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  • Print publication year: 2019
  • Online publication date: October 2019

5 - Restraint, Anti-Climax, and Insecurity


The chapter explores restraint in the context of security. It examines two cases where restraint proved difficult or even unsatisfying: (1) the 2013 US decision to avoid military action against Syria following the latter’s 2013 chemical weapons attack and (2) the 2014 ISIS beheadings that drew the USA into a limited use of military strikes against that transnational terrorist organization. It also applies the complexes to different Islamic movements over time. It concludes via ontological security and securitization with the reasons restraint appears to be so unsatisfying in the context of security policies.