Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hobbes, Bramhall and the Politics of Liberty and Necessity
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 14
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Buy the print book

Book description

This book was the first full account of one of the most famous quarrels of the seventeenth century, that between the philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and the Anglican archbishop of Armagh, John Bramhall (1594–1663). This analytical narrative interprets that quarrel within its own immediate and complicated historical circumstances, the Civil Wars (1638–49) and Interregnum (1649–60). The personal clash of Hobbes and Bramhall is connected to the broader conflict, disorder, violence, dislocation and exile that characterised those periods. This monograph offered not only the first comprehensive narrative of their hostilities over two decades, but also an illuminating analysis of aspects of their private and public quarrel that have been neglected in previous accounts, with special attention devoted to their dispute over political and religious authority. This will be of interest to scholars of early modern British history, religious history and the history of ideas.

Reviews

Review of the hardback:'Nicholas Jackson's book is a thoroughly researched and well-written study of the notorious and heated dispute between Hobbes and one of his most prominent Anglican adversaries, John Bramhall, bishop of Derry, on theological problems pertaining to free will, predestination, liberty and free choice, but also on political matters such as the rights and duties of the civil magistrate or the role of the Anglican episcopacy within the constitutional framework of the English body politic. Although Hobbes's and Bramhall's long-lasting quarrel has been repeatedly discussed in a number of scholarly articles, it has never been dealt with in such painstaking detail. Jackson paints a very colourful picture of the two antagonists and emphasises that they were as oddly matched physically as intellectually.'

Source: Journal of Ecclesiastical History

Review of the hardback:'Jackson provides a rich historical background to the quarrel, noting other issues that concerned each man during this period. … [He] concludes with an excellent discussion …'

Source: Church History

'Nicholas Jackson’s account of the debate over free will between Hobbes and Bramhall, originating in the 1640s before spilling into print in the 1650s, is yet another welcome contribution to the study of Hobbes, while also bringing the bishop out from the philosopher’s shadow and releasing their encounter from the confines of philosophy and theology. Cambridge University Press continues to confirm the value of adding the consideration of context to the consideration of texts, in its Early Modern British History series as much as those series overseen by Quentin Skinner.'

Geoff Kemp Source: The European Legacy

Refine List

Actions for selected content:

Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×

Contents

Bibliography
Bibliography
PRIMARY SOURCES
MANUSCRIPTS AND UNPUBLISHED TRANSCRIPTS
British Library, London. Additional 4274, f. 137. Bramhall to Richard Browne, 4 Jan. 1648 (N.S.).
British Library, London. Additional 33118, f. 364. Grant of Bramhall's forfeited estate of Castletown Moylagh [1656].
B L Egerton 1910. Hobbes, Leviathan fair copy.
B L Harleian 6207, ff. 71–101v. Hobbes, ‘Treatise’ [20 Aug. 1645].
B L Harleian 6942. Correspondence of Sheldon, Payne, Hammond, Bramhall, et al.
B L Sloane 1012, ff. 1–16. Bramhall, ‘Discourse’ [1645].
B L Sloane 1012, ff. 117–164. Bramhall, ‘Vindication’ [ca. 1646].
Ripon Cathedral Registers, North Yorkshire County Record Office (Northallerton), Transcript.
PRINTED
Aubrey, John. Brief Lives, Chiefly of Contemporaries, Set Down by John Aubrey, Between the Years 1669 & 1696, ed. Clark, Andrew. Oxford, 1898. 2 vols.
Aubrey, John. Aubrey's Brief Lives, ed. Dick, Oliver Lawson. Ann Arbor (MI): University of Michigan Press, 1957.
Baillie, Robert. The Letters and Journals of Robert Baillie, ed. Laing, David. Edinburgh: R. Ogle, 1841–2. 3 vols.
Barwick, Peter. The Life of Dr John Barwick, Dean of St Paul's, trans. Hilkiah Bedford; ed. Barwick, G. F.. London: E. E. Robinson & Co., 1903.
Berwick, Edward, ed. The Rawdon Papers, consisting of Letters on Various Subjects, Literary, Political, and Ecclesiastical, to and from Dr John Bramhall, Primate of Ireland, including the Correspondence of Several Most Eminent Men During the Greater Part of the Seventeenth Century. London and Dublin: John Nichols and Son and R. Milliken, 1819.
Birch, Thomas, ed. A Collection of the State Papers of John Thurloe. London, 1742. 7 vols.
Bramhall, John. A sermon preached in the cathedrall church of York before Hi[s] Excellence the Earle of Newcastle and many of the prime nobility and gentry of the northerne covnties : at the publick thanksgiving to Almighty God for the late great victory upon Fryday, June 30, 1643, and the reducement of the west parts of Yorkeshire to obedience. York: Stephen Bulkley, 1643. Wing B 4233.
Bramhall, John. A sermon preached in Yorke Minster, before his Excellence the Marques of Newcastle, being then ready to meet the Scotch Army, January 28. 1643. By the Bishop of Derry. Published by speciall command. York: Stephen Bulkley, 1643 [1644]. Wing B 4234.
Bramhall, John. The serpent-salve, or, A remedie for the biting of an aspe wherein the observators grounds are discussed and plainly discovered to be unsound, seditious, not warranted by the laws of God, of nature, or of nations, and most repugnant to the known laws and customs of this realm : for the reducing of such of His Majesties well-meaning subjects into the right way who have been mis-led by that ignis fatuus. [S.l. : s.n.], 1643 [1644]. Wing B 4236.
Bramhall, John. A Defence of True Liberty from Antecedent and Extrinsecal Necessity, being an answer to a late book of Mr. Thomas Hobbs of Malmsbury, intituled, A Treatise of Liberty and Necessity. London, for John Crook, 1655. Reprint of the copy in Lincoln Cathedral Library, with a note by Gamini Salgado. West Germany: Gregg International Publishers, 1971.
Bramhall, John. Castigations of Mr Hobbes his last Animadversions, in the Case concerning Liberty, and Universal Necessity. London, 1657 [1658]. Wing B 4214.
Bramhall, John. The Catching of Leviathan, or the Great Whale. London, 1658. Wing B 4215.
Bramhall, John. Works of the Most Reverend Father in God, John Bramhall, D. D., late Lord Archbishop of Armagh, Primate and Metropolitan of all Ireland, ed. Vesey, John. Dublin, 1676.
Bramhall, John. The Works of the Most Reverend Father in God, John Bramhall, ed. Haddan, A. W.. Oxford: John Henry Parker, 1842–5. 5 vols.
Burnet, Gilbert. History of His Own Time, ed. Routh, Martin Joseph. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1833. (First pub. 1723, 1734)
Burton, Thomas. Diary of Thomas Burton, ed. Rutt, John T.. London: 1824. 4 vols.
Calendar of the Clarendon State Papers preserved in the Bodleian Library, eds. Ogle, O., Bliss, W. H., Macray, W. D. and Routledge, F. J.. Oxford: Clarendon, 1869–1970. 5 vols.
Calendar of the Proceedings of the Committee for Compounding, ed. Green, Mary Anne Everett. London, 1889–92. 5 vols.
Calendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, 1640–1675, ed. Green, M. A. E.. London, 1875–86.
Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, 1603–1675, eds. Russell, C. W., Prendergast, J. P. and Mahaffy, R. P.. London, 1870–1910.
Calvin, John. Institutes of the Christian Religion, trans. Ford Lewis Battles, ed. McNeill, John T.. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1960. 2 vols.
Carte, Thomas, ed. A Collection of Original Letters and Papers, concerning the Affairs of England, from the Year 1641 to 1660, found among the Duke of Ormonde's Papers. London: James Bettenham, 1739. 2 vols.
Cavendish, Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle. The Life of William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle, to which is added the True Relation of My Birth, Breeding and Life. London: A. Maxwell, 1667; ed. Firth, Charles H.: 2nd rev. edn: London: Routledge and Sons; New York: E. P. Dutton, n.d.
Cavendish, Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle. The Philosophical and Physical Opinions. London: J. Martin and J. Allestrye, 1655.
Cavendish, William, Duke of Newcastle. An Answer of the Right Honourable the Earle of Newcastle His Excellency; to the six groundlesse aspersions cast upon him by the Lord Fairefax, in his late Warrant bearing Date Feb. 2 1642 [1643]. York; repr. Oxford: H. H. 1642 [1643].
Cavendish, William, Duke of Newcastle. Ideology and Politics on the Eve of Restoration: Newcastle's Advice to Charles II, ed. , Thomas P. Slaughter. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1984.
Charles I. Charles I in 1646: Letters of King Charles the First to Queen Henrietta Maria, ed. Bruce, John. Camden Society, vol. lxiii. London: J. B. Nichols and Sons, 1856.
Charles I. The Letters, Speeches, and Proclamations of King Charles I, ed. Petrie, Charles. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1935, 1968.
Charles II. The Letters, Speeches, and Declarations of Charles II, ed. Bryant, Arthur. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1968.
Commons Debates for 1629, eds. Notestein, Wallace and Relf, Francis. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1921.
Cooper, J. P., eds. The Wentworth Papers, 1597–1628. Camden Society, 4th ser., Ⅻ, 1973.
Descartes, René. Oeuvres de Descartes, eds. Adam, Charles and Tannery, Paul. Paris: J. Vrin, 1996. 11 vols.
Descartes, René. The Philosophical Writings of Descartes, eds. Cottingham, John, Stoothoff, Robert and Murdoch, Dugald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984. 2 vols.
Duppa, Brian, and Sir Justinian Isham. The Correspondence of Bishop Brian Duppa and Sir Justinian Isham, 1650–1660, ed. Isham, Sir Gyles. Northampton: Northamptonshire Record Society, Publication No. 17, 1955.
Ellis, Henry, ed. Original Letters, Illustrative of English History. London: Harding and Lepard, 1827. 4 vols.
Evelyn, John. Diary and Correspondence of John Evelyn, F. R. S., to which is subjoined The Private Correspondence between King Charles I and Sir Edward Nicholas and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards Earl of Clarendon and Sir Richard Browne, ed. Bray, William. London: George Bell and Sons, 1906. 4 vols.
Fanshawe, Ann. The Memoirs of Anne, Lady Halkett and Ann, Lady Fanshawe, ed. Loftis, John. Oxford: Clarendon, 1979.
Fincham, Kenneth, ed. Visitation Articles and Injunctions of the Early Stuart Church. Suffolk: Boydell, 1994. 2 vols.
Fowler, J. T., ed. Memorials of the Church SS. Peter and Wilfrid, Ripon. Surtees Society, Vols. lxxiv, lxxviii, lxxxi, cxv. Durham: Andrews and Co., 1882–1908.
Gardiner, Samuel Rawson, ed. The Constitutional Documents of the Puritan Revolution, 3rd edn. Oxford: Clarendon, 1906.
Harrington, James. The Political Works of James Harrington, ed. Pocock, J. G. A.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977.
Henrietta Maria. Letters of Queen Henrietta Maria, ed. Green, Mary Anne Everett. London: Richard Bentley, 1857.
Historical Manuscripts Commission Calendar of the Manuscripts of the Marquess of Ormonde, K. P., preserved at Kilkenny Castle, New Series, vol. I, ed. Falkiner, C. Litton. London: Mackie and Co., 1902.
Historical Manuscripts Commission Report (12), Appendix, Part II, on the Manuscripts of Earl Cowper, K. G., preserved at Melbourne Hall, Derbyshire, vol. II. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1888.
Historical Manuscripts Commission Report (13) on the Manuscripts of His Grace the Duke of Portland, preserved at Welbeck Abbey, vol. III, ed. Ward, Richard. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1894.
Historical Manuscripts Commission Report (14), Appendix, Part VII: The Manuscripts of the Marquess of Ormonde, preserved at the Castle, Kilkenny, vol. I, ed. Gilbert, John T.. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1895.
Historical Manuscripts Commission Report (78) on the Manuscripts of the late Reginald Rawdon Hastings, Esq., of the Manor House, Ashby de la Zouch, vol. IV, ed. Bickley, Francis. London: HMSO, 1947.
Historical Manuscripts Commission Report on the Pepys Manuscripts, preserved at Magdalene College, Cambridge, ed. Purnell, E. K.. London: HMSO, 1911.
Hobbes, Thomas. A Dialogue between a Philosopher and a Student, of the Common Laws of England, ed. Cropsey, Joseph. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1971.
Hobbes, Thomas. Behemoth, or the Long Parliament, ed. Toennies, Ferdinand (1889); intro. Stephen Holmes. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
Hobbes, Thomas. Critique du ‘De Mundo’ de Thomas White, ed. Jacquot, Jean and Jones, H. W.. Paris: Vrin, 1973.
Hobbes, Thomas. De Cive: The English Version, ed. Warrender, Howard. Oxford: Clarendon, 1983.
Hobbes, Thomas. De Cive: The Latin Version, ed. Warrender, Howard. Oxford: Clarendon, 1983.
Hobbes, Thomas. De Cive: On the Citizen, trans. Michael Silverthorne, ed. Tuck, Richard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan, ed. Tuck, Richard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan, ed. Curley, Edwin. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1994.
Hobbes, Thomas. Of Libertie and Necessitie: A Treatise, Wherein All Controversy Concerning Predestination, Election, Free-Will, Grace, Merits, Reprobation, &c is fully decided and cleared; in answer to a treatise written by the Bishop of Londonderry, on the same subject. London, 1654. Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England … 1641–1700, 2nd edn, ed. Donald Wing (New York, 1972–88). 942:19.
Hobbes, Thomas. The Correspondence of Thomas Hobbes, ed. Malcolm, Noel. Oxford: Clarendon, 1994. 2 vols.
Hobbes, Thomas. The Elements of Law: Natural and Politic, ed. Gaskin, J. C. A.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Hobbes, Thomas. The English Works of Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, ed. Molesworth, William. London: J. Bohn, 1839–45. 11 vols.
Hobbes, Thomas. Thomae Hobbes Malmesburiensis Opera Philosophica quae Latine scripsit omnia, ed. Molesworth, William. London: J. Bohn, 1839–45. 5 vols.
Hobbes, Thomas. Thomas White's ‘De Mundo’ Examined, trans. by H. W. Jones. London: Bradford University Press, 1976.
Huygens, Loedwijk. The English Journal, 1651–1652, eds. and trans. Bachrach, A. G. H. and Collmer, R. G.. Publications of the Sir Thomas Browne Institute. Leiden: E. J. Brill/Leiden University Press, 1992.
Hyde, Edward, Earl of Clarendon. A Brief View and Survey of the Dangerous and Pernicious Errors to Church and State, in Mr Hobbes's Book Entitled Leviathan. Oxford, 1676. Wing C 4420.
Hyde, Edward, Earl of Clarendon. The History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in England, ed. Macray, W. D.. Oxford: Clarendon, 1888. 6 vols.
James, Montague Rhodes, ed. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1895.
Kenyon, J. P., ed. The Stuart Constitution, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.
Laud, William. The Works of the Most Reverend Father in God, William Laud, eds. Bliss, J. and Scott, W.. Oxford: John Henry Parker, 1847–60. 7 vols.
Leslie, John, sixth Earl of Rothes. A Relation of Proceedings concerning the Affairs of the Kirk of Scotland, from August 1637 to July 1638, ed. Laing, David. Edinburgh: Ballantyne, 1830.
Livingstone, John. A Brief Historical Relation of the Life of Mr John Livingstone, Minister of the Gospel, ed. Houston, Thomas. London: J. Johnstone, 1848.
Loftus, Dudley. Oratio Funebris Habita Post Exuvias Nuperi Reverendissimi in Christo Patris Johannis Archiepiscopi Armachani, Totius Hiberniae Primatis & Metropolitani, terrae mandatas xvi Die Julii 1663. Dublin: John Crook, 1663.
Milward, John. The Diary of John Milward, ed. Robbins, Caroline. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1938.
Nicholas, Sir Edward. The Nicholas Papers: Correspondence of Sir Edward Nicholas, Secretary of State, ed. Warner, G. F.. Camden Society, 1886–1920. 4 vols.
Pell, John, and Sir Charles Cavendish. John Pell (1611–1685) and His Correspondence with Sir Charles Cavendish: The Mental World of an Early Modern Mathematician, eds. Malcolm, Noel and Stedall, Jacqueline. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Pepys, Samuel. The Diary of Samuel Pepys, eds. Latham, Robert and Matthews, William. London: Bell and Hyman, 1970–83. 11 vols.
Pope, Walter. The Life of the Right Reverend Father in God, Seth, Lord Bishop of Salisbury. London, 1697.
Rushworth, John. Historical Collections. London, 1659–1701. 7 vols.
Selden, John. The Table Talk of John Selden, ed. Pollock, Frederick. London: Quaritch, 1927.
Skaife, Robert H., ed. ‘The Register of Burials in York Minster, Accompanied by Monumental Inscriptions, and Illustrated with Biographical Notices’, The Yorkshire Archaelogical and Topographical Journal I (1870): 226–330.
Sorbière, Samuel. Relation d'Un Voyage en Angleterre, où sont touchées plusieurs choses, qui regardent l'estat des sciences, et de la réligion, et autres matières curieuses. Paris, 1664.
Taylor, Jeremy. A Sermon preached in Christ's Church, Dublin, July 16, 1663; At the funeral of the Most Reverend Father in God, John Late Lord Archbishop of Armagh, and Primate of All Ireland, xxxix–lxxvi in The Works of the Most Reverend Father in God, John Bramhall, ed. A. W. Haddan (Oxford: John Henry Parker, 1842–5; 5 vols.)., I.
Thornton, Alice. The Autobiography of Mrs Alice Thornton, of East Newton, Co. York. Surtees Society, vol. lxii. Durham: Andrews and Co., 1875.
Vesey, John. ‘Athanasius Hibernicus: or, The Life of the Most Reverend Father in God, John, Lord Archbishop of Armagh, Primate and Metropolitan of all Ireland’, i–xliv in Works of the Most Reverend Father in God, John Bramhall, D. D., late Lord Archbishop of Armagh, Primate and Metropolitan of all Ireland. Dublin, 1676.
Walker, Edward. Historical Discourses. London, 1705.
Wandesford, Christopher. A Book of Instructions, written by the Right Honourable Sir Christopher Wandesforde, Knt… . to his son and heir, George Wandesforde, Esq; in order to the regulating the conduct of his whole life, ed. Comber, Thomas. Cambridge, 1777.
Wentworth, Thomas, Earl of Strafford. The Earl of Strafforde's Letters and Dispatches, ed. Knowler, William. London: W. Bowyer, 1739. 2 vols.
Williams, William P.Eight unpublished letters by Jeremy Taylor’, Anglican Theological Review 58, 2 (1976): 179–93.
Wing, Donald, ed. Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England … 1641–1700, 2nd edn. New York: Index Committee of the Modern Language Association of America, 1972–88.
Wood, Anthony. Anthony Wood, Athenae Oxonienses, ed. Phillip Bliss (London, 1813–20; 4 vols.). (1691–1693), ed. Bliss, Philip. London: 1813–20. 4 vols.
Wood, Anthony. The Life and Times of Anthony Wood, ed. Clark, Andrew. Oxford: Clarendon, 1891–1900. 5 vols.
SECONDARY SOURCES
Abbott, William M. ‘The Issue of Episcopacy in the Long Parliament, 1640–1648: The Reasons for Abolition.’ PhD thesis, Oxford University, 1981.
Abbott, William M.James Ussher and “Ussherian” Episcopacy, 1640–1656: the Primate and his Reduction Manuscript’, Albion 22 (1990): 237–59.
Allan, David. ‘“An Ancient Sage Philosopher”: Alexander Ross and the Defence of Philosophy’, Seventeenth Century 16, 1 (Apr. 2001): 68–94.
Allen, J. W.English Political Thought: 1603 to 1660, vol. I, 1603–1644. London: Methuen, 1938.
Ariew, Roger, and Grene, Marjorie, eds. Descartes and His Contemporaries: Meditations, Objections, and Replies. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1995.
Armstrong, Brian G.Calvinism and the Amyraut Heresy: Protestant Scholasticism and Humanism in Seventeenth-Century France. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1969.
Armstrong, Robert. ‘Protestant Churchmen and the Confederate Wars’ in British Interventions in Early Modern Ireland, eds. Brady, Ciaran and Ohlmeyer, Jane. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, 230–51.
Atherton, Ian. Ambition and Failure in Stuart England: The Career of John, First Viscount Scudamore. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.
Aylmer, Gerald E.The King's Servants: The Civil Service of Charles I, 1625–1642. New York: Columbia University Press; London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1961.
Aylmer, Gerald E., ed. The Interregnum: The Quest for Settlement, 1646–1660. London: Macmillan, 1972.
Bagwell, Richard. Ireland under the Stuarts and during the Interregnum. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1909–16. 3 vols.
Baigrie, Brian. ‘The New Science: Kepler, Galileo, Mersenne’ in Companion to Early Modern Philosophy, ed. Nadler, Steven. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 45–59.
Barnard, Toby, and Fenlon, Jane, eds. The Dukes of Ormonde, 1610–1745. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2000.
Baumgold, Deborah. ‘The Composition of Hobbes's Elements of Law’, History of Political Thought 25, 1 (2004): 16–43.
Beats, Lynn. ‘Politics and Government in Derbyshire, 1640–1660.’ PhD thesis, University of Sheffield, 1978.
Beaulieu, Armand. ‘Les Relations de Hobbes et de Mersenne’ in Thomas Hobbes: Philosophie Première, Théorie de la Science et Politique, eds. Zarka, Yves-Charles and Bernhardt, Jean. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1990.
Beckett, J. C.The Cavalier Duke: A Life of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormond. Belfast: Pretani, 1990.
Beddard, Robert A. ‘The Restoration Church’ in The Restored Monarchy, 1660–1688, ed. Jones, J. R.. Totowa: Rowman and Littlefield, 1979, 155–75.
Bennett, Martyn. The Civil Wars in Britain and Ireland, 1638–1651. Oxford: Blackwell, 1997.
Bickley, Francis. The Cavendish Family. London: Constable and Co., 1911.
Bornkamm, Heinrich. Luther in Mid-Career, 1521–1530. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1983.
Bosher, Robert S.The Making of the Restoration Settlement: The Influence of the Laudians, 1649–1662. London: Dacre, 1951.
Bostrenghi, Daniela, ed. Hobbes e Spinoza: Scienza e Politica. Naples: Bibliopolis, 1992.
Bowle, John. Hobbes and His Critics: A Study in Seventeenth-Century Constitutionalism. London: Jonathan Cape, 1951.
Brady, Ciaran, and Ohlmeyer, Jane, eds. British Interventions in Early Modern Ireland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Brandt, Frithiof. Hobbes's Mechanical Conception of Nature. Copenhagen: Levin and Munksgaard, 1928.
Burgess, Glenn. ‘Contexts for the Writing and Publication of Hobbes's Leviathan’, History of Political Thought 11, 4 (Winter 1990): 675–702.
Burgess, Glenn. Absolute Monarchy and the Stuart Constitution. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.
Burns, J. H., ed., with the assistance of Mark Goldie. The Cambridge History of Political Thought, 1450–1700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Canny, Nicholas. Making Ireland British, 1580–1650. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Capern, Amanda L.The Caroline Church: James Ussher and the Irish Dimension’, Historical Journal 39, 1 (1996): 57–85.
Carte, Thomas. The Life of James, Duke of Ormond, 2nd edn. Oxford: Clarendon, 1851. 6 vols.
Champion, Justin A. I.The Pillars of Priestcraft Shaken: The Church of England and its Enemies, 1660–1730. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Champion, Justin A. I. ‘Political Thinking between Restoration and Hanoverian Succession’ in Companion to Stuart Britain, ed. Coward, Barry. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003, 474–91.
Chapman, Hester W.The Tragedy of Charles II in the Years 1630–1660. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1964.
Chappell, Vere, ed. Hobbes and Bramhall on Liberty and Necessity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Clarke, Aidan. ‘The 1641 Rebellion and Anti-Popery in Ireland’ in Ulster 1641: Aspects of the Rising, ed. Cuarta, Brian Mac. Belfast: Queen's University of Belfast, 1997, 139–57.
Cliffe, John Trevor. The Yorkshire Gentry: From the Reformation to the Civil War. London: University of London Press/Athlone Press, 1969.
Clucas, Stephen. ‘The Atomism of the Cavendish Circle: A Reappraisal’, Seventeenth Century 9, 2 (1994): 247–73.
Collins, Jeffrey R.The Restoration Bishops and the Royal Supremacy’, Church History 68, 3 (Sept. 1999): 549–80.
Collins, Jeffrey R.Christian Ecclesiology and the Composition of Leviathan: A Newly Discovered Letter to Thomas Hobbes’, Historical Journal 43, 1 (2000): 217–31.
Collins, Jeffrey R.The Allegiance of Thomas Hobbes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Collins, W. E. ‘John Bramhall, 1594–1663’ in Typical English Churchmen from Parker to Maurice, ed. Collins., W. E.London: SPCK, 1902, 81–119.
Comber, Thomas. Memoirs of the Life and Death of the Right Honourable The Lord Deputy Wandesforde, by his great grandson, Thomas Comber. Cambridge, 1778.
Condren, Conal. ‘Confronting the Monster: George Lawson's Reactions to Hobbes's Leviathan’, Political Science 40, 1 (July 1988): 67–83.
Cooke, Paul D.Hobbes and Christianity: Reassessing the Bible in Leviathan. Lanham, MA: Rowman and Littlefield, 1996.
Corbett, Margery, and Lightbrown, Ronald. The Comely Frontispiece: The Emblematic Title-page in England, 1550–1660. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1979.
Costello, William T.The Scholastic Curriculum in Early Seventeenth-Century Cambridge. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1958.
Cotton, Henry. Fasti Ecclesiae Hibernicae: The Succession of the Prelates and Members of the Cathedral Bodies in Ireland. Dublin: Hodges, 1848–78. 6 vols.
Coward, Barry, ed. A Companion to Stuart Britain. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003.
Cranston, Maurice. ‘John Locke and John Aubrey’, Notes and Queries 197 (1952): 383–4.
Cranston, Maurice, and Peters, Richard S., eds. Hobbes and Rousseau: A Collection of Critical Essays. Garden City: Anchor, 1972.
Cregan, Donal F.Daniel O'Neill, a Royalist Agent in Ireland, 1644–1650’, Irish Historical Studies 2, 8 (Sept. 1941).
Cregan, Donal F.An Irish Cavalier: Daniel O'Neill’, Studia Hibernica 3 (1963): 60–100.
Cregan, Donal F.An Irish Cavalier: Daniel O'Neill in Exile and Restoration, 1651–1664’, Studia Hibernica 5 (1965): 42–76.
Cregan, Donal F.An Irish Cavalier: Daniel O'Neill in the Civil Wars, 1642–51’, Studia Hibernica 4 (1965): 104–33.
Cross, Claire. The Royal Supremacy in the Elizabethan Church. London: Allen and Unwin; New York: Barnes and Noble, 1969.
Cross, Claire. ‘The Church in England, 1646–1660’ in The Interregnum: The Quest for Settlement, 1646–1660, ed. Aylmer, G. E.. London: Macmillan, 1972, 99–120.
Cross, Claire. ‘Churchmen and the Royal Supremacy’ in Church and Society in England: Henry VIII–James I, eds. Heal, Felicity and O'Day, Rosemary. Hamden: Archon, 1977, 15–34.
Curley, Edwin. ‘“I Durst Not Write So Boldly”: How to Read Hobbes's Theological–Political Treatise’ in Hobbes e Spinoza: Scienza e Politica, ed. Bostrenghi, Daniela. Naples: Bibliopolis, 1992, 497–594.
Curley, Edwin. ‘Calvin and Hobbes, or Hobbes as an Orthodox Christian’, Journal of the History of Philosophy, 34 (1996): 257–71.
Curran, Eleanor. ‘A Very Peculiar Royalist: Hobbes in the Context of His Political Contemporaries’, British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10, 2 (2002): 167–208.
Daly, James W.John Bramhall and the Theoretical Problems of Royalist Moderation’, Journal of British Studies 11 (1971): 26–44.
Daly, James W.The Idea of Absolute Monarchy’, Historical Journal 21 (1978): 227–50.
Daly, James W. Sir Robert Filmer and English Political Thought. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1979.
Daly, James W.The Implications of Royalist Politics, 1642–1646’, Historical Journal 27, 3 (Sept. 1984): 745–55.
Damrosch, Leopold Jr.Hobbes as Reformation Theologian: Implications of the Freewill Controversy’, Journal of the History of Ideas 40 (1979): 339–52.
Davies, E. T.Episcopacy and the Royal Supremacy in the Church of England in the XVI Century. Oxford: Clarendon, 1950.
Davies, Julian. The Caroline Captivity of the Church: Charles I and the Remoulding of Anglicanism. Oxford: Clarendon, 1992.
Davis, J. C. ‘Political Thought during the English Revolution’ in Companion to Stuart Britain, ed. Coward., BarryOxford: Blackwell, 2003, 374–96.
Dear, Peter. Mersenne and the Learning of the Schools. Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press, 1988.
Debus, Allen G.Science and Education in Seventeenth-Century England: The Webster–Ward Debate. London: Macdonald; New York: American Elsevier, 1970.
Dictionary of National Biography, eds. Stephen, Leslie and Lee., Sidney 63 vols. London, 1885–1900.
Doyle, William. Jansenism: Catholic Resistance to Authority from the Reformation to the French Revolution. New York: St Martin's, 2000.
Dzelzainis, Martin. ‘Edward Hyde and Thomas Hobbes's Elements of Law, Natural and Politic’, Historical Journal 32, 2 (1989): 303–17.
Feingold, Mordechai. ‘A Friend of Hobbes and an Early Translator of Galileo: Robert Payne of Oxford’ in The Light of Nature: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science presented to A. C. Crombie, eds. North, J. D. and Roche, J. J.. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, 1985, 265–80.
Fincham, Kenneth, ed. The Early Stuart Church, 1603–1642. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1993.
Fincham, Kenneth, and Peter Lake. ‘The Ecclesiastical Policies of James I and Charles I’ in The Early Stuart Church, 1603–1642, ed. Fincham, Kenneth. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1993, 23–49.
Fletcher, Anthony. The Outbreak of the English Civil War. New York and London: New York University Press, 1981.
Ford, Alan. The Protestant Reformation in Ireland, 1590–1641. Frankfurt, 1985.
Ford, Alan. ‘Dependent or Independent? The Church of Ireland and Its Colonial Context, 1536–1649’, Seventeenth Century 10, 2 (1995): 163–87.
Ford, Alan, McGuire, James and Milne, Kenneth, eds. As By Law Established: The Irish Church since the Reformation. Dublin: Lilliput, 1995.
Ford, Alan, James McGuire, and Kenneth Milne,. ‘The Church of Ireland, 1558–1634: A Puritan Church?’ in As By Law Established: The Irish Church since the Reformation, eds. Ford, Alan, McGuire, James and Milne, Kenneth. Dublin: Lilliput, 1995, 52–68.
Ford, Alan, James McGuire, and Kenneth Milne,. ‘“That Bugbear Arminianism”: Archbishop Laud and Trinity College, Dublin’ in British Interventions in Early Modern Ireland, eds. Brady, Ciaran and Ohlmeyer., JaneCambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, 135–60.
Garber, Daniel, and Ayers, Michael, eds. The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998. 2 vols.
Garber, Daniel, John Henry, Lynn Joy and Alan Gabbey. ‘New Doctrines of Body and its Powers, Place, and Space’ in Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy, eds. Garber, Daniel and Ayers, Michael. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 553–623.
Geyl, Pieter. Orange and Stuart, 1641–1672, trans. Arnold Pomerans. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969.
Gillespie, Raymond. ‘The Religion of the first Duke of Ormond’ in The Dukes of Ormonde, 1610–1745, eds. Barnard, Toby and Fenlon, Jane. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2000, 101–13.
Goldie, Mark. ‘The Reception of Hobbes’ in Cambridge History of Political Thought, 1450–1700, ed. Burns, J. H., with the assistance of Goldie, Mark. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 589–615.
Goldsmith, M. M.Hobbes's Ambiguous Politics’, History of Political Thought 11, 4 (Winter 1990): 639–73.
Green, Ian M.The Re-establishment of the Church of England, 1660–1663. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.
Greengrass, Mark, Leslie, Michael and Raylor, Timothy, eds. Samuel Hartlib and Universal Reformation: Studies in Intellectual Communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Greer, D. S., and Dawson, N. M., eds. Mysteries and Solutions in Irish Legal History: Irish Legal History Society Discourses and Other Papers, 1996–1999. Dublin: Four Courts, 2001.
Groenveld, Simon. ‘The House of Orange and the House of Stuart, 1639–1650: A Revision’, Historical Journal 34, 4 (1991): 955–72.
Haggbloom, Steven J., Warnick, et al Renee. ‘The 100 Most Eminent Psychologists of the 20th Century’, Review of General Psychology 6, 2 (2002): 139–52.
Hampton, Jean. Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.
Hardacre, Paul H.The Royalists during the Puritan Revolution. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1956.
Harris, James A.Of Liberty and Necessity: The Free Will Debate in Eighteenth-Century Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon, 2005.
Harrison, A. W.The Beginnings of Arminianism to the Synod of Dort. London: University of London Press, 1926.
Hayward, J. C.New Directions in Studies of the Falkland Circle’, Seventeenth Century 2 (1987): 19–48.
Head, R. E.Royal Supremacy and the Trials of Bishops, 1558–1725. London: SPCK, 1962.
Heal, Felicity. ‘Economic Problems of the Clergy’ in Church and Society in England, Henry VIII–James I, eds. Heal, Felicity and O'Day., RosemaryHamden, CT: Archon, 1977, 99–118.
Heal, Felicity. Of Prelates and Princes: A Study of the Economic and Social Position of the Tudor Episcopate. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980.
Heal, Felicity, and O'Day, Rosemary, eds. Church and Society in England, Henry VIII–James I. Hamden, CT: Archon, 1977.
Hervey, Helen. ‘Hobbes and Descartes in the Light of Some Unpublished Letters of the Correspondence between Sir Charles Cavendish and Dr John Pell’, Osiris 10 (1952): 67–90.
Hill, Christopher. Economic Problems of the Church from Archbishop Whitgift to the Long Parliament. Oxford: Clarendon, 1956.
Hoekstra, Kinch. ‘The De Facto Turn in Hobbes's Political Philosophy’ in Leviathan after 350 Years, eds. Sorell, Tom and Foisneau, Luc. Oxford: Clarendon, 2004, 33–73.
Hook, David. ‘John Davies of Kidwelly: A Neglected Literary Figure of the Seventeenth Century’, Carmarthenshire Antiquary 11 (1975): 104–24.
Howell, Roger Jr.Newcastle-upon-Tyne and the Puritan Revolution: A Study of the Civil War in North England. Oxford: Clarendon, 1967.
Hunter, Michael, and Wooton, David, eds. Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment. Oxford: Clarendon, 1992.
Hutton, Ronald. The Royalist War Effort, 1642–1646. London and New York: Longman, 1982.
Hutton, Ronald. The Restoration: A Political and Religious History of England and Wales, 1658–1667. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Hutton, Ronald. Charles the Second: King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Oxford: Clarendon, 1989.
Hutton, Ronald. ‘The Religion of Charles II’ in The Stuart Court and Europe: Essays in Politics and Political Culture, ed. Smuts, R. Malcolm. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 228–46.
Hutton, Ronald. Debates in Stuart History. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.
Jackson, Nicholas D. ‘Hobbes vs Bramhall: An Uncivil War, 1645–1668’, PhD thesis, Syracuse University, 2005.
Jacob, James R.Henry Stubbe: Radical Protestantism and the Early Enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Jacob, James R., and Raylor, Timothy. ‘Opera and Obedience: Thomas Hobbes and A Proposition for Advancement of Moralitie by Sir William Davenant’, Seventeenth Century 6 (1991): 215–25.
Jacquot, Jean. ‘Sir Charles Cavendish and His Learned Friends: Before the Civil War’, Annals of Science 8, 1 (1952): 13–27.
Jacquot, Jean. ‘Sir Charles Cavendish and His Learned Friends: The Years of Exile’, Annals of Science 8, 2 (1952): 175–91.
James, Montague Rhodes. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1895.
Jesseph, Douglas M.Squaring the Circle: The War between Hobbes and Wallis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.
Jesseph, Douglas M.Galileo, Hobbes, and the Book of Nature’, Perspectives on Science 12, 2 (2004): 191–211.
Jolley, Nicholas. ‘The Relation between Theology and Philosophy’ in Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy, eds. Garber, Daniel and Ayers, Michael. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 363–92.
Jones, J. R.Britain and Europe in the Seventeenth Century. New York: W. W. Norton, 1966.
Jones, J. R., ed. The Restored Monarchy, 1660–1688. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1979.
Kane, Robert, ed. The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Kargon, Robert Hugh. Atomism in England from Hariot to Newton. Oxford: Clarendon, 1966.
Kearney, Hugh F.Strafford in Ireland, 1633–1641: A Study in Absolutism, 2nd edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Kilroy, Phil. ‘Protestantism in Ulster, 1610–1641’ in Ulster 1641: Aspects of the Rising, ed. Cuarta, Brian Mac. Belfast: Queen's University of Belfast, 1997, 25–36.
Knox, R. Buick. James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1967.
Lake, Peter. ‘Calvinism and the English Church, 1570–1635’, Past and Present 114 (Feb. 1987): 32–76.
Lake, Peter. ‘The Laudian Style: Order, Uniformity and the Pursuit of the Beauty of Holiness in the 1630s’ in The Early Stuart Church, ed. Fincham, Kenneth. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1993, 161–85.
Lake, Peter, and Questier, Michael, eds. Conformity and Orthodoxy in the English Church, c.1560–1660. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2000.
Lessay, Franck. ‘Hobbes's Protestantism’ in Leviathan after 350 Years, eds. Sorell, Tom and Foisneau, Luc. Oxford: Clarendon, 2004, 265–94.
Little, Patrick. ‘The Marquess of Ormond and the English Parliament, 1645–1647’ in The Dukes of Ormonde, 1610–1745, eds. Barnard, Toby and Fenlon, Jane. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2000, 83–99.
Lovejoy, Arthur O.The Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of an Idea. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1936.
Mac Cuarta, Brian, ed. Ulster 1641: Aspects of the Rising, rev. edn. Belfast: Queen's University of Belfast, 1997.
Macdonald, Hugh, and Hargreaves, Mary, eds. Thomas Hobbes: A Bibliography. London: Bibliographical Society, 1952.
MacGillivray, Royce. ‘Thomas Hobbes's History of the English Civil War: A Study of Behemoth’, Journal of the History of Ideas 31 (1970): 179–98.
MacGillivray, Royce. Restoration Historians and the English Civil War. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1974.
Macinnes, Allan I., and Ohlmeyer, Jane, eds. The Stuart Kingdoms in the Seventeenth Century. Dublin: Four Courts, 2002.
Malcolm, Noel. ‘Hobbes, Sandys, and the Virginia Company’, Historical Journal 24, 2 (1981): 297–321.
Malcolm, Noel. ‘Thomas Hobbes and Voluntarist Theology.’ PhD thesis, Cambridge University, 1982.
Malcolm, Noel. ‘Hobbes and Spinoza’ in Cambridge History of Political Thought, 1450–1700, ed. Burns, J. H., with the assistance of Mark Goldie. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 530–57.
Malcolm, Noel. ‘A Summary Biography of Hobbes’ in Cambridge Companion to Hobbes, ed. Sorell, Tom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 13–44.
Malcolm, Noel. ‘Charles Cotton, Translator of Hobbes's De Cive’, Huntington Library Quarterly 61, 2 (1998/2000): 259–87.
Malcolm, Noel. Aspects of Hobbes. Oxford: Clarendon, 2002.
Malcolm, Noel. ‘Behemoth Latinus: Adam Ebert, Tacitism, and Hobbes’, Filozofski vestnik 24, 2 (2003): 85–120.
Marchant, Ronald A.The Puritans and the Church Courts in the Diocese of York, 1560–1642. London: Longmans, 1960.
Martinich, A. P.The Two Gods of Leviathan: Thomas Hobbes on Religion and Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Martinich, A. P.Hobbes: A Biography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Matthew, H. C. G., and Harrison, B. H., eds. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. 60 vols.
McCafferty, John. ‘John Bramhall and the Church of Ireland in the 1630s’ in As By Law Established: The Church of Ireland Since the Reformation, eds. Ford, Alan, McGuire, James and Milne, Kenneth. Dublin: Lilliput, 1995, 100–11.
McCafferty, John. ‘John Bramhall and the Reconstruction of the Church of Ireland, 1633–1641.’ PhD thesis, Cambridge University, 1996.
McCafferty, John. ‘“God bless your free Church of Ireland”: Wentworth, Laud, Bramhall and the Irish Convocation of 1634’ in The Political World of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, 1621–1641, ed. Merritt, Julia F.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 187–208.
McCafferty, John. ‘“To follow the late precedents of England”: The Irish Impeachment Proceedings of 1641’ in Mysteries and Solutions in Irish Legal History: Irish Legal History Society Discourses and Other Papers, 1996–1999, eds. Greer, D. S. and Dawson, N. M.. Dublin: Four Courts, 2001, 51–72.
McCafferty, John. ‘When Reformations Collide’ in The Stuart Kingdoms in the Seventeenth Century, eds. Macinnes, Allan I. and Ohlmeyer, Jane. Dublin: Four Courts, 2002, 186–203.
McGuire, James. ‘Policy and Patronage: The Appointment of Bishops, 1660–1661’ in As By Law Established: The Irish Church Since the Reformation, eds. Ford, Alan, McGuire, James and Milne, Kenneth. Dublin: Lilliput, 1995, 112–19.
Mendle, Michael. Dangerous Positions: Mixed Government, the Estates of the Realm, and the Making of the Answer to the XIX Propositions. University, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1985.
Mendle, Michael. Henry Parker and the English Civil War: The Political Thought of the Public's ‘Privado’. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Menn, Stephen. ‘The Intellectual Setting’ in Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy, eds. Garber, Daniel and Ayers, Michael. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 33–86.
Merritt, Julia F., ed. The Political World of Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, 1621–1641. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Metzger, Hans-Dieter. Thomas Hobbes und die Englische Revolution, 1640–1660. Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt: Frommann-Holzboog, 1991.
Miller, Leo. John Milton and the Oldenburg Safeguard: New Light on Milton and His Friends in the Commonwealth from the Diaries and Letters of Hermann Mylius, Agonist in the Early History of Modern Diplomacy. New York: Loewenthal, 1985.
Milton, Philip. ‘Hobbes, Heresy, and Lord Arlington’, History of Political Thought 14, 4 (Winter 1993): 501–46.
Mintz, Samuel I.The Hunting of Leviathan: Seventeenth-Century Reactions to the Materialism and Moral Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1962.
Moody, T. W., Martin, F. X. and Byrne, F. J., eds. A New History of Irleand, vol. III: Early Modern Ireland, 1534–1691. Oxford: Clarendon, 1976.
Morrill, John. The Nature of the English Revolution. London: Longman, 1993.
Nadler, Steven. ‘Doctrines of Explanation in Late Scholasticism and in the Mechanical Philosophy’ in Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy, eds. Garber, Daniel and Ayers, Michael. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 513–52.
Nadler, Steven, ed. A Companion to Early Modern Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.
Nauta, Lodi. ‘Hobbes on Religion and the Church between The Elements of Law and Leviathan: A Dramatic Change of Direction?’, Journal of the History of Ideas 63, 4 (2002): 577–98.
Newman, P. R.The Old Service: Royalist Regimental Colonels and the Civil War, 1642–1646. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1993.
North, J. D., and Roche, J. J., eds. The Light of Nature: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science presented to A. C. Crombie. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, 1985.
Ohlmeyer, Jane. Civil War and Restoration in the Three Stuart Kingdoms: The Career of Randal MacDonnell, Marquis of Antrim, 1609–1683. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Ohlmeyer, Jane. ‘The Irish Peers, Political Power and Parliament, 1640–1641’ in British Interventions in Early Modern Ireland, eds. Brady, Ciaran and Ohlmeyer, Jane. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005, 161–85.
Ollard, Richard. The Image of the King: Charles I and Charles II. New York: Atheneum, 1979.
Ollard, Richard. Clarendon and His Friends. New York: Atheneum, 1988.
Orr, D. Alan. ‘Sovereignty, Supremacy and the Origins of the English Civil War’, History 87, 288 (2002): 474–90.
Overhoff, Jurgen. ‘The Lutheranism of Thomas Hobbes’, History of Political Thought 18, 4 (1997): 604–23.
Overhoff, Jurgen. ‘The Theology of Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 51, 3 (July 2000): 527–55.
Overhoff, Jurgen. Hobbes's Theory of the Will: Ideological Reasons and Historical Circumstances. Lanham, MA: Rowman and Littlefield, 2000.
Parkin, Jon. ‘Taming the Leviathan: Reading Hobbes in Seventeenth-Century Europe’, International Archives of the History of Ideas 186 (2003): 31–52.
Parry, J. P., and Taylor, Stephen, eds. Parliament and the Church, 1529–1960. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000.
Peacey, Jason T.Order and Disorder in Europe: Parliamentary Agents and Royalist Thugs, 1649–1650’, Historical Journal 40, 4 (1997): 953–76.
Peacey, Jason T.Nibbling at Leviathan: Politics and Theory in England in the 1650s’, Huntington Library Quarterly 61, 2 (1998/2000): 241–57.
Peacey, Jason T.Politicians and Pamphleteers: Propaganda during the English Civil Wars and Interregnum. Aldershot and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004.
Pearson, John. Stags and Serpents: The Story of the House of Cavendish and the Dukes of Devonshire. London: Macmillan, 1983.
Pebworth, Ted-Larry, and Summers, Claude J., eds. Literary Circles and Cultural Communities in Renaissance England. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2000.
Perceval-Maxwell, Michael. The Scottish Migration to Ulster in the Reign of James I. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973.
Perceval-Maxwell, Michael. The Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University, 1994.
Pink, Thomas. Free Will: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
Pink, Thomas. ‘Suarez, Hobbes and the Scholastic Tradition in Action Theory’ in The Will and Human Action: from Antiquity to the Present Day, eds. Stone, M. W. F. and Pink, Thomas. London: Routledge, 2004, 127–53.
Pocock, J. G. A., and Gordon J. Schochet. ‘Interregnum and Restoration’ in The Varieties of British Political Thought, 1500–1800, eds. Pocock, J. G. A., Schochet, Gordon and Schwoerer, Lois. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993, 146–79.
Pocock, J. G. A., Schochet, Gordon and Schwoerer, Lois, eds. The Varieties of British Political Thought, 1500–1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Porter, H. C.Reformation and Reaction in Tudor Cambridge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1958.
Prior, Charles W. A.Defining the Jacobean Church: The Politics of Religious Controversy, 1603–1625. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Pullein, Catharine. The Pulleyns of Yorkshire. Leeds: J. Whitehead and Son, 1915.
Questier, Michael C.Conversion, Politics, and Religion in England, 1580–1621. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Raylor, Timothy. ‘Newcastle's Ghosts: Robert Payne, Ben Jonson, and the “Cavendish Circle”’ in Literary Circles and Cultural Communities in Renaissance England, eds. Pebworth, Ted-Larry and Summers, Claude J.. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2000, 92–114.
Raylor, Timothy. ‘Thomas Hobbes and “The Mathematical Demonstration of the Sword”’, Seventeenth Century 15, 2 (2000): 175–98.
Raylor, Timothy. ‘Hobbes, Payne, and A Short Tract on First Principles’, Historical Journal 44, 1 (March 2001): 29–58.
Robertson, George Croom. Hobbes. Edinburgh: W. Blackwood, 1886.
Rogow, Arnold A.Thomas Hobbes: Radical in the Service of Reaction. New York: W. W. Norton, 1986.
Russell, Conrad. ‘The First Army Plot of 1641’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 38 (1988): 85–106.
Russell, Conrad. The Fall of the British Monarchies, 1637–1642. Oxford: Clarendon, 1991.
Russell, Conrad. ‘Whose Supremacy? King, Parliament, and the Church, 1530–1640,’ Ecclesiastical Law Journal 4, 21 (July 1997): 700–8.
Russell, Conrad. ‘Parliament, the Royal Supremacy and the Church’ in Parliament and the Church, 1529–1960, eds. Parry, J. P. and Taylor, Stephen. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000, 27–37.
Salmon, J. H. M. ‘Catholic Resistance Theory, Ultramontanism, and the Royalist Response, 1580–1620’ in Cambridge History of Political Thought, 1450–1700, ed. Burns, J. H., with the assistance of Goldie, Mark. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991, 219–53.
Sanderson, John. ‘Serpent-Salve, 1643: The Royalism of John Bramhall’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 25 (1974): 1–14.
Sanderson, John. ‘But the People's Creatures’: The Philosophical Basis of the English Civil War. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1989.
Sarasohn, Lisa T.Motion and Morality: Pierre Gassendi, Thomas Hobbes and the Mechanical World-View’, Journal of the History of Ideas 46 (1985): 363–80.
Sarasohn, Lisa T.Thomas Hobbes and the Duke of Newcastle: A Study in the Mutuality of Patronage before the Establishment of the Royal Society’, Isis 90, 4 (1999): 715–37.
Sarasohn, Lisa T.Was Leviathan a Patronage Artifact?History of Political Thought 21, 4 (Winter 2000): 606–31.
Schochet, Gordon J.The Authoritarian Family and Political Attitudes in Seventeenth-Century England: Patriarchalism in Political Thought. New Brunswick, NJ and London: Transaction, 1988.
Schuhmann, Karl. Hobbes: Une Chronique: cheminement de sa pensée et de sa vie. Paris: Vrin, 1998.
Schwartz, Hillel. ‘Arminianism and the English Parliament, 1624–1629’, Journal of British Studies 12, 2 (1973): 41–68.
Seaward, Paul. The Cavalier Parliament and the Reconstruction of the Old Regime, 1661–1667. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.
Seaward, Paul. ‘Constitutional and Unconstitutional Royalism’, Historical Journal 40, 1 (1997): 227–39.
Sedgwick, Alexander. Jansenism in Seventeenth-Century France: Voices from the Wilderness. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1977.
Shapin, Steven, and Schaffer, Simon. Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Sharpe, Kevin. The Personal Rule of Charles I. Yale and London: Yale University Press, 1992.
Shaw, William A.A History of the English Church during the Civil Wars and under the Commonwealth, 1640–1660. London, New York and Bombay: Longmans, Green and Co., 1900. 2 vols.
Simms, J. G. ‘The Restoration, 1660–1685’ in New History of Irleand, vol. III: Early Modern Ireland, 1534–1691, eds. Moody, T. W., Martin, F. X. and Byrne, F. J.. Oxford: Clarendon, 1976, 420–53.
Skinner, B. F.Science and Human Behavior. New York: Macmillan, 1953.
Skinner, B. F.About Behaviorism. New York: Vintage, 1976.
Skinner, B. F.Cumulative Record, Definitive Edition. Acton, MA: Copley, 1999.
Skinner, Quentin. ‘The Ideological Context of Hobbes's Political Thought’, Historical Journal 9, 3 (1966): 286–317.
Skinner, Quentin. ‘Thomas Hobbes and His Disciples in France and England’, Comparative Studies in Society and History 8 (1966): 153–67.
Skinner, Quentin. ‘Thomas Hobbes and the Nature of the Early Royal Society’, Historical Journal 12 (1969): 217–39.
Skinner, Quentin. ‘The Context of Hobbes's Theory of Political Obligation’ in Hobbes and Rousseau: A Collection of Critical Essays, eds. Cranston, Maurice and Peters, Richard S.. New York: Doubleday, 1972, 109–42.
Skinner, Quentin. ‘Conquest and Consent: Thomas Hobbes and the Engagement Controversy’ in The Interregnum: The Quest for Settlement, 1646–1660, ed. Aylmer, G. E.. London: Macmillan, 1972, 79–98.
Skinner, Quentin. ‘Thomas Hobbes: Rhetoric and the Construction of Morality’, Proceedings of the British Academy 76 (1991): 1–61.
Skinner, Quentin. Reason and Rhetoric in the Philosophy of Hobbes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Skinner, Quentin. Visions of Politics, vol III: Hobbes and Civil Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
Sleigh, Robert, Jr, Vere Chappell and Michael Della Rocca. ‘Determinism and Human Freedom’ in Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy, eds. Garber, Daniel and Ayers, Michael. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, 1195–278.
Smith, David L.Constitutional Royalism and the Search for Settlement, c. 1640–1649. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Smith, Geoffrey. The Cavaliers in Exile, 1640–1660. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.
Smuts, R. Malcolm, ed. The Stuart Court and Europe: Essays in Politics and Political Culture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Sommerville, Johann P.The Royal Supremacy and Episcopacy “Jure Divino”, 1603–1640’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 34, 4 (Oct. 1983): 548–58.
Sommerville, Johann P.Politics and Ideology in England, 1603–1640. London and New York: Longman, 1986.
Sommerville, Johann P.Thomas Hobbes: Political Ideas in Historical Context. New York: St Martin's, 1992.
Sommerville, Johann P.English and European Political Ideas in the Early Seventeenth Century: Revisionism and the Case of Absolutism’, Journal of British Studies 35, 2 (1996): 168–94.
Sommerville, Johann P. ‘Lofty Science and Local Politics’ in Cambridge Companion to Hobbes, ed. Sorell, Tom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, 246–73.
Sommerville, Johann P.Hobbes and Independency’, Rivista di Storia della Filosofia 59, 1 (2004): 155–73.
Sorell, Tom. ‘Thomas Hobbes’ in Companion to Early Modern Philosophy, ed. Nadler, Steven. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 320–37.
Sorell, Tom, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Sorell, Tom, and Foisneau, Luc, eds. Leviathan after 350 Years. Oxford: Clarendon, 2004.
Southgate, Beverley C.‘Covetous of Truth’: The Life and Work of Thomas White, 1593–1676. Dordrecht, Boston and London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993.
Spalding, James C., and Brass, Maynard F.. ‘Reduction of Episcopacy as a Means to Unity in England, 1640–1662’, Church History 30, 4 (1961): 414–32.
Sparrow-Simpson, William John. Archbishop Bramhall. London: SPCK; New York and Toronto: Macmillan, 1927.
Spinks, Brian D.Sacraments, Ceremonies and the Stuart Divines: Sacramental Theology and Liturgy in England and Scotland, 1603–1662. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2002.
Springborg, Patricia. ‘Hobbes, Heresy, and the Historia Ecclesiastica’, Journal of the History of Ideas 55, 4 (Oct. 1994): 553–71.
Spurr, John. The Restoration Church of England, 1646–1689. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991.
Spurr, John. ‘Religion in Restoration England’ in Companion to Stuart Britain, ed. Coward, Barry. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003, 416–35.
Stone, M. W. F. ‘Aristotelianism and Scholasticism in Early Modern Philosophy’ in Companion to Early Modern Philosophy, ed. Nadler, Steven. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002, 7–24.
Stone, M. W. F., and Pink, Thomas, eds. The Will and Human Action: from Antiquity to the Present Day. London: Routledge, 2004.
Trease, Geoffrey. Portrait of a Cavalier: William Cavendish, First Duke of Newcastle. New York: Taplinger, 1979.
Trevor-Roper, H. R.Catholics, Anglicans and Puritans: Seventeenth Century Essays. London: University of Chicago Press, 1987.
Tuck, Richard. Hobbes. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Tuck, Richard. ‘The “Christian Atheism” of Thomas Hobbes’ in Atheism from the Reformation to the Enlightenment, eds. Hunter, Michael and Wooton, David. Oxford: Clarendon, 1992, 111–30.
Tuck, Richard. Philosophy and Government, 1572–1651. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Tucker, Joseph E.John Davies of Kidwelly (1627?–1693), Translator from the French, with an Annotated Bibliography of His Translations’, The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 44 (1950): 119–52.
Turberville, A. S.A History of Welbeck Abbey and Its Owners, vol. I: 1539–1755. London: Faber and Faber, 1938.
Tyacke, Nicholas. Anti-Calvinists: The Rise of English Arminianism, c.1590–1640. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.
Tyacke, Nicholas. ‘The Rise of Arminianism Reconsidered’, Past and Present 115 (May 1987): 201–16.
Tyacke, Nicholas. Aspects of English Protestantism, c.1530–1700. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2001.
Underdown, David. Royalist Conspiracy in England, 1649–1660. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1960.
Urban, Linwood. ‘Was Luther a Thoroughgoing Determinist?’, Journal of Theological Studies 22 (Apr. 1971): 113–39.
Vallance, Edward. ‘Oaths, Casuistry and Equivocation: Anglican Responses to the Engagement Controversy’, Historical Journal 44, 1 (2001): 59–77.
Schoor, R. J. M.The Irenical Theology of Théophile Brachet de la Milletière (1588–1665). Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1995.
Wallace, Dewey D. Jr.Puritans and Predestination: Grace in English Protestant Theology, 1525–1695. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.
Wallace, John M.Destiny His Choice: The Loyalism of Andrew Marvell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968.
Watson, Gary, ed. Free Will, 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Weatherford, Roy. The Implications of Determinism. London: Routledge, 1991.
Wedgwood, C. V.Strafford: A Revaluation. London: Jonathan Cape, 1961.
Wheeler, Harvey, ed. Beyond the Punitive Society: Operant Conditioning: Social and Political Aspects. San Francisco: Freeman, 1973.
Wheeler, James Scott. The Irish and British Wars, 1637–1654: Triumph, Tragedy, and Failure. London and New York: Routledge, 2002.
White, Peter. ‘The Rise of Arminianism Reconsidered’, Past and Present 101 (Nov. 1983): 34–54.
White, Peter. ‘The Rise of Arminianism Reconsidered: A Rejoinder’, Past and Present 115 (May 1987): 217–29.
White, Peter. Predestination, Policy and Polemic: Conflict and Consensus in the English Church from the Reformation to the Civil War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Wikelund, Philip R.“Thus I passe my time in this place”: An unpublished letter of Thomas Hobbes’, English Language Notes 4 (1968–9): 263–8.
Wright, George. ‘Introduction and Translation of Latin Appendix of Leviathan’, Interpretation 18 (1991): 323–413.
Wright, William Ball. A Great Yorkshire Divine of the XVIIth Century: A Sketch of the Life and Work of John Bramhall, D. D., Archbishop of Armagh. York: John Sampson, 1899.
Young, Michael B.Charles I. New York: St Martin's, 1997.
Zagorin, Perez. ‘Thomas Hobbes's Departure from England in 1640: An Unpublished Letter’, Historical Journal 21 (1978): 157–60.
Zagorin, Perez. ‘Clarendon and Hobbes’, Journal of Modern History 57 (Dec. 1985): 593–616.