1. , , , and , Echocardiographic left ventricular mass to differentiate chronic hypertension from preeclampsia during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol (1986), 155:994–9.
2. , , , , and , The effect of pregnancy on the compliance of large arteries and veins in healthy parous control subjects and women with a history of preeclampsia. Am J Obstet Gynecol (2000), 183:1278–86.
3. , Changes in the blood volume during pregnancy and delivery. Anesthesiology (1965), 26:393–9.
4. , The clinical significance of hemodilution during pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv (1982), 37:649–52.
5. , , , and , Serial study of factors influencing changes in cardiac output during human pregnancy. Am J Physiol (1989), 256:H1060–5.
6. and Anderson SG, Effect of ovarian hormones on the uterine vascular bed. Am J Obstet Gynecol (1970), 107:829–36.
7. , , , and , Changes in renal volume during normal pregnancy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand (1989), 68:541–3.
8. , Serial changes in renal haemodynamics during normal human pregnancy. Br J Obstet Gynaecol (1981), 88:1–9.
9. and , Serial changes in 24 hour creatinine clearance during normal menstrual cycles and the first trimester of pregnancy. Br J Obstet Gynaecol (1981), 88:10–17.
10. , , and , Relaxin is a potent renal vasodilator in conscious rats. J Clin Invest (1999), 103:525–33.
11. , , , , and , Relaxin has a role in establishing a renal response in pregnancy. Fertil Steril (2006), 86:253–5.
12. and , The endocrinology of conception cycles and implantation in women. J Reprod Fertil Suppl (1988), 36:1–15.
13. and , Progesterone withdrawal: key to parturition. Am J Obstet Gynecol (2007), 196:289–96.
14. , , and , Estrogen-induced uterine vasodilatation is antagonized by L-nitroarginine methyl ester, an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis. Am J Obstet Gynecol (1992), 167:828–33.
15. , , , , and , Regulation of vascular tone during pregnancy: a novel role for the pregnane X receptor. Hypertension (2007), 49:328–33.
16. , , , , , , and , Carbohydrate metabolism during pregnancy in control subjects and women with gestational diabetes. Am J Physiol (1993), 264:E60–7.
17. , , , and , Fuel metabolism during pregnancy. Semin Reprod Endocrinol (1999), 17:119–25.
18. , , , and , Metabolic realignments in late pregnancy: a clue to diabetogenesis. Adv Metab Disord (1970), 1(Suppl 1):205+.
19. , , , , , and , Cellular mechanisms for insulin resistance in normal pregnancy and gestational diabetes. Diabetes Care (2007), 30(Suppl 2):S112–9.
20. and , Nutritional influences on implantation and placental development. Nutr Rev (2006), 64:S12–8; discussion S72–91.
21. , , , and , The effects of maternal nutrition around the time of conception on the health of the offspring. Soc Reprod Fertil Suppl (2007), 64:397–410.
22. , , , , and , Increased cell death in mouse blastocysts exposed to high D-glucose in vitro: implications of an oxidative stress and alterations in glucose metabolism. Diabetologia (2002), 45:571–9.
23. and , Increase in postimplantation development of cultured mouse embryos by amino acids and induction of fetal retardation and exencephaly by ammonium ions. J Reprod Fertil (1994), 102:305–12.
24. and , Exogenous amino acids regulate trophectoderm differentiation in the mouse blastocyst through an mTOR-dependent pathway. Dev Biol (2001), 240:182–93.
25. , , , , , , et al., Ghrelin inhibits the development of mouse preimplantation embryos in vitro. Endocrinology (2003), 144:2623–33.
26. , , and , Human early placental development: potential roles of the endometrial glands. Placenta (2007), 28(Suppl A):S64–9.
27. , , and , The Dutch famine and its long-term consequences for adult health. Early Hum Dev (2006), 82:485–91.
28. , , , , and , Lipid metabolism during the perinatal phase, and its implications on postnatal development. Int J Vitam Nutr Res (2006), 76:216–24.
29. , Hyperemesis gravidarium: epidemiologic findings from a large cohort. Am J Obstet Gynecol (2005), 193:811–14.
30. , , and , Timing of prenatal starvation in women and offspring birth weight: an update. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol (1995), 63:197.
31. , , , and , Long-term effects of nutritional programming of the embryo and fetus: mechanisms and critical windows. Reprod Fertil Dev (2007), 19:53–63.
32. , , , , and , Dietary composition of pregnant women is related to size of the baby at birth. J Nutr (2004), 134:1820–6.
33. , , and , Periconceptional undernutrition alters growth trajectory and metabolic and endocrine responses to fasting in late-gestation fetal sheep. Pediatr Res (2005), 57:591–8.
34. , , , and , Fetal insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-II are regulated differently by glucose or insulin in the sheep fetus. Reprod Fertil Dev (1996), 8:167–72.
35. , , , and , Periconceptual undernutrition resets plasma IGFBP levels and alters the response of IGFBP-1, IGFBP-3 and IGF-1 to subsequent maternal undernutrition in fetal sheep. Prog Growth Factor Res (1995), 6:189–95.
36. , , and , Fetal origins of insulin resistance and obesity. Proc Nutr Soc (2005), 64:143–51.
37. , , and , The effects of first-trimester diabetes control on the incidence of macrosomia. Am J Obstet Gynecol (1999), 181:202–6.
38. , , , , , , and , Brief hyperglycaemia in the early pregnant rat increases fetal weight at term by stimulating placental growth and affecting placental nutrient transport. J Physiol (2007), 581:1323–32.
39. , , , , , , and , Maternal hormones linking maternal body mass index and dietary intake to birth weight. Am J Clin Nutr (2008), 87:1743–9.
40. , , , , , , et al., Metabolic plasticity during mammalian development is directionally dependent on early nutritional status. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A (2007), 104:12796–800.
41. , , , and , Placental composition and surface area but not vascularization are altered by maternal protein restriction in the rat. Placenta (2003), 24:34–8.
42. , , , , and , Effects of maternal iron restriction on placental vascularization in the rat. Placenta (2001), 22:534–9.
43. , , , , , , and , Placental angiogenesis in sheep models of compromised pregnancy. J Physiol (2005), 565:43–58.
44. , , , , , , et al., Human placental growth hormone causes severe insulin resistance in transgenic mice. Am J Obstet Gynecol (2002), 186:512–17.
45. and , Tumor necrosis factor alpha: a key component of the obesity-diabetes link. Diabetes (1994), 43:1271–8.
46. and , Skeletal muscle cytokines: regulation by pathogen-associated molecules and catabolic hormones. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care (2005), 8:255–63.
47. and , TNF-alpha and insulin resistance: summary and future prospects. Mol Cell Biochem (1998), 182:169–75.
48. , , , , , , and , Adiponectin in human pregnancy: implications for regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism. Diabetologia (2006), 49:1677–85.
49. , , , , , , et al., Role of leptin in pregnancy – a review. Placenta (2002), 23(Suppl A):S80–6.
50. , , and , Possible interactions between leptin, gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH-I and II) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol (2003), 110:169–75.
51. , , and , An autocrine/paracrine role for insulin-like growth factors in the regulation of human placental growth. J Clin Endocrinol Metab (1986), 63:499–505.
52. , , , and , Autocrine-paracrine regulation of human trophoblast invasiveness by insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-1. Exp Cell Res (1998), 244:147–56.
53. , , , , , and , Size at birth and cord blood levels of insulin, insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), IGF-II, IGF-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), IGFBP-3, and the soluble IGF-II/mannose-6-phosphate receptor in term human infants. The ALSPAC Study Team. Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85 (2000):4266–9.
54. , , , , , , et al., Expression of messenger RNA of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP1–6) in placenta of normal and diabetic pregnancy. Endocr J (1996), 43(Suppl):S89–91.
55. , , , , and , Embryological and molecular investigations of parental imprinting on mouse chromosome 7. Nature (1991), 351:667–70.
56. and , Spatial and temporal patterns of expression of messenger RNA for insulin-like growth factors and their binding proteins in the placenta of man and laboratory animals. Placenta (2000), 21:289–305.
57. , , , , , and , Loss of the imprinted IGF2/cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor results in fetal overgrowth and perinatal lethality. Genes Dev (1994), 8:2953–63.
58. , , and , A growth-deficiency phenotype in heterozygous mice carrying an insulin-like growth factor II gene disrupted by targeting. Nature (1990), 345:78–80.
59. , , , , , , et al., Placental-specific IGF-II is a major modulator of placental and fetal growth. Nature (2002), 417:945–8.
60. , , , and , Insulin-like growth factor 1 alters feto-placental protein and carbohydrate metabolism in fetal sheep. Endocrinology (1994), 134:1509–14.
61. , , and , Effects of acute hypoxemia on insulin-like growth factors and their binding proteins in fetal sheep. Am J Physiol (1992), 263:E1151–6.
62. , Endocrine regulation of fetal growth. Reprod Fertil Dev (1995), 7:351–63.
63. , , and , Glucocorticoids and the preparation for life after birth: are there long-term consequences of the life insurance?Proc Nutr Soc (1998), 57:113–22.
64. , , , and , IGF binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) is preferentially associated with the fetal-facing basal surface of the syncytiotrophoblast in the human placenta. Growth Horm IGF Res (1999), 9:438–44.
65. and , Human fetal growth and organ development: 50 years of discoveries. Am J Obstet Gynecol (2006), 194:1088–99.
66. , , , , and , In vivo investigation of the placental transfer of (13)C-labeled fatty acids in humans. J Lipid Res (2003), 44:49–55.
67. and , Role of the placenta in fetal programming: underlying mechanisms and potential interventional approaches. Clin Sci (Lond) (2007), 113:1–13.
68. , , and , Regulation of placental nutrient transport – a review. Placenta (2007), 28:763–74.
69. , , , , , , et al., Placental phenotypes of intrauterine growth. Pediatr Res (2005), 58:827–32.
70. and , 2005 Award in Placentology Lecture. Human placental transport in altered fetal growth: does the placenta function as a nutrient sensor? – a review. Placenta (2006), 27(Suppl A):S91–7.
71. , , , , , , et al., Down-regulation of placental transport of amino acids precedes the development of intrauterine growth restriction in rats fed a low protein diet. J Physiol (2006), 576:935–46.
72. , , , , , and , Mammalian target of rapamycin in the human placenta regulates leucine transport and is down-regulated in restricted fetal growth. J Physiol (2007), 582:449–59.