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  • Online publication date: November 2017

Chapter 63 - Fetal Compromise in Labor (Content last reviewed: 15th December 2018)

from Section 6 - Late Prenatal – Obstetric Problems

Summary

For many years it was taken to indicate the presence of hypoxia, leading to fetal acidosis. However, we have become more aware of the importance to the fetus of variables such as maternal/fetal temperature, chorioamnionitis, passage of meconium into the amniotic fluid (which can lead to meconium aspiration syndrome), and trauma, including events such as cord prolapse and head compression (which can occur from excessive molding even in spontaneous labor, but is more commonly associated with forceps and difficult cesarean deliveries).