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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: February 2015

Chapter 1 - Physics and “knobology”

from Section 1 - Ultrasound fundamentals

Selected references

American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. (June 4, 2003) AIUM Official Statement: Guidelines for cleaning and preparing endocavitary ultrasound transducers between patients. Laurel, MD: American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. Available at (accessed November 16, 2012).
Blaivas, M., Brannam, L., Theodoro, D. (2004) Ultrasound image quality comparison between an inexpensive handheld emergency department (ED) ultrasound machine and a large mobile ED ultrasound system. Acad Emerg Med 11(7): 778–81.
Fowlkes, J. B. (2008) American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine consensus report on potential bioeffects of diagnostic ultrasound: executive summary. J Ultrasound Med 27: 503–15.
Fox, J. C., ed. (2008) Clinical Emergency Radiology. 1st edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lawrence, J. P. (2007) Physics and instrumentation of ultrasound. Crit Care Med 35: S314–22.
Lichtenstein, D. A., Meziere, G., Lascols, N., et al. (2005) Ultrasound diagnosis of occult pneumothorax. Crit Care Med 33: 1231–8.
Ma, O. J., Mateer, J. R., Blaivas, M. (2008) Emergency Ultrasound. 2nd edn. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Mcgahan, J. P., Goldberg, B. B. (1998) Diagnostic Ultrasound: A Logical Approach. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven.
Moore, C. L., Copel, J. A. (2011) Point-of-care ultrasonography. N Engl J Med 364: 749–57.
Rumack, C. M., Wilson, S. R., Charboneau, W., et al. (2005) Diagnostic Ultrasound. 4th edn. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.