This chapter reviews the methods proposed by Srinivasan and Chidambaram (2003; 2004) to accurately estimate the model parameters of a first order plus time delay (FOPTD) transfer function model using (1) the conventional relay autotune method and (2) asymmetric relay autotune method. Usually, the value of delay is assumed or noted from the initial portion of the response of the system. Whenever identifying a higher order dynamics system by an FOPTD model, this method wrongly identifies the time constant as negative (Li et al., 1991) due to an error in identifying the time delay, which is due to an error in the model structures. Using conventional relay autotune method, an additional equation is formulated to calculate accurately the parameters of the FOPTD model. Even when the actual system is FOPTD and the time delay to time constant ratio is larger, higher order harmonics cannot be neglected in the output response. Hence, there is a need to consider the higher order harmonics of the relay oscillations to get improved accurate values for the controller ultimate gain. For the asymmetric relay tuning method, analytical solutions are given for the evaluation of the model parameters.
Luyben (1987) used the relay feedback method to identify the model parameters (kp, τ and D) of an FOPTD model. Using the controller ultimate gain and period of oscillation, two equations are formulated using the amplitude criterion and phase angle criterion.