Alexander, Michelle. 2010. The New Jim Crow. New York: New Press.
Allen, Robert. 1969. Black Awakening in Capitalist America. New York: Doubleday.
Banfield, Edward. 1961. Political Influence. New York: Free Press.
Baptist, Edward. 2016. The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism. New York: Basic Books.
Baxter, Emily and Keene, Jamie. 2014. “The Excessive Political Power of White Men in the United States, In One Chart.” ThinkProgress. October 10. Retrieved December 28, 2018. https://bit.ly/2WzL3qh.
Beckert, Svan. 2014. Empire of Cotton: A Global History. New York: Vintage.
Bell, Derrick. 1980. “Brown v. Board of Education and the Interest Convergence Dilemma.” Harvard Law Review 93(3): 518–534.
Blaut, J. M. 1993. The Colonizer’s Model of the World: Geographical Diffusionism and Eurocentric History. New York: Guilford Press.
Block, Fred L. 1990. The Vampire State. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bracey, Glenn. 2015. “Toward a Critical Race Theory of State.” Critical Sociology 41(3): 553–572.
Brubaker, Rogers. 2015. Grounds for Difference. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Bump, Philip. 2015. “The New Congress is 80 Percent White, 80 Percent Male and 92 percent Christian.” Washington Post. January 5. Retrieved December 28, 2018. https://wapo.st/2Fz73dR.
Burch, Philip. 1981. Elites in American History: The Federalist Years to the Civil War. New York: Holmes & Meier.
Burleigh, Michael and Wippermann, Wolfgang. 1991. The Racial State: Germany 1933–1945. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Caro, Robert. 2002. The Years of Lyndon Johnson: Master of The Senate. New York: Knopf.
Cazenave, Noel. 2011. The Urban Racial State. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Chait, Jonathan. 2017. “Donald Trump’s Race War.” New York Magazine. April 4. Retrieved April 14, 2017. https://nym.ag/2o66PUr. Coates, Ta-Nehisi. 2017. “The First White President: The Foundation of Donald Trump’s Presidency is the Negation of Barack Obama’s Legacy.” The Atlantic. October. Retrieved September 24, 2017. https://bit.ly/2gN9dxy.
Collins, Patricia Hill. 1990. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. Boston: Unwin Hyman.
Connor, Walker. 1994. Ethnonationalism: The Quest for Understanding. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Cox, Oliver C. 2015 . Caste, Class, and Race: A Study in Social Dynamics. Seattle, WA: Amazon. Kindle Loc. 8883–8891.
Cox, Oliver C. 1959. The Foundations of Capitalism. New York: Philosophical Library.
Crenshaw, Kimberlé W. 1991. “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color.” Stanford Law Review 43(6): 1241–1299.
Dahl, Robert. 1961. Who Governs: Democracy and Power in an American City. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
DiTomaso, Nancy. 2013. The American Non-Dilemma: Racial Inequality without Racism. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Dolbeare, Kenneth F. and Medcalf, Linda. 1987. “The Dark Side of the Constitution.” pp. 122–126 in Manley, J. F. and Dolbeare, K. M. (eds.) The Case against the Constitution. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe.
Domhoff, G. William. 1978. Who Really Rules? Pacific Palisades, CA: Goodyear.
Domhoff, G. William. 2013. Who Rules America? The Triumph of the Corporate Rich, 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Dred Scott v. John F. A. Sandford, 60 US 393, 407–408 (1857).
Dyson, Michael E. 2017. Tears We Cannot Stop: A Sermon to White America. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Elias, Sean and Feagin, Joe R.. 2016. Racial Theories in Social Science: A Systemic Racism Critique. New York: Routledge.
Emirbayer, Mustafa and Desmond, Matthew. 2015. The Racial Order. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Feagin, Joe R. 2010. The White Racial Frame: Centuries of Racial Framing and Counter-Framing. New York: Routledge.
Feagin, Joe R. 2012. White Party, White Government: Race, Class, and U.S. Politics. New York: Routledge.
Feagin, Joe R. 2014. Racist America: Roots, Current Realities and Future Reparations. New York: Routledge.
Feagin, Joe R. 2017. “Rethinking Social Reproduction and the Maintenance of Systemic Racism of Time.” Unpublished research paper, Texas A&M University.
Feagin, Joe R. and Ducey, Kimberley. 2017. Elite White Men Ruling: Who, What, When, Where, and How. New York: Routledge.
Feagin, Joe and Elias, Sean. 2012. “Rethinking Racial Formation Theory: A Systemic Racism Critique.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 36(6): 1–30.
Feagin, Joe R. and Feagin, Clairece B.. 1978. Discrimination American Style: Institutional Racism and Sexism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Feagin, Joe and Hahn, Harlan. 1973. Ghetto Revolts: The Politics of Violence in American Cities. New York: Macmillan.
Franklin, John H. 1974. From Slavery to Freedom, 4th ed. New York: Knopf.
Goldberg, David Theo. 2001. The Racial State. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.
Hall, Jarvis A. 2003. “Linking Two Theoretical Traditions: Toward Conceptualizing the American Racial State in a Globalized Milieu.” National Political Science Review 9: 173–185.
Hohle, Randolph. 2015. Race and the Origins of Neoliberalism. New York: Routledge.
Hohle, Randolph. 2018. Racism in the Neoliberal Era: A Meta History of Elite White Power. New York: Routledge.
hooks, bell. 1994. Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center. Boston, MA: South End Press.
Hunter, Floyd. 1953. Community Power Structure: A Study of Decision-Makers. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Jessop, Bob. 1982. Capitalist State: Marxist Theories and Meditations. London: Blackwell.
Jones, James. 1972. Prejudice and Racism. Boston, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Katznelson, Ira. 2005. When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century America. New York: W. W. Norton.
Klarman, Michael J. 2004. From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality. New York: Oxford University Press.
Knowles, Louis and Prewitt, Kenneth. 1969. Institutional Racism in America. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Lively, Donald E. 1992. The Constitution and Race. New York: Praeger.
Mills, C. Wright. 1959. The Power Elite. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mills, Charles. 2011. “Liberalism and the Racial State” pp. 27–46 in Moon-Kie Jung, Joao H. Vargas, Costa, and Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo (eds.) State of White Supremacy. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
National Archives and Records Administration. 1986. Framers of the Constitution. Washington, D.C.: National Archives Trust Fund Board.
Niemonen, Jack. 1995. “The Role of the State in the Sociology of Racial and Ethnic Relations: Some Theoretical Considerations.” Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology 23(1): 27–38.
Oliver, Melvin L. and Shapiro, Thomas M.. 1995. Black Wealth/White Wealth: A New Perspective on Racial Equality. New York: Routledge.
Omi, Michael and Winant, Howard. 1994. Racial Formation in the United States, 2nd ed. New York: Routledge.
Omi, Michael and Winant, Howard. 2015. Racial Formation in the United States, 3rd ed. New York: Routledge.
O’Neill, Peter D. 2017. Famine Irish and the American Racial State. New York: Routledge.
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537, 552–553, 563 (1896).
Rana, Aziz. 2010. The Two Faces of American Freedom. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sadri, Ahmad. 1992. Max Weber’s Sociology of Intellectuals. New York: Oxford University Press.
Sayre, Wallace S. and Kaufman, Herbert. 1960. Governing New York City. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Scheidel, Walter. 2017. The Great Leveler: Violence and the History of Inequality from the Stone Age to the Twenty-First Century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Smith, Anthony D. 1991. National Identity. Reno: University of Nevada Press.
Solomos, John. 1986. “Varieties of Marxist Conceptions of ‘Race,’ Class and the State: A Critical Analysis” pp. 84–109 in Rex, John and Mason, David (eds.) Theories of Race and Ethnic Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Solomos, John and Back, Les. 1995. “Marxism, Racism, and Ethnicity.” American Behavioral Scientist 38(3): 407–421.
Thompson-Miller, Ruth and Feagin, Joe R.. 2007. “The Reality and Impact of Legal Segregation in the United States” pp. 455–464 in Vera, Hernán and Feagin, Joe R. (eds.) Handbook of the Sociology of Racial and Ethnic Relations. New York: Springer Science.
Thompson-Miller, Ruth, Feagin, Joe R., and Picca, Leslie H.. 2015. Jim Crow’s Legacy: The Segregation Stress Syndrome. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Townes, Carimah. 2017. “Despite His Racist Past, Jeff Sessions Confirmed as Attorney General.” ThinkProgress. February 8. Retrieved April 21, 2017. https://bit.ly/2sNK5Im.
Ture, Kwame and Hamilton, Charles. 1967. Black Power: The Politics of Liberation. New York: Vintage.
Walker, David. 1993 . Appeal: in Four Articles with a Preamble, to the Coloured Citizens of the World, But, in Particular, and very Expressly, to Those of the United States of America. Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press.
Weber, Max. 2015 . “Politics as Vocation” pp. 129–198 in Waters, Tony and Waters, Dagmar (eds.) Weber’s Rationalism and Modern Society. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Weber, Max. 1994 . “The Nation State and Economic Policy” pp. 1–28 in Weber: Political Writings. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Whitman, James Q. 2017. Hitler’s American Model: The United States and the Making of Nazi Race Law. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Wimmer, Andreas. 2013. Ethnic Boundary Making: Institutions. Power, Networks. New York: Oxford University Press.