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  • Online publication date: March 2011

Selected Bibliography

General References on Islam, Islamic History, and Historiography
Encyclopaedia of Islam. 2nd ed. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1960–2008.
Hodgson, Marshall. The Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in a World Civilization. 3 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.
Khaldūn, Ibn. al-Muqaddima: Les prolégomènes d'Ebn Khaldoun. 3 vols. Edited by Quatremère, E. M. Paris: Firmin Didot Frères, 1858.
Khaldūn, Ibn. al-Muqaddima. Edited by Naṣr al-Hūrīnī. Bulaq, 1274/1857.
Khaldūn, Ibn. The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History. Translated by Franz Rosenthal. Bollingen Series 43. 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967.
Ibn, al-Nadīm. al-Fihrist. Edited by Yūsuf ‘Alī Ṭawīl. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmīya, 1416/1996.
Ibn, al-Nadīm. Translated by Bayard Dodge. The Fihrist of al-Nadīm: A Tenth-Century Survey of Muslim Culture. Records of Civilization: Sources and Studies 83. New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.
Rosenthal, Franz. The Technique and Approach of Muslim Scholarship. Analecta Orientalia 24. Rome: Pontificium Institutem Biblicum, 1947.
Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr. Tārīkh al-Rusul wa'l-Mulūk. Edited by Goeje, M. J et al. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1879–1901.
Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Edited by Ehsan Yarshater. The History of al-Tabari. 40 vols. SUNY Series in Near Eastern Studies. Albany: SUNY Press, 1985–2007.
Ṭāshkubrīzādah, Aḥmad b. Muṣṭafā. Miftāḥ al-Sa‘āda wa-Miṣbāḥ al-Siyāda fī Mawḍū‘āt al-‘Ulūm. Hyderabad, Deccan: Dā'irat al-Ma‘ārif al-Niẓāmīyah, 1911–1937.
Reason and Rationalism
Audi, Robert. The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Cabezón, José Ignacio, ed. Scholasticism: Cross-Cultural and Comparative Perspective. Albany: SUNY Press, 1998.
Mahdi, Muḥsin. “The Rational Tradition in Islam.” In Intellectual Traditions in Islam, edited by Daftary, Farhad, 43–65. London: I. B. Tauris and the Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2000.
Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Routledge, 1998.
Strauss, Leo. Persecution and the Art of Writing. Glencoe, Ill.: The Free Press, 1952.
Strauss, Leo. What Is Political Philosophy? and Other Studies. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1959.
Classical and Early Christian Thought and Literature
Chadwick, Henry. Early Christian Thought and the Classical Tradition: Studies in Justin, Clement, and Origen. New York: Oxford University Press, 1966.
Cornford, F. M. From Religion to Philosophy: A Study in the Origins of Western Speculation. New York: Harper, 1957.
Coxon, A. H. The Fragments of Parmenides: A Critical Text with Introduction, Translation, the Ancient Testimonia and a Commentary. Phronesis suppl., vol. iii. Assen/Maastricht: Van Gorcum, 1986.
Cumont, Franz. The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism. Chicago: Open Court, 1911; reprinted New York: Dover, 1956.
,Pseudo-Dionysius. Corpus Dionysiacum. Edited by Suchla, B. R, Heil, G, and Ritter, A. M. 2 vols. Berlin: De Gruyter, 1991.
,Pseudo-Dionysius. The Complete Works. Translated by Colm Luibheid. The Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 1987.
Dodds, E. R. The Greeks and the Irrational. Sather Classical Lectures 25. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1951.
Gallop, D. Parmenides of Elea: Fragments. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984.
Guthrie, Kenneth Sylvan, comp. and trans. The Pythagorean Sourcebook and Library: An Anthology of Ancient Writings which Relate to Pythagoras and Pythagorean Philosophy. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Phanes, 1987.
Guthrie, W. K. C. History of Greek Philosophy. Vol. 1: The Earlier Presocratics and the Pythagoreans. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1962.
Guthrie, W. K. C. Orpheus and Greek Religion. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1952.
Kahn, Charles H. Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans: A Brief History. Indianapolis: Hackett, 2001.
Kingsley, Peter. Ancient Philosophy, Mystery, and Magic: Empedocles and Pythagorean Tradition. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.
Kingsley, Peter. In the Dark Places of Wisdom. Inverness, Calif.: The Golden Sufi Center, 1999.
Kingsley, Peter. Reality. Inverness, Calif.: The Golden Sufi Center, 2003.
Kirk, G. S., Raven, J. E., and Schofield, M. The Presocratic Philosophers. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.
Krämer, Hans Joachim. Plato and the Foundations of Metaphysics: A Work on the Theory of the Principles and Unwritten Doctrines of Plato with a Collection of the Fundamental Documents. Translated by John R. Catan. Albany: SUNY Press, 1990.
Nussbaum, Martha C. The Therapy of Desire: Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics. Martin Classical Lectures, n.s., 2. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Pelikan, Jaroslav. Christianity and Classical Culture: The Metamorphosis of Natural Theology in the Christian Encounter with Hellenism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.
Peters, F. E. Aristoteles Arabus: The Oriental Translations and Commentaries on the Aristotelian Corpus. New York University Department of Classics Monographs on Mediterranean Antiquity. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1968.
Peters, F. E. Aristotle and the Arabs. New York Studies in Near Eastern Civilization 1. New York: NYU Press, 1968.
Reale, Giovanni. Towards a New Interpretation of Plato. Edited and translated by Catan, John R and Davies, Richard. Washington, D. C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1997.
Rosenthal, Franz. The Classical Heritage in Islam. Translated by Emile and Jenny Marmorstein. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.
Snell, Bruno. The Discovery of the Mind in Greek Philosophy and Literature. Translated by T. G. Rosenmeyer. New York: Harper, 1953; reprint New York: Dover, 1982.
Stead, Christopher. Philosophy in Christian Antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Veyne, Paul. Did the Greeks Believe in Their Myths? An Essay on the Constitutive Imagination. Translated by Paula Wissing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.
Welch, A. T.; Paret, R.; and Pearson, J. D. Encyclopaedia of Islam. 2nd ed., s.v. “Ḳur'ān.”
Qur'ān and Hadith
Baghawī, . Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ. Translated by Maulana Fazlul Karim as Al-Hadith: An English Translation and Commentary of Mishkat-ul-Masabih. Lahore: Book House, n.d.
Baghawī, . Translated by James Robson. Lahore, Pakistan: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1960–1964, and several times reprinted.
Berg, Herbert. The Development of Exegesis in Early Islam: The Authenticity of Muslim Literature from the Formative Period. Edited by Rippin, Andrew. Curzon Studies in the Qur'ān. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 2000.
Brown, Jonathan A. C. Hadith: Muhammad's Legacy in the Medieval and Modern World. Oxford: OneWorld, 2009.
al-Bukhārī, . Al-Ṣaḥīḥ. Cairo: Dār Iḥyā' al-Turāth al-‘Arabī, n.d.
al-Bukhārī, . Translated by Muhammad Muhsin Khan as The Translation of the Meanings of Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī. Gujranwala, Taleem-ul-Quran Trust, 1971–. Several times reprinted.
al-Bukhārī, . Translated by Aftab-ud-Din Ahmad as English Translation of Sahih al-Bukhari. Lahore: Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha‘at-i-Islam, [1956]–1962. Several times reprinted.
Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ, ‘Uthmān b. ‘Abd al-Raḥmān al-Shahrazūrī. Kitāb Ma‘rifat Anwā‘ ‘Ilm al-Ḥadīth. Edited by Nūr al-Dīn ‘Iṭr as ‘Ulūm al-Ḥadīth. Damascus: al-Maktaba al-‘Ilmīya, 1387/1966.
Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ, ‘Uthmān b. Edited by ‘Ā’isha ‘Abd al-Raḥmān as Muqaddamat Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ wa-Maḥāsin al-Iṣṭilāḥ. Dhakhā’ir al-‘Arab 64. 2nd ed. Cairo: Dār al-Ma‘ārif, 1989.
Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ, ‘Uthmān b. Translated by Eerick Dickinson and reviewed by Muneer Fareed, as An Introduction to the Science of the Ḥadīth. Great Books of Islamic Civilization. Reading: Garnet, 2006.
Juynboll, G. H. A. “Muslim's Introduction to His Ṣaḥīḥ., Translated and Annotated with an Excursus on the Chronology of Fitna and Bid‘a.” Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam (1984): 263–311.
Juynboll, G. H. A. Studies on the Origins and Uses of Islamic Ḥadīth. Aldershot, U.K.: AshgateVariorum, 1996.
Motzki, Harald, ed. Ḥadīth: Origins and Developments. The Formation of the Classical Islamic World. Aldershot, U.K.: Ashgate Variorum, 2004.
Motzki, Harald. “The Question of the Authenticity of Muslim Traditions Reconsidered: A Review Article.” In Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins. Edited by Herbert Berg, 211–57. Islamic History and Civilization, Studies and Texts 49. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2003.
al-Nīsābūrī, Muḥammad ibnal-Ḥākim, Abd Allāh. Al-Madkhal ilā Ma‘rifat al-Iklīl. Translated by James Robson. An Introduction to the Science of Tradition. London: Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1953.
al-Sa‘īd, Labīb. The Recited Koran: A History of the First Recorded Version. Translated by Bernard Weiss, M. A. Rauf, and Morroe Berger. Princeton: Darwin Press, 1975.
Ṣiddīqī, Muḥammad Zubayr. Ḥadīth Literature: Its Origin, Development, and Special Features. Edited by Abdal Hakim Murad. Cambridge, U.K.: Islamic Texts Society, 1993.
al-Suyūṭị, Jalāl al-Dīnal-Raḥmān, Abd. Al-Itqān fi ‘Ulūm al-Qur’ān. Edited by Muḥammad Abū ’l-Faḍl Ibrāhīm. Sidon: al-Maktaba al-‘Aṣrīya, 2006.
al-Suyūṭị, Jalāl al-Dīn. Al-Tawshīḥ Sharḥ al-Jāmi‘ al-Ṣaḥīḥ. Edited by Riḍwān Jāmi‘ Riḍwān. Riyadh: Maktabat al-Rushd, 1419/1998.
Islamic Law and Jurisprudence
Calder, Norman. Studies in Early Muslim Jurisprudence. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.
Dutton, Yasin. The Origins of Islamic Law. Culture and Civilization in the Middle East. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1999.
al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid. al-Mustaṣfā fī ‘Ilm al-Uṣūl. Cairo: al-Maṭba‘a al-Amīrīya, 1322/1904.
Hallaq, Wael B. “From Regional to Personal Schools of Law? A Reevaluation.” Islamic Law and Society 8/1 (2001): 1–26.
Hallaq, Wael B. A History of Islamic Legal Theories: An Introduction to Sunnī Uṣūl al-Fiqh. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Hallaq, Wael B. The Origins and Evolution of Islamic Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Hallaq, Wael B. Sharī‘a: Theory, Practice, Transformations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Hasan, Ahmad. Analogical Reasoning in Islamic Jurisprudence: A Study of the Juridical Principle of Qiyās. Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute, 1986.
Anas, Mālik b. Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik ibn Anas. Translated by Aisha Bewley. London: Kegan Paul, 1989.
Melchert, Christopher. “The Early History of Islamic Law.” In Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins. Islamic History and Civilization: Studies and Texts. Edited by Herbert Berg. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2003.
al-Qurāfī, Shihāb al-Dīn. Nafā'is al-Uṣūl fī Sharḥ al-Wuṣūl. Edited by ‘Ādil Aḥmad ‘Abd al-Mawjūd and ‘Alī Muḥammad Ma‘ūḍ. Mecca: Nizār Muṣṭafā al-Bāz, 1418/1997.
Ramić, Šukrija (Husejn). Language and the Interpretation of Islamic Law. Cambridge, U.K.: The Islamic Texts Society, 2003.
al-Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn. Al-Maḥṣūl fī ‘Ilm al-Uṣūl. Edited by Ṭāhā Jābir Fayyāḍ al-‘Alwānī. Lajnat al-Buḥūth 13, [Riyad]: Jāmi‘at al-Imām Muḥammad b. Sa‘ūd al-Islāmīya, 1399/1979.
Schacht, Josef. Encyclopaedia of Islam. 2nd ed., s.v. “Fiqh.”
Schacht, Josef. The Origins of Islamic Jurisprudence. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1950.
al-Suyūṭī, Jalāl al-Dīn. Ikhtilāf al-Madhāhib. Edited by ‘Abd al-Qayyūm b. Muḥammad Shafī‘ al-Bastawī. Cairo: Dar al-I‘tiṣām, 1989.
Troupeau, G. Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd ed., s.v. “Ḳiyās.”
Walbridge, John. “The Caliphate of Reason.” Islamic Studies (Islamabad) 43:4 (Winter 2004): 583–97.
Walbridge, John. “The Islamic Art of Asking Questions: ‘Ilm al-Ikhtilāf and the Institutionalization of Disagreement.” Islamic Studies (Islamabad), 41/1 (Spring 2002): 69–86. Reprinted as Occasional Papers 46. Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, 2003). Originally privately published by Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, 2001.
Weiss, Bernard G. The Search for God's Law: Islamic Jurisprudence in the Writings of Sayf al-Dīn al-Āmidī. Salt Lake City, Utah: University of Utah Press, 1992.
Islamic Theology
al-Ash‘arī, Abū’l-Ḥasan. The Theology of al-Ash‘arī: The Arabic Texts of al-Ash‘arī's Kitāb al-Luma‘ and Risālat Istiḥsān al-Khawḍ fī ‘Ilm al-Kalām. Edited and translated by Richard Joseph McCarthy. Beirut: Imprimerie Catholique, 1953.
al-Ash‘arī, Abū’l-Ḥasan. Al-Ibāna ‘an Uṣūl al-Diyāna. Edited by Ḥusayn Maḥmūd, Fawqīya. Cairo: al-Anṣār, 1397/1977.
al-Ash‘arī, Abū’l-Ḥasan. Klein, Walter C., trans. Al-Ibānah ‘an Uṣūl al-Diyānah: The Elucidation of Islām's Foundation, a Translation. American Oriental Series 19. New Haven: American Oriental Society, 1940.
al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid. al-Munqidh min al-Ḍalāl. Edited by ‘Abd al-Ḥalīm Maḥmūd, 5th ed. Cairo: Dār al-Kutub al-Ḥadītha, 1385/1965.
al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid. In Watt, W. Montgomery. The Faith and Practice of al-Ghazālī. Ethical and Religious Classics of East and West. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1953.
al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid. In Joseph McCarthy, Richard, Freedom and Fulfillment. Library of Classical Arabic Literature. Boston: Twayne, 1980.
al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid. Joseph McCarthy, Richard, trans. Al-Ghazālī's Path to Sufism. Louisville, Ky.: Fons Vitae, 2000.
al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid. The Niche for Lights. Translated by David Buchman. Islamic Translation Series. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1998.
al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid. Tahfut al-Falāsifa. Edited by Sulaymān Dunyā. 2nd ed. Dhakhā'ir al-‘Arab 15. Cairo: Dār al-Ma‘ārif, n.d.
al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid. Kamali, Sabih Ahmad, trans. al-Ghazali's Tahafut al-Falasifah: Incoherence of the Philosophers. Lahore: Pakistan Philosophical Congress, 1963.
al-Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid. In Marmura, Michael E, trans. The Incoherence of the Philosophers. Islamic Translation Series. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1997.
Halverson, Jeffry R. Theology and Creed in Sunni Islam: The Muslim Brotherhood, Ash‘arism, and Political Sunnism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Qudāma, Ibn. Censure of Speculative Theology: An Edition and Translation of Ibn Qudāma's Taḥrīm an-Naẓar fī Kutub Ahl al-Kalām. Edited and translated by George Makdisi. E. J. W. Gibb Memorial Series, n.s., 23. Cambridge, U.K.: E. J. W. Gibb Memorial Trust, 1962.
Taymīya, Ibn. Kitab Al-Iman: Book of Faith. Translated by Salman Al-Ani and Shadia Ahmad Tel. Bloomington, Ind.: Iman, 1999.
al-Iṣfahānī, Maḥmūd. Maṭāli‘ al-Anẓār. In Nature, Man, and God in Medieval Islam. Translated by Edwin E. Calverley and James W. Pollock. Islamic Philosophy, Theology, and Science: Texts and Studies 15. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2002.
al-Juwaynī, . A Guide to Conclusive Proofs for the Principles of Belief: Kitāb al-Irshād ilā Qawāṭi‘ al-Adilla fī Uṣūl al-I‘tiqād. Translated by Paul E. Walker. Great Books of Islamic Civilization. Reading: Garnett, 2000.
al-Māturīdī, Abū Manṣūr. Kitāb al-Tawḥīd. Edited by Bekir Topaloǧlu and Muhammed Aruçi. Istanbul: İSAM, 2005.
Nagel, Tilman. The History of Islamic Theology. Translated by Thomas Thornton. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2000.
al-Taftāzānī, Sa‘d al-Dīn. Sharḥ al-Maqāṣid. Edited and commentary by ‘Abd al-Raḥmān ‘Umayra, 5 vols. in 4, n.p., al-Sharīf al-Riḍā, 1989.
al-Usmandī, ‘ Alā’ al-Dīn al-Samarqandī. Lubāb al-Kalām. Edited by Sait Üzervarlı, M. Istanbul: İSAM, 2005.
Ess, Josef. The Flowering of Muslim Theology. Translated by Jane Marie Todd. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006.
Watt, W. Montgomery, trans. Islamic Creeds: A Selection. Islamic Surveys. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1994.
Wensinck, A. J. The Muslim Creed: Its Genesis and Historical Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1932.
Winter, Tim, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Classical Islamic Theology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.
Wolfson, Harry Austryn. The Philosophy of the Kalam. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1976.
Arabic Grammar and Linguistics
Carter, M. G. Sibawayh. Makers of Islamic Civilization. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2004.
Howell, Mortimer Sloper. A Grammar of the Classical Arabic Language, Translated and Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Native or Naturalized Authors. 4 vols. in 7. Allahabad: North-Western Provinces and Oudh Government Press, 1883–1911. Reprinted New Delhi: Gian Publishing House, 1990.
Ibn Maḍā', Aḥmad b. ‘Abd al-Raḥmān. Kitāb al-Radd ‘ala ’l-Nuḥāt. Cairo: Dār al-Fikr al-‘Arabī, 1366/1947.
Ibn Maḍā', Aḥmad b. Translated by Ronald G. Wolfe. “Ibn Maḍā' al-Qurṭubī and the Book in Refutation of the Grammarians.” Ph.D. diss., Indiana University, 1984.
Lane, Edward William. An Arabic-English Lexicon. 8 vols. London: Williams and Norgate, 1863–1893, and often reprinted.
Muwaffaq, al-Dīn Ya‘īsh b. ‘Alī. Sharḥ al-Mufaṣṣal. Cairo: Idārat al-Ṭibā‘a al-Munīrīya, n.d.
Nakamura, Kōjirō. “Ibn Maḍā's Criticism of Arabic Grammarians.” Orient (Tokyo) 10 (1974): 89–113.
Wright, William. A Grammar of the Arabic Language. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1898. Often reprinted.
Islamic Philosophy
Adamson, Peter. Al-Kindī. Great Medieval Thinkers; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Adamson, Peter, and Taylor, Richard C., eds., The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Atiyeh, George N. al-Kindi: The Philosopher of the Arabs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968, and several times reprinted.
Borges, Jorge Luis. “La busca de Averroes.” In Jorge Luis Borges, El Aleph. Buenes Aires: Emece Editores, 1949.
Borges, Jorge Luis. Translated by James E. Irby. “Averroës' Search.” In Jorge Luis Borges, Labyrinths: Selected Stories and Other Writings, 148–55. New York: New Directions, 1964.
Borges, Jorge Luis. Translated by Andrew Hurley. “Averroës' Search.” In Jorge Luis Borges, Collected Fictions, 235–41. New York: Penguin, 1998.
Butterworth, Charles E., ed. The Political Aspects of Islamic Philosophy: Essays in Honor of Muhsin S. Mahdi. Harvard Middle Eastern Monographs 27. Cambridge: Harvard University Center for Middle Eastern Studies, 1992.
Colville, Jim, trans. Two Andalusian Philosophers. The Kegan Paul Arabia Library 6. London: Kegan Paul, 1999. Containing Ibn Ṭufayl, Ḥayy b. Yaqẓān, and Averroes, The Decisive Treatise.
Crone, Patricia. God's Rule: Government and Islam. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
Daftary, Farhad. The Ismā‘īlīs: Their History and Doctrines. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Daiber, Hans. Bibliography of Islamic Philosophy. Handbuch der Orientalistik 1.41, 89. 3 vols. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1999–2007.
Davidson, Herbert A. Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of the Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Callataÿ, Godefroid. Ikhwan al-Safa': A Brotherhood of Idealists on the Fringe of Orthodox Islam. Makers of the Muslim World. Oxford: One World, 2005.
Fakhry, Majid. Al-Fārābi, Founder of Islamic Neoplatonism: His Life, Works and Influence. Great Islamic Thinkers. Oxford: OneWorld, 2002.
Fakhry, Majid. A History of Islamic Philosophy. 3rd ed. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
al-Fārābī, . Alfarabi: The Political Writings. Translated by Charles E. Butterworth. Agora Editions. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001. Includes Selected Aphorisms, chapter 5 of Enumeration of the Sciences, The Book of Religions, and The Harmonization of the Opinions of Plato and Aristotle.
al-Fārābī, . Alfarabi's Book of Religion and Related Texts. Edited by Muhsin Mahdi. Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, 1965.
al-Fārābī, . Alfarabi's Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle. Translated by Muhsin Mahdi. Rev. ed. Agora Editions. Cornell University Press, 1969. Includes The Attainment of Happiness, The Philosophy of Plato, and The Philosophy of Aristotle.
al-Fārābī, . Alfarabius Compendium Legum Platonis. Edited by Gabrieli, Francesco. London: Warburg Institute, 1952.
al-Fārābī, . The Book of Letters. Partial translation in Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings, edited by Muhamad Ali Khalidi. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
al-Fārābī, . Iḥṣā' al-‘Ulūm. Edited by ‘Uthmān Muḥammad Amīn. Cairo: al-Khānijī, 1350/1931.
al-Fārābī, . Chapter Five. Translated by Fauzi M. Najjar. In Lerner and Mahdi, 22–30. Medieval Political Philosophy.
al-Fārābī, . Partial translation by Charles E. Butterworth. In Alfarabi: The Political Writings, 69–84.
al-Fārābī, . Al-Fārābī, , Mabādi' Ārā' Ahl al-Madīna al-Fāḍila. Edited by Albayr Naṣīrī Nādir. Beirut: al-Mashriq, 1968.
al-Fārābī, . Edited and translated by Richard Walzer. Al-Farabi on the Perfect State. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985.
al-Fārābī, . Risāla fī 'l-‘Aql. Edited by M. Bouyges. Beirut: Imprimerie Catholique, 1948.
al-Fārābī, . Partial translation by Arthur Hyman. In Philosophy in the Middle Ages: The Christian, Islamic, and Jewish Traditions, 2nd ed. Edited by Arthur Hyman and James J. Walsh, 215–21. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1973.
Galston, Miriam. Politics and Excellence: The Political Philosophy of Alfarabi. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990.
Gutas, Dimitri. Greek Thought, Arabic Culture: The Graeco-Arabic Translation Movement in Baghdad and Early ‘Abbāsid Society (2nd–4th/8th–10th Centuries). London: Routledge, 1998.
Ha'iri Yazdi, Mehdi. The Principles of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy: Knowledge by Presence. SUNY Series in Islam. Albany: SUNY Press, 1992.
Halm, Heinz. The Fatimids and their Traditions of Learning. Ismaili Heritage Series 2. London: I. B. Tauris and the Institute of Ismaili Studies, 1997.
Hyman, Arthur, and Walsh, James J, eds. Philosophy in the Middle Ages: The Christian, Islamic, and Jewish Traditions. 2nd ed. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1973.
Rushd, Ibn. Bidāyat al-Mujtahid wa-Nihāyat al-Muqtaṣid. n.p., Dār al-Fikr, n.d.
Rushd, Ibn. Translated by Imran Ahsan Khan Nyazee. The Distinguished Jurist's Primer. Great Books of Islamic Civilization. 2 vols. Reading: Garnet, 1994.
Rushd, Ibn. Faṣl al-Maqāl. Ibn Rushd: Kitâb Faṣl al-Maqâl, edited by George F. Hourani. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1959.
Rushd, Ibn. Kitāb Faṣl al-Maqāl, edited by Muḥammad ‘Imāra. 3rd ed. Beirut: al-Mu'assasa al-‘Arabīya, 1986.
Rushd, Ibn. In The Book of the Decisive Treatise Determining the Connection between the Law and Wisdom and Epistle Dedicatory. Edited and translated by Charles Butterworth. Islamic Translation Series. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2001.
Rushd, Ibn. Translated by Jim Colville. In Two Andalucian Philosophers, 76–99.
Rushd, Ibn. In Averroes on the Harmony of Religion and Philosophy. Translated by George F. Hourani. E. J. W. Gibb Memorial Series. London: Luzac, 1976. Reprinted in Lerner and Mahdi. Medieval Political Philosophy, 163–86.
Rushd, Ibn. Tahāfut al-Tahāfut. Edited by Sulaymān Dunyā. 2nd ed. 2 vols. Cairo: al-Ma‘ārif, 1969.
Rushd, Ibn. Translated by Simon van den Bergh Averroes' Tahafut al-Tahafut. E. J. W. Gibb., n.s., 19. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954.
Sīnā, Ibn. Al-Ishārāt wa'l-Tanbīhāt, ma‘a Sharḥ Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī. Edited by Sulaymān Dunyā. Cairo: Dār al-Ma‘ārif, 1960.
Sīnā, Ibn. Kitāb al-Najāt. Edited by Majid Fakhry. Beirut: Dār al-Āfāq al-Jadīda, 1985.
Sīnā, Ibn. Partial translation by Fazlur Rahman. Avicenna's Psychology: An English Translation of Kitāb al-Najāt, Book II, Chapter VI. London: Oxford University Press, 1952.
Sīnā, Ibn. Al-Shifā'. Edited by Fazlur Rahman. Avicenna's De Anima (Arabic Text)[=Kitāb al-Shifā': al-Ṭabī‘īyāt: al-Nafs]. London: Oxford University Press, 1959.
Sīnā, Ibn. Marmura, Edited & translated by Michael E. The Metaphysics of the Healing. Islamic Translation Series. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2005.
Ṭufayl, Ibn. Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān. Edited and translated by Léon Gauthier. Hayy ben Yaqdhân, roman philosophique d'Ibn Thofail, Texte arabe et traduction francaise. 2nd ed. Beirut: Imprimerie catholique, 1936.
Ṭufayl, Ibn. Translated by Jim Colville. In Two Andalucian Philosophers, 3–72.
Ṭufayl, Ibn. Translated by Lenn Evan Goodman. 4th ed. Los Angeles: Gee Tee Bee, 1996.
Ṭufayl, Ibn. Translated by Muhammad Ali Khalidi, 99–153. In Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings.
Ivry, Alfred L. Al-Kindi's Metaphysics. Studies in Islamic Philosophy and Science. Albany: SUNY Press, 1974.
Khalidi, Muhammad Ali. Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Lerner, Ralph, and Mahdi, Muhsin, eds. Medieval Political Philosophy: A Sourcebook. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1963. Includes translations of Fārābī's Enumeration of the Sciences, chap. 5, The Political Regime, The Attainment of Happiness, and Plato's Laws; Ibn Rushd's Decisive Treatise; and works by Ibn Sīnā, Ibn Bājja, and Ibn Ṭufayl.
Mahdi, Muhsin S. Alfarabi and the Foundations of Islamic Political Philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Islamic Philosophy from its Origin to the Present: Philosophy in the Land of Prophecy. SUNY Series in Islam. Albany: SUNY Press, 2006.
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, and Leaman, Oliver, eds. History of Islamic Philosophy. Routledge History of World Philosophies I:1. London: Routledge, 1996.
Netton, Ian. Al-Fārābī and his School. Arabic Thought and Culture. London: Routledge, 1992.
Netton, Ian. Muslim Neoplatonists: An Introduction to the Thought of the Brethren of Purity (Ikhwān al-Ṣafā'). 2nd ed. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002.
Parens, Joshua. An Islamic Philosophy of Virtuous Religions: Introducing Alfarabi. Albany: SUNY Press, 2006.
Parens, Joshua. Metaphysics as Rhetoric: Alfarabi's Summary of Plato's “Laws.” SUNY Series in Middle Eastern Studies. Albany: SUNY Press, 1995.
al-Qifṭī, ‘ Alī b. Yūsuf. Tārīkh al-Ḥukamā’. Edited by Julius Lippert. Leipzig: Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Theodor Weicher), 1903. Reprint, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science; Islamic Philosophy, vol. 2. Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, 1999.
Riḍawī, Mudarris. Aḥwāl wa-Āthār-i Qudwa-yi Muḥaqqiqīn wa-Sulṭān-i Ḥukamā wa-Mutakallimīn…Khwāja Naṣīr al-Dīn. Intishārāt-i Dānishgāh-i Tihrān 282. Tehran: Dānishgāh-i Tihrān, 1334/1955.
Rosenthal, Erwin I. J. Political Thought in Medieval Islam: An Introductory Outline. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1962.
Sharif, M. M., ed. A History of Muslim Philosophy. 2 vols. Kempten, Germany: Pakistan Philosophical Congress, 1963.
Shīrāzī, Quṭb al-Dīn. Durrat al-Tāj li-Ghurrat al-Dubāj. Bakhsh 1. Edited by Sayyid Muḥammad Mishkāt. 5 vols. in 1. Tehran: Majlis, 1317–20/1939–42. On philosophy.
Shīrāzī, Quṭb al-Dīn. Bakhsh 2. Edited by Ḥasan Mishkān Ṭabasī. Tehran: Majlis, 1324/1946. On Arithmetic, astronomy, and music.
Shīrāzī, Quṭb al-Dīn. Bakhsh-i Ḥikmat-i ‘Amalī wa-Sayr wa-Sulūk. Edited by Māhdukht Bānū Humā’ī. Tehran: Intishārāt-i ‘Amalī wa-Firhangī, 1369/1990.
Strauss, Leo. “How Fārābī Read Plato's Laws.” In Mélanges Louis Massignon. Vol. 3, 319–44. Damascus: Institut Français de Damas, 1957.
Suhrawardī, . The Philosophy of Illumination. Edited and translated by John Walbridge and Hossein Ziai. Islamic Translation Series. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1999.
Walbridge, John. The Leaven of the Ancients: Suhrawardī and the Heritage of the Greeks. SUNY Series in Islam. Albany: SUNY Press, 2000.
Walbridge, John. “The Political Thought of Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī.” In Butterworth, ed., 351–53. Political Aspects.
Walbridge, John. The Science of Mystic Lights: Qutb al-Din Shirazi and the Illuminationist Tradition in Islamic Philosophy. Harvard Middle Eastern Monographs xxvi. Cambridge: Harvard Center for Middle Eastern Studies, 1992.
Walbridge, John. “Suhrawardi and Illuminationism.” In The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy, edited by Adamson and Taylor, 201–23.
Walbridge, John. The Wisdom of the Mystic East: Suhrawardi and Platonic Orientalism. SUNY Series on Islam. Albany: SUNY Press, 2001.
Walzer, Richard. “Al-Fārābī's Theory of Prophecy and Divination.” Journal of Hellenic Studies 77 (1957): 142–8.
Ziai, Hossein. Knowledge and Illumination: A Study of Suhrawardī's “Ḥikmat al-Ishrāq.” Brown University Judaic Studies Series 97. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990.
Islamic Mysticism
Addas, Claude. Quest for the Red Sulphur: The Life of Ibn ‘Arabī. Translated by Peter Kingsley. Golden Palm Series. Cambridge: The Islamic Texts Society, 1993.
Baldick, Julian. Mystical Islam: An Introduction to Sufism. New York University Studies in Near Eastern Civilization 13. New York: NYU Press, 1989.
Chittick, William C. The Self-Disclosure of God: Principles of Ibn al-‘Arabī's Cosmology. Albany: SUNY Press, 1998.
Chittick, William C. The Sufi Path of Knowledge: Ibn al-‘Arabī's Metaphysics of Imagination. Albany: SUNY Press, 1989.
Chokiewicz, Michel. An Ocean without a Shore: Ibn Arabi, the Book, and the Law. Translated by David Steight. Albany: SUNY Press, 1993.
Cornell, Vincent J. Realm of the Saint: Power and Authority in Moroccan Sufism. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1998.
Ernst, Carl W. Eternal Garden: Mysticism, History, and Politics at a South Asian Sufi Center. SUNY Series in Muslim Spirituality in South Asia. Albany: SUNY Press, 1992.
Ernst, Carl W. The Shambhala Guide to Sufism. Boston: Shambhala, 1997.
Hujwīrī, ‘ Alī b. ‘Uthmān. Kashf al-Maḥjūb. Translated by Reynold A. Nicholson. E. J. W. Gibb Memorial Series 17. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1911, and often reprinted.
Ibn ‘Arabī, . Fuṣūṣ al-Ḥikam. Edited by A. A. ‘Afīfī. Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-‘Arabī, 1946.
Ibn ‘Arabī, . Translated by R. W. J. Austin. The Bezels of Wisdom. Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 1980.
Ibn ‘Arabī, . Translated by Caner K. Dagli. The Ringstones of Wisdom. Great Books of the Islamic World. Chicago: Kazi Publications, 2004.
Ibn ‘Arabī, . Ismail Hakki Bursevi's Translation of, and Commentary on Fusus al – Hikam. Translated by Bulent Rauf. 4 vols. Oxford: Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi Society, 1986–1991.
Ibn ‘Arabī, . Al-Futūḥāt al-Makkīya. Beirut: Dār Ṣādir, n.d., reprint of the Bulaq edition.
Ibn ‘Arabī, . Michel Chodkiewicz, ed. The Meccan Revelations. Vol. 1 translated by William C. Chittick and James W. Morris; vol. 2 translated by Cyrille Chodkiewicz and Denis Gril. New York: Pir Press, 2002–2004.
Izutsu, Toshihiko. Sufism and Taoism: A Comparative Study of Key Philosophical Concepts. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.
al-Kalabādhī, Abū Bakr. Kitāb al-Ta‘arruf li-Ahl Madhhab al-Taṣawwuf. Translated by Arthur J. Arberry. The Doctrine of the Ṣūfīs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1935.
Gall, Dina. A Culture of Sufism: Naqshbandīs in the Ottoman World, 1450–1700. SUNY Series in Medieval Middle East History. Albany: SUNY Press, 2005.
Lewisohn, Leonard, ed. The Heritage of Sufism. 3 vols. Oxford: OneWorld, 1999.
al-Qushayrī, Abū 'l-Qāsim. Al-Risāla al-Qushayrīya. Translated by Alexander D. Knysh. Al-Qushayri's Epistle on Sufism. Great Books of Islamic Civilization. Reading: Garnet, 2007.
Schimmel, Annemarie. And Muhammad Is His Messenger: The Veneration of the Prophet in Islamic Piety. Studies in Religion. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.
Schimmel, Annemarie. Mystical Dimensions of Islam. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1975.
Sells, Michael, ed. and trans. Early Islamic Mysticism: Sufi, Qur'an, Mi‘raj, Poetic and Theological Writing. Classics of Western Spirituality. New York: Paulist Press, 1996.
Sirriyeh, Elizabeth. Sufis and Anti-Sufis: The Defence, Rethinking and Rejection of Sufism in the Modern World. Richmond: Curzon, 1999.
Trimmingham, J. Spencer. The Sufi Orders in Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971.
Trix, Frances. The Sufi Journey of Baba Rexheb. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 2009.
Walbridge, John. “A Sufi Scientist of the 13th Century.” In Lewisohn, ed. Heritage, 1.323–40.
Kazemi Mousavi, Ahmad. Religious Authority in Shi‘ite Islam: From the Office of Mufti to the Institution of Marja‘. Kuala Lumpur: International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization, 1996.
Momen, Moojan, An Introduction to Shi'i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shi'ism. Oxford: G. Ronald, 1985.
Newman, Andrew J. “The Nature of the Akhbārī/Uṣūlī Dispute in Late Safawid Iran.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 55/1 (1992): 22–51.
Walbridge, Linda S., ed. The Most Learned of the Shi‘a: The Institution of the Marja‘ Taqlid. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Science and Islam
Aydın, Cemil. “Beyond Culturalism? An Overview of the Historiography on Ottoman Science in Turkey.” In Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, Kostas Chatis, and Efthymios Nicolaïdis, 201–15. Multicultural Science in the Ottoman Empire. De Diversis Artibus 69, n.s., 32. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2003.
Cohen, H. Floris. How Modern Science Came Into the World: A Comparative History. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, forthcoming, 2010.
Cohen, H. Floris. The Scientific Revolution: A Historiographical Inquiry. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
Grant, Edward. The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional, and Intellectual Contexts. Cambridge History of Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Grant, Edward. God and Reason in the Middle Ages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
Grant, Edward. A History of Natural Philosophy from the Ancient World to the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Gutas, Dimitri. “Geometry and the Rebirth of Philosophy in Arabic with al-Kindī.” In Words, Texts, and Concepts Cruising the Mediterranean Sea: Studies on the Sources, Contents, and Influences of Islamic Civilization and Arabic Philosophy and Science, edited by R. Arnzen and J. Thielmann, 196–209. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 139. Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters en Departement Oosterse Studies, 2004.
Hogendijk, Jan P., and Sabra, Abdelhamid I, eds. The Enterprise of Science in Islam: New Perspectives. Dibner Institute Studies in the History of Science and Technology. Cambridge, Mass., and London: The MIT Press, 2003.
Hoodbhoy, Pervez. Islam and Science: Religious Orthodoxy and the Battle for Rationality. London: Zed Books, 1990.
Huff, Toby E. The Rise of Early Modern Science: Islam, China, and the West. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
İhsanoǧlu, Ekmeleddin, et al. Osmanlı Astronomi Literatürü Tarihi [History of Ottoman Astronomical Literature]. 2 vols. Istanbul: IRCICA, 1997.
Ragep, F. Jamil. “Copernicus and his Islamic Predecessors: Some Historical Remarks.” History of Science 14 (2007): 65–81.
Ross, Andrew, ed. Science Wars. Durham: Duke University Press, 1996.
Saliba, George. Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance. Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2007.
Stenberg, Leif. The Islamization of Knowledge: Four Muslim Positions on Developing an Islamic Modernity. Lund Studies in History of Religions 6. Lund: Lund Universitet, Religionshistorika Avdelningen, 1996.
Varjāvand, Parvīz. Kāwush-i Raṣdkhāna-i Marāgha [Excavation of the Marāgha observatory]. Tehran: Amīr Kabīr, 1366/1987.
Bocheński, I. M. A History of Formal Logic. Translated by Ivo Thomas. Notre Dame, Ind.: Notre Dame University Press, 1961.
Brentjes, Sonja. “On the Location of the Ancient or ‘Rational” Science in Islamic Educational Landscapes (AH 500–1100).” Bulletin of the Royal Institute for Inter-Faith Studies 4.1 (2002): 47–71.
Dumitriu, Anton. History of Logic. 4 vols. New Delhi: Heritage Publishers, 1991.
El-Rouwayheb, Khaled. “The Myth of the Triumph of Fanaticism in the Seventeenth Century Ottoman Empire,” Die Welt des Islams 48 (2008): 196–221.
El-Rouwayheb, Khaled. “Opening the Gate of Verification: The Forgotten Arab-Islamic Florescence of the Seventeenth Century.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 38 (2006): 263–81.
El-Rouwayheb, Khaled. “Sunni Muslim Scholars on the Status of Logic, 1500–1800.” Islamic Law and Society 11.2 (2004): 213–32.
El-Rouwayheb, Khaled. “Was There a Revival of Logical Studies in Eighteenth Century Egypt?” Die Welt des Islams 45.1 (2005): 1–19.
Gauhar, Chaudhri Ali. “Glossary of Logical Terms.” Bound with supporting documents. Punjab University Library, Oriental Division manuscripts Ar h II.45.
Taymīya, Ibn. Ibn Taymiyya against the Greek Logicians. Translated by Wael B. Hallaq. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Taymīya, Ibn. Kitāb al-Radd ‘alā al-Manṭiqīyīn. Ri’āsat Idārat al-Buḥūth al-‘Ilmīya wa'l-Iftā’ wa'l-Da‘wa wa'l-Irshād. Mecca: al-Maktaba al-Imdādīya, 1404/1984.
Kāshif al-Ghiṭā', Shaykh ‘Alī Shibl. Naqd al-Ārā’ al-Manṭiqīya. Beirut: al-Nu‘mān, n.d.
al-Kātibī, Najm al-Dīn Dabīrān et al. al-Majmū‘ al-Mushtamil ‘alā Sharḥ Quṭb al-Dīn. 2 vols. Cairo: Faraj Allāh Zakī al-Kurdī, 1323/1905.
Kneale, William, and Kneale, Martha. The Development of Logic. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1962.
Kretzmann, Norman, et al. The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.
Majmū‘ah-yi Manṭiq [Anthology on logic]. Lucknow: Munshī Naval Kishore, October 1876/Ramadan 1293.
Miller, Larry Benjamin. “Islamic Disputation Theory: A Study of the Development of Dialectic in Islam from the Tenth through the Fourteenth Centuries.” Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 1984.
al-Muẓaffar, Muḥammad-Riḍā. Al-Manṭiq. Baghdad: al-Tafayyuḍ, 1367/1948, and several times reprinted in Najaf, Qum, and Beirut.
al-Nashshār, ‘ Alī Sāmī. Manāhij al-Baḥth ‘inda Mufakkirī al-Islām wa'ktishāf al-Minhāj al-‘Ilmī fī ’l-‘Ālam al-Islāmī. 2nd ed. Cairo Dār al-Ma‘ārif, 1965.
Rescher, Nicholas. The Development of Arabic Logic. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1964.
Rescher, Nicholas. Temporal Modalities in Arabic Logic. Foundations of Language, suppl. series 2. Dordrecht: D. Reidel, 1967.
Rescher, Nicholas. “The Theory of Temporal Modalities in Arabic Logic and Philosophy.” In Nicholas Rescher, Studies in Arabic Philosophy. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1966.
Rescher, Nicholas, and Nat, Arnold. “The Arabic Theory of Temporal Modal Syllogistic.” In Essays on Islamic Philosophy and Science, edited by George F. Hourani, 189-21. Albany: SUNY Press, 1975.
al-Ṣadr, Muḥammad-Bāqir. Al-Usus al-Manṭiqīya li'l-Istiqrā'. Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1391/1972.
Spade, Paul Vincent. Thoughts, Words, and Things: An Introduction to Late Mediaeval Logic and Semantic Theory.
Street, Tony. “Arabic Logic.” In Dov M. Gabbay, Handbook of the History of Logic. Amsterdam; Boston: Elsevier, 2004–. Vol. 1: Greek, Indian, and Arabic Logic.
Street, Tony. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy., s.v. “Arabic and Islamic Philosophy of Language and Logic.”
al-Tawḥīdī, Abū Ḥayyān. Al-Imtā‘ wa'l-Mu’ānasa. Edited by Aḥmad Amīn and Aḥmad al-Zayn. Cairo: Lajnat al-Ta'līf, 1939–1944.
al-Tawḥīdī, Abū Ḥayyān. Partial translation by D. S. Margoliouth. “The Merits of Logic and Grammar.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1905): 111–129.
al-Tawḥīdī, Abū Ḥayyān. Partial French translation by A. Elemrani-Jamal. Logique aristotélicienne et grammaire arabe: études et documents. Études Musulmanes 26. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1983.
al-Taḥtānī, Quṭb al-Dīn. al-Majmū‘ al-Mushtamil ‘alā Sharḥ Quṭb al-Dīn…2 vols. Cairo: Faraj Allāh Zakī al-Kurdī, 1323/1905.
al-Ṭūsī, Naṣīr al-Dīn. Asās al-Iqtibās. Edited by Mudarris Riḍawī. Intishārāt-i Dānishgāh-i Tihrān 12. Tehran, Khūrdād 1324/1947.
Wagner, E. Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd ed., s.v. “Munāẓara.”
Walbridge, John. “Logic in the Islamic Intellectual Tradition: The Recent Centuries,” Islamic Studies 39, no. 1 (Spring 2000): 55–75.
Walbridge, John. “A Nineteenth Century Indo-Persian Logic Textbook.” Islamic Studies (Islamabad) 42:4 (Winter 2003): 687–93.
Islamic and Indian Education
Ahmad, M. G. Zubaid. The Contribution of Indo-Pakistan to Arabic Literature from Ancient Times to 1857. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1968. Originally published in 1946 under the title The Contribution of India to Arabic Literature.
Bakhshayeshi, Aqiqi. Ten Decades of Ulama's Struggle. Translated by Alaedin Pazrgadi and edited by G. S. Radhkrishna. Tehran: Islamic Propagation Organization, 1405/1985.
Herworth-Dunne, J. An Introduction to the History of Education in Modern Egypt. London: Luzac, 1938.
Leitner, G. W. History of Indigenous Education in the Punjab since Annexation and in 1882. 1882; reprinted Delhi: Amar Prakashan, 1982.
Mahmood, Syed. A History of English Education in India. Aligarth: M.A.O. College, 1895.
Mill, James. The History of British India. 6 vols. London: Baldwick and Craddock, 1829.
Mill, John Stuart. Writings on India. Edited by John M. Robson, Martin Moir, and Zawahir Moir. Collected works of John Stuart Mill 30. London: Routledge, 1990.
Moir, Martin I., Peers, Douglas M, and Zastoupil, Lynn, eds. J. S. Mill's Encounter with India. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.
Nasr, Seyyed Hossain. “The Traditional Texts Used in the Persian Madrasahs.” In Encyclopaedic Survey of Islamic Culture, ed. Taher, Mohamed. Vol. 3: Educational Developments in Muslim World. New Delhi: Anmol Publications, 1997.
Wilberforce, Robert Isaac and , Samuel. The Life of William Wilberforce. 5 vols. London: John Murray, 1839.
Zastoupil, Lynn. John Stuart Mill and India. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994.
Zastoupil, Lynn, and Moir, Martin. The Great Indian Education Debate: Documents Relating to the Orientalist-Anglicist Controversy, 1781–1843. London Studies on South Asia 18. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1999.
Fundamentalism and Issues in Contemporary Islam
Mottahedeh, Roy. The Mantle of the Prophet: Religion and Politics in Iran. New York: Pantheon Books, 1985.
al-Ṣadr, Muḥammad-Bāqir. Falsafatunā. 14th ed. Beirut: Dār al-Ta‘āruf, 1406/1986, and often reprinted.
al-Ṣadr, Muḥammad-Bāqir. Inati, Shams C, trans. Our Philosophy. London: Muhammadi Trust and KPI, 1987.
al-Ṣadr, Muḥammad-Bāqir. Iqtiṣādunā [Our economics]. 17th ed. Beirut: Dār al-Ta‘āruf, 1406/1986, and often reprinted.
Walbridge, John. “The Concept of Theocracy.” Focus (Multan) 21, no. 3 (2001): 152–76.
Walbridge, Linda S. “Indonesia: The Islamic Potential.” Dialogue (London, England). June 1998: 4–5.