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  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: June 2014

7 - Dysmenorrhoea


1. ProctorM, FarquharC. Diagnosis and management of dysmenorrhoea. BMJ 2006;332:1134–8.
2. WeissmanAM, HartzAJ, HansenMD, JohnsonSR. The natural history of primary dysmenorrhoea: a longitudinal study. BJOG 2004;111:345–52.
3. SundellG, MilsomI, AnderschB. Factors influencing the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhoea in young women. Br J Obstet Gyn 1990;97:588–94.
4. HarelZ. Dysmenorrhoea in adolescents and young adults: from pathophysiology to pharmacological treatments and management strategies. Expert Opin Pharmacother 2008;9:2661–72.
5. MarjoribanksJ, ProctorML, FarquharC. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for primary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010;(1):CD001751.
6. AkinMD, WeingandKW, HengeholdDA, GoodaleMB, HinkleRT, SmithRP. Continuous low-level topical heat in the treatment of dysmenorrhoea. Obstet Gynecol 2001;97:343–9.
7. ProctorML, SmithCA, FarquharCM, StonesRW. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2002;(1):CD002123.
8. WongCL, FarquharCM, RobertsH, ProctorML. Oral contraceptive pill for primary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009;(4):CD002120.
9. ProctorM, LattheP, FarquharCM, KhanKS, JohnsonNP. Surgical interruption of pelvic nerve pathways for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2005;(4):CD001896.

Further reading

DawoodMY. Primary dysmenorrhoea: advances in pathogenesis and management. Obstet Gynecol 2006;108:428–41.