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  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: October 2012

25 - Sedation

from Section 4 - Safety, standards, and information technology

References

1.Statement on Granting Privileges for Administration of Moderate Sedation to Practitioners Who Are Not Anesthesia Professionals (2011). American Society of Anesthesiologists. Available online at: http://asahq.org/For-Healthcare-Professionals/Standards-Guidelines-and-Statements.aspx (last accessed May 10, 2012).
2.Advisory on Granting Privileges for Deep Sedation to Non-anesthesiologist Sedation Practitioners (2010). American Society of Anesthesiologists. Available online at: http://asahq.org/For-Healthcare-Professionals/Standards-Guidelines-and-Statements.aspx (last accessed May 10, 2012).
3.Statement on Granting Privileges to Non-Anesthesiologist Practioners for Personally Administering Deep Sedation or Supervising Deep Sedation by Individuals Who Are Not Anesthesia Professionals (2006). American Society of Anesthesiologists. Available online at: http://asahq.org/For-Healthcare-Professionals/Standards-Guidelines-and-Statements.aspx (last accessed May 10, 2012).
4.Continuum of depth of sedation: definition of general anesthesia and levels of sedation/analgesia (2009). American Society of Anesthesiologists. Available online at: www.asahq.org/For-Healthcare-Professionals/Standards-Guidelines-and-Statements.aspx (last accessed May 10, 2012).
5.Standards for Basic Anesthetic Monitoring. American Society of Anesthesiologists. Available online at: http://asahq.org/For-Healthcare-Professionals/Standards-Guidelines-and-Statements.aspx (last accessed May 10, 2012).
6. J. A. Aldrete. The post-anesthesia recovery score revisited. J Clin Anesth 1995; 7: 89–91.
7. M. T. Antonelli, D. E. Seaver. Quality, legal, and risk management considerations: ensuring program excellence, Chapter 7, pp. 85–101. In: R. Urman, A. D. Kaye. Moderate and Deep Sedation in Clinical Practice, 1st edn, Cambridge University Press, 2012.
8. The Joint Commission. Provision of care, treatment, and services standards, record of care, and improving organizational performance. In: Comprehensive Accreditation Manual for Hospitals. Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission, 2011.
9. J. Metzner, K. L. Posner, K. B. Domino. The risk and safety of anesthesia at remote locations: the US closed claims analysis. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2009; 22: 502–8.
10. S. M. Bhananker, K. L. Posner, F. W. Cheney, et al. Injury and liability associated with monitored anesthesia care: a closed claims analysis. Anesthesiology 2006; 104: 228–34.
11. American Society of Anesthesiologists. Statement on Safe Use of Propofol (2009). Available at: http://asahq.org/For-Healthcare-Professionals/Standards-Guidelines-and-Statements.aspx (last accessed May 10, 2012).
12. D. Schilling, A. Rosenbaum, S. Schweizer, et al. Sedation with propofol for interventional endoscopy by trained nurses in high-risk octogenarians: a prospective, randomized, controlled study. Endoscopy 2009; 41: 295–8.
13. K. R. McQuaid, L. Laine. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized, controlled trials of moderate sedation for routine endoscopic procedures. Gastrointest Endosc 2008; 67: 910–23.
14. G. A. Cote, R. M. Hovis, M. A. Ansstas, et al. Incidence of sedation-related complications with propofol use during advanced endoscopic procedures. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2010; 8: 137–42.
15. H. Fatima, J. DeWitt, J. LeBlanc, et al. Nurse-administered propofol sedation for upper endoscopic ultrasonography. Am J Gastroenterol 2008; 103: 1649–56.
16. D. K. Rex, V. P. Deenadayalu, E. Eid, et al. Endoscopist-directed administration of propofol: a worldwide safety experience. Gastroenteroogy 2009; 137: 1229–37.
17. H. Singh, W. Poluha, M. Cheung, et al. Propofol for sedation during colonoscopy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; (4): CD006268.