Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Print publication year: 2018
  • Online publication date: April 2018

5 - Thermionic Diodes

Related content

Powered by UNSILO
[1]Langmuir, I., ‘The effect of space charge and residual gases on thermionic currents in high vacuum’, Physical Review, vol. 2, pp. 450486, 1913.
[2]Tsimring, S. E., Electron Beams and Microwave Vacuum Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2007.
[3]Vaughan, R., ‘A synthesis of the Longo and Eng cathode emission models’, IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 33, pp. 19251927, 1986.
[4]Child, C. D., ‘Discharge from hot CaO’, Physical Review (Series I), vol. 32, pp. 492511, 1911.
[5]Umstattd, R. J. et al., ‘A simple physical derivation of Child-Langmuir space-charge-limited emission using vacuum capacitance’, American Journal of Physics, vol. 73, pp. 160163, February 2005.
[6]Langmuir, I., ‘The effect of space charge and initial velocities on the potential distribution and thermionic current between parallel plane electrodes’, Physical Review, vol. 21, pp. 419435, 1923.
[7]Langmuir, I. and Compton, K. T., ‘Electrical discharges in gases Part II: fundamental phenomena in electrical discharges’, Reviews of Modern Physics, vol. 3, pp. 191257, 1931.
[8]Acton, E. W. V., ‘The space-charge limited flow of charged particles in planar, cylindrical and spherical diodes at relativistic velocities’, International Journal of Electronics, vol. 3, pp. 203210, August 1957.
[9]Boers, J. E. and Kelleher, D., ‘Exact solution of Poisson’s equation for space-charge-limited flow in a relativistic planar diode’, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 40, pp. 24092412, 1969.
[10]Jory, H. R. and Trivelpiece, A. W., ‘Exact relativistic solution for the one-dimensional diode‘, Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 40, pp. 39243926, 1969.
[11]Zhang, Y. P. et al., ‘Simple solutions for relativistic generalizations of the Child–Langmuir law and the Langmuir–Blodgett law’, Physics of Plasmas, vol. 16, p. 044511, April 2009.
[12]Langmuir, I. and Blodgett, K. B., ‘Currents limited by space charge between coaxial cylinders’, Physical Review, vol. 22, pp. 347356, 1923.
[13]Langmuir, I. and Blodgett, K. B., ‘Currents limited by space charge between concentric spheres’, Physical Review, vol. 24, pp. 4959, 1924.
[14]Llewellyn, F. B., ‘Vacuum tube electronics at ultra-high frequencies’, Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers, vol. 21, pp. 15321573, 1933.
[15]Jen, C. K., ‘On the induced current and energy balance in electronics’, Proceedings of the I.R.E., vol. 29, pp. 345349, 1941.
[16]Wang, C. C., ‘Large-signal high-frequency electronics of thermionic vacuum tubes’, Proc. IRE, pp. 200214, April 1941.
[17]Akimov, P. V. et al., ‘The true nature of space-charge-limited currents in electron vacuum diodes: a Lagrangian revision with corrections’, Physics of Plasmas, vol. 8, pp. 3788–3798, 2001.
[18]Jaffe, G., ‘On the currents carried by electrons of uniform initial velocity’, Physical Review, vol. 65, pp. 9198, 1944.
[19]Gill, E. W. B., ‘XCIX. A space charge effect’, Philosophical Magazine Series 6, vol. 49, pp. 9931005, 1925.
[20]Kuznetsov, V. I. and Ya, E. A.., ‘Time-dependent regimes of a Bursian Diode I: Stability of steady solutions’, Plasma Physics Reports, vol. 36, pp. 226235, 2010.
[21]Benford, J. et al., High Power Microwaves. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2007.
[22]Kolinsky, H. and Schamel, H., ‘Arbitrary potential drops between collector and emitter in pure electron diodes’, Journal of Plasma Physics, vol. 57, pp. 403423, 1997.
[23]Luginsland, J. W. et al., ‘Two-dimensional Child–Langmuir law’, Physical Review Letters, vol. 77, pp. 46884670, 1996.
[24]Umstattd, R. J. and Luginsland, J. W., ‘Two-dimensional space-charge-limited emission: beam-edge characteristics and applications’, Physical Review Letters, vol. 87, p. 145002, 2001.
[25]Lau, Y. Y., ‘Simple theory for the two-dimensional Child–Langmuir law’, Physical Review Letters, vol. 87, p. 278301, 2001.
[26]Luginsland, J. W. et al., ‘Beyond the Child–Langmuir law: a review of recent results on multidimensional space-charge-limited flow’, Physics of Plasmas, vol. 9, pp. 23712376, May 2002.
[27]Koh, W. S. et al., ‘Three-dimensional Child–Langmuir law for uniform hot electron emission’, Physics of Plasmas, vol. 12, p. 053107, 2005.
[28]Kostov, K. G. and Barroso, J. J., ‘Space-charge-limited current in cylindrical diodes with finite-length emitter’, Physics of Plasmas, vol. 9, p. 1039, 2002.