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  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: November 2013

Section 1 - General critical care

References

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MaierRV. Approach to the patient with shock. In: LongoDL, FauciAS, KasperDL, et al. eds. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 18th edn. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2012.
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References

BarbierC, LoubièresY, SchmitC, et al. Respiratory changes in inferior vena cava diameter are helpful in predicting fluid responsiveness in ventilated septic patients. Intensive Care Med. 2004; 30: 1740–6.
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MeyersCM, WeingartSD. Critical care monitoring in the emergency department. Emerg Med Pract. 2007; 9(7): 1–29.
NagdevAD, MerchantRC, Tirado-GonzalezA, et al. Emergency Department Bedside Ultrasonographic Measurement of the Caval Index for Noninvasive Determination of Low Central Venous Pressure. Ann Emerg Med.; 55: 290–5.

References

AguilarSA, DavisDP. Latency of pulse oximetry signal with use of digital probes associated with inappropriate extubation during prehospital rapid sequence intubation in head injury patients: case examples. J Emerg Med. 2012; 42: 424–8.
BenumofJL, DaggR, BenumofR. Critical hemoglobin desaturation will occur before return to an unparalyzed state following 1 mg/kg intravenous succinylcholine. Anesthesiology. 1997; 87: 979–82.
LevitanRM, EverettWW, OchrochEA. Limitations of difficult airway prediction in patients intubated in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2004; 44: 307–13.
WeingartSD. Preoxygenation, reoxygenation, and delayed sequence intubation in the emergency department. J Emerg Med. 2011; 40: 661–7.
WeingartSD, LevitanRM. Preoxygenation and prevention of desaturation during emergency airway management. Ann Emerg Med. 2012; 59: 165–75.

References

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network. Ventilation with lower tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Engl J Med. 2000; 342: 1301–8.
MarinoPL. Modes of assisted ventilation. The ICU Book. 3rd edn. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.
PertucciN, IacovelliW. Lung protective ventilation strategy for the acute respiratory distress syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007; (3): CD003844.
Weingart, S. Dominating the vent: part I. EMCrit Blog 2010 [updated May 24, 2010; cited August 1, 2012]. Available from: http://emcrit.org/lectures/vent-part-1/ (accessed April 30, 2013).
WilsonJ, AblordeppeyE. Mechanical ventilation. In: SwaminathanA, ed. Critical Care Handbook. Irvin, TX: Emergency Medicine Residents Association; 2012.

References

BonomoJB, ButlerAS, LindsellCJ, et al. Inadequate provision of postintubation anxiolysis and analgesia in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2008; 26: 469–72.
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DellingerRP, LevyMM, CarletJM, et al. Surviving Sepsis Campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2008. Crit Care Med. 2008; 36: 296–327.
NguyenHB, RiversEP, KnoblichBP, et al. Early lactate clearance is associated with improved outcome in severe sepsis and septic shock. Crit Care Med. 2004; 32: 163742.
PronovostP, NeedhamD, BerenholtzS, et al. An intervention to decrease catheter-related bloodstream infections in the ICU. N Engl J Med. 2006; 355: 2725–32.
ResarR, GriffinFA, HaradenC, NolanTW. Using care bundles to improve health care quality. IHI Innovation Series white paper. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2012 [updated May 23, 2012; cited July 11, 2012]. Available from: www.ihi.org/knowledge/Pages/IHIWhitePapers/UsingCareBundles.aspx (accessed April 30, 2013).
ShapiroNI, HowellMD, TalmorD, et al. Serum lactate as a predictor of mortality in emergency department patients with infection. Ann Emerg Med. 2005; 45: 524–8.