Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Language Policy in Japan
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 4
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Over the last thirty years, two social developments have occurred that have led to a need for change in language policy in Japan. One is the increase in the number of migrants needing opportunities to learn Japanese as a second language, the other is the influence of electronic technologies on the way Japanese is written. This book looks at the impact of these developments on linguistic behaviour and language management and policy, and at the role of language ideology in the way they have been addressed. Immigration-induced demographic changes confront long cherished notions of national monolingualism and technological advances in electronic text production have led to textual practices with ramifications for script use and for literacy in general. The book will be welcomed by researchers and professionals in language policy and management and by those working in Japanese Studies.

Reviews

‘With insight and precision, this fine book confronts the dramatic changes in language policy in contemporary Japanese society as well as the ghosts of the cultural hegemonies of the past.'

John C. Maher - International Christian University, Tokyo

‘Gottlieb raises timely questions regarding Japan's language policy - in terms of both ideological stance and practical implementation.'

Patricia J. Wetzel - Portland State University

‘A far-reaching, detailed and highly accessible analysis of how Japan's language policy is adapting to the impact of technological change and the challenges brought by an increasingly multilingual, multicultural population.'

Tessa Carroll - author of Language Planning and Language Change in Japan

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

References
Agency for Cultural Affairs 2010 www.bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/kyouiku/seikatsusya/h21/volunteer.html
Agency for Cultural Affairs 2010 www.bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/jittaichousa/h21/gaiyou.html
Agency for Cultural Affairs 2010 www.bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/kyouiku/seikatsusya/h21/kyoushitsu.html
Agency for Cultural Affairs 2010 www.bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/kyouiku/seikatsusya/h21/yousei.html
Agency for Cultural Affairs 2010 www.bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/kyouiku/seikatsusya/index.html
Agency for Cultural Affairs 2007 www.bunka.go.jp/1aramasi/pdf/yosan_19_shuyoujikou.pdf
Ager, Dennis 2003 Ideology and Image: Britain and LanguageClevedon, EnglandMultilingual Matters
Akamatsu, Nobuhiko 2006 Literacy acquisition in Japanese-English bilingualsJoshi, R. MalateshaAaron, P. G.Handbook of Orthography and LiteracyMahwah, NJLawrence Erlbaum Associates481
Akiyama, Tetsu 2003 The continued growth of text information: from an analysis of information flow censuses taken during the past twenty yearsKeio Communication Review 25 77
Allen, KateIngulsrud, John 2005 Reading manga: patterns of personal literacies among adolescentsLanguage and Education 19 265
Appadurai, Arjun 1996 Modernity At Large: Cultural Dimensions of GlobalizationMinneapolisUniversity of Minnesota Press
Appadurai, Arjun 1990 Disjuncture and difference in the global cultural economyPublic Culture 2 1
Asahi Shimbun 2008
Asahi Shimbun 2005
Asahi Shimbun 2005
Asahi Shimbun 2005
Asahi Shimbun 2000
Atsuji, Tetsuji 1991 Chiteki Seisan no Bunkashi: Wapuro ga motarasu Sekai (A Cultural History of Intellectual Production: The World the Word Processor will bring about)TokyoMaruzen
Backhaus, Peter 2007 Linguistic Landscapes: A Comparative Study of Urban Multilingualism in TokyoClevedon, EnglandMultilingual Matters
Backhaus, Peter 2004 37
Baldauf, Richard 1994 Unplanned” language policy and planningAnnual Review of Applied Linguistics 14 82
Ball, Christopher 2004 Repertoires of registers: dialect in Japanese discourseLanguage & Communication 24 355
Ball, Stephen 1994 Education Reform: A Critical and Post-structural ApproachBuckinghamOpen University Press
Befu, Harumi 2009 Concepts of Japan, Japanese culture and the JapaneseSugimoto, YoshioThe Cambridge Companion to Modern Japanese CultureCambridge University Press21
Befu, Harumi 2009 Foreigners and civil society in JapanInternational House of Japan Bulletin 29 22
Befu, Harumi 2008 Foreword: toward zones of hybridity in JapanWillis, David BlakeMurphy-Shigematsu, StephenTranscultural Japan: At the Borderlands of Race, Gender, and IdentityLondonRoutledgexxii
Benesse Kyōiku Kenkyū Kaihatsu Sentaa 2007 http://benesse.jp/berd/center/open/report/kanji/2007/index.html
Bottomley, Gill 1984 Women on the move: migration and feminismBottomley, GillDe Lepervanche, MarieEthnicity, Class and Gender in AustraliaSydneyAllen and Unwin98
Brody, Betsy 2002 Opening the Door: Immigration, Ethnicity, and Globalization in JapanNew YorkRoutledge
Brooke, James 2002 Tokyo journal: a wizard of animation has Japan under his spellThe New York Times 3
Shingikai, Bunka 2010 www.bunka.go.jp/bunkashingikai/soukai/pdf/kaitei_kanji_toushin.pdf
Burgess, Chris 2004 www.japanesestudies.org.uk/articles/Burgess.html
Carroll, Tessa 2010 Local government websites in Japan: international, multicultural, multilingual?Japanese Studies 30 373
Carroll, Tessa 2008 Japanese as foreign language in the early twenty-first centuryHeinrich, PatrickSugita, YukoJapanese as Foreign Language in the Age of GlobalizationMunichIudicium19
CEMMER 2009 www.tufs.ac.jp/blog/ts/g/cemmer/en/social_02.html
Chapman, David 2006 Discourses of multicultural coexistence (tabunka kyōsei) and the “old-comer” Korean residents of JapanAsian Ethnicity 7 89
Chen, Tien-Shi 2008 The increasing presence of Chinese migrants in JapanSenri Ethnological Reports 77 39
Churcher, Kalen 2009 www.allacademic.com/meta/p301131_index.html
City of Kashiwa International Relations Office 2006 www.city.kashiwa.lg.jp/foreign/English/pdf-e/eng16.pdf
Clammer, John 2008 PastimesCoulmas, FlorianConrad, HaraldSchad-Seifert, AnnetteVogt, GabrieleThe Demographic Challenge: A Handbook about JapanLeidenBrill599
Clyne, Michael 2005 Australia's Language PotentialSydneyUniversity of New South Wales Press
Coulmas, Florian 2009 Linguistic landscaping and the seed of the public sphereShohamy, Elana GoldbergGorter, DurkLinguistic Landscape: Expanding the SceneryLondonTaylor and Francis13
Coulmas, Florian 2007 Population Decline and Ageing in Japan – The Social ConsequencesLondonRoutledge
Coulmas, Florian 2005 Changing language regimes in globalizing environmentsInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language 175 3
Coulmas, Florian 2003 Nihon no tabunka shakai e no dōteiKatsuragi, TakaoKotoba to Kyōsei: Gengo no Tayōsei to Shimin Shakai no Kadai (Language and Coexistence: On the Subject of Language Diversity and Civil Society)TokyoSangensha231
Coulmas, Florian 1994 Writing systems and literacyVerhoeven, LudoFunctional Literacy: Theoretical Issues and Educational ImplicationsAmsterdamJohn Benjamins305
Coulmas, FlorianHeinrich, Patrick 2005 PrefaceInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language 175 1
Creighton, Millie 1997 others and others: imaging racial diversity, imagining homogeneous JapanWeiner, MichaelJapan's Minorities: The Illusion of HomogeneityLondonRoutledge211
Crump, Thomas 1988 The cognitive assumptions of literacy: the case of modern JapanCultural Dynamics 1 387
Crystal, David 2008 txtng: the gr8 db8Oxford University Press
Crystal, David 1998 Language PlayLondonPenguin
Crystal, David 1997 The Cambridge Encyclopedia of LanguageCambridge University Press
De Carvalho, Daniela 2003 195
Douglass, MikeRoberts, Glenda 2003 Japan and Global Migration: Foreign Workers and the Advent of a Multicultural SocietyHonoluluUniversity of Hawai'i Press
Douglass, MikeRoberts, Glenda 2003 3
Eagleton, Terry 1991 IdeologyLondonVerso
Endō, Orie 2006 A Cultural History of Japanese Women's LanguageAnn Arbor, MICenter for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan
Endō, Orie 1997 Onna no Kotoba no Bunkashi (A Cultural History of Women's Language)TokyoGakuyō Shobō
Fishman, Joshua 1968 Language problems and types of political and sociocultural integration: a conceptual postscriptFishman, JoshuaFerguson, CharlesDas Gupta, JyotirindraLanguage Problems of Developing NationsNew YorkWiley491
Fujita-Round, SachiyoMaher, John 2008 Language education policy in JapanMay, StephenHornberger, NancyEncyclopedia of Language and Education Vol. I: Language Policy and Political Issues in EducationNew YorkSpringer393
Fukuoka International Association 2002 www.rainbowfia.or.jp/rainbow/e2002.html
Funabashi, Yōichi 2001 Japan's moment of truthSurvival 42 73
Furukawa, Shun'ichi 2003 21
Furukawa, Shun'ichiMenju, Toshihiro 2003 Japan's Road to Pluralism: Transforming Local Communities in the Global EraTokyoJapan Center for International Exchange
Kaigi, Gaikokujin Shūjū Toshi 2001 www.shujutoshi.jp/siryo/pdf/20011019hamamatsu.pdf
Gal, Susan 1998 Multiplicity and contention among language ideologies: a commentarySchieffelin, BambiWoolard, KathrynKroskrity, PaulLanguage Ideologies: Practice and TheoryOxford University Press317
Galan, Christian 2005 Learning to read and write in Japanese: a barrier to multilingualism?International Journal of the Sociology of Language 175 249
Goo Research 2007 http://research.goo.ne.jp/database/data/000509/
Goodman, RogerPeach, CeriTakenaka, AyumiWhite, Paul 2003 Global Japan: The Experience of Japan's New Immigrant and Overseas CommunitiesLondonRoutledgeCurzon
Gordenker, Alice 2004 Reading-out-loud renaissance falls upon deaf earsThe Japan Times 16
Goto, YusukeIshii, NoboruHama, KunihikoIwamura, Kenjiro 2010 Kōtō gakkō ni okeru supeingo kyōiku no genjō to tenbō (Spanish in high schools: present situation and outlook)Waseda Kyōiku Hyōron 24 45
Gottlieb, Nanette 2010 Playing with language in E-Japan: old wine in new bottlesJapanese Studies 30 393
Gottlieb, Nanette 2010 The rōmaji movement in JapanJournal of the Royal Asiatic Society 20 75
Gottlieb, Nanette 2008 Japan: language policy and planning in transitionCurrent Issues in Language Planning 9 1
Gottlieb, Nanette 2006 Linguistic Stereotyping and Minority Groups in JapanLondonRoutledge
Gottlieb, Nanette 2005 Language and Society in JapanCambridge University Press
Gottlieb, Nanette 2001 Language Planning and Language Policy: East Asian PerspectivesRichmond, SurreyCurzon Press
Gottlieb, Nanette 2000 Word-processing Technology in Japan: Kanji and the KeyboardRichmond, SurreyCurzon Press
Gottlieb, Nanette 1995 Kanji Politics: Language Policy and Japanese ScriptLondonKegan Paul
Graburn, NelsonErtl, JohnTierney, R. Kenji 2008 Multiculturalism in the New Japan: Crossing the Boundaries WithinNew YorkBerghahn Books
Graddol, David 2006 www.britishcouncil.org/learning-research-english-next.pdf
Graff, Harvey J. 1994 Literacy, myths and legacies: lessons from the history of literacyVerhoeven, LudoFunctional Literacy: Theoretical Issues and Educational ImplicationsAmsterdamJohn Benjamins37
Guiraudon, VirginieJoppke, Christian 2001 Controlling a New Migration WorldLondonRoutledge
Halliday, Michael 1976 Anti-languagesAmerican Anthropologist 78 570
Han, Seung-Mi 2004 From the communitarian ideal to the public sphere: the making of foreigners’ assemblies in Kawasaki City and Kanagawa PrefectureSocial Science Japan Journal 7 41
Harada, Akiko 2003 Yakan chūgaku ni okeru nihongo kyōiku ni kansuru ichikōsatsu: kadai to sono teigen’ (An inquiry into JSL education in evening middle schools: issues and ideas)Waseda Daigaku Nihongo Kyōiku Kenkyū 3 99http://dspace.wul.waseda.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/2065/3520/1/34036.pdf
Hashimoto, Satoshi 2004 www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/Source/HASHIMOTO_Forum04.doc
Heinrich, Patrick 2007 The debate on English as an official language in JapanCoulmas, FlorianLanguage Regimes in Transformation: Future Prospects for German and Japanese in Science, Economy, and PoliticsBerlinMouton de Gruyter115
Hirano, Keisuke 1996 Gengo seisaku toshite no tagengo saabisu (Multilingual services as language policy)Nihongogaku 15 65
Hodge, RobertKress, Gunther 1993 Language as IdeologyLondonRoutledge
Hokkaidō Government Board of Education 2008 www.dokyoi.pref.hokkaido.lg.jp/hk/sgg/russia/russia-kyozai
Hokkaidō Government Board of Education 2007 www.dokyoi.pref.hokkaido.lg.jp/NR/rdonlyres/B4975B56–15C4–4303-90BA-24071D86D0FC/0/happyou0427.pdf
Hokkaidō Government Board of Education 2006 www.dokyoi.pref.hokkaido.lg.jp/NR/rdonlyres/167E8EB7–92D9–4863-9464–68C49056A547/0/rosia.pdf
Hongo, Jun 2006 Foreigners to need “skills” to live in Japan: Justice Panel takes aim at illegal aliensThe Japan Times 23
Hood, Christopher 2001 Japanese Education Reform: Nakasone's LegacyLondonRoutledge
Kyōkai, Hōritsu Fujo 2004 Gaikokujin no Tame no Nihon no Kurashi to Hōritsu: Q & A 101 (Living with the Japanese Law: A Guide to Foreign Nationals in Japan, Q & A 101)TokyoEDIX
House of Councillors 2009 www://kokkai.ndl.go.jp
House of Councillors 2008 www.sangiin.go.jp/eng/report/2008shoushikyousei.pdf
Hsu, Chih-We 2009 www.momiji.h.kyoto-u.ac.jp/IRC2009/fr/_userdata/textes_preactes_11.pdf
Ibaraki Prefectural Government International Affairs Division 2006 www.pref.ibaraki.jp/bukyoku/seikan/kokuko/jpn/job/tabunka/kiso.html
Ibaraki Prefectural Police Headquarters 2006 www.pref.ibaraki.jp/kenkei/05_syoukai/09_koukai/keiji/document/ks18-tk4.pdf
Iguchi, Yasushi 2008 www.metropolis2008.org/pdf/20081029/workshops/w045–29_iguchi-yasushi.pdf
Ikegami, Shigehiro 2001 Burajirujin to Kokusaika suru Chiiki Shakai (Brazilians and the Internationalisation of Regional Communities)TokyoAkashi Shoten
Indra, Doreen Marie 1999 Engendering Forced Migration: Theory and PracticeNew YorkBerghahn Books
Inoue, Fumio 2008 Population ageing and language changeCoulmas, FlorianConrad, HaraldSchad-Seifert, AnnetteVogt, GabrieleThe Demographic Challenge: A Handbook about JapanLeidenBrill473
Inoue, Miyako 2006 Vicarious Language: Gender and Linguistic Modernity in JapanBerkeley, CAUniversity of California Press
Internet World Stats 2010 www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm
Irvine, Judith 1989 When talk isn't cheap: language and political economyAmerican Ethnologist 16 248
Ishi, Angelo 2003 209
Ishihara, NobuoKayama, Michihiro 2007 www.jetprogramme.org/documents/pubs/kinenshi/e/1_taidan_e.pdf
Ishikawa, Satoshi 2009
Ito, MizukoOkabe, DaisukeMatsuda, Misa 2005 Personal, Portable, Pedestrian: Mobile Phones in Japanese LifeCambridge, MAThe MIT Press
Itoi, Masanobu 2006 http://ifla.queenslibrary.org/IV/ifla72/papers/134-Itoi-en.pdf
Japan Exchange and Teaching Programme 2009 www.jetprogramme.org/e/introduction/history.html
Japan Exchange and Teaching Programme 2009 www.jetprogramme.org/documents/stats/2009–2010/2009participants_totals_by_country.pdf
Japan Foundation 2010 www.jpf.go.jp/e/japanese/survey/result/dl/news_2009_01e.pdf
JASSO 2009 www.jasso.go.jp/statistics/intl_student/data08_e.html
JICWELS 2009 www.jicwels.or.jp/html/philippine_Q&A.pdf
Johnston, Eric 2007
Johnston, Eric 2004
Jones, Mark 2006 ‘Japanese language textbooks and the changing Japanese language student demographic’Bradford-Watts, KimIkeguchi, CeciliaSwanson, MalcolmJALT2005 Conference ProceedingsTokyoJALT1202
Kabashima, Tadao 1989 Wapuro to kotoba (Word processors and language)Kokugo Kyōshitsu 38 7
Kabashima, Tadao 1988 Wapuro wa nihongo o kaeru ka (Will word processors change Japanese?)Nihongogaku 7 22
Kakazu, Katsumi 2007 www.coe.int/t/dg4/linguistic/Source/SourceForum07/JAPAN_Mercredi_17h15_Hemi.ppt
Kaku, Haruki 2007 Daigaku ni okeru dai2 gaikokugo no chūgokugo kyōiku no ichizuke (The position of Chinese-language education as a second foreign language in universities)Hiroshima Shūdai Ronshū 48 165
Kamiya, Setsuko 2009
Kaneko, Maya 2009
Kanken, DS 2006 www.kanken-ds.com/news061212/
Kanno, Yasuko 2008 Language and Education in Japan: Unequal Access to BilingualismNew YorkPalgrave Macmillan
Kanno, Yasuko 2003 Negotiating Bilingual and Bicultural Identities: Japanese Returnees Betwixt Two WorldsMahwah, NJLawrence Erlbaum Associates
Kaplan, RobertBaldauf, Richard 2005 Language-in-education policy and planningHinkel, EliHandbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and LearningMahwah, NJLawrence Erlbaum Associates1013
Kaplan, RobertBaldauf, Richard 1997 Language Planning from Practice to TheoryClevedon, EnglandMultilingual Matters
Kashiwazaki, Chikako 2000 Citizenship in Japan: legal practice and contemporary developmentAleinikoff, T. AlexanderKlusmeyer, DouglasFrom Migrants to Citizens: Membership in a Changing WorldWashington, DCCarnegie Endowment for International Peace434
Kataoka, Kuniyoshi 1997 Affect and letter-writing: unconventional conventions in casual writing by young Japanese womenLanguage in Society 26 103
Katō, Kōzō 2009 Gurōbaruka to nihon no eigo seisaku (Globalisation and Japan's English policy)Jōchi Hōgaku Ronshū 52 137
Katsuragi, Takao 2005 Japanese language policy from the point of view of public philosophyInternational Journal of the Sociology of Language 175 41
Kawahara, Toshiaki 2004 Jichitai no Gengo Saabisu: Tagengo Shakai e no Tobira o hiraku (Language Services in Local Authorities: Opening the Doors to a Multilingual Society)YokohamaShunpūsha
Kawahara, ToshiakiNoyama, Hiroshi 2007 Gaikokujin Jūmin e no Gengo Saabisu: Chiiki Shakai, Jichitai wa Tagengo Shakai o dō mukaeru ka (Language Services for Foreign Residents: How Are Regional Communities and Local Authorities Responding to a Multilingual Society?)TokyoMeiseki Shoten
Kawakami, Ikuo 2008 www.gsjal.jp/kawakami/dat/0901.pdf
Kawamura, Chizuko 2009 Imin Seisaku e no Apurōchi (Approaches to Immigration Policy)TokyoAkashi Shoten
Kawamura, ChizukoSon, Won-Soku 2007 Ibunka Kaigo to Tabunka Kyōsei (Intercultural Nursing Care and Multicultural Coexistence)TokyoAkashi Shoten
Kawasaki Board of Education 2010 www.city.kawasaki.jp/88/88gakuzi/home/syugaku/22syoen.pdf
Kinsella, Sharon 1995 Cuties in JapanSkov, LiseMoeran, BrianWomen, Media and Consumption in JapanRichmond, SurreyCurzon Press220
Kōchi Prefectural Government 2008 https://www.pref.kochi.lg.jp/∼bunkakokusai/kokusai/kokusaikouryu/02kakubukyokusesaku.htm
Koike, Ikuo 1992 Wagakuni no gaikokugo kyōiku seisaku no tenbō (The outlook for foreign-language education policy in our country)Keio Gijuku Daigaku Gengo Bunka Kenkyūjo Kiyō 24 217
Bunkakai, Kokugo 2009 www.bunka.go.jp/oshirase_koubo_saiyou/2009/pdf/shin_kanjihyoshian.pdf
Bunkakai, Kokugo 2005 www.bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/bunkasingi/pdf/20050202.pdf
Bunkakai, Kokugo 2003 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/bunka/toushin/03091201.htm
Kokugo Bunkakai Kanji Subcommittee 2005 www.bunka.go.jp/1kokugo/pdf/kokugo_bunkakai170913_gijiroku.pdf
Kokugo Shingikai 2000 www.bunka.go.jp/kokugo/frame.asp?tm=20101201135419
Kokugo Shingikai 1992 Gendai no Kokugo o meguru Shomondai ni tsuite: Shingi Keika Hōkoku (Concerning Various Problems surrounding Our Language Today: Report on the Progress of Deliberations)TokyoBunkachō
Kokugo Shingikai 1981 www.bunka.go.jp/kokugo_nihongo/pdf/jouyoukanjihyou_h22.pdf
Kokuritsu Kokugo Kenkyūjo 2007 www6.ninjal.ac.jp/nihongo_bt/2005/download/booklet2005.pdf
Kokuritsu Kokugo Kenkyūjo 2006 Gairaigo to Gendai Shakai (Loanwords and Society Today)TokyoKokuritsu Insatsukyoku
Kokusaika JP 2009 www.kokusaika.jp/info/131-news-20090707.html
Komai, Hiroshi 2006 Gurōbaru-ka Jidai no Nihon-gata Tabunka Kyōsei Shakai (The Age of Globalisation and Japanese-Style Society of Multicultural Coexistence)TokyoAkashi Shoten
Komai, Hiroshi 2001 Foreign Migrants in Contemporary JapanMelbourneTrans Pacific Press
Komai, Hiroshi 1999 Nihon no Gaikokujin Imin (Japan's Foreign Immigrants)TokyoAkashi Shoten
Komai, Hiroshi 1995 Imin Shakai Nihon no Kōsō (The Idea of Japan as an Immigrant Society)TokyoKokusai Shoin
Kubota, Ryuko 2002 The impact of globalization on language teaching in JapanBlock, DavidCameron, DeborahGlobalization and Language TeachingLondonRoutledge13
Kwak, Jun-Hyeok 2009 Coexistence without principle: reconsidering multicultural policies in JapanPacific Focus 24 161
Kyo, Nobuko 2008 47
Kyo, Nobuko 1997 Running away from the ideological juggernaut: a story of a third-generation Zainichi KoreanWu, DavidMcQueen, HumphreyYamamoto, YasushiEmerging Pluralism in Asia and the PacificHong KongThe Chinese University of Hong Kong181
Kyōto-shi Kokusai Kōryū Kyōkai 2007 www.kcif.or.jp/jp/jigyo/community/report.pdf
Landry, RodrigueBourhis, Richard 1997 Linguistic landscape and ethnolinguistic vitality: an empirical studyJournal of Language and Social Psychology 16 23
Le Blanc, Robin 1999 Bicycle Citizens: The Political World of the Japanese HousewifeBerkeley, CAUniversity of California Press
Lee, Soo-ImMurphy-Shigematsu, StephenBefu, Harumi 2006 Japan's Diversity Dilemmas: Ethnicity, Citizenship, and EducationNew YorkiUniverse
Lee, Yeounsuk 1996 Kokugo’ to iu Shisō: Kindai Nihon no Gengo Ninshiki (The Idea of a ‘National Language’: The Perception of Language in Modern JapanTokyoIwanami Shoten
Lesser, Jeffrey 2003 Searching for Home Abroad: Japanese Brazilians and TransnationalismDurham, NCDuke University Press
Levine, Kenneth 1994 Functional literacy in a changing worldVerhoeven, LudoFunctional Literacy: Theoretical Issues and Educational ImplicationsAmsterdamJohn Benjamins113
Liddicoat, Anthony 2008 Language planning in local contexts: agents, contexts and interactionsLiddicoat, AnthonyBaldauf, RichardLanguage Planning and Policy: Language Planning in Local ContextsClevedon, EnglandMultilingual Matters3
Lie, John 2001 Multiethnic JapanCambridge, MAHarvard University Press
Liu-Farrer, Gracia 2008 The burden of social capital: visa overstaying among Fujian Chinese students in JapanSocial Science Japan Journal 11 241
Lo Bianco, Joseph 2009
Lo Bianco, JosephSlaughter, Yvette 2009 Second Languages and Australian SchoolingCamberwell, VictoriaAustralian Council for Educational Researchwww.acer.edu.au/documents/AER_54-SecondLanguagesAndAustralianSchooling.pdf
McConnell, David 2000 Importing Diversity: Inside Japan's JET ProgramBerkeley, CAUniversity of California Press
Maehira, Yasushi 1994 Patterns of lifelong education in JapanInternational Review of Education 40 333
Maher, John 1995 125
Maher, JohnKawanishi, Yumiko 1995 87
Maher, JohnNakayama, Akira 2003 Language education in Japan: the multicultural challengeBourne, JillReid, EuanWorld Yearbook of Education 2003LondonKogan Page127
Maher, JohnYashiro, KyokoMultilingual JapanClevedon, EnglandMultilingual Matters
Shimbun, Mainichi 2009
Matsutani, Minoru 2009
Menju, Toshihiro 2003 89
MEXT 2010 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/toukei/chousa01/kihon/kekka/k_detail/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2010/08/05/1296403_3.pdf
MEXT 2010 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/toukei/chousa01/kihon/kekka/k_detail/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2010/08/05/1296403_2.pdf
MEXT 2010 www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/shotou/kenkyu/htm/02_resch/0203_tbl/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2010/04/09/1292578_1.pdf
MEXT 2009 www.mext.go.jp/component/b_menu/other/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2009/10/28/1284252_2.pdf
MEXT 2009 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/houdou/21/07/1279262.htm
MEXT 2008 www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/shotou/new-cs/youryou/chu/gai.htm
MEXT 2008 www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/hyouka/kekka/08100104/063.htm
MEXT 2007 www.mext.go.jp/english/statist/07070310.htm
MEXT 2006 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/hakusho/html/hpab200601/index.htm
MEXT 2006 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo3/015/siryo/06032708/003.pdf
MEXT 2003 www.mext.go.jp/english/topics/03072801.htm
MEXT 2002 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo0/toushin/020203.htm
MEXT 2002 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo0/toushin/021101d.htm
Milroy, LesleyMilroy, James 1992 Language in Society 21 1
Ministry of Foreign Affairs 2010 www.mofa.go.jp/announce/fm_press/2010/3/0326_01.html
Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare 2009 www.mhlw.go.jp/houdou/2009/03/h0331–3.html
Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare 2009 www.mhlw.go.jp/english/policy/affairs/dl/04.pdf
Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare 2009 www.mhlw.go.jp/houdou/2009/04/h0428–2.html
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications 2010 www.soumu.go.jp/johotsusintokei/whitepaper/eng/WP2010/2010-index.html
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications 2006 www.soumu.go.jp/kokusai/pdf/sonota_b6.pdf
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications 2006 www.soumu.go.jp/kokusai/pdf/sonota_b5.pdf
Ministry of Justice 2010 www.courts.go.jp/about/pamphlet/pdf/houtei_tuuyaku.pdf
Ministry of Justice 2009 www.moj.go.jp/PRESS/090710–1/090710–1.html
Ministry of Justice 2009 www.moj.go.jp/nyuukokukanri/kouhou/nyukan_nyukan91.html
Ministry of Justice 2008 www.moj.go.jp/content/000010211.pdf
Ministry of Justice 2008 www.e-stat.go.jp/SG1/estat/List.do?lid=000001031723
Ministry of Justice 2008 www.moj.go.jp/NYUKAN/nyukan75.pdf
Ministry of Justice 2008 www.moj.go.jp/NYUKAN/nyukan76.pdf
Ministry of Justice 2006 www.moj.go.jp/content/000007280.pdf
Ministry of Justicewww.nira.or.jp/past/newsj/kanren/180/182/pdf/03_jpn.pdf
Ministry of Justice 2006 http://hakusyo1.moj.go.jp/
Mino, Toshiko 2005 Keitai denwa no meeru kinō ga gakusei no nihongo hyōgen ni oyobosu eikyō (The influence of cell phone e-mail functions on the way students express themselves in Japanese)Stella Maris Educatio Linguarum 3 1
Mitchell, Richard 1976 Thought Control in Prewar JapanIthacaCornell University Press
Miura, Nobutaka 2000 Shokuminchi jidai to posuto-shokuminchi jidai no gengo shihai: gengo teikokushugi o hakken genri toshite (Language management in the colonial and postcolonial eras: taking linguistic imperialism as a heuristic)Miura, NobutakaKasuya, KeisukeGengo Teikokushugi to wa Nanika (What is Linguistic Imperialism?)TokyoFujiwara Shoten7
Miyagi-ken Kokusai Keizai Kōryū Ka 2007 www.pref.miyagi.jp/kokusai/multicultural/index.htm
Miyake, Kazuko 2007 How young Japanese express their emotions visually in mobile phone messages: a sociolinguistic analysisJapanese Studies 27 53
Miyake, Kazuko 2004 Kihan kara no itsudatsu shikō no keifu: keitai meeru no hyōki o megutte (Concerning the text of cell phone e-mails: the genealogy of an orientation to “deviation from the norm”)Bungaku Ronsō 78 162
Miyake, Kazuko 2002 Nihongo hyōgen nōryoku o sodateru” to wa: daigakusei no nihongo hyōgen nōryoku o meguru mondai to kyōiku no hōkōsei (“Fostering proficiency in writing Japanese”: problems relating to university students’ ability to express themselves in Japanese and educational directions)Bungaku Ronsō 76 18
Miyazaki, Yasushi 2007 (Easy Japanese) on community media: focusing on radio broadcastingKGPS Review 8 1
Monbukagakushō Shotō Chūtō Kyōiku-kyoku Kokusai Kyōiku-ka 2010 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/houdou/22/01/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2010/01/29/1289270_1_1.pdf
Monbushō 1996 www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/hakusho/html/hpad199601/
Moore, Helen 2000 Language policies as virtual realitiesRicento, ThomasIdeology, Politics, and Language Policies: Focus on EnglishAmsterdamJohn Benjamins25
Mori, Yuki 2005 Kyōsei no tame no nihongo o meguru kōsatsu (Considerations surrounding Japanese for coexistence)Mie Daigaku Ryūgakusei Sentaa Kiyō 7 1
Morioka, Kenji 1969 Kindaigo no Seiritsu (The Beginnings of Modern Japanese)TokyoMeiji Shoin
Morris-Suzuki, Tessa 2002 Immigration and citizenship in contemporary JapanMaswood, JavedGraham, JeffreyMiyajima, HideakiJapan – Change and ContinuityLondonRoutledgeCurzon163
Morris-Suzuki, Tessa 1998 Re-inventing Japan: Time, Space, NationArmonk, NYM. E. Sharpe
Musubi no Kai volunteer staff 2005 Literacy courses on basic Japanese for FilipinosSocial and Pastoral Bulletin 125 www.kiwi-us.com/∼selasj/jsc/english/bulletin/
Nae, Niculina 2007 Legal interpreter certification in a global JapanNUCBA Journal of Language, Culture and Communication 8 1
Nagano, Takeshi 1994 Zainichi Chūgokujin: Rekishi to Aidenteitei (Ethnic Chinese in Japan: History and Identity)TokyoAkashi Shoten
Nagao, Hiromi 2001
Nagata, Yuriko 1991 Linguistic apartheid – some thoughts on Kan'yaku Nihongo (Special Japanese)Proceedings of the Seventh Biennial Conference of the Japanese Studies Association of Australia Vol. IIICanberraAustralia-Japan Centre, Australian National University231
Nagy, Stephen 2009 Migration and the potential for international cooperation in East Asia: comparative examination of state integration policies in Japan and KoreaAkaha, TsuneoNagy, Stephen RobertAsian Regional Integration Review Vol. 1TokyoGlobal COE, Global Institute for Regional Integration1
Nagy, Stephen 2008 National exclusion, local inclusion: examining the disconnect between national immigration policies and local integration policiesRevue Européenne des Migrations Internationales 24 31
Naikakufu Daijin Kanbō Seifu Kōhōshitsu 2001 www8.cao.go.jp/survey/h13/h13-daigaku/
Nakajima, Mineo 2003 Monbukagakushō no gengo seisaku (MEXT's language policy)Daigaku Kyōiku Gakkai Shi 25 47
Nakamura, Akemi 2008
Nakamura, Kei 2002 Eigo kōyōgo-ka” kara “nihongo” o mamoru no wa iwaba “kokubō” mondai de aru (Protecting “Japanese” from “English as an official language” is a matter of “national defence”, so to speak)Suzuki, YoshisatoRonsō: Eigo ga Kōyōgo ni naru Hi (Debate: The Day English becomes an Official Language)TokyoChuo Koron Shinsho109
Nakamura, Madoka 2003 111
Nakane, Ikuko 2010 Partial non-use of interpreters in Japanese criminal court proceedingsJapanese Studies 30 443
Nakano, Lynne 2005 Community Volunteers in Japan: Everyday Stories of Social ChangeLondonRoutledgeCurzon
Namba, Tatsuo 1995 The teaching of writing in JapanJournal of Asian Pacific Communication 6 55
National Center for University Entrance Examinations 2009 www.dnc.ac.jp/modules/file/index.php?page=visit&cid=36&lid=268
National Center for University Entrance Examinations 2009 www.dnc.ac.jp/modules/center_exam/content0101.html
National Center for University Entrance Examinations 2009 www.dnc.ac.jp/modules/file/index.php?page=visit&cid=36&lid=270
National Center for University Entrance Examinations 2008 www.dnc.ac.jp/old_data/exam_repo/20/pdf/20hyouka72.pdf
National Language Research Institute 1988 Jidō Seito no Jōyō Kanji no Shūtoku (The Acquisition of the Jōyō Kanji by School Children)TokyoShoseki
National Police Agency 2008 www.npa.go.jp/hakusyo/h20/
National Police Agency 2002 www.npa.go.jp/hakusyo/h14/h14index.html
National Police Agency 1992 www.npa.go.jp/hakusyo/h04/h04index.html
New Media Consortium 2005 www.adobe.com/education/pdf/globalimperative.pdf
Newby, HowardWeko, ThomasBreneman, DavidJohanneson, ThomasMaassen, Peter 2009 www.oecd.org/dataoecd/44/12/42280329.pdf
Nihongo Kyōiku Gakkai 2009 wwwsoc.nii.ac.jp/nkg/book/houkokusho090420.pdf
Nihongo Kyōiku Hoshōhō Kenkyūkai 2009 Nihongo Kyōiku Hoshōhō An (Proposal for a Law to Guarantee JSL Education)Osaka Sangyō Daigaku KyōyōbuNihongo Kyōiku Hoshōhō Kenkyūkai
Nihongo Kyōiku Seisaku Masutaapuran Kenkyūkai 2010 Nihongo Kyōiku de tsukuru Shakai (A Society created through JSL Education)TokyoKoko Shuppan
Nihongo Kyōiku Shinkō Hō Hōseika Waakingu Guruupu 2010 www.houseika2012.net/wordpress/
Nijūisseiki Nihon no Kōsō Kondankai 2000 www.kantei.go.jp/jp/21century/houkokusyo/index1.html
Nishi Nihon Shimbun 2008 http://kosodate.nishinippon.co.jp/news/support/200804/09_006728.shtml
Nishie, Hidemi 2009 Shoshū gaikokugo kyōiku no akuchuaritei: furansugo to kankokugo no jugyō keitai o kangaeru (Actuality of foreign language teaching: a way to stimulate French and Korean classes to let them work)Bulletin of Kyoto Institute of Technology 3 133
Nishiguchi, Kōichi 2008 Shimin ni yoru nihongo shūtoku shien o kangaeru (On providing Japanese-language learning support using citizens)Nihongo Kyōiku 138 24
Nishimura, Yukiko 2004 Establishing a community of practice on the Internet: linguistic behavior in online Japanese communicationProceedings of the 29th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistic Society 2004Berkeley, CABerkeley Linguistics Society337
Nishimura, Yukiko 2003 Linguistic innovations and interactional features of casual online communication in JapaneseJCMC Journal of Computer Mediated Communication 9 http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol9/issue1/nishimura.html
Noborizato, TamikoKurihara, YukinoriImai, HisaeIshii, Yōko 2009
Noguchi, Mary 2005
Nomoto, Hiroyuki 2004 Nihongo boranteia to wa nani ka (What are JSL volunteers?)Gekkan Nihongo 17 4
Nosse, Norihiro 1996 My personal experiences in the Japanese electronics industryNakamura, KiyoshiGoing Global: Structural Reforms in Japan's Economic and Business SectionsTokyoJapan Times147
OECD 2009 www.oecd.org/dataoecd/38/9/43124357.pdf
Oga, KyokoAbe, Jiro 2009 Development of academic language proficiency in Japanese as a second languageJournal of Hokkaido University of Education (Humanities and Social Sciences) 60 87
Ogino, Tsunao 1994 Waapuro to gengo seikatsu (Word processors and our linguistic life)Gendai no Esupuri 319 102
Oguri, Akira 2007 Nihon ni okeru kankokugo kyōiku no genzai (The present state of Korean-language education in Japan)Noma, HidekiKankokugo Kyōikuron Kōza Vol. I (Series on Korean-Language Education Vol. I)TokyoKuroshio Shuppan51
Okada, Tomoyuki 2005 41
Okamoto, ShigekoShibamoto Smith, Janet 2004 Japanese Language, Gender, and Ideology: Cultural Models and Real PeopleOxford University Press
Okano, Kaori 2009 School cultureSugimoto, YoshioThe Cambridge Companion to Modern Japanese CultureCambridge University Press92
Okazaki, Hitomi 2008 Nihongo boranteia katsudō o tsūjita minshushugi no kasseika: gaikokujin to nihonjin sōhō no “jiko jitsugen” ni mukete (Invigorating democracy through JSL volunteer activities: towards self-realisation for both foreigners and Japanese)Nihongo Kyōiku 138 14
Okazaki, Toshio 2004 http://e-flt.nus.edu.sg/v1n12004/okazaki.pdf
Ōkubo, Tadatoshi 1978 Ichiokunin no Kokugo Kokuji Mondai (The Language and Script Problems of One Hundred Million Japanese)TokyoSanseido
Ōkubo, Takeshi 2005 Nikkeijin no Rōdō Ichiba to Esunishitei (Ethnicity and the Labour Market for Nikkeijin)TokyoOchanomizu Shobo
Ono, YūgoKaiser, StefanŌtani, YasuteruNishikawa, NagaoŌhashi, KatsuhiroKodama, TokumiYamaguchi, Kōji 2000 Gurobaruka to tagengo kyōzon (Globalisation and multilingual coexistence)Ritsumeikan Gengo Bunka Kenkyū 12 1
Kai, Osaka Bengoshi 1992 18 Gengo no Gaikokujin Jinken Handobukku (A Handbook of Human Rights for Foreigners in 18 Languages)TokyoAkashi Shoten
Ostheider, Teja 2009 www.momiji.h.kyoto-u.ac.jp/IRC2009/fr/_userdata/textes_preactes_15.pdf
Otake, Tomoko 2007
Ozaki, Akito 2009
Park, Jong Geol 2007 Gaikokugo-han hōmupeeji no arikata ni tsuite: Chiba-shi gyōsei hōmupeeji (On the optimal state of foreign-language versions of websites: the Chiba City administrative home page)Tōkyō Jōhō Daigaku Kenkyū Ronshū 10 11
Parry, Richard 2009
Pennycook, Alastair 2000 Language, ideology and hindsight: lessons from colonial language policiesRicento, ThomasIdeology, Politics, and Language Policies: Focus on EnglishAmsterdamJohn Benjamins49
Pharr, Susan 2003 PrefaceSchwartz, FrankPharr, SusanThe State of Civil Society in JapanCambridge University Pressxiii
Philippines Overseas Employment Administration 2009 www.poea.gov.ph/
Piper, Nicola 2003 Wife or worker? worker or wife? marriage and cross-border migration in contemporary JapanInternational Journal of Population Geography 9 457
Prime Minister's Commission 2000 www.kantei.go.jp/jp/21century/report/overview.html
Ramzy, Austin 2006 www.time.com/time/asia/covers/501060626/story.html
Randall, Neil 2002 www.arts.uwaterloo.ca/∼nrandall/LingoOnline-finalreport.pdf
Reed, Steven 1986 Japanese Prefectures and PolicymakingUniversity of Pittsburgh Press
Ricento, Thomas 2000 Ideology, politics and language policies: introductionRicento, ThomasIdeology, Politics, and Language Policies: Focus on EnglishAmsterdamJohn Benjamins1
Roberts, Glenda 2008 Immigration policy: framework and challengesCoulmas, FlorianConrad, HaraldSchad-Seifert, AnnetteVogt, GabrieleThe Demographic Challenge: A Handbook about JapanLeidenBrill765
Roth, Joshua 2002 Brokered Homeland: Japanese Brazilian Migrants in JapanIthaca, NYCornell University Press
Ruiz, Richard 1984 Orientations in language planningNABE Journal: The Journal of the National Association for Bilingual Education 8 15
Ryang, Sonia 2000 Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the MarginLondonRoutledge
Ryang, Sonia 1997 North Koreans in Japan: Language, Ideology, and IdentityBoulder, COWestview Press
Ryang, SoniaLie, John 2009 Diaspora without Homeland: Being Korean in JapanBerkeley, CAUniversity of California Press
Sakuragi, Toshiyuki 2008 Attitudes toward language study and cross-cultural attitudes in JapanInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations 32 81
Sanuki, Kimi 2006 Wakamono no keitai meeru no hyōgen (The language used in cell-phone e-mails by young people)Kokubun 105 53
Sasahara, Hiroyuki 2002 Keitai meeru ni okeru moji hyōki no tokuchō to sono eikyō (The characteristics and influence of orthography in cell-phone e-mails)Shakai Gengogaku 5 105
Sasaki-Uemura, Wesley 2001 Organizing the Spontaneous: Citizen Protest in Postwar JapanHonoluluUniversity of Hawaii Press
Sassen, Saskia 1998 Globalization and its Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and MoneyNew YorkThe New Press
Satake, Hideo 2005 Meeru buntai to sore o sasaeru mono (E-mail style and its underpinnings)Hashimoto, YoshiakiKōza Shakai Gengo Kagaku (Dai 2 ken) Media (Sociolinguistics Series Vol. II: Media)TokyoHitsuji Shobo56
Satō, Jun'ichi 2008 Tabunka kyōsei shakai ni okeru gaikokujin no nihongo kyōiku o ukeru kenri no kōteki hoshō (An official guarantee of the right of foreigners in the multicultural-coexistence society to receive JSL education)Osaka Sangyō Daigaku Ronshū: Jinbun Shakai Kagaku Hen 1 1http://journal.osaka-sandai.ac.jp/pdf/jinsha-1satoh_n.pdf
Sato, KumiOkamoto, KoheiMiyao, Masaru 2009 www.geogr.lit.nagoya-u.ac.jp/okamoto/papers/Sato%20et%20al
Schiffman, Harold 1996 Linguistic Culture and Language PolicyLondonRoutledge
Selfe, CynthiaHawisher, Gail 2006 Literacies and the complexities of the global digital divideVan Waes, LuukLeijten, MarielleNeuwirth, ChristineWriting and Digital MediaAmsterdamElsevier251
Sellek, Yoko 2001 Migrant Labour in JapanNew YorkPalgrave
Semiocast 2010 http://semiocast.com/downloads/Semiocast_Half_of_messages_on_Twitter_are_not_in_English_20100224.pdf
Sensui, Hirotaka 2009 Nihon (no daigaku) ni okeru dai2gaikokugo kyōiku o meguru genjō to kadai (Present situation and issues surrounding second foreign language education in Japan's universities)Gakuen 821 43
Shibata, Makoto 1999 Yasashii Nihongo” wa hōdō media no genba de jissai ni tsukaeru ka (Can “Easy Japanese” really be used in the news media?)Gengo 28 52
Shibata, ShōichiOkado, Hiroko 2001 Gurōkarizeishon” no dōkō to gengo kyōiku no yukue: “tayōka” o meguru ankeeto chōsa o tegakari toshite (Trends in “glocalisation” and directions for language education: a survey on “diversity”)Gengo Bunka Ronshū 22 43
Shikama, Ayako 2008 Integration policy towards migrants in Japan with a focus on languageHeinrich, PatrickSugita, YukoJapanese as Foreign Language in the Age of GlobalizationMunichIudicium51
Shinjuku Multicultural Plaza 2010 www.regasu-shinjuku.or.jp/?p=273
Shinmura, Ikuko 2009 http://shinmura.seikatsusha.net/back/item/all/1237904878
Shipper, Apichai 2008 Fighting for Foreigners: Immigration and Its Impact on Japanese DemocracyIthaca, NYCornell University Press
Shipper, Apichai 2002 Pragmatism in Activism: Organizing Support for Illegal Foreign Workers in JapanHarvard University Program on United States-Japan Relations Occasional
Shizuoka Prefecture Office of Multicultural Affairs 2007 Tabunka kyōsei tte nani? (What is multicultural coexistence?)Fuji no Kuni Tabunka Kyōsei Tsūshin 1
Shohamy, Elana 2006 Language Policy: Hidden Agendas and New ApproachesLondonRoutledge
Shoji, Hiroshi 2008 Is Japan a multilingual society?Senri Ethnological Reports 77 103
Sifry, David 2007 www.sifry.com/alerts/archives/000493.html
Sonntag, Selma 2000 Ideology and policy in the politics of the English language in North IndiaRicento, ThomasIdeology, Politics, and Language Policies: Focus on EnglishAmsterdamJohn Benjamins133
Spolsky, Bernard 2004 Language PolicyCambridge University Press
Statistics Bureau of Japan 2009 www.stat.go.jp/english/data/handbook/c02cont.htm
Street, Brian 1994 Cross-cultural perspectives on literacyVerhoeven, LudoFunctional Literacy: Theoretical Issues and Educational ImplicationsAmsterdamJohn Benjamins95
Street, Brian 1993 Cross-Cultural Approaches to LiteracyCambridge University Press
Stubbs, Michael 1980 Language and Literacy: the Sociolinguistics of Reading and WritingLondonRoutledge and Kegan Paul
Su, Hsi-Yao 2003 The multilingual and multi-orthographic Taiwan-based Internet: creative uses of writing systems on college-affiliated BBSsJournal of Computer Mediated Communication 9
Sugimoto, Yoshio 2009 Japanese culture”: an overviewSugimoto, YoshioThe Cambridge Companion to Modern Japanese CultureCambridge University Press1
Suzuki, Nobue 2000 Between two shores: transnational projects and Filipina wives in/from JapanWomen's Studies International Forum 23 431
Tagliamonte, SaliDenis, Derek 2008 Linguistic ruin? LOL! instant messaging and teen languageAmerican Speech 83 3
Tai, Eika 2007 http://japanfocus.org/products/details/2618
Tai, Eika 2004 Korean Japanese”: a new identity option for resident Koreans in JapanCritical Asian Studies 36 355
Takayama, Keita 2008 The politics of international league tables: PISA in Japan's achievement crisis debateComparative Education 44 387
Takezawa, Yasuko 2008 32
Takezawa, Yasuko 2002 Nikkeijin and multicultural coexistence in Japan: Kobe after the great earthquakeHirabayashi, LaneKikumura-Yano, AkemiHirabayashi, JamesGlobalization and People of Japanese Descent in the Americas and from Latin America in JapanStanford, CAStanford University Press310
Tamaoka, Katsuo 1996 www.eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED408563.pdf
Tamura, Shigeru 2003 161
Tanabe, Kazuko 2005 www.sllf.qmul.ac.uk/linguistics/QMOPALs/QMOPAL-Tanabe.pdf
Tanaka, Miya 2009 www.japantoday.com/category/crime/view/court-interpreters-struggling-to-prepare-for-lay-jury-system
Tanaka, Shinya 2009 www.momiji.h.kyoto-u.ac.jp/IRC2009/fr/_userdata/textes_preactes_18.pdf
Tanaka, Yoko 2002 Nihon ni okeru eigo igai no gakokugo kyōiku no genjō no gaikan narabi ni EU no gengo kyōiku no rinen to taisaku oyobi EU kameikoku no gengo kyōiku no jōkyō no bekken (Outline of the present state of education in foreign languages other than English in Japan, and a look at the concepts and measures adopted in language education in the EU, as well as the state of language education in member nations of the EU)Studies in Languages and Cultures 16 95
Tanaka, Yukari 2005 Keitai meiru haado yūzaa no “tokuyū hyōgen” ishiki (Frequent cell-phone e-mail users’ consciousness of “special expressions”)Nakamura, AkiraHyōgen to Buntai (Expression and Style)TokyoMeiji Shoin425
Taylor, InsupTaylor, M. Martin 1995 Writing and Literacy in Chinese, Korean and JapaneseAmsterdamJohn Benjamins
Tegtmeyer Pak, Katherine 2006 Cities and local citizenship in Japan: overcoming nationality?Tsuda, TakeyukiLocal Citizenship in Recent Countries of Immigration: Japan in Comparative PerspectiveNew YorkLexington Books65
Tegtmeyer Pak, Katherine 2003 244
Tegtmeyer Pak, Katherine 2001 www.ccis-ucsd.org/PUBLICATIONS/wrkg30.PDF
Tegtmeyer Pak, Katherine 2000 Living in harmony: prospects for cooperative local responses to foreign migrantsSmith, SheilaThe Impact of Local Initiative in Japanese Policy-MakingAnn ArborCenter for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan51
Tezuka, Yoshimasa 2007 Kongo no eigo kyōiku to kokusai rikai kyōiku: 21 seiki no nihon o misuete (dainikai) (The future of English-language education and education for international understanding: looking to twenty-first century Japan (2))Kikyūsen 208 1
Tezuka, Yoshimasa 2005 Foreign workers in Japan: reality and changesJapan Labor Review 2 48
The Daily Yomiuri 2008
The Daily Yomiuri 2007
The Daily Yomiuri 2006
The Daily Yomiuri 2004
The Daily Yomiuri 2003
The Daily Yomiuri 2001
The Daily Yomiuri 1997
The Daily Yomiuri 1997
The Daily Yomiuri Online 2009
The Japan Forum 2006 www.tjf.or.jp/eng/content/japaneseculture/33acceptingdiff.htm
The Japan Forum 1998 www.tjf.or.jp/korean/pdf/jk_j2.pdf
The Japan Times 2010
The Japan Times 2009
The Japan Times 2005
The Japan Times 2002
Tokyo Metropolitan Government 2003 www.seikatubunka.metro.tokyo.jp/index3files/gaikokujinhyouki.pdf
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education 2009 www.kyoiku.metro.tokyo.jp/toukei/21gakkoucho/gaiyoushouchuu.pdf
Tokyo Nihongo Volunteer Network 2009 www.tnvn.jp/
Torikai, Kumiko 2005 The challenge of language and communication in twenty-first century JapanJapanese Studies 25 249
Truong, Thanh-Dam 1996 Gender, international migration and social reproduction: implications for theory, policy, research and networkingAsian and Pacific Migration Journal 5 27
Tsu, Yun Hui 2008 135
Tsuda, Mamoru 1997 Human rights problems of foreigners in Japan's criminal justice systemMigration World Magazine 25 1
Tsuda, Takeyuki 2003 Strangers in the Ethnic HomelandColumbia University Press
Ueda, Kazutoshi 1894 Language and nationMeiji Bungaku Zenshū Vol. 44TokyoChikuma Shobō108
Uemura, Hisashi 2008
UNHCR 1980
United Nations Population Division 2001 www.un.org/esa/population/publications/migration/japan.pdf
Ward, Rowena 2006 Japaneseness, multiple exile and the Japanese citizens abandoned in ChinaJapanese Studies 26 139
Watanabe, Hiroaki 2005 Human resource management for Nikkei workers and the increase of indirect employmentJapan Labor Review 2 72
Wetzel, Patricia 2004 Keigo in Modern Japan: Polite Language from Meiji to the PresentHonoluluUniversity of Hawai'i Press
Willis, David BlakeMurphy-Shigematsu, Stephen 2008 Transcultural Japan: At the Borderlands of Race, Gender, and IdentityLondonRoutledge
Woolard, Kathryn 1998 Language ideology as a field of inquirySchieffelin, BambiWoolard, KathrynKroskrity, PaulLanguage Ideologies: Practice and TheoryOxford University Press3
Woolard, KathrynSchieffelin, Bambi 1994 Language ideologyAnnual Review of Anthropology 23 55
Yamanaka, Hayato 1997 Growth and diversification: current trends of ethnic groups in Japan appearing through the Japanese newspaperWu, DavidMcQueen, HumphreyYamamoto, YasushiEmerging Pluralism in Asia and the PacificHong KongThe Chinese University of Hong Kong125
Yamanaka, Keiko 2008 Immigration, Population and Multiculturalism in JapanWoodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Asia Program Special Reportwww.wilsoncenter.org/topics/pubs/Japans%20Declining%20Population.pdf
Yamawaki, Keizō 2002 www.kisc.meiji.ac.jp/∼yamawaki/etc/shiten.htm
Yano Research Institute Ltd 2009 www.yanoresearch.com/press/pdf/504.pdf
Yasuda, Toshiaki 2000 Kindai Nihon Gengoshi Saikō (Rethinking the History of Language in Modern Japan)TokyoSangensha
Yasumoto, Mariko 2009
Yomiuri Shimbun 2009
Yomiuri Shimbun 2008
Yomiuri Shimbun 2006
Yomiuri Shimbun 2006
Yomiuri Shimbun 2005
Yomiuri Shimbun 2005
Yomiuri Shimbun 2004
Yomiuri Shimbun 2002
Yoshida, Reiji 2008
Yoshimura, Toshihiro 2008

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.