Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: March 2012

Chapter 3 - Pain assessment and management considerations

References

1. American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Sedation and Analgesia by Non-Anesthesiologists . Practice guidelines for sedation and analgesia by non-anesthesiologists. Anesthesiology 2002; 96: 1004–17.
2. Berry PH , Covington E , Dahl J , Katz J , Miaskowski C. Pain: Current Understanding of Assessment, Management and Treatments. Reston, VA: National Pharmaceutical Council and the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, 2006.
3. Gagliese L , Weizblit N , Ellis W , Chan VW. The measurement of postoperative pain: a comparison of intensity scales in younger and older surgical patients. Pain 2005; 117: 412–20.
4. Herr KA , Spratt K , Mobily PR , Richardson G. Pain intensity assessment in older adults: use of experimental pain to compare psychometric properties and usability of selected pain scales with younger adults. Clin J Pain 2004; 20: 207–19.
5. Bieri D , Reeve RA , Champion GD , Addicoat L , Ziegler JB. The Faces Pain Scale for the self-assessment of the severity of pain experienced by children: development, initial validation, and preliminary investigation for ratio scale properties. Pain 1990; 41: 139–50.
6. Taylor LJ , Harris J , Epps CD , Herr K. Psychometric evaluation of selected pain intensity scales for use with cognitively impaired and cognitively intact older adults. Rehabil Nurs 2005; 30: 55–61.
7. Stuppy DJ. The Faces Pain Scale: reliability and validity with mature adults. Appl Nurs Res 1998; 11: 84–9.
8. Matsumoto D. Ethnic differences in affect intensity, emotion judgments, display rule attitudes, and self-reported emotional expression in an American sample. Motiv Emotion 1993; 17: 107–23.
9. Hicks CL , von Baeyer CL , Spafford PA , van Korlaar I , Goodenough B. The Faces Pain Scale-Revised: toward a common metric in pediatric pain measurement. Pain 2001; 93: 173–83.
10. Stallard P , Williams L , Lenton S , Velleman R. Pain in cognitively impaired, non-communicating children. Arch Dis Child 2001; 85: 460–2.
11. Merkel SI , Voepel-Lewis T , Shayevitz JR , Malviya S. The FLACC: a behavioral scale for scoring postoperative pain in young children. Pediatr Nurs 1997; 23: 293–7.
12. Jacobi J , Fraser GL , Coursin DB , et al. Clinical practice guidelines for the sustained use of sedatives and analgesics in the critically ill adult. Crit Care Med 2002; 30: 119–41.
13. Sauder P , Andreoletti M , Cambonie G , et al. [Sedation and analgesia in intensive care (with the exception of new-born babies). French Society of Anesthesia and Resuscitation. French-speaking Resuscitation Society.]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim 2008; 27: 541–51.
14. Chanques G , Viel E , Constantin JM , et al. The measurement of pain in intensive care unit: comparison of 5 self-report intensity scales. Pain 2010; 151: 711–21.
15. Payen JF , Bru O , Bosson JL , et al. Assessing pain in critically ill sedated patients by using a behavioral pain scale. Crit Care Med 2001; 29: 2258–63.
16. Aissaoui Y , Zeggwagh AA , Zekraoui A , Abidi K , Abouqal R. Validation of a behavioral pain scale in critically ill, sedated, and mechanically ventilated patients. Anesth Analg 2005; 101: 1470–6.
17. Ahlers SJ , van Gulik L , van der Veen AM , et al. Comparison of different pain scoring systems in critically ill patients in a general ICU. Crit Care 2008; 12: R15.
18. Joshi GP. Pain management after ambulatory surgery. Ambulatory Surgery 1999; 7: 3–12.
19. ASPAN pain and comfort clinical guideline . www.aspan.org/Portals/6/docs/ClinicalPractice/Guidelines/ASPAN_ClinicalGuideline_PainComfort.pdf (accessed June 2011).
20. Buss HE , Melderis K. PACU pain management algorithm. J Perianesth Nurs 2002; 17: 11–20.