REFERENCES Synovial Sarcoma – General Reviews and Clinicopathologic Series
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Synovial sarcoma in children and adolescents: A report from the Kiel pediatric tumor registry. Cancer 1991;67:1667–167., , , .
Synovial sarcoma in children and adolescents: The St. Jude Children's Research Hospital experience. J Clin Oncol 1994;12:2360–2366., , , , , .
Synovial sarcoma of the abdominal wall. Cancer 1993;72:469–477., .
Synovial sarcoma of the neck: A follow-up study of 24 cases. Cancer 1975;35:1243–1253., , .
Synovial sarcoma of the larynx and hypopharynx. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1998;107:1080–1085., , , , , .
Orofacial synovial sarcoma: A clinicopathologic study of 11 new cases and review of the literature. Cancer 1982;50:269–276., , .
Retroperitoneal synovial sarcoma: A report of four cases. Am J Clin Pathol 1982;77:686–691..
A biphasic tumor of the mediastinum with features of synovial sarcoma: A report of four cases. Am J Surg Pathol 1989;13:490–499., , .
Primary intrathoracic synovial sarcoma: A clinicopathologic study of 46 t(X;18)-positive cases from the French Sarcoma Group and the Mesopath group. Am J Surg Pathol 2005;29:339–346., , , , , .
Primary pulmonary and mediastinal synovial sarcoma: A clinicopathologic study of 60 cases and comparison with five prior series. Mod Pathol 2007;20:760–769., , , , , .
Synovial sarcoma: Prognostic significance of tumor size, margin of resection, and mitotic activity for survival. J Clin Oncol 1996;14:1201–1208., , , , .
Synovial sarcoma: Identification of low- and high-risk groups. Cancer 1999;85:2596–2607., , , , , .
Synovial sarcoma of the extremities: A clinicopathologic study of 34 cases, including semi-quantitative analysis of spindled, epithelial, and poorly differentiated areas. Am J Surg Pathol 1999;23:268–275., , , , .
Synovial sarcoma: A multivariate analysis of prognostic factors in 112 patients with primary localized tumors of the extremity. J Clin Oncol 2000;18:2087–2094., , , , , .
Synovial sarcoma: A clinicopathologic, staging, and prognostic assessment. J Clin Oncol 2000;18:3794–3800., , , , .
Prognostic factors in localized primary synovial sarcoma: A multicenter study of 128 adult patients. J Clin Oncol 2001;19:525–534., , , , , .
Primary pulmonary sarcomas with features of monophasic synovial sarcoma: A clinicopathological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study of 25 cases. Hum Pathol 1995;26:474–480., , , , .
Primary pulmonary sarcoma with morphologic features of monophasic synovial sarcoma and chromosome translocation t(X;18). Am J Clin Pathol 1996;105:195–199., , , , .
Primary synovial sarcoma of the lung: report of two cases confirmed by molecular detection of SYT-SSX fusion gene transcript. Histopathology 1999;34:205–210., , , , .
Intravascular synovial sarcoma. Hum Pathol 1987;18:1075–1077., , .
Intravascular synovial sarcoma. J Clin Pathol 1998;51:172–173., , .
Cardiac synovial sarcoma with translocation (X;18) associated with asbestosis exposure. Cancer 1994;73:74–78., , , , .
Primary cardiac sarcomas: A clinicopathologic analysis of a series with follow-up information in 17 patients and emphasis on long-term survival. Hum Pathol 2008;39:1385–1395., , , , , .
Synovial sarcoma of the upper digestive tract: A report of two cases with demonstration of the X;18 translocation by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Mod Pathol 2000;13:68–76., , , .
Synovial sarcoma of the stomach: A clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular genetic study of 10 cases. Am J Surg Pathol 2008;32:275–281., , , , , .
Primary monophasic synovial sarcoma of the duodenum with SYT/SSX2 types of translocation. Hum Pathol 2007;38:946–949., , , .
Primary renal synovial sarcoma: Molecular and morphologic delineation of an entity previously included among embryonal sarcomas of the kidney. Am J Surg Pathol 2000;24:1087–1096., , , , , .
Synovial sarcoma of the prostate with t(X;18)(p11.2;q11.2). Am J Surg Pathol 1999;23:220–226., , , , , .
Molecularly confirmed primary prostatic synovial sarcoma. Hum Pathol 2000;31:246–250., , , , .
Synovial Sarcoma – Histologic Variants and Prognostic Factors
Synovial sarcoma with squamous differentiation of its mesenchymal glandular elements: A case report with light-microscopic, ultramicroscopic, and immunologic correlation. Am J Surg Pathol 1984;8:791–796., , :
Monophasic synovial sarcoma – a histologic entity?Histopathology 1977;1:151–157..
Synovial sarcoma: A study of 23 biphasic and 17 probable monophasic examples. Pathol Annu 1980;15:309–313..
Synovial sarcoma: A clinical, pathological and ultrastructural study of 26 cases supporting the recognition of a monophasic variant. Am J Surg Pathol 1981;5:137–151., , .
Calcifying synovial sarcoma. Cancer 1982;50:345–352., .
Synovial sarcoma with extensive osteoid and bone formation. Am J Surg Pathol 1993;17:357–363., , , .
Poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma: An analysis of clinical, pathologic, and molecular genetic features. Am J Surg Pathol 1999;23:106–112., , , , , :
Survival in synovial sarcoma: A multivariate study of prognostic factors with special emphasis on the comparison between early death and long-term survival. Am J Surg Pathol 1993;17:35–44., , , .
SYT-SSX gene fusion as a determinant of morphology and prognosis in synovial sarcoma. N Engl J Med 1998;338:153–160., , , , :
Impact of SYT-SSX fusion type on the clinical behavior of synovial sarcoma: A multi-institutional retrospective study of 243 patients. Cancer Res 2002;62:135–140., , , , , .
Synovial Sarcoma – Immunohistochemistry
Synovial sarcoma: An immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study. Hum Pathol 1990;21:733–749., , :
Keratin subsets in spindle cell sarcomas: Keratins are widespread but synovial sarcoma contains a distinctive keratin polypeptide pattern and desmoplakins. Am J Pathol 1991;138:505–513..
Immunohistochemical profile of synovial sarcoma with emphasis on the epithelial-type differentiation: A study of 49 primary tumors, recurrences and metastases. Pathol Res Pract 1994;190:168–177., , , , , .
Poorly differentiated synovial sarcoma: Immunohistochemical distinction from primitive neuroectodermal tumors and high-grade malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Am J Surg Pathol 1998;22:673–682., .
Patterns in keratin polypeptides in 110 biphasic, monophasic and poorly differentiated synovial sarcomas. Virchows Arch 2000;438:275–283., , , .
Expression of E-cadherin in bone and soft tissue sarcomas: A possible role in epithelial differentiation. Hum Pathol 1999;30:1344–1349., , , , :
Epithelial-type and neural-type cadherin expression in malignant noncarcinomatous neoplasms with epithelioid features that involve the soft tissues. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2002;126:425–431., .
Calretinin expression in synovial sarcoma: Analysis of similarities and differences from malignant mesothelioma. Am J Surg Pathol 2001;25:610–617., , , .
TLE1 as a diagnostic immunohistochemical marker for synovial sarcoma emerging from gene expression profiling studies. Am J Surg Pathol 2007;31:240–246., , , , , .
CDM: S-100 protein reactivity in synovial sarcomas – a potentially frequent diagnostic pitfall: Immunohistochemical analysis of 100 cases. Applied Immunohistochemistry 1996;4:167–175., , , ,
CD99 (p30/32 -MIC2) neuroectodermal/Ewing sarcoma antigen as an immunohistochemical marker: Review of more than 600 tumors and the literature experience. Applied Immunohistochemistry 1994;2:231–240., , , :
Expression of bcl2 oncoprotein in benign and malignant spindle cell tumors of soft tissue, skin, serosal surfaces, and gastrointestinal tract. Am J Surg Pathol 1998;22:863–872., , :
Synovial Sarcoma – Genetics
Cytogenetics of synovial sarcoma: Presentation of ten new cases and review of the literature. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 1991;3:338–345., , , , , .
Chromosomes in the diagnosis of soft tissue tumors: I. Synovial sarcoma. Mod Pathol 1992;5:57–62., , , , .
Identification of novel genes, SYT and SSX, involved in the t(X;18)(p11.2;q11.2) translocation found in human synovial sarcoma. Nat Genet 1994;7:502–508., , , , , AM-L, et al.
Identification of two alternative fusion genes, SYT-SSX1 and SYT-SSX2, in t(X;18)(p11.2;q11.2)-positive synovial sarcomas. Hum Mol Genet 1995;4:1097–1099., , , .
Fusion of SYT to two genes, SSX1 and SSX2, encoding proteins with homology to the Kruppel-associated box in human synovial sarcoma. EMBO J 1995;14: 2333–40., , , , , .
Two categories of synovial sarcoma defined by divergent chromosome translocation breakpoints in Xp11.2, with implications for the histologic sub-classification of synovial sarcoma. Cytogenet Cell Genet 1995;70:58–63., , , , , .
Molecular mechanisms underlying human synovial sarcoma development. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2001;30:1–14., , :
A novel fusion gene, SYT-SSX4, in synovial sarcoma. J Natl Cancer Inst 1999;91:974–975., , , , , :
SSX: A multigene family with several members transcribed in normal testis and human cancer. Int J Cancer 1997;72:965–71., , , , , .
Distinct Xp11.2 breakpoint regions in synovial sarcoma revealed by metaphase and interphase FISH: relationship to histologic subtypes. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1994;73:89–94., , , , , .
Detection of chromosome 18 rearrangement in synovial sarcoma by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1995;84:76–81., , .
Chromosomal translocation t(X;18) in human synovial sarcomas analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using paraffin-embedded tissue. Am J Pathol 1996;148:601–609., , .
Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction as a diagnostic aid for synovial sarcoma. Am J Pathol 1996;148:559–567., , , , , .
Use of nonbreakpoint DNA probes to detect the t(X;18) in interphase cells from synovial sarcoma: Implications for detection of diagnostic tumor translocations. Am J Pathol 1998;152:1171–1177..
Synovial sarcoma specific translocation associated with both epithelial and spindle cell components. Int J Cancer 1999;82:605–608., , , , :
Dual colour fluorescence in situ hybridization to paraffin-embedded samples to deduce the presence of the der(x)t(x;18)(p11.2;q11.2) and involvement of either the SSX1 or SSX2 gene: A diagnostic and prognostic aid for synovial sarcoma. J Pathol 1999;187:490–496., , , , , :
Molecular diagnosis of synovial sarcoma and characterization of a variant SYT-SSX2 fusion transcript. Am J Pathol 1995;147:1592–1599., , , , , .
Detection of the SYT-SSX chimeric RNA of synovial sarcoma in paraffin-embedded tissue and its application in problematic cases. Mod Pathol 1997;11:65–71., , , , .
Detection of the SYT-SSX fusion transcripts in formaldehyde-fixed, paraffin embedded tissue: A reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction amplification assay useful in the diagnosis of synovial sarcoma. Mod Pathol 1998;11:626–633., , , , :
Detection of SYT-SSX fusion transcripts in synovial sarcoma by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction using archival paraffin-embedded tissues. Am J Pathol 1998;153:1807–1812., :
The SYT-SSX1 variant of synovial sarcoma is associated with a high rate of tumor cell proliferation and poor clinical outcome. Cancer Res 1999;59:3180–3184., , , , , .
Absence of SYT-SSX fusion products in soft tissue tumors other than synovial sarcoma. Am J Clin Pathol 1999;112:43–49., , , , :
A pathologic and molecular genetic study. Mod Pathol 2000;13:1336–1446., , , , . Letter to editor. Re: O'Sullivan MJ, Kyriakos M, Zhu X, Wick MR, Swanson PE, Dehner LP, Humphrey PA, Pfeifer JD: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors with T(X;18):
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors with T(X;18): A pathologic and molecular genetic study. Mod Pathol 2000;13:1336–1346., , , , , .
Nonrandom secondary chromosome aberrations in synovial sarcomas with t(X;18). Int J Oncol 1995;7:495–499., , , , , .
Genetic imbalances in 67 synovial sarcomas evaluated by comparative genomic hybridization. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 1998;23:213–219., , , , , .
Epithelioid sarcoma – a sarcoma simulating a granuloma or a carcinoma. Cancer 1970;26:1029–1041..
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Epithelioid sarcoma: An analysis of 22 cases indicating the prognostic significance of vascular invasion and regional lymph node metastasis. Cancer 1978;41:1472–1487., , .
Epithelioid sarcoma: Diagnosis, prognostic indicators, and treatment. Am J Surg Pathol 1985;9:241–263., .
Epithelioid sarcoma in the upper extremity. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1992;74:28–35., , , .
Epithelioid sarcoma: A clinicopathologic and prognostic study of 26 cases. Semin Diagn Pathol 1993;10:286–291., .
Epithelioid sarcoma in childhood: An immunohistochemical, electron microscopic, and clinicopathologic study of 11 cases under 15 years of age and review of the literature. Pediatr Pathol 1994;14:433–451., , , , , .
Epithelioid sarcoma: A clinicopathologic review of 55 cases. Mayo Clin Proc 1996;71:636–642., , , , .
Epithelioid sarcoma: Clinical behavior and prognostic factors of survival. Ann Surg Oncol 1997;4:491–495., , , .
Epithelioid sarcoma: The clinicopathological complexities of this rare soft tissue sarcoma. Ann Surg Oncol 2000;7:218–225., , .
Epithelioid sarcoma: Results of conservative surgery and radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2001;51:384–391., , , , , .
Epithelioid sarcoma in children and adolescents: A report from the Italian Soft Tissue Sarcoma Committee. Cancer 2006;106–708–717., , , , , .
Epithelioid sarcoma mimicking angiosarcoma: The value of immunohistochemistry in the differential diagnosis. Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol 1991;418:271–278., , , , .
The fibroma-like variant of epithelioid sarcoma: A fibrohistiocytic/myoid cell lesion often confused with benign and malignant spindle cell tumors. Cancer 1992;69:1382–1395., , , .
Keratin in epithelioid sarcoma: An immunohistochemical study. Am J Surg Pathol 1984;8:435–441., , , .
Cellular differentiation of epithelioid sarcoma: An electron microscopic, enzyme histochemical, and immunohistochemical study. Am J Pathol 1985;119:44–56., , , , , .
Epithelial profile of epithelioid sarcoma: An immunohistochemical analysis of eight cases. Cancer 1987;59:131–141., , , .
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Epithelioid sarcoma – an immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study. Surg Pathol 1988;1:13–31., , .
Epithelioid sarcomas: An immunohistochemical analysis of 112 classical and variant cases and a discussion of the differential diagnosis. Hum Pathol 1999;30:934–942., , , , .
Epithelioid sarcoma: New insights based on extensive immunohistochemical analysis. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2003;127:1161–1168., .
Cytoskeletal heterogeneity of an epithelioid sarcoma with expression of vimentin, cytokeratins, and neurofilaments. Am J Surg Pathol 14:274–283, 1990., , , , .
Multidirectional differentiation in a newly established human epithelioid sarcoma cell line (GRU-1) with co-expression of vimentin, cytokeratin and neurofilament proteins. Int J Cancer 1990;45:143–152., , , , .
B72.3 and CD34 immunoreactivity in malignant epithelioid soft tissue tumors: Adjuncts in the recognition of endothelial neoplasms. Am J Surg Pathol 1993;17:179–185., , .
Epithelioid sarcoma: Presence of vascular-endothelial cadherin and lack of epithelial cadherin. Histopathology 1998;33:425–431., , .
Loss of INI1 expression is characteristic of both conventional and proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma. Am J Surg Pathol 2009;33:542–550., , .
Epithelioid sarcoma and isolated necrobiotic granuloma: A comparative immunocytochemical study. J Cutan Pathol 1986;13:253–260., .
Epithelioid sarcoma – an immunohistochemical analysis evaluating the utility of cytokeratin 5/6 in distinguishing superficial epithelioid sarcoma from spindle cell squamous cell carcinoma. J Cutan Pathol 2003;30:114–117., , , , , .
Metastatic epithelioid sarcoma to the brain: Palisaded necrosis mimicking glioblastoma multiforme. Ann Diagn Pathol 2002;6:272–280., .
Genetics of Epithelioid Sarcoma
A cell culture, chromosomal and quantitative DNA analysis of a metastatic epithelioid sarcoma. Cancer 1990;65:2006–2013., , , :
A new cytogenetic finding in an epithelioid sarcoma t(8;22)(q22;q11). Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1994;72:151–154., , , .
Epithelioid sarcoma with an 18q aberration. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 1996;91:46–52., , , , , .
Cytogenetic findings in a case of epithelioid sarcoma and review of the literature. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 2000;119:155–157., , , , .
Allelic loss on chromosome 22q in epithelioid sarcomas. Hum Pathol 1998;29:604–608., , , , , :
DNA copy number changes in epithelioid sarcoma and its variants: A comparative genomic hybridization study. Mod Pathol 2000;13:1092–1096., , :
Expression profile and molecular genetic regulation of cyclinD1 expression in epithelioid sarcoma. Mod Pathol 2005;18:705–709., , , , , .
Establishment of a new epithelioid sarcoma cell line. FU-EPS-1: Molecular cytogenetic characterization by use of spectral karyotyping and comparative genomic hybridization. Int J Oncol 2005;27:361–369., , , , , .
Large Cell (Proximal-Type) Epithelioid Sarcoma
Proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma: A clinicopathologic study of 20 cases. Mod Pathol 2001;14:655–663., , , , , .
SMARCB1/INI1 tumor suppressor gene is frequently inactivated in epithelioid sarcomas. Cancer Res 2005;65:4012–4019., , , , , .
Proximal-type” and classic epithelioid sarcomas represent a clinicopathologic continuum: A case report. Pediatr Devel Pathol 2005;8:105–114., , , , . “
Common chromosome aberrations in the proximal type of epithelioid sarcoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 2000;123:133–136., , :
Molecular cytogenetic characterization of proximal-type epithelioid sarcoma. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2004;41:283–290., , , , , .
Mixed Tumor/Myoepithelioma and Parachordoma
Chondroid syringoma: Mixed tumor of skin, salivary gland type. Arch Dermatol 1961;84:835–847., .
Mixed tumors of the skin of the salivary gland type. Cancer 1959;12:537–543., .
Chnodroid syringoma (mixed tumor of the skin): A clinicopathologic study of 13 cases. Acta Pathol Jpn 1987;37:615–625., , , , , .
Mixed tumors of the skin: A histological and immunohistochemical study. Am J Dermatopathol 1989;11:413–428., , , .
Mixed tumors and myoepitheliomas of soft tissue: A clinicopathologic study of 19 cases with a unifying concept. Am J Surg Pathol 1997;21:13–22., , , , .
Myoepitheliomas of skin and soft tissues. Virchows Arch 1999;434:393–400., .
Myoepithelial tumors of soft tissue: A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 101 cases with evaluation of prognostic parameters. Am J Surg Pathol 2003;27:1183–1196., .
Cutaneous myoepithelial neoplasms: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 20 cases suggesting a continuous spectrum ranging from benign mixed tumor of the skin to cutaneous myoepithelioma and myoepithelial carcinoma. J Cutan Pathol 2003;30:294–302., , , , , .
Cutaneous myoepithelioma: A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 14 cases. Hum Pathol 2004;35:14–24., .
Malignant chondroid syringoma: Report of a case with widespread metastasis and review of pertinent literature. Cancer 1983;52:1966–1973., , , , .
Hyaline-cell rich chondroid syringoma: A tumor mimicking malignancy. Am J Surg Pathol 1995;19:912–917., .
Mixed tumor of the skin: Eccrine and apocrine type. Arch Dermatol 1961;84:989–996..
Detection of a t(1;22)(q23;q12) translocation leading to an EWSR1-PBX1 fusion gene in myoepithelioma. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2008;47:558–564., , , , , .
Cytogenetics of a soft tissue malignant myoepithelioma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet 2004;151:87–89., , , .
Parachordoma – A new clinical entity. Cancer 1977;40:1586–1592..
Parachordoma: Clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of four cases of an unusual soft tissue neoplasm. Ann Diagn Pathol 1997;1:3–10., .
Parachordoma is immunohistochemically and cytogenetically distinct from axial chordoma and extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma. Am J Surg Pathol 1999;23:1059–1067., , , .
Other Adnexal Tumors
Eccrine acrospiroma: A clinicopathologic study. Cancer 1969;23:641–657., .
Solid-cystic hidradenoma. Arch Dermatol 1968;97:651–661., .
Sweat gland adenomas: Immunohistochemical study with emphasis on myoepithelial differentiation. J Cutan Pathol 1993;20:337–343., , , .
Epithelial markers and differentiation in adnexal neoplasms of the skin: An immunohistochemical study including individual cytokeratins. J Cutan Pathol 1995;22:518–535., , .
Eccrine spiradenoma. AMA Arch Dermatol 1956;73:199–227., .
Eccrine spiradenoma occurring in infancy mimicking mesenchymal tumor. J Cutan Pathol 1990;17:214–219., , .
Eccrine spiradenoma: clinical and pathologic study of 49 tumors. J Cutan Pathol 1983;10:312–320..
Carcinoma arising in eccrine spiradenoma. Cancer 1979;43:1881–1884., , , .
Sweat gland carcinoma ex eccrine spiradenoma. Am J Dermatopathol 1987;9:90–98., , , .
Malignant eccrine spiradenoma: A clinicopathologic study. Am J Dermatopathol 1992;14:381–390., , , , .
Malignant eccrine spiradenoma (spiradenocarcinoma): A clinicopathologic study of 12 cases. Am J Dermatopathol 2000;22:97–103., , , , .
Carcinosarcoma arising in eccrine spiradenoma: A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of two cases. Am J Dermatopathol 1990;12:335–343., , , .
Perivascular spaces in eccrine spiradenoma: A clue to its histological diagnosis. Am J Dermatopathol 1995;17:266–270., .
Immunohistochemical analysis of cytokeratin expression in eccrine spiradenoma: similarities to the transitional portions between secretory segments and coiled ducts of eccrine glands. Br J Dermatol 1994;131:799–807., , , .
Non-epithelial cellular components in eccrine spiradenoma: A histological and immunohistochemical study of 20 cases. Histopathology 1991;18:155–160., , .
Dermal cylindroma (dermal eccrine cylindroma). Am J Clin Pathol 1961;35:504–515., .
Linkage and LOH studies in 19 cylindromatosis families show no evidence of genetic heterogeneity and define the CYLD locus on chromosome 16q12-q13. Gum Genet 2000;106:58–65., , , , , .
Genetics of skin appendage neoplasms and related syndromes. J Med Genet 2005;42:811–819., , , .
Cylindromatosis and the CYLD gene: New lessons on the molecular principles of epithelial growth control. Bioessays 2007;29:1203–1214., .
Aggressive digital papillary adenoma and adenocarcinoma: A clinicopathological study of 57 patients, with histochemical, immunopathological, and ultrastructural observations. J Cutan Pathol 1987;14:129–146., , .
Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma (aggressive digital papillary adenoma and adenocarcinoma revisited). Am J Surg Pathol 2000;24:775–784., , .
Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma of the foot: The clinicopathologic features of two cases. J Foot Ankle Surg 2000;39:402–405., .
Chordoma: A clinicopathologic study of metastasis. Am J Clin Pathol 1979;72:765–776., :
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Chordomas of the mediastinum: Clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study of six cases presenting as posterior mediastinal masses. Hum Pathol 1995;26:1354–1362., :
Keratin subsets and monoclonal antibody HBME-1 in chordoma – immunohistochemical differential diagnosis between tumors simulating chordoma. Hum Pathol 1998;29:119–126., , :
Ectopic Hamartomatous Thymoma
Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma: A distinctive benign lesion of lower neck. Am J Surg Pathol 1984;8:501–513., , :
Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma: A clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of 21 cases with data supporting reclassification as a branchial anlage mixed tumor. Am J Surg Pathol 2004;28:1360–1370., , , , , .
Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma: clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and histogenetic considerations in four new cases. Hum Pathol 1990;21:662–668., :
Tumors of the neck showing thymic or related branchial pouch differentiation: A unifying concept. Hum Pathol 1991;22:349–367., .
Pitfalls in the diagnosis of ectopic hamartomatous thymoma. Histopathology 1996;29:549–555., , , , .
Ectopic hamartomatous thymoma: A case report with immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies. APMIS 2002;110:565–570..