Introduction and background Australia is a geographically vast country, with a relatively small population of approximately 22 million. Most of the population lives in the major cities, which are situated on the coastline. Australia is a very multicultural nation, with 25% of people born overseas, while indigenous Australians make up only 2.4% of the population (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010). Despite the overall aging of the population, children and young people still account for approximately onethird of the Australian population (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2009, 1).The country has a three-tier government system – federal, state and local – and while models vary from state to state, in most cases, public libraries are funded by local government, with a small amount of state funding. The benefit of this system is that local programmes can be targeted specifically to local issues, but it can also make it difficult to run large-scale services, which would be an advantage to the whole population. Public library outreach and marketing is all about connecting and engaging with local communities, finding out what they want and attempting to match services and resources to those needs, as well as to the funding body's mission. The other key components involve promoting those services back to the community, physically running the event or delivering the service and then adequately evaluating it afterwards. This process is always a juggling act between community needs and expectations, budget and time constraints, the mission of the funding organizations and the skills and expertise of staff and partnering organizations. In Australia, some of the key considerations in connecting and engaging communities are geographic distance and isolation, language, socio-economic and cultural barriers, and access and equity issues.
Librarians have become increasingly aware of the important role that public libraries play in building social capital in their local communities. Libraries are a logical point of community intersection and interaction. They give people in the local community access to the increasingly technological world of information. This is particularly important for children and young people, who can be disengaged from school and the community, due to family stress, poverty, literacy and language barriers. Libraries can provide a space with resources and support in a non-judgemental environment, which gives young people the opportunity to dream and achieve (Bourke, 2005).