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  • Print publication year: 2020
  • Online publication date: October 2020

7 - Non-standard Forms in Asian Englishes and ELF


Chapter 7 will investigate the use, environment and frequency of non-standard morphosyntactic forms in English (i) when used as a specific variety of Asian English and (ii) when used as a lingua franca by Asian multilinguals. Major questions to be considered when dealing with distinctive morphosyntactic features include an investigation into the role of the speakers’ first languages in the creation of distinctive/non-standard forms or whether there is evidence for the existence of vernacular universals. The importance of corpora for investigating the comparative frequency of distinctive morphosyntactic features and the crucial significance of context and levels of formality will be stressed.