Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: February 2011

Chapter 3 - Migration and mental illness:

from Section 1 - Epidemiology and inequalities

References

Abe-Kim, J., Takeuchi, D. T., Hong, S. et al. (2007). Use of mental health-related services among immigrant and US-born Asian Americans: results from the National Latino and Asian American Study. American Journal of Public Health, 97, 91–8.
Angold, A., Erkanli, A., Farmer, E. M. et al. (2002). Psychiatric disorder, impairment, and service use in rural African American and white youth. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 893–901.
Bhugra, D. (2004). Migration and mental health. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 109, 243–58.
Bhugra, D., Leff, J., Mallett, R. et al. (1997). Incidence and outcome of schizophrenia in Whites, African-Caribbeans and Asians in London. Psychological Medicine, 27(4), 791–8.
Borges, G., Medina-Mora, M. E., Breslau, J., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S. (2007). The effect of migration to the United States on substance use disorders among returned Mexican migrants and families of migrants. American Journal of Public Health, 97, 1847–51.
Breslau, J., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Borges, G. et al. (2007). Risk for psychiatric disorder among immigrants and their US-born descendants: evidence from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 195, 189–95.
Broome, M. R., Woolley, J. B., Tabraham, P. et al. (2005). What causes the onset of psychosis? Schizophrenia Research, 79, 23–34.
Burnam, M. A., Hough, R. L., Escobar, J. I. et al. (1987). Six-month prevalence of specific psychiatric disorders among Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites in Los Angeles. Archives General Psychiatry, 44, 687–94.
Burvill, P. W. (1998). Migrant suicide rates in Australia and in country of birth. Psychological Medicine, 28, 201–8.
Cantor-Graae, E., Zolkowska, K., McNeil, T. F. (2005). Increased risk of psychotic disorder among immigrants in Malmo: a 3-year first-contact study. Psychological Medicine, 35, 1155–63.
Chen, A. W. and Kazanjian, A. (2005). Rate of mental health service utilization by Chinese immigrants in British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 96, 49–51.
Cheng, T. A. (1989). Urbanisation and minor psychiatric morbidity. A community study in Taiwan. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 24, 309–16.
Cheng, A. T. A. and Chang, J. C. (1999). Mental health aspects of culture and migration (Editorial Review). Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 12, 217–22.
Coid, J. W., Kirkbride, J. B., Barker, D. et al. (2008). Raised incidence rates of all psychoses among migrant groups: findings from the East London first episode psychosis study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65, 1250–8.
Fazel, M. and Stein, A. (2002). The mental health of refugee children. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 87, 366–70.
Fennelly, K. (2007). The "healthy migrant" effect. Minnesota Medicine, 90, 51–3.
Ferrada-Noli, M. (1997). A cross-cultural breakdown of Swedish suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 96, 108–16.
Ferrada-Noli, M. and Asberg, M. (1997). Psychiatric health, ethnicity and socio-economic factors among suicides in Stockholm. Psychological Reports, 81, 323–32.
Garmezy, N. (1991). Resilience in children’s adaptation to negative life events and stressed environments. Pediatric Annals, 20, 459–60, 463–6.
Gerritsen, A. A., Bramsen, I., Deville, W. et al. (2006). Physical and mental health of Afghan, Iranian and Somali asylum seekers and refugees living in the Netherlands. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 41, 18–26.
Grant, B. F., Stinson, F. S., Hasin, D. S. et al. (2004). Immigration and lifetime prevalence of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders among Mexican Americans and non-Hispanic whites in the United States: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 61, 1226–33.
Harrison, G., Owens, D., Holton, A., Neilson, D., Boot, D. (1988). A prospective study of severe mental disorder in Afro-Caribbean patients. Psychological Medicine, 18, 643–57.
Harrison, G., Glazebrook, C., Brewin, J. et al. (1997). Increased incidence of psychotic disorders in migrants from the Caribbean to the United Kingdom. Psychological Medicine, 27, 799–806.
Hjern, A., Wicks, S., Dalman, C. (2004). Social adversity contributes to high morbidity in psychoses in immigrants – a national cohort study in two generations of Swedish residents. Psychological Medicine, 34, 1025–33.
Hodes, M. (1998). Refugee children. British Medical Journal, 316, 793–4.
Huang, S. L. and Spurgeon, A. (2006). The mental health of Chinese immigrants in Birmingham, UK. Ethnic Health, 11, 365–87.
Jirapramukpitak, T., Prince, M., Harpham, T. (2008). Rural–urban migration, illicit drug use and hazardous/harmful drinking in the young Thai population. Addiction, 103, 91–100.
Keller, A. S., Rosenfeld, B., Trinh-Shevrin, C. et al. (2003). Mental health of detained asylum seekers. Lancet, 362, 1721–3.
Kirmayer, L. J., Weinfeld, M., Burgos, G. et al. (2007). Use of health care services for psychological distress by immigrants in an urban multicultural milieu. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 52, 295–304.
Kposowa, A. J., McElvain, J. P., Breault, K. D. (2008). Immigration and suicide: the role of marital status, duration of residence, and social integration. Archives of Suicide Research, 12, 82–92.
Laban, C. J., Gernaat, H. B., Komproe, I. H., van der Tweel, I., De Jong, J. T. (2005). Postmigration living problems and common psychiatric disorders in Iraqi asylum seekers in the Netherlands. Journal of Nervous Mental Disease, 193, 825–32.
Leao, T. S., Sundquist, J., Frank, G. et al. (2006). Incidence of schizophrenia or other psychoses in first- and second-generation immigrants: a national cohort study. Journal of Nervous Mental Disease, 194, 27–33.
Li, L., Wang, H. M., Ye, X. J. et al. (2007). The mental health status of Chinese rural-urban migrant workers: comparison with permanent urban and rural dwellers. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 42, 716–22.
Lindert, J., Schouler-Ocak, M., Heinz, A., Priebe, S. (2008). Mental health, health care utilisation of migrants in Europe. European Psychiatry, 23(Suppl 1), 14–20.
Lindert, J., Ehrenstein, O. S., Priebe, S., Mielck, A., Brahler, E. (2009). Depression and anxiety in labor migrants and refugees – a systematic review and meta-analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 69, 246–57.
Marshall, G. N., Schell, T. L., Elliott, M. N., Berthold, S. M., Chun, C. A. (2005). Mental health of Cambodian refugees 2 decades after resettlement in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association, 294, 571–9.
Minas, H. (2001). Migration, equity and health. In: M. McKee, P. Garner, R. Stott, eds. International Co-operation in Health. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 151–74.
Minas, H., Klimidis, S., Tuncer, C. (2007). Illness causal beliefs in Turkish immigrants. BMC Psychiatry, 7, 34.
Mirsky, J., Kohn, R., Levav, I., Grinshpoon, A., Ponizovsky, A. M. (2008). Psychological distress and common mental disorders among immigrants: results from the Israeli-based component of the world mental health survey. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 69, 1715–20.
Montgomery, E., Foldspang, A. (2008). Discrimination, mental problems and social adaptation in young refugees. European Journal of Public Health, 18, 156–61.
Mortensen, P. B., Cantor-Graae, E., McNeil, T. F. (1997). Increased rates of schizophrenia among immigrants: some methodological concerns raised by Danish findings. Psychological Medicine, 27, 813–20.
Mulder, C. L., Koopmans, G. T., Selten, J. P. (2006). Emergency psychiatry, compulsory admissions and clinical presentation among immigrants to the Netherlands. British Journal of Psychiatry, 188, 386–91.
Ødegaard, Ø. (1932). Emigration and insanity. Acta Psychiatrica et Neurologica Suppl. 4, 1–206.
Ortega, A. N., Rosenheck, R., Alegria, M., Desai, R. A. (2000). Acculturation and the lifetime risk of psychiatric and substance use disorders among Hispanics. Journal of Nervous Mental Disease, 188, 728–35.
Porter, M., Haslam, N. (2005). Predisplacement and postdisplacement factors associated with mental health of refugees and internally displaced persons: a meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 294, 602–12.
Robjant, K., Hassan, R., Katona, C. (2009). Mental health implications of detaining asylum seekers: systematic review. British Journal of Psychiatry, 194, 306–12.
Rogler, L. H., Cortes, D. E., Malgady, R. G. (1991). Acculturation and mental health status among Hispanics. Convergence and new directions for research. American Psychologist, 46, 585–97.
Selten, J. P., Slaets, J. P., Kahn, R. S. (1997). Schizophrenia in Surinamese and Dutch Antillean immigrants to The Netherlands: evidence of an increased incidence. Psychological Medicine, 27, 807–11.
Selten, J. P., Veen, N., Feller, W. et al. (2001). Incidence of psychotic disorders in immigrant groups to The Netherlands. British Journal of Psychiatry, 178, 367–72.
Selten, J. P., Cantor-Graae, E., Kahn, R. S. (2007). Migration and schizophrenia. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 20, 111–15.
Steel, Z., Silove, D., Phan, T., Bauman, A. (2002). Long-term effect of psychological trauma on the mental health of Vietnamese refugees resettled in Australia: a population-based study. Lancet, 360, 1056–62.
Sundaram, V., Qin, P., Zollner, L. (2006). Suicide risk among persons with foreign background in Denmark. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 36, 481–9.
Takeuchi, D. T., Zane, N., Hong, S. et al. (2007). Immigration-related factors and mental disorders among Asian Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 97, 84–90.
UN (United Nations) High Commission for Refugees. (2008). United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ 2008 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons, 2008. http://www.unhcr.org/statistics.
Vega, W. A., Kolody, B., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S. et al. (1998). Lifetime prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders among urban and rural Mexican Americans in California. Archives of General Psychiatry, 55, 771–8.
Veling, W., Susser, E., van Os, J. et al. (2008). Ethnic density of neighborhoods and incidence of psychotic disorders among immigrants. American Journal of Psychiatry, 165, 66–73.
Vollebergh, W. A., ten Have, M., Dekovic, M. et al. (2005). Mental health in immigrant children in the Netherlands. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 40, 489–96.
von Lersner, U., Wiens, U., Elbert, T., Neuner, F. (2008). Mental health of returnees: refugees in Germany prior to their state-sponsored repatriation. BMC International Health and Human Rights, 8, 8.
Weiser, M., Werbeloff, N., Vishna, T. et al. (2008). Elaboration on immigration and risk for schizophrenia. Psychological Medicine, 38, 1113–19.
Whitley, R., Kirmayer, L. J., Groleau, D. (2006). Understanding immigrants’ reluctance to use mental health services: a qualitative study from Montreal. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 51, 205–9.
Zandi, T., Havenaar, J. M., Limburg-Okken, A. G. et al. (2008). The need for culture sensitive diagnostic procedures: a study among psychotic patients in Morocco. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 43, 244–50.