General References on Islam, Islamic History, and Historiography
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al-Muqaddima: Les prolégomènes d'Ebn Khaldoun. 3 vols. Edited by . Paris: Firmin Didot Frères, 1858..
1274/1857.. al-Muqaddima. Edited by Naṣr al-Hūrīnī. Bulaq,
The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History. Translated by Franz Rosenthal. Bollingen Series 43. 2nd ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1967..
al-Fihrist. Edited by Yūsuf ‘Alī Ṭawīl. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmīya, 1416/1996..
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The History of al-Tabari. 40 vols. SUNY Series in Near Eastern Studies. Albany: SUNY Press, 1985–2007.. Edited by Ehsan Yarshater.
Miftāḥ al-Sa‘āda wa-Miṣbāḥ al-Siyāda fī Mawḍū‘āt al-‘Ulūm. Hyderabad, Deccan: Dā'irat al-Ma‘ārif al-Niẓāmīyah, 1911–1937..
Reason and Rationalism
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Classical and Early Christian Thought and Literature
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Plato and the Foundations of Metaphysics: A Work on the Theory of the Principles and Unwritten Doctrines of Plato with a Collection of the Fundamental Documents. Translated by John R. Catan. Albany: SUNY Press, 1990..
The Therapy of Desire: Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics. Martin Classical Lectures, n.s., 2. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994..
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The Classical Heritage in Islam. Translated by Emile and Jenny Marmorstein. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975..
The Discovery of the Mind in Greek Philosophy and Literature. Translated by T. G. Rosenmeyer. New York: Harper, 1953; reprint New York: Dover, 1982..
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Qur'ān and Hadith
Mishkāt al-Maṣābīḥ. Translated by Maulana Fazlul Karim as Al-Hadith: An English Translation and Commentary of Mishkat-ul-Masabih. Lahore: Book House, n.d..
1960–1964, and several times reprinted.. Translated by James Robson. Lahore, Pakistan: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf,
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. Al-Ṣaḥīḥ. Cairo: Dār Iḥyā' al-Turāth al-‘Arabī, n.d.
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English Translation of Sahih al-Bukhari. Lahore: Ahmadiyya Anjuman Isha‘at-i-Islam, –1962. Several times reprinted.. Translated by Aftab-ud-Din Ahmad as
Kitāb Ma‘rifat Anwā‘ ‘Ilm al-Ḥadīth. Edited by Nūr al-Dīn ‘Iṭr as ‘Ulūm al-Ḥadīth. Damascus: al-Maktaba al-‘Ilmīya, 1387/1966.. ‘Abd al-Raḥmān al-Shahrazūrī.
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Studies on the Origins and Uses of Islamic Ḥadīth. Aldershot, U.K.: AshgateVariorum, 1996..
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Method and Theory in the Study of Islamic Origins. Edited by Herbert Berg, 211–57. Islamic History and Civilization, Studies and Texts 49. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2003.. “The Question of the Authenticity of Muslim Traditions Reconsidered: A Review Article.” In
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The Recited Koran: A History of the First Recorded Version. Translated by Bernard Weiss, M. A. Rauf, and Morroe Berger. Princeton: Darwin Press, 1975..
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Islamic Law and Jurisprudence
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The Origins of Islamic Law. Culture and Civilization in the Middle East. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1999..
al-Mustaṣfā fī ‘Ilm al-Uṣūl. Cairo: al-Maṭba‘a al-Amīrīya, 1322/1904..
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Al-Muwatta of Imam Malik ibn Anas. Translated by Aisha Bewley. London: Kegan Paul, 1989..
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Nafā'is al-Uṣūl fī Sharḥ al-Wuṣūl. Edited by ‘Ādil Aḥmad ‘Abd al-Mawjūd and ‘Alī Muḥammad Ma‘ūḍ. Mecca: Nizār Muṣṭafā al-Bāz, 1418/1997..
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Al-Ibāna ‘an Uṣūl al-Diyāna. Edited by . Cairo: al-Anṣār, 1397/1977..
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al-Munqidh min al-Ḍalāl. Edited by ‘Abd al-Ḥalīm Maḥmūd, 5th ed. Cairo: Dār al-Kutub al-Ḥadītha, 1385/1965..
The Faith and Practice of al-Ghazālī. Ethical and Religious Classics of East and West. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1953.. In .
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Al-Ghazālī's Path to Sufism. Louisville, Ky.: Fons Vitae, 2000.. , trans.
The Niche for Lights. Translated by David Buchman. Islamic Translation Series. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 1998..
Tahfut al-Falāsifa. Edited by Sulaymān Dunyā. 2nd ed. Dhakhā'ir al-‘Arab 15. Cairo: Dār al-Ma‘ārif, n.d..
al-Ghazali's Tahafut al-Falasifah: Incoherence of the Philosophers. Lahore: Pakistan Philosophical Congress, 1963.. , trans.
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Theology and Creed in Sunni Islam: The Muslim Brotherhood, Ash‘arism, and Political Sunnism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010..
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Kitab Al-Iman: Book of Faith. Translated by Salman Al-Ani and Shadia Ahmad Tel. Bloomington, Ind.: Iman, 1999..
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A Guide to Conclusive Proofs for the Principles of Belief: Kitāb al-Irshād ilā Qawāṭi‘ al-Adilla fī Uṣūl al-I‘tiqād. Translated by Paul E. Walker. Great Books of Islamic Civilization. Reading: Garnett, 2000..
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The History of Islamic Theology. Translated by Thomas Thornton. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2000..
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The Flowering of Muslim Theology. Translated by Jane Marie Todd. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006..
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Arabic Grammar and Linguistics
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A Grammar of the Classical Arabic Language, Translated and Compiled from the Works of the Most Approved Native or Naturalized Authors. 4 vols. in 7. Allahabad: North-Western Provinces and Oudh Government Press, 1883–1911. Reprinted New Delhi: Gian Publishing House, 1990..
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An Arabic-English Lexicon. 8 vols. London: Williams and Norgate, 1863–1893, and often reprinted..
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A Grammar of the Arabic Language. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1898. Often reprinted..
Al-Kindī. Great Medieval Thinkers; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007..
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al-Kindi: The Philosopher of the Arabs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1968, and several times reprinted..
El Aleph. Buenes Aires: Emece Editores, 1949.. “La busca de Averroes.” In Jorge Luis Borges,
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Two Andalusian Philosophers. The Kegan Paul Arabia Library 6. London: Kegan Paul, 1999. Containing Ibn Ṭufayl, Ḥayy b. Yaqẓān, and Averroes, The Decisive Treatise., trans.
God's Rule: Government and Islam. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004..
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Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of the Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992..
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Al-Fārābi, Founder of Islamic Neoplatonism: His Life, Works and Influence. Great Islamic Thinkers. Oxford: OneWorld, 2002..
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Alfarabi: The Political Writings. Translated by Charles E. Butterworth. Agora Editions. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001. Includes Selected Aphorisms, chapter 5 of Enumeration of the Sciences, The Book of Religions, and The Harmonization of the Opinions of Plato and Aristotle..
Alfarabi's Book of Religion and Related Texts. Edited by Muhsin Mahdi. Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, 1965..
Alfarabi's Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle. Translated by Muhsin Mahdi. Rev. ed. Agora Editions. Cornell University Press, 1969. Includes The Attainment of Happiness, The Philosophy of Plato, and The Philosophy of Aristotle..
Alfarabius Compendium Legum Platonis. Edited by . London: Warburg Institute, 1952..
The Book of Letters. Partial translation in Medieval Islamic Philosophical Writings, edited by Muhamad Ali Khalidi. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005..
Iḥṣā' al-‘Ulūm. Edited by ‘Uthmān Muḥammad Amīn. Cairo: al-Khānijī, 1350/1931..
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Philosophy in the Middle Ages: The Christian, Islamic, and Jewish Traditions, 2nd ed. Edited by Arthur Hyman and James J. Walsh, 215–21. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1973.. Partial translation by Arthur Hyman. In
Politics and Excellence: The Political Philosophy of Alfarabi. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990..
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The Principles of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy: Knowledge by Presence. SUNY Series in Islam. Albany: SUNY Press, 1992..
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The Distinguished Jurist's Primer. Great Books of Islamic Civilization. 2 vols. Reading: Garnet, 1994.. Translated by Imran Ahsan Khan Nyazee.
Faṣl al-Maqāl. Ibn Rushd: Kitâb Faṣl al-Maqâl, edited by George F. Hourani. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1959..
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The Book of the Decisive Treatise Determining the Connection between the Law and Wisdom and Epistle Dedicatory. Edited and translated by Charles Butterworth. Islamic Translation Series. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2001.. In
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Averroes on the Harmony of Religion and Philosophy. Translated by George F. Hourani. E. J. W. Gibb Memorial Series. London: Luzac, 1976. Reprinted in Lerner and Mahdi. Medieval Political Philosophy, 163–86.. In
Tahāfut al-Tahāfut. Edited by Sulaymān Dunyā. 2nd ed. 2 vols. Cairo: al-Ma‘ārif, 1969..
Translated by Simon van den Bergh Averroes' Tahafut al-Tahafut. E. J. W. Gibb., n.s., 19. 2 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954..
Al-Ishārāt wa'l-Tanbīhāt, ma‘a Sharḥ Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī. Edited by Sulaymān Dunyā. Cairo: Dār al-Ma‘ārif, 1960..
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Avicenna's Psychology: An English Translation of Kitāb al-Najāt, Book II, Chapter VI. London: Oxford University Press, 1952.. Partial translation by Fazlur Rahman.
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The Metaphysics of the Healing. Islamic Translation Series. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2005.. .
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Alfarabi and the Foundations of Islamic Political Philosophy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001..
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A History of Muslim Philosophy. 2 vols. Kempten, Germany: Pakistan Philosophical Congress, 1963.., ed.
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Bakhsh 2. Edited by Ḥasan Mishkān Ṭabasī. Tehran: Majlis, 1324/1946. On Arithmetic, astronomy, and music..
Bakhsh-i Ḥikmat-i ‘Amalī wa-Sayr wa-Sulūk. Edited by Māhdukht Bānū Humā’ī. Tehran: Intishārāt-i ‘Amalī wa-Firhangī, 1369/1990..
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