Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 2
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    STONE, EMMA LOUISE JONES, GARETH and HARRIS, STEPHEN 2013. Mitigating the Effect of Development on Bats in England with Derogation Licensing. Conservation Biology, Vol. 27, Issue. 6, p. 1324.

    Racey, P. A. Hutson, A. M. and Lina, P. H. C. 2013. Bat Rabies, Public Health and European Bat Conservation. Zoonoses and Public Health, Vol. 60, Issue. 1, p. 58.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: August 2012

16 - Bats

Summary

Summary

Throughout Europe, many species of bats experienced serious population declines during the last century. Bats have been affected by the same pressures that have caused the decline of many other taxa, for example, agricultural intensification, habitat fragmentation and land-use change. There have also been specific additional pressures, such as the widespread use during the 1970s and 1980s of timber treatments which had high mammalian toxicity, and the deliberate or accidental exclusion of bats from their roosts. The conservation of bats has been particularly challenging because they are difficult to study, hence many of their complex ecological requirements have been discovered only recently or remain uncertain. A further obstacle was the general unpopularity and misunderstanding of bats among the public, such that deliberate killing of bats at their roosts was once very common. The introduction of legislation to protect bats has been pivotal in improving the status of the group, both directly and indirectly, by inspiring the interest of professionals and amateurs.

This chapter introduces the bats of Britain and Ireland and provides an overview of their ecological requirements. We review the evidence for population declines and focus on two major pressures, agricultural intensification and timber treatment. We then explore the ways in which the conservation infrastructure has been improved for bats and how a handful of committed specialists has become a large, skilled network. Case-studies illustrate how science has underpinned the development of policy for ‘flagship’ species, such as the Greater Horseshoe Bat and the implementation of landscape-scale conservation projects. […]

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Silent Summer
  • Online ISBN: 9780511778230
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511778230
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
References
Barrett-Hamilton, G.E.H. (1910). A History of British Mammals, Vol. 1, London, Gurney & Jackson.
Baerwald, E.F., D'Armours, G.H., Klug, B.J. and Barclay, R.M.R. (2008). Barotrauma is a significant cause of bat fatalities at wind turbines. Current Biology, 18, 695–696.
Trust, Bat Conservation (2008). Bats and the law, http://www.bats.org.uk/pages/bats_and_the_law.html.
Benton, T.G., Bryant, D.M., Cole, L. and Crick, H.Q.P. (2002). Linking agricultural practice to insect and bird populations: a historical study over three decades. Journal of Applied Ecology, 39, 673–687.
Conservation, Butterfly (2006). The State of Britain's Larger Moths, Dorset, Butterfly Conservation.
Duvergé, P.L. and Jones, G. (1994). Greater Horseshoe Bats – activity, foraging behaviour and habitat use. British Wildlife, 6, 69–77.
Fuller, R.J., Norton, L.R., Feber, R.E. et al. (2005). Benefits of organic farming to biodiversity vary among taxa. Biology Letters, doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2005.0357.
Guest, P., Jones, K.E. and Tovey, J. (2002). Bats in Greater London: unique evidence of a decline over 15 years. British Wildlife, 13, 1–5.
Harrington, R., Smith, E. and Hall, M. (2003). Assessing long-term trends in invertebrate biomass – a pilot study. Final Report to English Nature, Harpenden, Plant and Invertebrate Ecology Division, Rothamsted Research.
Harris, S. and Yalden, D.W. (2008). Mammals of the British Isles, Handbook, 4th edn., Southampton, The Mammal Society.
Harris, S., Morris, P., Wray, S. and Yalden, D. (1995). A Review of British Mammals: Population Estimates and Conservation Status of British Mammals Other Than Cetaceans, Peterborough, JNCC.
Hill, D.A. and Greenaway, F. (2005). Effectiveness of an acoustic lure for surveying bats in British woodlands. Mammal Review, 35, 116–122.
Jefferies, D.J. (1972). Organochlorine insecticide residues in British bats and their significance. Journal of Zoology Society of London, 166, 245–263.
Longley, M. (2003). The Greater Horseshoe Bat project: a species conservation success story. British Wildlife, 15, 1–6.
Mitchell-Jones, A.J. (1993). The growth and development of bat conservation in Britain. Mammal Review, 23, 139–148.
Mitchell-Jones, A.J., Cooke, A.S., Boyd, I.L. and Stebbings, R.E. (1989). Bats and remedial timber treatment chemicals – a review. Mammal Review, 19, 93–110.
Parsons, K.N., Jones, G., Davidson-Watts, I. and Greenaway, F. (2003). Swarming of bats at underground sites in Britain – conservation implications. Biological Conservation, 111, 63–70.
Racey, P.A. and Stebbings, R.E. (1972). Bats in Britain – a status report. Oryx, 11, 319–327.
Racey, P.A. and Swift, S.M. (1986). Residual effects of remedial timber treatments on bats. Biological Conservation, 35, 205–214.
Ransome, R.D. (1989). Population changes of Greater horseshoe bats studied near Bristol over the past twenty-six years. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 38, 71–82.
Sargent, G. (1995). The Bats in Churches Project, London, Bat Conservation Trust.
Shore, R.F., Boyd, I.L., Leach, D.V., Stebbings, R.E. and Myhill, D.G. (1990). Organochlorine residues in roof timber treatments and possible implications for bats. Environmental Pollution, 64, 179–188.
Stebbings, R.E. (1988). Conservation of European Bats, London, Christopher Helm.
Stebbings, R.E. and Arnold, H.R. (1987). Assessment of trends in size and structure of a colony of the greater horseshoe bat. Symposium of the Zoological Society of London, 58, 7–24.
Swanepoel, R.E., Racey, P.A., Shore, R.F. and Speakman, J.R. (1999). Energetic effects of sub-lethal exposure to lindane on pipistrelle bats. (Pipistrellus pipistrellus). Environmental Pollution, 104, 169–177.
Temple, H.J. and Terry, A. (compilers) (2007). The Status and Distribution of European Mammals, Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
Vaughan, N. (1997). The diets of British bats. Mammal Review, 27, 77–94.
Walsh, A.L. and Harris, S. (1996). Foraging habitat preferences of vespertilionid bats in Britain. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 506–518.
Wickramasinghe, L.P., Harris, S., Jones, G. and Vaughan, N. (2003). Bat activity and species richness on organic and conventional farms: impact of agricultural intensification. Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 984–993.