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  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: March 2012

Chapter 2 - Fact or Fiction?: The UN Small Arms Process

Summary

Introduction

In a continuing saga, 2010 saw the UN small arms process struggling with its future. On the positive side, the Fourth Biennial Meeting of States produced a substantive outcome document on the implementation of the UN Small Arms Programme of Action (PoA) (UNGA, 2001), including detailed text on process issues. The year also witnessed a successful start to UN negotiations on an Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).

Yet some of the failures were striking. Exceptionally low rates of reporting and information exchange in 2010 suggest that UN member states were largely indifferent to the International Tracing Instrument (ITI), five years after its adoption by the UN General Assembly (UNGA, 2005). A decade after the finalization of the PoA, UN member states continued to balk at any form of independent assessment of implementation. They may have something to hide; the Small Arms Survey's examination of the national points of contact (NPCs), which states are supposed to establish under the PoA, indicates that just over one-quarter of the UN membership has functioning NPCs in place.

The UN small arms calendar for 2011 features a new type of meeting for the PoA, an Open-ended Meeting of Governmental Experts (MGE). The UN General Assembly's broad (‘omnibus’) resolution on small arms now runs to 31 operative paragraphs.