Abramowitz, Alan and Teixeira, Ruy. 2009. “The Decline of the White Working Class and the Rise of a Mass Upper-Middle Class,” Political Science Quarterly 124 (3): 391–422.
Abramson, Paul R., Aldrich, John H., and Rohde, David M.. 2002. Change and Continuity in the 2000 Elections. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Abramson, Paul R., Aldrich, John H., and Rohde, David M.. 2012. Change and Continuity in the 2008 and 2010 Elections. Washington, DC: CQ Press.
Achen, Christopher and Bartels, Larry. 2016. Democracy for Realists: Why Elections Do Not Produce Responsive Government. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Aldrich, John and Griffin, John. 2018. Why Parties Matter: Political Competition and Democracy in the American South. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Alesina, Alberto and Glaeser, Edward. 2004. Fighting Poverty in the U.S. and Europe: A World of Difference. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bartels, Larry M. 2006. “What’s the Matter with What’s the Matter with Kansas,” Quarterly Journal of Political Science 1: 201–226.
Bartels, Larry M. 2008. Unequal Democracy: The Political Economy of the New Gilded Age. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Beard, Charles A. and Beard, Mary R.. 1927. The Rise of American Civilization. New York: Macmillan.
Benoit, Kenneth and Shepsle, Kenneth A.. 1995. “Electoral Systems and Minority Representation,” in Peterson, Paul E. (ed.), Classifying by Race. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 50–84.
Black, Earl and Black, Merle. 2002. The Rise of Southern Republicans. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bolling, Richard. 1965. House Out of Order. New York: E. P. Dutton.
Bond, Julian. 1990. “In Commemoration of the 25th Anniversary of the Voting Rights Act of 1965; Race and Politics in the Twentieth Century United States: A Participant’s Commentary.” Paper prepared for delivery before the New England Historical Association, April 21, Pine Manor College, Boston.
Bonica, Adam, McCarty, Nolan, Poole, Keith T., and Rosenthal, Howard. 2013. “Why Hasn’t Democracy Slowed Rising Inequality?” Journal of Economic Perspectives 27: 103–124.
Boyd, Thomas M. and Markman, Stephen J.. 1983. “The 1982 Amendments to the Voting Rights Act: A Legislative History,” Washington and Lee Law Review 40(4): 1347–1428.
Brady, David W. and Bullock, Charles S. III. 1980. “Is There a Conservative Coalition in the House?” Journal of Politics 42: 549–559.
Brand, H. W. 2008. Traitor to His Class: The Privileged Life and Radical Presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt. New York: Doubleday.
Brooks, Clem and Manza, Jeff. 1997a. “Class Politics and Political Change in the United States, 1952–1992,” Social Forces 76: 389–408.
Brooks, Clem and Manza, Jeff. 1997b. “Social Cleavages and Political Alignments: U.S. Presidential Elections, 1960–1992,” American Sociological Review 62: 937–946.
Brooks, Clem and Manza, Jeff. 2007. Why Welfare States Persist: The Importance of Public Opinion in Democracies. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Brooks, Clem and Manza, Jeff. 2013. “A Broken Public? Americans’ Responses to the Great Recession,” American Sociological Review 78: 727–748.
Brown, Thad. 1981. “On Contextual Change and Partisan Attitudes,” British Journal of Political Science 11: 427–448.
Browning, Rufus P., Marshall, Dale Rogers, and Tabb, David H.. 1986. Protest Is Not Enough: The Struggle of Blacks and Hispanics for Equality in Urban Politics. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Burnham, Walter D. 1970. Critical Elections and the Mainsprings of American Politics. New York: W. W. Norton.
Burns, Ken (Director). 1986. Huey Long. Washington, DC: Florentine Films.
Cameron, Charles, Epstein, David, and O’Halloran, Sharon. 1996. “Do Majority-Minority Districts Maximize Substantive Black Representation in Congress?” American Political Science Review 90: 794–812.
Carmines, Edward G. and Stimson, James A.. 1981. “Issue Evolution, Population Replacement, and Normal Partisan Change,” American Political Science Review 75: 107–118.
Carmines, Edward G. and Stimson, James A.. 1989. Issue Evolution: Race and the Transformation of American Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Carnes, Nicholas. 2013. White-Collar Government: The Hidden Role of Class in Economic Policy Making. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Caro, Robert A. 1982. The Years of Lyndon Johnson: The Path to Power. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Caro, Robert A. 1990. The Years of Lyndon Johnson: Means of Ascent. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Caro, Robert A. 2002. The Years of Lyndon Johnson: Master of the Senate. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Caro, Robert A. 2012. The Years of Lyndon Johnson: The Passage of Power. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Chernow, Ron. 2017. Grant. New York: Penguin Press.
Clausen, Aage R. 1973. How Congressmen Decide: A Policy Focus. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Cleveland, William S. 1993. Visualizing Data. Summit, NJ: Hobart Press.
Crespino, Joseph. 2007. In Search of Another Country: Mississippi and the Conservative Counterrevolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Crespino, Joseph. 2012. Strom Thurmond’s America. New York: Hill and Wang.
Dahl, Robert. 1961. Who Governs? Democracy and Power in an American City. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Dalton, Russell J. 2018. Political Realignment: Economics, Culture and Electoral Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dalton, Russell J. 2019. Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies. 7th ed. Washington, DC: CQ Press and Sage Publications.
Desjardins, Lisa. 2018. “Every Moment in Trump’s Charged Relationship with Race,” PBS Newshour. January 12. www.pbs.org.
Donovan, John C. 1967. The Politics of Poverty. New York: Pegasus.
Douglas, Paul H. 1971. In the Fullness of Time: The Memoirs of Paul H. Douglas. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Edsall, Thomas C. 2015. “Is Obamacare Destroying the Democratic Party?” New York Times, December 22.
Edsall, Thomas C. 2017. “The Peculiar Populism of Donald Trump,” New York Times, February 2.
Elliott, Carl, Sr. and D’Orso, Michael. 1992. The Cost of Courage: The Journey of an American Congressman. New York: Doubleday.
Evans, Rowland and Novak, Robert. 1966. Lyndon B. Johnson: The Exercise of Power. New York: New American Library.
Fearon, James D. 2006. “Ethnic Mobilization and Ethnic Violence,” in Wittman, Donald A. and Weingast, Barry R. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Political Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 852–868.
Felzenberg, Alvin S. 2017. A Man and His Presidents – The Political Odyssey of William Buckley, Jr. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Flake, Jeff. 2017. “In a Democracy, There Can Be No Bystanders,” New York Times. November 6.
Foner, Eric. 1988. Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877. New York: Harper and Row.
Foner, Eric. 2005. Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction. Illustrations edited and with commentary by Joshua Brown. New York: Vintage Books of Random House.
Foner, Eric. 2010. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York: W. W. Norton.
Foner, Eric and Brown, Joshua. 2005. Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Frank, Thomas. 2004. What’s the Matter with Kansas? How Conservatives Won the Heart of America. New York: Henry Holt.
Frederico Christopher, M. 2004. “When Do Welfare Attitudes Become Racialized? The Paradoxical Effects of Education,” American Journal of Political Science 48: 374–391.
Gelman, Andrew, Park, David, Shor, Boris, and Cortina, Geronimo. 2010. Red State, Blue State, Rich State, Poor State: Why Americans Vote the Way They Do. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Gilens, Martin. 1996. “‘Race Coding’ and White Opposition to Welfare,” American Political Science Review 90: 593–604.
Gilens, Martin. 2014. Affluence and Influence: Economic Inequality and Political Power in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Gilens, Martin and Page, Benjamin I.. 2014. “Testing Theories of American Politics: Elites, Interest Groups, and Average Citizens,” Perspectives on Politics 12: 564–581.
Gosnell, Harold F. 1935. Negro Politicians: The Rise of Negro Politics in Chicago. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Gosnell, Harold F. 1937. Machine Politics: Chicago Model. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Greenhouse, Steven. 2014. “Volkswagen Vote Is Defeat for Labor in South,” New York Times, February 14.
Groseclose, Tim, Levitt, Steven D., and Snyder, James M., Jr. 1999. “Comparing Interest Group Scores across Time and Chambers: Adjusted ADA Scores for the US Congress,” American Political Science Review 93: 33–50.
Guinier, Lani. 1992. “The Representation of Minority Interests: The Question of Single-Member Districts,” Cordoza Law Review 14: 1135–1174.
Guinier, Lani. 1995. “The Representation of Minority Interests,” in Peterson, Paul E. (ed.), Classifying by Race. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, pp. 21–49.
Hacker, Jacob and Pierson, Paul. 2010. “Winner Take All Politics: Public Policy, Political Organization, and the Precipitous Rise of Top Incomes in the United States,” Politics and Society 38(2): 152–204.
Hadley, Charles D. 1985. “Dual Partisan Identification in the South,” Journal of Politics 47(February): 254–268.
Ho, Daniel E. and Quinn, Kevin M.. 2010. “How Not to Lie with Judicial Votes: Misconception, Measurement, and Models,” California Law Review 98: 813–876.
Hofstadter, Richard. 1955. The Age of Reform: From Bryan to F.D.R. New York: Random House.
Holmes, Michael S. 1972. “The New Deal and Georgia’s Black Youth,” Journal of Southern History 38(August): 443–460.
HoodIII, M. V., Kidd, Quentin, and Morris, Irwin L.. 1999. “Of Byrds[s] and Bumpers: Using Democratic Senators to Analyze Political Change in the South, 1960–1995,” American Journal of Political Science 43: 465–487.
Hout, Michael. 2008. “How Class Works: Objective and Subjective Aspects of Class Since the 1970s,” in Lareau, Annette and Conley, Dalton (eds.), Social Class: How Does It Work? New York: Russell Sage, pp. 25–64.
Hout, Michael, Brooks, Clem, and Manza, Jeff. 1995. “The Democratic Class Struggle in the United States,” American Sociological Review 60: 805–828.
Huckfeldt, Robert. 1986. Politics in Context: Assimilation and Conflict in Urban Neighborhoods. New York: Agathon Press.
Huckfeldt, Robert. 2017. “Interdependence, Communication, and Aggregation: Transforming Voters into Electorates,” PS: Political Science and Politics (January) 50 (1): 3–11. doi:10.1017/S1049096516002006.
Huckfeldt, Robert and Kohfeld, Carol W.. 1989. Race and the Decline of Class in American Politics. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Huckfeldt, Robert and Sprague, John. 1995. Citizens, Politics, and Social Communication. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Huckfeldt, Robert, Ikeda, Kenichi, and Pappi, Franz U.. 2005. “Patterns of Disagreement in Democratic Politics: Comparing Germany, Japan, and the United States,” American Journal of Political Science 49: 497–514.
Huckfeldt, Robert, Levine, Jeffrey, Morgan, William, and Sprague, John. 1999. “Accessibility and the Political Utility of Partisan and Ideological Orientations,” American Journal of Political Science 43: 888–911.
Humphrey, Hubert H. 1976. The Education of a Public Man. New York: Doubleday.
Inglehart, Ronald. 1977. The Silent Revolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Inglehart, Ronald and Norris, Pippa. 2017. “Trump and the Populist Authoritarian Parties: The Silent Revolution in Reverse,” Perspectives on Politics 15(June): 443–454.
Jardina, Ashley. 2019. White Identity Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jeong, Gyung-Ho, Miller, Gary, and Sened, Itai. 2009. “Closing the Deal: Negotiating Civil Rights Legislation,” American Political Science Review 103(4): 588–606.
Judd, Dennis. 1979. The Politics of American Cities: Private Power and Public Policy. New York: Little, Brown.
Katznelson, Ira. 2005. When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth Century America. New York: W. W. Norton.
Katznelson, Ira. 2013. Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Times. New York: Liveright Publishing Company.
Katznelson, Ira and Mulroy, Quinn. 2012. “Was the South Pivotal? Situated Partisanship and Policy Coalitions during the New Deal and Fair Deal,” Journal of Politics 74(April): 604–620.
Kazin, Michael. 1998. The Populist Persuasion: An American History. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Key, V. O. 1949. Southern Politics in State and Nation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Key, V. O. 1955. “A Theory of Critical Elections,” Journal of Politics 17: 3–18.
Key, V. O. 1959. “Secular Realignment and the Party System,” Journal of Politics 21: 198–210.
Kousser, J. Morgan. 1974. The Shaping Southern Politics: Suffrage Restrictions and the Establishment of the One-Party South, 1880–1910. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Kousser, J. Morgan. 1999. Colorblind Injustice: Minority Voting Rights and the Undoing of the Second Reconstruction. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Kousser, J. Morgan. 2008. “The Strange, Ironic Career of Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act, 1965–2007,” Texas Law Review 86(March): 667–775.
Leuchtenburg, William E. 2015. The American President: From Teddy Roosevelt to Bill Clinton. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Lewis, Jeffrey B., Poole, Keith, Rosenthal, Howard, Boche, Adam, Rudkin, Aaron, and Sonnet, Luke. 2020. “Voteview: Congressional Roll-Call Votes Database.” https://voteview.com/.
Liebling, A. J. 1978. The Earl of Louisiana. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press.
Lodge, Milton and Taber, Charles. 2013. The Rationalizing Voter. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Loevy, Robert D. 1997. The Civil Rights Act of 1964: The Passage of the Law That Ended Racial Segregation. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
Luce, Edward. 2017. The Retreat of Western Liberalism. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.
Manley, John F. 1973. “The Conservative Coalition in Congress,” American Behavioral Scientist 17(2): 223–247.
Manza, Jeff, Hout, Michael, and Brooks, Clem. 1995. “Class Voting in Capitalist Democracies since World War II: Dealignment, Realignment, or Trendless Fluctuation?” Annual Review of Sociology 21: 137–162.
Massey, Douglas S. and Denton, Nancy A.. 1998. American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Matthews, Donald R. and Prothro, James W.. 1963a. “Political Factors and Negro Voter Registration in the South,” American Political Science Review 57(1): 355–367.
Matthews, Donald R. and Prothro, James W.. 1963b. “Social and Economic Factors and Negro Voter Registration in the South,” American Political Science Review 57(1): 24–44.
McCarty, Nolan, Poole, Keith T., and Rosenthal, Howard. 2006. Polarized America. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
McPherson, James M. 1988. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Oxford University Press.
McPherson, James M. 1992. Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mendelberg, Tali. 2001. The Race Card: Campaign Strategy, Implicit Messages, and the Norm of Equality. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Mishel, Lawrence and Davis, Alyssa. 2014. “CEO Pay Continues to Rise as Typical Workers are Paid Less.” Issue Brief #380, June 12. Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute.
Morris, Edmund. 2011. Colonel Roosevelt. New York: Random House.
Mowry, George. 1951. The California Progressives. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Noel, Hans. 2016. “NOMINATE Scores Do Not Measure Ideology, But They Can be Used to Study It: Disentangling Ideology from Party in Roll Call Data.” Paper presented at the 2016 American Political Science Association Meetings.
OECD. 2019. Social Expenditure Update 2019: Public Social Spending Is High in Many OECD Countries. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Okun, Arthur M. 1975. Equality and Efficiency: The Big Tradeoff. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, pp. vii–xii.
Olson, Mancur. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Opsahl, T., Agneessens, F., and Skvoretz, J. 2010. “Node Centrality in Weighted Networks: Generalizing Degree and Shortest Paths,” Social Networks 32(3): 245–251.
Piketty, Thomas. 2014. Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Piketty, Thomas and Saez, Emmanuel. 2003. “Income Inequality in the United States, 1913–1998,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 118: 1–39.
Piven, Frances F. and Cloward, Richard A.. 1971. Regulating the Poor: The Functions of Public Welfare. New York: Pantheon Books.
Poole, Keith T. 2005. Spatial Models of Parliamentary Voting. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Poole, Keith T. 2007. “Changing Minds? Not in Congress!” Public Choice 131: 435–451.
Poole, Keith T. and Rosenthal, Howard. 1984. “The Polarization of American Politics,” Journal of Politics 46: 1061–1079.
Poole, Keith T. and Rosenthal, Howard. 1985. “A Spatial Model for Legislative Roll Call Analysis,” American Journal of Political Science 29: 357–384.
Poole, Keith T. and Rosenthal, Howard. 1997. Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting. New York: Oxford University Press.
Poole, Keith T. and Rosenthal, Howard. 2007. Ideology and Congress. Second revised edition of Congress: A Political Economic History of Roll Call Voting. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
Prignano, Christina. 2017. “Former Presidents George H.W. and George W. Bush Speak Out after Trump Comments,” Boston Globe, August 16.
Przeworski, Adam and Sprague, John. 1986. Paper Stones: A History of Electoral Socialism. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Purdum, Todd. 2014. An Idea Whose Time Has Come: Two Presidents, Two Parties, and the Battle for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. New York: Henry Holt.
Rauh, Jr., Joseph. 1997. “The Role of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights in the Civil Rights Struggle of 1963–1964,” Chapter 2 in Loevy, Robert D. (ed.), The Civil Rights Act of 1964. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, pp. 49–76.
Riker, William H. 1982. Liberalism against Populism: A Confrontation between the Theory of Democracy and the Theory of Social Choice. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.
Riker, William H. 1986. The Art of Political Manipulation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Rodriguez, Daniel B. and Weingast, Barry R.. 2003. “The Positive Political Theory of Legislative History: New Perspectives on the 1964 Civil Rights Act and Its Interpretation,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 151: 1417–1541.
Rothwell, Jonathan. 2017. “Myths of the 1 Percent: What Puts People at the Top,” New York Times, November 27.
Schickler, Eric. 2001. Disjointed Pluralism: Institutional Innovation and the Development of the U.S. Congress. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Schickler, Eric. 2016. Racial Realignment: The Transformation of American Liberalism, 1932–1965. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Schickler, Eric, Pearson, Kathryn, and Feinstein, Brian D.. 2010. “Congressional Parties and Civil Rights Politics from 1933 to 1972,” Journal of Politics 72(July): 672–689.
Shafer, Byron E. and Johnston, Richard. 2009. The End of Southern Exceptionalism: Class, Race, and Partisan Change in the Postwar South. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sombart, Werner. 1976. Why Is There No Socialism in the United States? White Plains, NY: International Arts and Sciences Press (Originally published in 1906).
Sonenshein, Raphael J. 1993. Politics in Black and White. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
StataCorp. 2017. Stata Statistical Software: Release 14. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP.
Stevenson, Adlai. 1953. Major Campaign Speeches of Adlai Stevenson. New York: Random House.
Stiglitz, Joseph E. 2012. The Price of Inequality: How Today’s Divided Society Endangers Our Future. New York: W. W. Norton.
Stonecash, Jeffrey M. 2000. Class and Party in American Politics. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Stonecash, Jefrey M., Brewer, Mark D., and Mariani, Mack D.. 2003. Diverging Parties: Social Change, Realignment, and Party Polarization. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Summers, Lawrence H. 2015a. “Comments.” Prepared for delivery at 40 Years Later – The Relevance of Okun’s Equality and Efficiency: The Big Tradeoff, May 4. Washington DC: Brookings Institution.
Summers, Lawrence H. 2015b. “Foreword,” in Okun, Arthur, Equality and Efficiency: The Big Tradeoff. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Sundquist, James L. 1973. Dynamics of the Party System. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Sundquist, James L. 1983. Dynamics of the Party System: Alignment and Realignment of Political Parties in the United States. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Teixeira, Ruy and Abramowitz, Alan. 2008. “The Decline of the White Working Class and the Rise of a Mass Upper Middle Class.” Washington, DC: Brookings Working Paper.
Theriault, Sean M. 2006. “Party Polarization in the US Congress: Member Replacement and Member Adaptation,” Party Politics 12(4): 483–503.
Tufte, Edward R. 1978. Political Control of the Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Weakliem, David and Adams, Julia. 2011. “What Do We Mean by ‘Class Politics’?” Politics and Society 39: 475–495.
Whalen, Charles and Whalen, Barbara. 1985. The Longest Debate: A Legislative History of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Cabin John, MD and Washington, DC: Seven Locks Press.
Williams, T. Harry. 1970. Huey Long. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Williamson, Elizabeth. 2016. “A Big Win for Donald Trump in Nevada,” New York Times, February 24.
Winters, Jeffrey A. and Page, Benjamin I.. 2009. “Oligarchy in the United States?” Perspectives on Politics 7: 731–751.
Woodward, C. Vann. 1938. Tom Watson: Agrarian Radical. New York: Macmillan.
Woodward, C. Vann. 1955. The Strange Career of Jim Crow. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. 2002. Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. 2009. Introductory Econometrics. 4th ed. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.