Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: February 2020



Over the years, through my research on sexual violence, it becomes clearer that these problems of disparate sentencing, lenient sentences for some rapists, the stigmatization of female and transgendered victims, and the punishment of women – both as victims and perpetrators – occupy a global space not confined to the United States. That is, judges globally are making poor decisions regarding rape and incest.