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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: February 2013

17 - The mereological presupposition of fundamental ontology: that Being as a whole has a meaning overall

from V - The unwarranted historical presuppositions guiding the fundamental ontological and deconstructive criticisms of transcendental philosophy

Summary

We have shown that Heidegger's critical interpretation of Greek ontology, especially Plato's, is limited by his employment of Husserl's discovery of categorial intuition as his guide. Because Heidegger's critique engages the early stages of Husserl's development, before history became a positive thematic concern of Husserl's phenomenology, we shall defer discussion of the implications of the limits exposed here of Husserl's early thought vis-à-vis the Greek origins of philosophy until our discussion of the transcendental criticism of the criticism of phenomenological cognition. What needs to be discussed now is the other side of Heidegger's critique: that Husserl's reflective and eidetic method is incapable of overcoming its ontological limitations. This is especially the case because, by having shown the limits of Husserl's phenomenology (his early phenomenology, at any rate) as a guide to Plato's and Aristotle's accounts of the eidē, it may seem that we have indirectly confirmed Heidegger's criticisms of its ontological limits.

As mentioned, the ontological limitations that Heidegger claims are inseparable from Husserl's reflective and eidetic method concern the structural limitations that condition their exclusive focus on discovering what is there to be discovered in entities with their perception. What is excluded by this focus is supposed to be the way to be of entities when they are not being perceptually apprehended and the interrogation of the meaning of their Being that is presupposed by this exclusive mode of their apprehension.