, D. S. 1933. Australian netting and basketry techniques. Journal of the Polynesian Society 42, 257–99.
Davidson, D. S. 1934. Australian spear traits and their derivations. Journal of the Polynesian Society 43, 41–72, 143–162.
Davidson, D. S. 1935. The chronology of Australian watercraft. Journal of the Polynesian Society 44, 1–16, 69–84, 137–152, 192–207.
Davidson, D. S. 1936a. Aboriginal Australian and Tasmanian rock carvings and paintings. American Philosophical Society Memoirs 5, 1–151.
Davidson, D. S. 1936b. Australian throwing-sticks, throwing-clubs, and boomerangs. American Anthropologist 38, 1, 76–100.
Davidson, D. S. 1937. A preliminary consideration of Aboriginal Australian decorative art. American Philosophical Society Memoirs 9.
Davidson, D. S. 1947. Footwear of the Australian Aborigines: environmental vs cultural determinism. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 3, 2, 114–123.
Davidson, D. S. 1948. Disposal of the dead in Western Australia. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 93, 1, 71–97.
Davidson, I. 1990. Prehistoric Australian demography. In: B. Meehan & N. White (eds.), Hunter-gatherer demography: past and present. Sydney: Oceania Monographs, 41–58.
Davidson, I. 1999. First people becoming Australian. Anthropologie 37, 1, 125–141.
Davidson, I. 2001. The requirements for human colonisation of Australia. In: I. Metcalfe et al. (eds.), Faunal and floral migration and evolution in SE Asia-Australia. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger, 399–408.
Davidson, I. 2002. The ‘finished artefact fallacy’: Acheulean handaxes and language origins. In: A. Wray (ed.), Transitions to language. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 180–203.
Davidson, I. 2003. ‘Part and parcel’ – Blade industries and modern human behaviour. Australian Archaeology 57, 54–63.
Davidson, I. 2007a. ‘As large as you need and as small as you can’ – Implications of the brain size of Homo floresiensis. In: A. Schalley & D. Khlentzos (eds.), Mental states: evolution, function, nature. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 35–42.
Davidson, I. 2007b. Tasmanian Aborigines and the origins of language. In: J. Mulvaney & H. Tyndale-Biscoe (eds.), Rediscovering Recherche Bay. Canberra: Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia, 69–85.
Davidson, I. 2009. Comment on Bar-Yosef and Van Peer. Current Anthropology 50, 1, 119–120.
Davidson, I. 2010a. The archaeology of cognitive evolution. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science 1, 2, 214–229.
Davidson, I. 2010b. Australian archaeology as a historical science. Journal of Australian Studies 34, 3, 377–398.
Davidson, I. 2010c. The colonization of Australia and its adjacent islands and the evolution of modern cognition. Current Anthropology 51, s1, s177-s189.
Davidson, I. 2012. Four questions about foraging models and the process of colonisation. Australian Archaeology 74, 19–20.
Davidson, I. 2013. Peopling the last new worlds: the first colonization of Sahul and the Americas. Quaternary International 285, 1–29.
Davidson, I. in press. Hunter-gatherers in Australia: deep histories of continuity and change. In: V. Cummings et al. (eds.), Oxford handbook of the archaeology and anthropology of hunter-gatherers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Davidson, I. & W. Noble 1989. The archaeology of perception: traces of depiction and language. Current Anthropology 30, 2, 125–55.
Davidson, I. & W. Noble 1992. Why the first colonization of the Australian region is the earliest evidence of modern human behaviour. Archaeology in Oceania 27, 135–142.
Davidson, I. et al. 2005. Archaeology in another country: exchange and symbols in North West Central Queensland. In: I. Macfarlane et al. (eds.), Many exchanges: archaeology, history, community and the work of Isabel Mcbryde. Canberra: Aboriginal History Inc., 101–128.
Deacon, H. J. 1989. Late Pleistocene palaeoecology and archaeology in the southern Cape, South Africa. In: P. Mellars & C. B. Stringer (eds.), The human revolution: behavioural and biological perspectives on the origins of modern humans. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 547–564.
Deacon, H. J. 2000. Modern human emergence: an African archaeological perspective. In: P. V. Tobias et al. (eds.), Humanity from African naissance to coming millennia. Florence: Florence University Press, 217–226.
Deacon, H. & J. Deacon 1999. Human beginnings in South Africa. Cape Town: David Philip Publishers.
Delagnes, A. & L. Meignen 2006. Diversity of lithic production systems during the Middle Paleolithic in France. Are there any chronological trends? In: E. Hovers & S. L. Kuhn (eds.), Transitions before the transition. Evolution and stability in the Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age. New York: Springer, 85–107.
Delagnes, A. et al. 2012. Inland human settlement in southern Arabia 55,000 years ago. New evidence from the Wadi Surdud Middle Paleolithic site complex, western Yemen. Journal of Human evolution 63, 452–474.
Delagnes, A. et al. in press. The Middle Paleolithic assemblage of Shi’batDihya 1 (Wadi Surdud site complex, Yemen). Journal of Human Evolution.
Demeter, F. et al. 2004. An archaic Homo molar from northern Vietnam. Current Anthropology 45, 4, 535–541.
Demeter, F. et al. 2005. Discovery of a second human molar and cranium fragment in the late Middle to Late Pleistocene cave of Ma U’Oi (Northern Vietnam). Journal of Human Evolution 48, 393–402.
Demeter, F. et al. 2012. Anatomically modern human in Southeast Asia (Laos) by 46 ka. PNAS 109, 36, 14375–14380.
Denham, T. & H. Barton 2006. The emergence of agriculture in New Guinea: continuity from pre-existing foraging practices. In: D. J. Kennett & B. Winterhalder (eds.), Behavioral ecology and transition to agriculture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 237–264.
Denham, T., R. Fullagar & L. Head 2009. Plant exploitation on Sahul: from colonisation to the emergence of regional specialisation during the Holocene. Quaternary International 202, 1–2, 29–40.
Dennell, R. W. 1990. Progressive gradualism, imperialism, and academic fashion: Lower Palaeolithic archaeology in the twentieth century. Antiquity 64, 549–558.
Dennell, R. W. 1995. The early stone age of Pakistan: a methodological review. Man and Environment: 20, 1, 21–28.
Dennell, R. W. 2001. From Sangiran to Olduvai, 1937–1960: the quest for ‘centres’ of hominid origins in Asia and Africa. In: R. Corbey & W. Roebroeks (eds.), Studying human origins: disciplinary history and epistemology. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 45–66.
Dennell, R. W. 2009. The Palaeolithic settlement of Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dennell, R. W. 2010. Early Homo sapiens in China. Nature 468, 512–513.
Dennell, R. W. 2013. Hominins, deserts, and the colonisation and settlement of continental Asia. Quaternary International 300, 13–21.
Dennell, R. W. & H. Rendell 1991. De Terra and Paterson, and the Soan flake industry: a perspective from the Soan Valley, Pakistan. Man and Environment 16, 2, 91–99.
Dennell, R. W. & M. D. Petraglia 2012. The dispersal of Homo sapiens across southern Asia: how early, how often, how complex?Quaternary Science Reviews 47, 15–22.
Dennell, R. W. et al. 1992. A 45,000-year-old open-Palaeolithic site at Riwat, northern Pakistan. Journal of Field Archaeology 19, 1, 17–33.
Dennell, R. W. et al. 2011. Hominin variability, climatic instability and population demography in Middle Pleistocene Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 30, 1511–1524.
Deraniyagala, S. U. 1992. The prehistory of Sri Lanka: an ecological perspective. Colombo: Department of Archaeological Survey, Government of Sri Lanka.
d’Errico, F. 2003. The invisible frontier. A multiple species model for the origin of behavioral modernity. Evolutionary Anthropology 12, 4, 188–202.
d’Errico, F. 2008. Le rouge et le noir: implications of early pigment use in Africa, the Near East and Europe for the origin of cultural modernity. South African Archaeological Society Goodwin Series 10, 168–174.
d’Errico, F. & C. S. Henshilwood 2007. Additional evidence for bone technology in the southern African Middle Stone Age. Journal of Human Evolution 52, 2, 142–163.
d’Errico, F. & M. Vanhaeren 2007. Evolution or revolution? New evidence for the origin of symbolic behaviour. In: P. Mellars et al. (eds.), Rethinking the human revolution. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 275–286.
d’Errico, F., C. Henshilwood & P. Nilssen, 2001. An engraved bone fragment from c. 70,000-year-old Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origin of symbolism and language. Antiquity 75, 309–318.
d’Errico, F. et al. 1998. Neanderthal acculturation in Western Europe? A critical review of the evidence and its interpretations. Current Anthropology 39, S1-S44.
d’Errico, F. et al. 2003. Archaeological evidence for the emergence of language, symbolism, and music – an alternative multidisciplinary perspective. Journal of World Prehistory 17, 1–70.
d’Errico, F. et al. 2011. Pacea geo-referenced radiocarbon database. PaleoAnthropology 2011, 1–12.
Détroit, F. 2002. Origine et évolution des Homo sapiens en Asie du Sud-Est: Descriptions et analyses morphométriques de nouveaux fossiles. Unpublished PhD thesis, Muséum national dHistoire naturelle, Paris.
Détroit, F. et al. 2004. Upper Pleistocene Homo sapiens from the Tabon Cave (Palawan, The Philippines): description and dating of new discoveries. Comptes Rendues Palévolution 3, 705–712.
Dhir, R. P. et al. 2010. Multiple episodes of aggradation and calcrete formation in Late Quaternary aeolian sands, Central Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 37, 1, 10–16.
Diamond, J. & P. Bellwood 2003. Farmers and their languages: the first expansions. Science 300, 597–603.
Díaz-Andreu, M. 2007. A world history of nineteenth-century archaeology: nationalism, colonialism, and the past. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Diez-Martín, F. et al. 2009. The Middle to Later Stone Age technological transition in East Africa: new data from Mumba Rockshelter Bed V (Tanzania) and their implications for the origin of modern human behavior. Journal of African Archaeology 7, 147–173.
Dinnis, R., A. Pawlik & C. Gaillard 2009. Bladelet cores as weapon tips? Hafting residue identification and micro-wear analysis of three carinated burins from Les Vachons. Journal of Archaeological Science 36, 1922–1934.
Dizon, E. Z. & A. Pawlik 2010.The Lower Palaeolithic record in the Philippines. Quaternary International 223–224, 444–450.
Dizon, E. et al. 2002. Notes on the morphology and age of the Tabon Cave Homo sapiens. Current Anthropology 43, 660–666.
Donlon, D. 1994. Aboriginal skeletal collections and research in physical anthropology: an historical perspective. Australian Archaeology 39, 73–82.
Donohue, M. & T. Denham 2010. Farming and language in Island Southeast Asia: reframing Austronesian History. Current Anthropology 51, 2, 223–256.
Dortch, C. E. 1976. Two engraved stone plaques of late Pleistocene age from Devil’s Lair, Western Australia. Archaeology and Physical Anthropology in Oceania 3, 33–40.
Dortch, C. E. 1979. Australia’s oldest known ornaments. Antiquity 53, 39–43.
Dortch, C. E. 1984. Devil’s Lair, a study in prehistory. Perth: Western Australian Museum.
Dortch, J. 2004. Palaeo-environmental change and the persistence of human occupation in south-western Australian forests. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, International Series. Archaeopress.
Dortch, C. E. & J. Dortch 1996. Review of Devil’s Lair artifact classification and radiocarbon chronology. Australian Archaeology 43, 28–32.
Dortch, J. & R. Wright 2010. Identifying palaeo-environments and changes in Aboriginal subsistence from dual-patterned faunal assemblages, south-western Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science 37, 1053–1064.
Dortch, J., J. Balme & J. Ogilvie 2012. Aboriginal responses for late Quaternary environmental change in a Mediterranean-type region: zoo archaeological evidence from south-western Australia. Quaternary International 264, 121–134.
Drake, N. A., P. Breeze & A. G. Parker 2013. Palaeoclimate in the Saharan and Arabian deserts during the Middle Palaeolithic and the potential for hominin dispersals. Quaternary International 300, 48–61.
Drake, N. A. et al. 2011. Ancient watercourses and biogeography of the Sahara explain the peopling of the desert. PNAS 108, 458–462.
Dubois, E. 1921. The proto-Australian fossil man of Wadjak, Java. Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen Proceedings 23, 2, 1013–1051.
Duckworth, W. L. H. 1894. A critical study of the collection of crania of Aboriginal Australians in the Cambridge University Museum. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 23, 284–314.
Duckworth, W. L. H. 1902. Craniological notes on the Aborigines of Tasmania. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 32, 177–181.
Dunlap, T. R. 1997. Remaking the land: the acclimatization movement and Anglo ideas of Nature. Journal of World History 8, 2, 303–319.
Eberl, B. 1930. Die Eiszeitenfolge im nördlichen Alpenvorlande. Augsburg: Benno Filser.
Edens, C. A. 2001. A bladelet industry in southwestern Saudi Arabia. Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 12, 137–142.
Elkin, A. P. 1949. The origin and interpretation of petroglyphs in south-east Australia. Oceania 20, 119–157.
Endicott, K. & P. Bellwood 1991. The possibility of independent foraging in the rain forest of peninsular Malaysia. Human Ecology 19, 2, 151–185.
Endicott, P. & S. Y. W. Ho 2008. A Bayesian evaluation of human mitochondrial substitution rates. American Journal of Human Genetics 82, 142–146.
Endicott, P., M. Metspalu & T. Kivisild 2007. Genetic evidence on modern human dispersals in South Asia: Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA perspectives: the world through the eyes of two haploid genomes. In: M. D. Petraglia & B. Allchin (eds.), The evolution and history of human populations in South Asia. Amsterdam: Springer, 229–244.
Endicott, P. et al. 2009. Evaluating the mitochondrial timescale of human evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 24, 515–521.
Erlandson, J. M. 2001. The archaeology of aquatic adaptations: paradigms for a new millennium. Journal of Archaeological Research 9, 4, 287–350.
Erdbrink, D. P. 1954. Mesolithic remains of the Sampung stage in Java: some remarks and additions. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 10, 294–303.
Es, L. J. C. van 1930. The prehistoric remains in the Sampoeng cave, residency of Ponorogo, Java. Proceedings of the Fourth Pacific Science Congress, Java, 1929. Volume III: Biological papers, 329–340.
Esposito, M. et al. 2002. U-series dating of fossil teeth and carbonates from Snake Cave, Thailand. Journal of Archaeological Science 29, 341–349.
Esseltyn, J. A. et al. 2010. Integrating phylogenetic and taxonomic evidence illuminates complex biogeographic patterns along Huxley’s modification of Wallace’s Line. Journal of Biogeography 37, 2054–2066.
Etheridge, R. 1890. Has man a geological history in Australia?Proceedings of the Linnaean Society of New South Wales, 2nd series, 5, 262–265.
Evans, N. 1988. Arguments for Pama-Nyungan as a genetic subgroup, with particular reference to initial laminalization. Aboriginal Linguistics 1, 91–110.
Evans, I. H. N. 1990 (orig. published 1923). Among primitive people in Borneo: a description of the lives, habits and customs of the piratical head-hunters of North Borneo, with an account of objects of prehistoric antiquity discovered on the Island. Singapore: Oxford University Press.
Evans, N. 2005. Australian languages reconsidered: a review of Dixon (2002). Oceanic Linguistics 44, 242–286.
Farrera, I. et al. 1999. Tropical climates at the Last Glacial Maximum: a new synthesis of terrestrial palaeoclimate data. I. Vegetation, lake-levels and geochemistry. Climate Dynamics 15, 823–856.
Faure, H., R. C. Walter & D. R. Grant 2002. The coastal oasis: Ice Age springs on emerged continental shelves. Global and Planetary Change 33, 47–56.
Fenner, F. J. 1939. The Australian Aboriginal skull: its non-metric morphological characters. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 63, 248–306.
Fenton, M. et al. 2000. Aplanktonic zones in the Red Sea. Marine Micropaleontology 40, 277–294.
Fernandes, C. A. 2009. Bayesian coalescent inference from Mitochondrial DNA variation of the colonization time of Arabia by the Hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas hamadryas). In: M. D. Petraglia & J. I. Rose (eds.), The evolution of human populations in Arabia: paleoenvironments, prehistory and genetics. Dordrecht: Springer, 89–102.
Fernandes, C. A., E. J. Rohling & M. Siddall 2006. Absence of post-Miocene Red Sea land bridges: biogeographic implications. Journal of Biogeography 33, 961–966.
Fernandes, V. et al. 2012. The Arabian cradle: mitochondrial relicts of the first steps along the southern route out of Africa. American Journal of Human Genetics 90, 347–355.
Field, J. S. & M. M. Lahr 2005. Assessment of the southern dispersal: GIS based analyses of potential routes at Oxygen Isotope Stage 4. Journal of World Prehistory 19, 1–45.
Field, J. S., M. D. Petraglia & M. M. Lahr 2007. The southern dispersal hypothesis and the South Asian archaeological record: examination of dispersal routes through GIS analysis. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 26, 1, 88–108.
Finlayson, C. & J. S. Carrión 2007. Rapid ecological turnover and its impact on Neanderthal and other human populations. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 22, 4, 213–222.
Fischer, A. et al. 1984. Macro and micro wear traces on lithic projectile points: experimental results and prehistoric examples. Journal of Danish Archaeology 3, 19–46.
Flannery, T. 1988. Origins of the Australo-Pacific land mammal fauna. Australian Zoological Reviews 1, 15–24.
Flannery, T. 1995. Mammals of the South-West Pacific and Moluccan Islands. Chatswood: Reed Books, Australian Museum.
Flannery, T. & J. P. White 1991. Animal translocation. Zoogeography of New Ireland mammals. National Geographic Research and Exploration 7, 96–113.
Flannery, T., M.-J. Mountain & K. Aplin 1983. Quaternary kangaroos (Macropodidae: Marsupialia) from Nombe rockshelter, Papua New Guinea, with comments on the nature of megafaunal extinction in the New Guinea Highlands. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 107, 2, 75–97.
Fleitmann, D. et al. 2011. Holocene and Pleistocene pluvial p