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  • Cited by 1
  • Print publication year: 2009
  • Online publication date: August 2010

13 - One or two pathways to modernity? A systematic comparison of Kağıtçıbaşı's Model of Family Change and the Model of the Second Demographic Transition


I got to know Çiğdem Kağıtçıbaşı on my first visit to Turkey in 1985, when trying to validate my empirical research on Turkish immigrant families in Germany in discussions with Turkish social scientists. This visit introduced me to the concept value of children, which thereafter became most influential to my academic work, both at the theoretical level, as it fitted well into modern sociological action theory and multi-level approaches, and in empirical research, as Çiğdem Kağıtçıbaşı's analyses were always at the interface of psychology and social sciences. During several encounters thereafter on various occasions, I felt much encouraged to take the initiative for a replication of the Value of Children (VOC) studies twenty five years later, which was the baseline for the following thoughts. I will always admire Çiğdem Kağıtçıbaşı for her ability to combine sharp analytical thinking with a humanitarian engagement for a civic society.


Theorizing about the interrelationship between macro-social change and family structure has been a major feature of the various disciplines of the social sciences from their very beginning. In many cases, “family” was seen as the social group where the impact of social change could be understood in its greatest depth (Thornton 2005). Accordingly, the history of social sciences is full of examples of sequential models of social change and its consequences on family and kinship.

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