An international team of over 100 leading scholars has been brought together to provide authoritative exposition of how historys most important philosophical thinkers - from antiquity to the present day - have sought to analyse the concepts and tenets central to Western religious belief, especially Christianity. Volume 3 comprises an introduction, presenting an overview of Early Modern philosophy of religion, and a series of essays on Early Modern philosophers, including Machiavelli, John Calvin, Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, William Paley, Blaise Pascal, John Locke, Martin Luther and George Berkeley. Each essay opens with a brief biography, outlines and analyses the philosophers contribution to thinking on religion, and concludes with key further reading. The volume closes with a chronology, presenting a contextual guide to the main religious, political, cultural and artistic events of the period. This volume is an excellent tool for those undertaking research in this area.