1. . Practice guidelines for sedation and analgesia by
2. , , , ,
Pain: Current Understanding of Assessment, Management and
Treatments. Reston, VA:
National Pharmaceutical Council and the Joint Commission
on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations,
3. , , ,
The measurement of postoperative pain: a comparison of
intensity scales in younger and older surgical patients.
4. , , ,
Pain intensity assessment in older adults: use of
experimental pain to compare psychometric properties and
usability of selected pain scales with younger adults.
Clin J Pain
5. , , , ,
The Faces Pain Scale for the self-assessment of the severity
of pain experienced by children: development, initial validation, and
preliminary investigation for ratio scale properties.
6. , , ,
Psychometric evaluation of selected pain intensity scales for
use with cognitively impaired and cognitively intact older
adults. Rehabil Nurs
The Faces Pain Scale: reliability and validity with mature
adults. Appl Nurs Res
Ethnic differences in affect intensity, emotion judgments,
display rule attitudes, and self-reported emotional expression in an
American sample. Motiv
9. , , , ,
The Faces Pain Scale-Revised: toward a common metric in
pediatric pain measurement.
10. , , ,
Pain in cognitively impaired, non-communicating
children. Arch Dis Child
11. , , ,
The FLACC: a behavioral scale for scoring postoperative pain
in young children. Pediatr
12. , , , et al. Clinical
practice guidelines for the sustained use of sedatives and analgesics in
the critically ill adult. Crit Care
13. , , , et al.
[Sedation and analgesia in intensive care (with the
exception of new-born babies). French Society of Anesthesia and
Resuscitation. French-speaking Resuscitation Society.].
Ann Fr Anesth Reanim
14. , , , et al. The
measurement of pain in intensive care unit: comparison of 5 self-report
intensity scales. Pain
15. , , , et al.
Assessing pain in critically ill sedated patients by
using a behavioral pain scale. Crit Care
16. , , , ,
Validation of a behavioral pain scale in critically ill,
sedated, and mechanically ventilated patients.
17. , , , et al.
Comparison of different pain scoring systems in
critically ill patients in a general ICU.
Pain management after ambulatory surgery.
PACU pain management algorithm.
J Perianesth Nurs